Leeds University Library

Definitions of commercial and non-commercial use

These definitions apply to everyone. They apply to individuals as well as any type of organisation.

It is the particular reuse that determines what is commercial or non-commercial.

There are some items and collections that are not covered by these definitions. There are sometimes restrictions on how we can enable reuse. This could be because of the terms we agreed when the items entered the collections. This especially applies for "commercial purposes", which can be interpreted in different ways.

Commercial re-use

The following are examples of commercial reuse. The exceptions to these are below in the non-commercial section.

  • Use in or for publications that are sold, or supported by advertising, or used to promote a business. This includes journals, books, websites, e-publications, apps, magazines.
  • Use in or for events that levy a charge, or are supported by advertising, or intended to promote a business. This includes exhibitions, shows, events.
  • Use in or for news reporting that levies a charge, or is supported by advertising, or is intended to promote a business.
  • Use in or for media that levies a charge, or is supported by advertising, or is intended to promote a business. This includes films, DVDs, CDs, downloads, or other encodings.
  • Use in or for broadcasts or television shows, whether online or otherwise.
  • Use in or for any products, goods, or services that are sold or supported by advertising, or intended to promote a business.
  • Use in or for advertising, marketing, or promotional material.

Non-commercial reuse

The following are examples non-commercial reuse:

  • Use in or for education or research. This includes academic publishing, classroom instruction, virtual learning environments, educational courses (in person or remote), educational projects and theses.
  • Use in or for publications with a total print or production run of 500 or fewer copies (in all media) over five years. This includes publications that are sold, or supported by advertising, or used to promote a business.
  • Use in or for events with a projected or planned attendance or capacity of 500 or fewer people in one year.
  • Use in or for news reporting with a total print or production run of 200 or fewer copies (in all media) per issue. This excludes broadcasts and television shows, online or otherwise, that levy a charge or are supported by advertising.