Leeds University Library
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Copyright exemptions

Copyright exemptions vary in the different European countries, according to individual legislation, but they usually allow a certain use of material in order to support some activities.

Basic copyright exemptions

  • Making temporary copies (internet browsing or sending material by fax)
  • Library privilege (copying on behalf of customers, but not artistic works)
  • Judicial proceedings
  • Abstracts (but not from an abstracting bulletin, as this is a database with its own associated rights)
  • Incidental inclusion (where something is unintentionally included such as a poster in a film)
  • Reading in public (with due acknowledgement of author/rights owner)
  • Adverts in sales catalogues
  • Off-air recording from television or radio (time shifting)
  • Representations of works on public display (eg a photograph of a statue).

Copying for people with disabilities

You may make single or multiple copies of the whole or part of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work in a format which is accessible to a person with a disability. This includes screen-readable formats, audio, subtitles and Braille. These copies may be made by the person themselves or by someone acting on their behalf; in addition, the University is authorised to make multiple copies of items for people with disabilities.

The person with a disability must own an original printed copy of the item or have access to a reference copy, and there must not be a version available commercially in the format required. If there is, the item must be purchased in the format required.

Contact the Disabled Students' Assessment and Support for further information on support available to members of the University with disabilities.