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House of Commons Bills

Bills are proposals for legislation. For a Bill to be passed by Parliament and become an Act of Parliament, it must go through a full examination of its principles and provisions. House of Commons - Making Laws (PDF) gives details of this process.

Since session 1998-99 Bills have been published with accompanying explanatory notes, including legal and political implications.

Types of Bill

Public Bills
These are initiated by the Government, and the majority will become law.

Private Members' Bills
These are promoted by individual MPs. Only a small percentage are successful.

Private Bills
These come from outside Parliament. They are usually put forward by companies, local authorities or educational bodies who are seeking special powers applicable only to them.

Referencing a Commons Bill

Library guidance is available on how to reference a Commons Bill.