You can format your citations and reference list using your preferred referencing style. EndNote has thousands of output styles pre-installed, including the Leeds University Harvard and Numeric styles, which are based on the Library referencing guidance.
EndNote is currently available on University cluster PCs and accessible to students off-campus via Desktop Anywhere.
Personal copies of the software (for PC or Mac) can be purchased by staff and students from Bilaney Consultants.
Our step-by-step guide covers all the basics of using EndNote, including:
- Adding references to an EndNote library
- Inserting citations and formatting your bibliography
- Organising your EndNote library (adding notes, creating groups, etc.).
The full EndNote manual (PDF) gives detailed instructions for all aspects of using EndNote. This is a large file and may take some time to download.
The manual includes:
- Creating a separate bibliography (p. 415)
- Editing output styles (p. 117)
- Merging multiple bibliographies (p. 358)
- Inserting figures (p. 66)
- Entering special characters (p. 65)
- Import filters (p. 152)
- Term lists (p. 254)
- Using the find full text feature (p. 194).
The EndNote manual is also available from the EndNote folder installed on your computer.
Endnote does not have a reference type for every source you may need to reference, e.g. bills, Cochrane reviews, law reports etc. If a you find there isn't a reference type for a reference you want to cite, follow the instructions on selecting reference types in Endnote guidelines.
There are output styles for the official University of Leeds versions of Harvard and Numeric. These styles are available on all cluster computers and appear as an option when you choose to format the bibliography in your Word document.
If you want to use these output styles outside a University cluster, you need to download the appropriate style and save it to your computer.
A comprehensive list of style files is available on the EndNote website, including new and updated styles. If you need to download a new or updated style from the EndNote website, follow the instructions under saving and editing output styles.
Many people also want to use their EndNote library when they are away from a University computer; one option is to use Desktop Anywhere, the other is to create an EndNote Online account.
You might choose to use EndNote Online as the only way of managing your references (on and off campus), but please note that it has fewer features than the desktop version.
Our EndNote Online quick start guide (PDF) will help you to set up an account and learn how to use EndNote Online.
For a more detailed introduction to EndNote Online, take a look at the Using EndNote Online video.
EndNote is the only reference management software supported by IT and the Library. However, there are others available, or you can keep a manual record of your references.
Mendeley (free open-source tool available for desktop or web)
BibTeX (for use with LaTeX documents).
The Leeds Harvard and Leeds Numeric referencing styles are managed and updated by the Library, and are available to use in EndNote.
You might find versions of the Leeds styles in other reference management software, online tools or apps. However, we cannot endorse these tools or offer support in using them, and so we cannot vouch for the accuracy or reliability of the referencing styles they use.
Our webpages and the accompanying EndNote output style files are the only official source of guidance for the Leeds Harvard and Leeds Numeric referencing styles.
If you are unable to find the answer you need from the information on this page, try one of the following: