Skip to main content

Collections A-Z

The A-Z index provides summary details of named print and archival collections. Names in the index are inclusive of people, organisations and subjects, arranged by first name.

Special Collections holds many individual and smaller groupings of manuscripts. These are represented in the A-Z within artificial collections, based on types of material e.g. deeds, scrapbooks.

Entries in the index link to full catalogue records with digitised images where these exist. The A-Z continues to grow as new catalogue descriptions are created.


1890's Literature (Brotherton Collection)

Literary works published in the final decade of the 19th century. The collection also contains a small number of more recent works surveying the literary and artistic movements and ideas of the closing years of the century. Subjects include English literature, fiction, short stories and verse.

1710-1719 Collection

Miscellaneous books published in England in the second decade of the 18th century. Includes subjects on Great British history, kings and rulers, politics and government, church and state and foreign relations. Also religion, sermons, literature and poetry.

1890's collection (Brotherton Collection)


Arnold Wesker, autograph typescript and manuscript drafts of contribution to a composite play entitled 'Consequences', with related correspondence between him and Simon Reade.

Arnold Wesker, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the playwright and director, a past President of the International Playwrights' Committee, was born on 24 May 1932 in Stepney, London, to Jewish parents. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who's who'.

Arnold Family Archive

Thomas Arnold (1795-1842), who became headmaster of Rugby in December 1827, married Mary Penrose (1791-1873) in 1820. They had eleven children, of whom nine survived. Matthew Arnold, the poet and critic was the eldest son.

Arnold Cantwell Smith papers

Arnold Smith was a Canadian diplomat, who served as High Commissioner to Britain from 1956 to 1958, and as Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1961 to 1963. He was appointed the first Secretary General of the Commonwealth in 1965 and held the post until 1975.

Arnold Bennett, correspondence

(Enoch) Arnold Bennett (1867-1931), the novelist, playwright, and man of letters. For a fuller account of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.


Includes books published between 1608 and 1998, although most of the works date from the 19th and 20th centuries. It includes biographies and works of criticism and interpretation of individual artists and artistic schools and movements, as well as museum and gallery collection and exhibition catalogues. Some of the other main subjects covered are sculpture, art history, painters and painting in Great Britain, France and Italy, modern art, renaissance art, embroidery and needlework, furniture and manuscript illumination.

Arthur Fergusson McGill Collection

Arthur Fergusson McGill (1846-1890) was a surgeon based in Leeds, best-known for establishing the operation of prostatectomy for prostatic enlargement by the suprapubic operation. He undertook the operation on 24 March 1887. Berkeley Moynihan (1865-1936), 1st Baron Moynihan, was present as a dresser at the operation, being house surgeon to McGill at the Leeds General Infirmary.

Born in Lancashire, McGill undertook his surgical training at Kings College Hospital, London, becoming House Surgeon to his godfather, Sir William Fergusson. After qualifying in 1869, he moved to Leeds and was appointed Resident Medical Officer at the Leeds General Infirmary. He continued at the Infirmary, eventually becoming full surgeon in 1884.

He was surgeon to the Leeds Public Dispensary from 1874, at the same time being appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy at the Leeds School of Medicine. He went on to become the first Professor of Anatomy in the School when it became a department of the Yorkshire College in 1884. He was also the Medical Schools' Librarian.

Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online, 'McGill, Arthur Fergusson (1846-1890)',

The British Association of Urological Surgeons website, Virtual Museum, Famous Urologists, 'Arthur Fergusson McGill',

University of Leeds website, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medicine, 'People of Achievement: Arthur Fergusson McGill, LSA, FRCS (1846-1890)'

Arthur Joseph Brown, correspondence and papers

Arthur Joseph Brown was born on 8 August 1914 in Cheshire, but educated at Bradford Grammar School and, as Hastings Scholar, at Queen's College Oxford, where he graduated in 1936 with first class honours in PPE. In 1937 he became a Fellow of All Souls and also a Lecturer at Hertford College until 1939, when he took his D.Phil. He spent the Second World War in Government service, first in the Foreign Research and Press Service and then in the Research Department of the Foreign Office. Between 1945 and 1947 he was in the Economic Section of the Cabinet Office working on the implications of German re-armament and on the creation of the Government Statistical Service. In 1947 he was appointed to the Professorship of Economics at Leeds University, a post he held until his retirement in 1979. Between 1975 and 1977 he was Pro-Vice-Chancellor, and, after retirement, an honorary lecturer until 1988. Throughout his time at Leeds he continued with part-time Government service. He was involved with the de-colonization of Africa in the early 1960's as a member of the East Africa Economic and Fiscal Commission, and later as a member of the Secretary of State's Advisory Group on Central Africa. His extensive experience of the economics of wartime led to him being a UK appointee to the UN Consultative group on the Economic and Social Consequences of Disarmament in 1961-1962. He was a member of the Hunt Committee on Intermediate Areas in 1967-1969 and of the University Grants Committee between 1969 and 1978. He was President of Section F of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1958, was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1972, and was awarded a CBE in 1974 and honorary doctorates by four universities. He was on the Council of the Royal Economic Society 1950-1968 and 1974, and was its President 1976-1978. He also served the second Wilson government between 1966 and 1970. As an applied economist he did significant work in international trade theory, monetary theory, inflation, and regional economics. He wrote seven books and numerous journal articles, in addition to over 50 articles on the economics of warfare during his time in government service. His 1948 book 'Applied economics, aspects of the World economy in war and peace' was a standard text for many years. His other major work was 'The Great Inflation', 1956. He died on 28 February 2003.

Arthur George Green correspondence and papers

Arthur George Green, 1895-1951, was Professor of Applied Chemistry (Dyeing) in the University of Leeds from 1904 to 1916

Archives of the Ransome-Grant Literary Club

The club was founded in 1889 as the Ransome Literary Club, for conversations and discussions of selected literary works. Their first President was Cyril Ransome, Professor of History at Yorkshire College, father of somewhat more famous Arthur Ransome of Swallows and Amazons fame. The first work the club read and discussed was Othello. When Ransome died in 1897, his successor as Professor of History, Arthur James Grant, became President and the club changed its name to reflect its new head. Gradually the club expanded its activities to include dinners, picnics and excursions as well as readings.

Art (Brotherton Collection)

Miscellaneous collection relating to art, chiefly published in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with a few of earlier date. Amongst the more notable groups of works are books illustrated by Thomas Rowlandson, by George Cruikshank (including two volumes with original drawings and other material inserted) and by Thomas Bewick.


Books published between 1611 and the last decade. British architecture is the subject of the majority of the books, but French and Italian architecture are also covered; some 100 of the books are in Italian, French or German. The collection contains an early (1767-1777) Vitruvius Britannicus by Colin Campbell, and the 10-volume Dictionnaire raisonné de l'architecture française, by E E Viollet-le-Duc.

Anthony Evans Collection relating to Chinese Ceramics

Anthony John Evans (1950-2008) was a collector of Chinese ceramics and British studio ware and an author.

Ann and Anthony Thwaite Archive

Anthony Thwaite (born 23 June 1930) is an English poet, critic and editor of Philip Larkin's collected poems and letters.

Thwaite was born in Chester and spent much of his childhood in Yorkshire where his father, Hartley Thwaite, was a bank manager in Leeds. He spent the war years staying with family in America. Thwaite was educated at Kingswood School, Bath, and later at Christ Church, Oxford. His National Service was spent at Leptis Magna in Libya.

Thwaite’s first poetry pamphlet was published by the Fantasy Press in 1953. Much of Thwaite's early work was published in the Listener, the New Statesman the Times Literary Supplement, and the Spectator. At Oxford, he edited the weekly magazine Isis, became president of the Poetry Society.

His poetry includes the collections Home Truths (1957), The Owl in the Tree (1963), The Stones of Emptiness: Poems 1963-66 (1967), which won the Richard Hillary Memorial Prize, Inscriptions (1973), New Confessions (1974), A Portion for Foxes (1977), and Victorian Voices (1980). Poems 1953-1988 was published in 1989, Selected Poems 1956-1996 in 1997 and A Different Country: New Poems in 2000.

He has held various academic appointments, including 1955 – 1957 at the University of Tokyo; 1965 - 1967 at the University of Libya in Benghazi; 1972 Henfield Writing Fellow at the University of East Anglia; 1974 Visiting Professor at Kuwait University; 1985-1986 Japan Foundation Fellowship at the University of Tokyo and 1992 Poet-in-Residence at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Thwaite worked at the BBC from 1958 – 1965 (and briefly in 1967) first as a radio producer, and later Literary Editor of the Listener.

He has held various editorial positions including 1968-1972 Literary Editor of the New Statesman, 1973 – 1985 co-editor of Encounter magazine, editor of the Poetry list at Secker and Warburg, and editorial director of André Deutsch.

Thwaite has been a regular book reviewer for the Observer and later for the Sunday Telegraph and the Guardian.

Anthony Thwaite has judged many prizes and literary competitions, sat on literature advisory committees (Arts Council and British Council), presented radio programmes and 'Writers World' on BBC2. In 1986 he was Chairman of the Booker Prize judges.

Thwaite has two honorary doctorates, from Hull University and from the University of East Anglia. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and was awarded an OBE for services to poetry in 1990. He won the Richard Hillary Memorial Prize in 1967 and the Cholmondeley Award in 1984.

Together with Andrew Motion, Thwaite is a literary executor of the estate of Philip Larkin.

Ann Thwaite (born 4 October 1932) is a biographer and author of children’s books. She was born in London, and spent the war years in New Zealand. She returned to the U.K. to complete her education at Queen Elizabeth's, Barnet, and St Hilda's College, Oxford.

She is the author of five major biographies:
Frances Hodgson Burnett (originally published (1974) as Waiting for the Party and reissued in 2007 with the sub-title Beyond the Secret Garden)
Edmund Gosse: A Literary Landscape (1985)
AA Milne: His Life (1990)
Glimpses of the Wonderful (2002) (about the life of Edmund's father, Philip Henry Gosse)
Emily Tennyson, The Poet's Wife (1996)

Her books for children include The Camelthorn Papers (1969), translated into Japanese and Greek, Tracks, and, Gilbert and the Birthday Cake. She also reviewed children's books, mainly in The Times Literary Supplement, for many years.

From 1968 – 1975 Ann Thwaite edited Allsorts, an annual collection of writing for children. She also edited collections including My Oxford (1977) and Portraits from Life (1991).
Ann Thwaite is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. She is an Honorary Fellow of Roehampton University (National Centre for Research into Children's Literature) and has an honorary doctorate from the University of East Anglia.

She won the Duff Cooper Prize in 1985 for her biography of Gosse. Her AA Milne biography was the Whitbread Biography of the Year in 1990.

Ann and Anthony Thwaite met at Oxford and married in 1955. They have lived in Tokyo, Benghazi and Nashville, Tennessee, before settling in Norfolk.


Books in German and English published from 1654 to 1971, although the bulk of the collection dates from the 18th and 19th centuries. It consists mainly of translations into German of works in English on literature, philosophy and travel in Great Britain, and illustrates the influence of Great Britain on Germany. Authors particularly strongly represented in the collection include William Shakespeare, Henry Fielding, William Hogarth, Alexander Pope, Samuel Richardson, Jonathan Swift, Edward Young, James Macpherson, Walter Scott and Charles Dickens.


Small collection of books. Dates of publication range from 1851 to 1926 covering subjects of American Indians, ethnology, mythology and Maoris

Antony Rowland Archive

Antony Rowland (b.1970) is Professor of Literary Studies in English at the University of Salford. He studied at Leeds, received a Gregory award in 2000 and completed his PhD on the poetry of Tony Harrison (published in 2001).

Arthur Ransome (Brotherton Collection)


Works span the years 1755 to 1977, although the majority were published in the 19th and 20th centuries. Subjects include monuments, Stonehenge, palaeontology and antiquities. The collection also contains issues of the journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London from 1770 onwards.

Arabic, Middle Eastern and Asian Manuscripts

Archives of The Enitharmon Press

Enitharmon was founded in 1967 by Alan Clodd and began publishing in 1969 as an independent poetry press. Under Alan Clodd's stewardship Enitharmon published over 150 titles, with new and emerging writers as well as older and established poets. Enitharmon contributors include Kathleen Raine, Paula Rego, David Gascoyne, Lawrence Sail, Edward Upward, Vernon Watkins, Gilbert and George and John Heath-Stubbs.

Enitharmon produces poetry at its core, but also literary criticisms, memoirs and translations. They have also produced a series of limited-edition chapbooks and artists’ books. Post 1987, following the succession from Alan Clodd to Stephen Stuart-Smith, the company increased their output of artists’ work.

Originally run out of Alan Clodd's home in East Finchley, Enitharmon moved to Kentish Town in 2001. At the same time, the company Enitharmon Editions was established as an art focused sister company to Enitharmon Press. In 2013, Enitharmon moved from Kentish town to Bloomsbury where the company continues to publish and maintain strong personal relationships with its artists and writers. The nature of which can be seen throughout the innumerable emails, letters and postcards held in the collection.

Stephen Stuart-Smith, 'Enitharmon Editions', Parenthesis, issue 28, Spring 2015.

The Enitharmon Press, [accessed 29/09/2016].

Arthur Smithells correspondence and papers

Arthur Smithells (1860-1939) was born at Bury in Lancashire. He graduated in chemistry at Owen's College, Manchester, in 1881 (B.Sc., London), and continued his training in Heidelberg, under R.B. von Bunsen, and in Munich. He returned to Manchester as an assistant lecturer in 1883 but in 1885 was appointed professor of chemistry at the Yorkshire College in Leeds. Here he not only pursued his research into the structure of flames, which was his main contribution to pure science, but also played a full part in the broader development of the College and of the University of Leeds which it became in 1904. He was elected FRS in 1901 and was vice-president of the Royal Society in 1916. In 1913-14 he was a special visiting lecturer in chemistry at the Punjab University, Lahore. In the First World War he offered his services as an instructor in scientific matters to the Northern Command and soon became (1916-19) chief chemical adviser on anti-gas training for the Home Forces, with an office in the Horse Guards in London. He was granted the honorary rank of lieutenant-colonel, and was appointed C.M.G. in 1918 in recognition of his services. He resigned his chair at Leeds in 1923 to become the director of the Salters' Institute of Industrial Chemistry in London, and subsequently he was president of the Institute of Chemistry from 1927 to 1930. He devoted much time in his later years to encouraging the training of chemists and to arousing public concern at the dangers of chemical warfare and the need to make preparations against it.


A small collection of nineteenth-century popular introductory works on astronomy. Works on astronomy can also be found in All Souls Science, Brotherton Collection Sc, Early Science, and Leeds Phil. and Lit. J.

Association of Woollen and Worsted Manufacturers Leeds, Archive

A meeting of manufacturers connected with the woollen and worsted trade was held in the Council Room of the Chamber of Commerce, Royal Exchange, Leeds, on 10 January 1899. There it was unanimously resolved that "in view of the number of questions arising from time to time affecting the interests of manufacturers connected with the woollen and worsted trade of the City of Leeds and is desirable to form an association exclusively representative of such manufacturers."

Association of Tutors in Adult Education correspondence and papers

The Association of Tutors in Adult Education, which began in the early 1920s as the Tutors' Association, had links with the Co-operative Movement and the Workers' Educational Association. The World Association for Adult Education was founded in London in 1919, with the stated purpose 'to dispel the melancholy belief that grown men and women have nothing left to learn'. Its first chairman was Albert Mansbridge and the provisional committee included Margaret McMillan.

Association of Teachers in Colleges and Departments of Education, papers

The Association of Teachers in Colleges and Departments of Education was established in 1943, following the amalgamation of the Training College Association and the Council of Principals. In 1976 it merged with the Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions to form the National Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Education.

Aubrey Beardsley, autograph letters and other material, with other items relating to him

Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (1872-1898), the artist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Aurora Lodge No 4047 minute books

The Aurora Lodge No 4047 is one of the Lodges of Freemasons administered by the United Grand Lodge of England. Freemasonry is a secular fraternal society of men concerned about moral and spiritual values. Members follow the principles of brotherly love, charity and truth. Aurora Lodge was formed by twenty members of Coronation Lodge No 2922 on 24 March 1920. Jose Richard was the first Master of the Lodge which was based in Great George Street, Leeds. In 1969 it moved to the Mansion in Roundhay Park and then in 1981 to its current home Castle Grove, Headingley.

Aztec Calendar or Sun Stone

Aylmer Maude correspondence and papers

Aylmer Maude was educated at Christ's Hospital, London, from 1868 to 1874, and then at the Lyceum in Moscow, 1874 to 1876. From 1877 to 1880 he worked as a tutor in Moscow, before becoming business manager of the Russian Carpet Company and subsequently its director in 1880 - a post he held until his return to England in 1897. He went back to Russia, 1918-1919, as a lecturer for the Universities' Committee of the YMCA. He published many translations of, and works about, Tolstoy.

Authors' World Peace Appeal, papers and correspondence

The Authors' World Peace Appeal was set up in 1951 as a response to Cold War political tension by a group of British writers, including A.E. Coppard, Alex Comfort, Compton Mackenzie, Naomi Mitchison and Enid Starkie. Some, such as Alex Comfort, left the movement after a comparatively short time, because of the suspected influence of Communist sympathisers.

Association of Engineers, Leeds, Archive

The Leeds Association of Engineers (formerly known as the Leeds Association of Foremen Engineers and Draughtsmen) was established in 1865 to bring together those involved in engineering to discuss matters relating to the industry; for the circulation of information on technical and scientific subjects; and to provide assistance to members in need. An annual programme of lectures, works visits and social functions was also arranged.

Association of Education Committees

The AEC was the chief organisation for education authorities from the time of the 1944 Education Act until its dissolution in 1977. The Executive committee comprised Chief Education Officers and the chairmen of local authority Education Committees. Sir William (later Lord) Alexander served as General Secretary to the Committee for more than 30 years

Arthur Stanley Turberville notebooks and papers

Arthur Stanley Turberville (1888-1945) was Professor of Modern History at the University of Leeds, 1929-1945.


Works printed before 1830 (with a few later exceptions) which illustrate the influence of Great Britain on France. Many of the works are translations into French from English or, occasionally, from British authors writing in Latin on subjects of literature, criticism, political science, philosophy and economics. The collection also includes accounts of Scotland, Anne Boleyn, Mary Queen of Scots and the execution of Charles I. Amongst the authors are Locke, Swift, Defoe, Pope, Milton, Fielding and Shakespeare. There are also translations of medical, scientific and travel works.

Arthur Ravenscroft correpondence and papers

Arthur Ravenscroft resigned from the University of Stellenbosch in 1957 and then spent five years at University College, Rhodesia, before joining the School of English at the University of Leeds in 1963. He was a specialist in Commonwealth literature and was the first editor of the 'Journal of Commonwealth literature' from 1964 until 1976.

Arthur T. Austin papers

Dr A.T. (Jimmy) Austin was a graduate of the University of Melbourne. He was appointed as a lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Leeds in 1950. He died in 1984.

Artists' Books

A collection of over 250 artists' books dating from the 1960s to the present.

The collection includes diverse art forms and approaches. Sabine J Bieli uses yarns in various colours, materials and textures on the pages of her Textbook (2007, Artists' Books 42).

On Loan: an exhibition of borrowed art lent by artists (1980, Artists' Books 56) is a box of 62 small cards presented as old-style library tickets detailing works of art. Special Collections hold two copies, one of which is a limited edition of 15 with cards personally signed by the artists.

Other notable works are Ian Tyson's Tenebrae (2007, Artists' Books 41) which has a fold-out structure inspired by the architecture of Cistercian abbeys, and classics including Ed Ruscha's Thirtyfour Parking Lots in Los Angeles (2nd ed. 1974, Artists' Books 53).

Recent acquisitions include Hermann de Vries' The Earth Museum Catalogue: 1978-2015 (Artists' Books 253) which reproduces rubbings taken from over 8000 samples of earth gathered from across the world.

Association of Directors and Secretaries for Education, the Association of Education Officers, and the National Association of Education Officers (papers)

The Association of Directors and Secretaries for Education was formed after the Education Act 1902 had created elected local education authorities in England and Wales. It addressed issues of recruitment, qualification, experience and professionalism for local education officers and administrators. In 1946 it was reorganised as the Association of Education Officers and, in 1970, it merged with the Association of Chief Education Officers to form the Society of Education Officers. The National Association of Education Officers, formed in 1908, also represented local authority education officers, and later met jointly with ADSE.

Association for the Reform of Latin Teachers, Archive

The Association for the Reform of Latin Teaching was formed in 1912.

Association for Science Education Archive

The Association for Science Education evolved through amalgamations of various voluntary bodies with an interest in science education, including the Association of Public School Science Masters, later known as the Science Masters' Association, the Association of Women Science Teachers, the Science Association and the Association of Science Teachers. Its accumulated archive reflects this complex evolution.

Arthur Ransome Archive

Arthur Ransome (1884-1967), the journalist and writer. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Archaeology (Brotherton Collection)

Alan Clodd letters, cards etc.

Alan Bennett, draft of the introduction written for the dramatisation of 'The Wind in the Willows' at the National Theatre in 1991.

Alan Bennett, the actor and writer, was born in Leeds in 1934 and educated at Leeds Modern School and Exeter College, Oxford. He made his stage debut at the Edinburgh Festival in 1959, and in 1960 wrote and appeared in the acclaimed comedy revue 'Beyond the Fringe'. Since 1968 he has worked as a writer, actor, director, and broadcaster for the stage, television, radio, and films, for which he has won many awards.

Alan Ayckbourn, draft of 'A small family business', with autograph annotations.

Sir Alan Ayckbourn, the playwright, was born in 1939 in London. He has written over 60 plays and has worked since 1971 as the Artistic Director of the Stephen Joseph Theatre, Scarborough, which was named after his chief mentor. He has been the Cameron Mackintosh Professor of Contemporary Theatre at Oxford University, is a fellow of the RSA, and holds many honorary university degrees and fellowships. He was knighted in 1997 for his services to theatre.

Anglian Water Papers

Privatisation of water supplies was originally proposed in 1984, but because of public opposition to the plans, implementation was delayed until 1988 when the Water Act was passed.

Alan Clodd papers relating to Aldous Huxley

Alan Clodd (1918-2002) was a publisher, book collector and dealer, born in Dublin, Ireland. He was the grandson of Edward Clodd. In the 1950s and early 1960s Clodd published poetry pamphlets. He was the founder of Enitharmon Press and specialised in publishing neglected texts from the past to high editorial and production standards. The press published 150 texts during the period of Clodd's ownership. During the 1950s Clodd also started to collect books, particularly Victorian and Edwardian publications. He died in 2002.

Albert Edward Leak of Lille and Leeds notebooks

Albert Edward Leak spent his life working in the textile industry, principally in rope manufacture and associated fields. He lived in Leeds, but spent some time working in Lille. His daughter, Dorothy Mary Leak became a sub-librarian at the Brotherton Library in the University of Leeds

Alberta Vickridge Collection

Alberta Vickridge (1890-1963), the Bradford poet and editor, was educated at Bradford Grammar School for Girls. She had nine books of poetry published in her lifetime, the first when she was just fourteen years old. Vickridge became a regular contributor to the literary journal 'The Wayfarer', and in 1916 became its editor under the pseudonym J. E. Beamsley. In 1917 she joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VADS) as a nurse in Torquay. After the war she published a collection of poems called 'The Sea Gazer' which included some on the topic of war. In 1924 she was awarded the bardic chair at the Southern Counties Eistedfodd for her poem, 'The Forsaken Princess', the only Yorkshire woman writer ever to be so crowned. She single-handedly mastered the craft of printing and worked from an attic in her home at Beamsley House, Frizinghall, for over thirty years editing and printing a range of limited editions. These included the quarterly literary journal, 'The Jongleur', launched in 1927, which gained a reputation nationally for the excellence of its poetry and printing quality. The final issue was published in 1956. Vickridge died in Bradford in 1963.

Alberta Vickridge book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Alberta Vickridge

Albert Edward Tebb correspondence

Albert Edward Tebb (ca. 1864-1943) was a London physician who attended the Conrad, Hueffer, and Rothenstein families, and other families with connections with the literary, musical and artistic worlds


Includes: Francois Rozier’s “Cours complet d'agriculture” (10v, 1793-1802);
Jethro Tull’s classic “The horse-hoeing husbandry” (edited by William Cobbett, 1829); Sir Humphry Davy’s “Elements of agricultural chemistry” (1813); and John Claudius Loudon’s Arboretum et fruticetum Britanicum :or, the trees and shrubs of Britain (8v, 1838)

African Theatre manuscripts and papers assembled by Martin Banham

Martin Banham, formerly Professor of Theatre and Drama Studies at the University of Leeds, taught at University College, Ibadan, Nigeria from 1956 to 1966. Maintaining an interest in the theatre and performance culture of Africa, he has published works including 'African Theatre Today' (London, 1976), 'The Cambridge Guide to African and Caribbean Theatre' (Cambridge 1994, 2004), and 'A History of Theatre in Africa' (Cambridge, 2005).

A.J.A. Symons, literary papers and correspondence with some related material.

Alphonse James Albert Symons, the author, bibliophile, and gastronome, was born on 16 August 1900 in Battersea, London, of Jewish parentage, and died in Colchester, Essex, on 26 August 1941. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

A. C. Jacobs Collection

The poet and translator Arthur C. Jacobs (1937-1994) was born in Glasgow to a traditional Jewish family. His grandparents had earlier immigrated from Tsarist Russia. In 1951 Jacobs' family moved to London. Jacobs bcame a member of the Group, a number of poets who met at Philip Hobsbaum's flat. It was here that he encountered Jon Silkin, with whom he later shared a flat. Silkin published some of Jacobs' early poems in the Leeds magazine 'Stand'. Jacobs' poetry explores questions of nationality and language in particular. Jacobs lived in Jerusalem for 3 years, where he translated poems by modern Hebrew writers. In 1976 Jacob's first collection 'The proper blessing' was published and also 'The dark gate'. The latter is a volume of translations of the work of the Hebrew poet David Vogel. Jacobs published a pamphlet of poetry 'A bit of dialect' in 1991. He died unexpectedly in 1994 in Madrid. Jacobs never married.

A Shelf List of Chinese Holdings from the Royal Asiatic Society

A.P. Herbert, autograph manuscript of the poem 'Farewell to a Lady'

Sir Alan Patrick Herbert (1890-1971), the English author, wit, and MP for Oxford University. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Abercrombie family archives

Biographical information on relevant individuals is given at series level.

Adrian Hastings, correspondence and papers

Adrian Christopher Hastings (1929-2001) was a theologian, church historian, and priest. Born on 29 June 1929 in Kuala Lumpur, where his father practised law, he was brought up in Great Malvern, Worcestershire as a Roman Catholic and educated at Douai Abbey, from where, in 1946, he went up to Worcester College, Oxford. There he read history, but felt a growing call to go to Africa as a missionary. He was trained for the priesthood in Rome, where he was ordained in 1955, before going to Africa to work for the church in Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia. In 1972 he returned to Britain to take academic posts in Selly Oak College, Birmingham, then (1973-1976) the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, and later (1976-1982) Aberdeen University. Between 1982 and 1985 he was professor of religious studies at the University of Zimbabwe, before taking up the professorship of theology at the University of Leeds, which he held until his retirement in 1994. His best-known writings include 'The Church in Africa 1450-1950' and 'A History of English Christianity 1920-1985', and he edited 'The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought' and the respected 'Journal of Religion in Africa'. Throughout his life he was a forthright commentator on the contemporary church and its leaders and also involved himself with political causes both in Africa, such as the Wiriyamu massacre in Mozambique, and in Europe, most recently Bosnia and Kosovo. Rejecting the church dogma of compulsory celibacy for the priesthood, he married Ann Spence in 1979. He died on 30 May 2001.

Adolph Jacobs and Company Limited, Business Archive

Adolph Jacobs and Company Limited, of Manor Row, Bradford, were wool and noil merchants. Jacobs established the company in 1865 in partnership with Daniel Delius. The partnership between Carl Christian Adolph Jacobs, Ernest Jacobs and Adolph Jacobs the younger was dissolved in 1901. The business was continued by Ernest Jacobs and Adolph Jacobs the younger.

Act of Parliament relating to Boothferry Bridge

Aldred Farrer Barker correspondence and papers

Aldred Farrer Barker was a Professor of Textile Industries at the University of Leeds from 1914 to 1933. Born in Oulton, Leeds, in 1868, he was the son of Benjamin and Ellen Barker. Benjamin was a flannel manufacturer with a factory on Kirkstall Road, Leeds. Interested in art, Benjamin was a member of the Leeds City Art Gallery committee.

Aldred Farrer Barker gained a Clothworker's Company Scholarship to study at the Yorkshire College. After graduating in 1887 he became the Headmaster of the Textile Department at Saltaire Technical School. In 1894 he was appointed Professor of Textile Industries at Bradford Technical College where he established the Textile School.

Barker wrote widely on textile design and processes. He was particularly interested in sheep breeding and wool production. Travelling extensively, he authored papers and books on the textile industries of the United States, Canada, Peru and Australia. In 1938 he emigrated to Australia where he set up a business named 'Barkers' Textile Property Ltd.' with English capital. This wove cloth, including woollens and worsteds, in Melbourne, Victoria. Barker was in business with his sons, Aldred, and Kenneth.

In 1953 Barkers' Textiles, transferred part of their business to Portland. After a trial run in a drill hall, the company set up a factory manufacturing fabric out of fine wool yarn in 1955. Barker died in Portland in July 1964.

Airedale Mill Company Limited, Business Archive

Airedale Mill Company Limited of Rodley, Leeds were commission scribblers, spinners and finishers, incorporated on 24 July 1860

Ancient texts

All Souls Theology

Works from the late 16th century to the late 20th century, covering religious subjects, Old and New Testament Bible commentaries and criticisms, theology, Jesus Christ, apologetics and Judaism. Formerly part of the library of All Souls College, Oxford.

All Souls Socinianism.

Socinians were the followers of Fausto Sozzini (Socinus), who developed a strain of unitarian theology in Poland in the sixteenth century. Socinus and his followers rejected the Trinity, original sin, and other basic tenets of mainstream Christianity. The All Souls collection includes some of Socinus’ writings, but mainly consists of attacks on, and refutations of, Socinianism.

André Gide, letters to Edmund Gosse and associated material

Andy Lipman Collection

Andy Lipman the television producer and writer was born on 27 January 1952. Originally trained as a lawyer, he left the legal world behind to work in television. With Philip Timmins, Lipman was a project coordinator of the low-budget video 'Framed Youth' which consisted of tales of coming-out. The video won the Grierson Award for best documentary in 1984. Lipman submitted the proposal that became 'The Media Show' on Channel 4 and became its producer. From 1990-1992 Lipman edited and produced four series of the Channel 4 programme 'For Love or Money' on the art and antiques' market. He also produced 'World in Action' in 1993. He died on 3 March 1997.

Alec Baron, archive compiled by Baron relating to theatrical life in Leeds from the late 1920s to the 1950s, principally Leeds Unity Theatre, supplemented by material relating to Leeds Film Theatre and world cinema.

Alec Baron was a prominent figure in amateur and professional theatre and film in Leeds from the 1930s to 1980s. He was born on 29 November 1913, and as a schoolboy he developed a keen interest in cinema and theatre. He was one of the founders of the Leeds Film Group, the first film society in England outside London. He later formed the Leeds Film Institute Society (later Leeds Film Society) with a group of film enthusiasts, and acted as the secretary of the Society during many seasons. After leaving school, Baron started his own theatre company called the Astra. He also directed the annual University Students Rag Show at many occasions. In the late thirties Baron discovered left movement drama in Leeds, and enthusiastically started to write political revue. Consequently, with a group of people he formed a Unity Theatre in Leeds, on the model of the one already in London. The Unity Theatre created and performed plays dealing with the political situation of the time with a clear anti-fascist message. When Baron was called up to the army, Kate Plenty took over from him as the director. Baron and Plenty wrote a successful full-length play, "Comrade enemy", which ran for thirteen weeks at Unity in 1942. In the same year the Unity Theatre was transferred to the Civic Theatre. As of Jewish background Baron also had an interest in Jewish theatre and directed plays with Jewish themes. Baron was also the first administrator of the Leeds Playhouse, which he left in 1972 to pursue writing. He died on 27 October 1991.

Angela Thirkell Archive

Angela Margaret Thirkell (née Mackail), the novelist, was born on 30 January 1890 in Kensington, London, and died on 29 January 1961. For fuller details of her life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Angela Thirkell (Brotherton Collection)

Works of Angela Thirkell (1890-1961). For the most part, her novels are gently satirical chronicles of the doings of the nobility and gentry of Trollope’s Barsetshire. Thirkell still has a devoted following, and the collection includes some publications of the Angela Thirkell Society

All Souls Science

Books and journals, originating principally from the 17th century, covering many different aspects of science. Subjects include astronomy, botany, geometry, mathematics, medicine, chemistry and physiology. Also includes early works on types of medical therapy, such as hydrotherapy and wine therapy, and works on poisons, anatomy, and communication for the deaf.

Ancient History

Works published from 1613 to the present day, with well over two-thirds of the collection dating from the 19th and 20th centuries. Subjects include antiquities, tombs, vases, architecture, art, excavations, mural painting and decoration, mythology, sculpture, social life and customs of Greece and Rome, and temples.

Alfred R. Orage book collection

Books from the collection of Alfred Richard Orage (1873-1834), journalist and intellectual, including long runs of The New Age, edited by Orage from 1907 to 1924, and New English Weekly, which Orage founded; and works on economics, philosophy and literature; and works by and about the mystic G.I. Gurdjieff, with whom Orage worked for the last ten years of his life. There are also some more recent books about Orage and Gurdjieff.

Alfred R. Orage Archive

Alfred Richard Orage was born at Dacre, near Bradford in 1873, but following the death of his father, the family moved to Fenstanton in Huntingdonshire.

Orage became a pupil teacher at the village school and then attended a teachers' training college at Culham, Oxfordshire. In 1893 he took a post as an elementary school teacher in Leeds and began to develop wider interests, particularly in literature and socialism. Orage co-founded the Leeds Art Club in 1900.

As a freelance journalist, Orage moved to London in 1906. With the financial backing of George Bernard Shaw and others he bought a weekly review magazine, the 'New Age', which he edited until 1922. Around this time Orage attended lectures by the mystic and philosopher George Gurdjieff.

In 1923 Orage began to work on behalf of Gurdjieff and subsequently went to America. Here he lead study groups on Gurdjieff's teachings. Orage's first wife Jean (née Walker) granted him a divorce in 1927 and he married Jessie Richards Dwight. Jessie was the co-owner of the Sunwise Turn bookshop and the daughter of a dealer in building supplies from Albany.

The Orages returned to England in 1930. In London Orage became involved with politics. He supported the growing social credit movement. In 1932 the Orages founded the 'New English Weekly' a journal devoted to reviewing public affairs, literature and the arts. Orage edited this until his death in 1934.

All Souls Music

All Souls Music
A very small collection, comprising the general histories of music by Charles Burney (1776-1789) and Sir John Hawkins (1776); and Robert Smith’s textbook on “Harmonics” (1759).

Alec Buckels Collection

Alec Buckels (1892-1972) was born in Farnsfield, Nottinghamshire. He initally worked as a railway clerk. In WW1 Buckels served with the London Regiment in the 28th (County of London) Battalion (Artists Rifles) from 1916-1918. Later Buckels became a writer and illustrator of children's books including the Bunny Buffin series. Known as a painter, wood engraver, etcher and illustrator, he was elected an associate of the Royal Society for the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers in 1924. Buckels was also involved in education. In 1938 Buckels married Constance Sturmey. He died in Surrey in October 1972.

Lucy Alston (1910-1996) was the daughter of William Alston, a headmaster, and his wife Lucy Buckels. William and Lucy Buckels married in Paddington in 1909. Lucy Buckels (1881-1967) may have been Alec Buckels' cousin. Lucy Alston became deputy headmistress at St. Hilda's, Blackburn, which is now part of St. Wilfrid's Church of England Academy. She developed epilepsy at 40 years of age and had to retire early. Her friend Edna then became deputy.

Alfred Yockney papers

Alfred Yockney (1878-1963) was primarily associated with West End picture galleries. He was editor of 'Art Journal', an author and one of the directors of the Exhibitions Bureau, a precursor to the Arts Council. In 1917-18 he was the Secretary of the British War Memorials Committee at the Ministry of Information. Yockney also worked at the Imperial War Museum and Grosvenor Galleries. With D. S. MacColl, Yockney authored a book 'The Life, Work and Setting of Philip Wilson Steer' published in 1945.

Alfred Lord Tennyson and family, correspondence and literary works

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (1809-1892) was poet laureate in succession to Wordsworth from 1850. For a full account of his life and work see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Algernon Charles Swinburne manuscripts

Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909), the poet, playwright, novelist, and essayist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Alibert family of Conques-sur-Orbiel papers

Successive members of the Alibert family lived in Conques-sur-Orbeil, a small town 8 kilometres north of Carcassone, Aude, south-west France, for several centuries between the 1680s and 1915. Michel Alibert, son of Olivier Alibert, was born in 1667 in Villepinte, but was living in Conques by the 1680s. He married his second cousin, Marie Laurens, in 1692, and, after her death, Marie Estaville in 1714. He made his will in 1724. He was guardian to a certain Etienne Alibert. Michel Alibert's son by his first marriage, Olivier, became a merchant in Carcassonne. In the middle of the nineteenth century another member of the family, Jean-Antoine Marie Olivier Alibert, was a prominent local businessman and public figure. For many years the family owned a mill in Conques called the Mill of the Tournal.


Bragg Family Collection

Sir William Henry Bragg (1862-1942) and his son, Sir William Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971), both physicists, were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915 'for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays'. William Henry Bragg was Cavendish Professor of Physics at the University of Leeds between 1909-1915. He was knighted in 1920 and awarded the Order of Merit in 1931.

For full biographies, see Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:
Talal Debs, ‘Bragg, Sir William Henry (1862–1942)’, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011 []

David Phillips (Lord Phillips of Ellesmere), ‘Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence (1890–1971)’, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2015 []

Brian Christian de Claiborne Howard - Vive la vie!

Bram Stoker (Brotherton Collection)


Botanical works dating from the late 18th century to the middle of the 20th century. Although the emphasis is on works which deal with British botany, French and German botany are also covered in the collection. Cultivated plants, algae and ferns are covered and there are works on other types of plants, such as the rose, and parasitic plants.

Bram Stoker correspondence and manuscripts

Bram (Abraham) Stoker (1847-1912), the novelist and manager of the Lyceum Theatre, London. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Bonamy Dobrée (Brotherton Collection)

British deeds collected by William Denison Roebuck

William Denison Roebuck (1851-1919) was a distinguished amateur naturalist, who was a founder member of the Leeds Shell Club in 1876. This society evolved into the Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland and the Yorkshire Conchological Society, which affiliated to the Yorkshire Naturalists Union. An obituary notice by J.W. Taylor appeared in the 'Journal of conchology', vol.16, 1919, pp.37-39

Birkbeck Library

Originally formed by Morris Birkbeck (1734-1816), and was deposited by the Yorkshire General Meeting in 1981. It consists of over 4,500 books both by and about the Quakers, most of the materials dating from around 1650 to the mid-18th century. Subjects include Society of Friends history, apologetic works, doctrinal and controversial works, and Quaker biography. The Birkbeck Library is one of two important collections assembled by Yorkshire Quakers and housed by the Brotherton Library, the other being the Leeds Friends' Old Library.

Blake Morrison, autograph manuscript and revised typescript drafts of the poem 'Whinny Moor' with a related letter to Michael Holroyd.

(Philip) Blake Morrison, the poet, critic, journalist, writer of non-fiction, and novelist, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, was born on 8 October 1950 near Skipton, Yorkshire, and educated at Nottingham University and University College, London. Since then he has worked as a literary editor in London for several different newspapers. For fuller details of his life and achievements see Who's who.

Bonamy Dobrée Archive

The son of Bonamy Dobrée and Violet Chase, Bonamy (the younger) was born in 1891 and educated at Haileybury and the R.M.A., Woolwich. Commissioned in the Royal Artillery in 1910, he served in France and Palestine, and in the Second World War attained to the rank of Lt.Col. He graduated in 1921 from Christ's College, Cambridge, then lived mainly in France until 1925, when he was appointed a lecturer in English at Queen Mary College, London. There he was active in journalism and as theatre critic for the 'Nation & Athenaeum'. Between 1926 and 1936 he was Professor of English at Cairo before coming to his professorship at Leeds. After retirement in 1955 he became Gresham Professor of Rhetoric in London. He died in 1974. Dobrée is particularly remembered for his work on Restoration dramatists, eighteenth-century English literature, and Kipling. He was also a member of the Central Advisory Council for Education (England) and of the editorial board of 'Universities Quarterly'. Valentine Dobrée (née Valentine Gladys May Pechell in 1894) married Bonamy Dobrée in 1913. She became an artist, poet, and novelist in her own right, with such works as 'Your cuckoo sings by kind', 'The emperor's tigers', 'To blush unseen', and 'This green tide' to her name, and died in the same year as her husband. Their daughter Georgina was born in 1930.

Business and Financial manuscripts

This artificial collection reflects individual and small groups of manuscripts relating to the business and financial activities of named organisations and people. It includes 50 individual accessions to Special Collections. Material of a similar nature can be found in more substantial named archival collections.

Brotherton Collection 19th century

Brotherton Collection Charters

Buckmaster Collection

Formerly in the library of Charles A Buckmaster and purchased for Leeds University Library in 1950. The collection brings together French books, the great majority published in the 18th century, which were printed outside France, or printed in France with fictitious non-French imprints. The subjects are very wide-ranging. Many of the works are translations from English and other languages. The collection is of value for the study of the book trade, censorship, and French influence outside France.

Biology, general

The books in this small collection were originally in the Library's lending collections, and consist mainly of publications in the series by the Ray Society for the Publication of Works on Natural History. They span the 19th and early 20th centuries. These volumes complement other, later volumes in the series which are to be found in the Library's lending collections.

Brotherton and Company, Business and family archive

In 1878 Edward Allen Brotherton, later Lord Brotherton of Wakefield, founded (with the backing of relatives) the first chemical company in Wakefield. It opened under the name of Dyson Sons and Brotherton at Calder Vale Road and formed the basis of an expanding and successful business, which later became Brotherton & Company.

Bronte, Charlotte Autograph letter to her father, the Rev. Patrick Bronte. 76 Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park Gardens, London

British Society for the Philosophy of Science Archive

Founded in 1988, the purpose of the British Society for the Philosophy of Science is to study the logic, methods and philosphy of science, as well as those of the various special sciences, including the social sciences.

Bronte (Brotherton Collection)

First and other early editions of works by the Brontë sisters, their father Patrick and their brother Branwell, together with critical and biographical studies of them, mostly dating from the 1930s and earlier. The rarest item is a copy of the Aylott and Jones first edition of the Brontë sisters' poems. The printed books accompany the collection of manuscripts and correspondence of the Brontës.

Brontë family manuscripts and correspondence

The Brontë family of Haworth, specifically Patrick, Maria, Branwell, Charlotte, Emily & Anne Brontë are the subject of numerous biographies.

British Society for the History of Science Archive

Founded in 1947, the British Society for the History of Science is the main organisation in the British Isles working to bring together people with an interest in the histories of science, technology and medicine and their changing relationships with society.

British Association for the Advancement of Science (Leeds)

The British Association for the Advancement of Science sets out to present to the public the latest discoveries made by scientists and to debate the impact these innovations will make on people's lives. It was founded about 160 years ago.

Barbara Taylor Bradford Archive

Barbara Taylor Bradford, the novelist, was born in Upper Armley, Leeds, Yorkshire, on 10 May 1933, the only child of Winston and Freda Taylor. At 16 she became a reporter for the Yorkshire Evening Post, and by the age of 20 was both an editor and a columnist on London's Fleet Street. After her marriage to American film producer Robert Bradford in 1963, she moved to the USA, where she continued her journalistic career with great success and also wrote children's books and eight books on interior design. Her career as a writer of fiction, however, really began in 1979, when she had her first novel, 'A Woman of Substance', published and it became an enduring bestseller. Since then she has written many other successful novels, of which some have been made into television mini-series, and many have been translated into other languages. Her achievements have been recognised by several universities, including the University of Leeds, which honoured her with an Honorary Doctorate of Letters in 1990, and she has also received many other cultural awards. Now an American citizen, she lives in New York.

Barbier Collection

Originally the working library of Paul Barbier, Professor of French at the University of Leeds, 1903-1938. It consists of lexicographical works, mostly in French, although other European languages such as German, Italian and Spanish are also represented. The oldest book in the collection was published in 1603, but the bulk of the works date from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Subjects include French language and dialects, foreign words and phrases, slang, proverbs, Spanish, German and Italian language and dialects, English language and provincialisms, Walloon dialect, dictionaries, glossaries, and vocabularies, etymology and grammar.

From the colleciton guide:

Paul Barbier (1873-1947) was Professor of French Language and Literature in the University of Leeds from 1903 to 1938, having first joined the French Department as Lecturer in 1899. His personal library of some 2,500 books, pamphlets and offprints was acquired by the University Library in 1948.

The central core of the collection, which reflects most clearly Professor Barbier's extensive range of scholarship, deals with Romance languages and lexicography, with special emphasis on French, Italian and Spanish dialectology. These books and pamphlets have been kept together to form the "Barbier Collection", which is housed in the Brotherton Library's Special Collections area.

Other books on general subjects, with special strengths in the fields of Africana, archaeology and Welsh language and literature, have been classified elsewhere in the Library, and are not included in this handlist. A substantial number of offprints of periodical articles by Professor Barbier are in the Library's University of Leeds Collection, and they also are not listed here.

Professor Barbier's manuscripts of 2 major unpublished works were presented to the University Library by his son, Carl P. Barbier, in 1955, and are also available in the Special Collections area: MS. 125 contains notes on researches for a dictionary of fish names; MS. 270 contains material collected for a dictionary of the French language, some of which was used in composing the 31 parts of his "Miscellanea lexicographica", published in the Proceedings of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, Literary and Historical Section, 1925-50.

An appreciation of Professor Barbier by W.P. Milne, Professor of Mathematics, 1919-46, appeared in the University of Leeds review, vol. 1 (1948-49), PP.42 -54.

Barry Pain, autograph manuscript poem entitled 'I am seventeen and have written three books'

Barry Eric Odell Pain (1864-1928) was an English journalist and humorous author who also wrote popular fiction and contributed to the 'London Magazine' and the 'Strand Magazine'.

Barry Tebb Archive

Barry Tebb (b.1942) is a poet and publisher from Leeds. He founded Sixties Press in 1993. He edited The Sixties Press Anthology of Gregory Fellows Poetry.

Barbara Taylor Bradford

Banham Collection

Over 300 publications collected by Professor Martin Banham, mainly consisting of plays by African dramatists and critical works on African theatre, with some poetry. Much of the collection was published in Nigeria. Other countries of publication include Cameroon, South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya, the UK and the USA.

The collection includes works by and about playwrights and poets including: J.P. Clark Bekederemo, Olu Obafemi, Osonye Tess Onwueme, Femi Osofisan, Ola Rotimi, Wole Soyinka and Dev Virahsawmy.

Cataloguing of this collection is currently in progress. Basic records will be available while this is underway.

Martin Banham is Emeritus Professor of Drama and Theatre Studies at the University of Leeds.

Banham studied as an undergraduate at the University of Leeds and was a contemporary of Wole Soyinka. From 1956-1966 he taught at the the University College, Ibadan, Nigeria (now the University of Ibadan) where he was involved with the foundation of the School of Drama.

He was appointed Fellow in Drama at the University of Leeds in 1966. Together with his colleague and Technical Director Trevor Faulkner, Banham established the Workshop Theatre and was its Director from 1966-1998.

Banham's publications include African Theatre Today (1976) and A History of Theatre in Africa (2004). He has written extensively on African theatre in international journals and was co-editor of the annual journal African Theatre alongside James Gibbs and Femi Osofisan.

Bibliography (Brotherton Collection)

The subject matter is not confined to Great Britain but also covers the bibliography of other European countries to some extent, especially France and Germany. The collection contains major reference works, including bibliographies of European printed books (especially of the 15th and 16th centuries), catalogues of national, university and other libraries in Great Britain and Europe, bibliographies of individual authors, and many works relating to the history of the book.

Baines family of Leeds and other families, 19th and 20th centuries miscellaneous papers

Mr Baines graduated B Sc. in the University of Leeds in 1931 and his father, Frederick Talbot Baines, was for many years clerk to the Senate of the University. The Baines' family played a prominent part in local affairs in Leeds in the late 18th and 19th centuries, and at one time were the owners of the 'Leeds Mercury'.

Bamji Collection

This collection is concerned with military applications of medicine and nursing, with a particular emphasis on the First World War; there are also some more general works on military history. The collection was formed by Andrew Bamji (born 1950), a prominent rheumatologist.

Ben Read Archives

Barbara Sabey Archive

Barbara Sabey led the safety work at the Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL), subsequently TRL. She had a large variety of interests and passions, but two areas for which she was particularly renowned were research on road friction and in-depth accident studies (she was responsible for two pioneer investigations). She was also very influential in establishing the first set of UK targets on casualty reduction. Her work and that of her colleagues at TRL continues to be cited.

Sabey's reports and papers, e.g. conference proceedings, from 1960s-1980s are valuable because they pre-date electronic formats such as pdf and are generally only available in paper format.

Bernstein Collection

This is a small collection of works on the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa, from the collection of Lionel “Rusty” Bernstein (1920-2002), a prominent activist in the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party. Bernstein was one of Nelson Mandela’s co-defendants in the Rivonia trial in 1963, and the only one to be acquitted, after which he escaped to Britain to continue campaigning.

Berry/Knight (Brotherton Collection)


Books on bibliography. Dates of publication range from 1669 to 1997, with the majority of works dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Contains works on such subjects as libraries, Roxburghe Club, manuscript catalogues, rare books, book collecting, incunabula bibliography, English literature bibliography, manuscript illumination, penguin books, palaeography, type and typefounding, the paper industry, and classification systems.

Berlin informiert. Einheit praktisch

Bernard Barton, correspondence and literary manuscripts with related materials

Bernard Barton was born in Carlisle in 1784 and attended a Quaker school in Ipswich, before being apprenticed to a shopkeeper at Halstead in Essex in 1798. In 1806 he moved to Woodbridge in Suffolk and went into business with his brother. Apart from a short time spent in Liverpool following the death of his wife, Barton remained in Woodbridge until his death in 1849. He was a minor poet, the friend of Lamb and Southey, and author of ten volumes of verse and also of a number of hymns.

Bennett Family Correspondence

J. Sheridan Le Fanu (1814-1873), the author. In 1844 he married Susan Bennett, the younger daughter of George Bennett, Q.C., a successful Dublin barrister. His writing was deeply affected by her early death in 1858. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography. Other details of this particular branch of the Bennett family are not available in reference sources.

Berkeley Moynihan Collection

Berkeley George Andrew Moynihan (1856-1936), 1st Baron Moynihan, was an eminent surgeon based in Leeds.

Moynihan pursued a career in medicine, undertaking his training at the Leeds School of Medicine from 1883 and graduating in 1887 with a degree from the University of London. He then took up the post of house surgeon at the Leeds General Infirmary under Arthur Fergusson McGill. He stayed at the Infirmary for the rest of his life, eventually becoming consulting surgeon from 1927. He specialised in abdominal, gastric and pancreatic surgical techniques.

Moynihan was demonstrator of anatomy for the Leeds School as Medicine (1893-1896); he went on to become a lecturer in surgery, and was the first professor of clinical surgery at the University of Leeds by 1910. He was President of the Royal College of Surgeons of England between 1921 and 1931.

In 1909 he set up The Moynihan Chirurgical Club as a society of clinical surgery. The aim was to form a group of a number of provincial surgeons to observe operations and discuss medical practice, and the group is still in existence today.

He was knighted in 1912, appointed a CB in 1917, a KCMG in 1918, a Baronet in 1922, and then first Baron Moynihan of Leeds in 1929.

In 1895 he married Isabella Wellesley Jessop (?1872-1936), daughter of the surgeon Thomas R. Jessop (1837-1903). They had three children. He died in 1936, and was buried at Lawnswood Cemetery, Leeds.

Hugh Dudley, ‘Moynihan, Berkeley George Andrew, first Baron Moynihan (1865-1936)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 7 Feb 2017];

University of Leeds, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medicine website, ‘People of Achievement: Rt Hon Lord Berkeley Moynihan (1865-1936)',;

Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online, ‘Moynihan, Sir Berkeley George Andrew, Lord Moynihan of Leeds (1865-1936)’

Ben Turner - Manuscript Poems

Sir Ben Turner (1863-1942) was an English trade unionist and Labour Party Member of Parliament for Batley and Morley. He was a founder member of the INdependent Labour Party in 1893.


Coal mining papers compiled by Sir Andrew Bryan

Sir Andrew Bryan was HM Chief Inspector of Mines during the mid-twentieth century.

Clothworkers Collection

A collection of technical and historical works on all aspects of the textile industries, mainly nineteenth and twentieth century publications.

College of Preceptors papers

In 1846 a group of schoolmasters in Brighton, concerned about professional standards, set up a Society of Teachers, which was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1849 and became the College of Preceptors. A Supplemental Charter of 1998 allowed the College and a number of specialist organisations to form the College of Teachers.

Colonel Hope Kelsall Collection

Hope Waddell Kelsall (1869-1949) was born at sea off the Isle of Wight. He married Jane Hope Mitchell in Averstoke, Gosport, in 1899. At this time he was a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. Kelsall served in the British Army in India.

Community Development Project (Home Office) papers.

The Community Development Project was formed by the Home Office as 'a modest attempt at action/research into the better understanding and more comprehensive tackling of social needs, especially in local communities within the older urban areas, through closer co-ordination of central and local official and unofficial effort, informed and stimulated by citizen initiative and involvement'. It was the first time that central and local government had made a joint venture into this field. Started in 1967, the programme in Britain had by 1973 reached the planned total of twelve areas.

Clifford Street Collection

The Clifford Street collection contains the records of the meetings of the Society of Friends for the Yorkshire General Meeting (1665-1966 Yorkshire Quarterly meeting) and York and Thirsk Monthly Meetings of the Society of Friends, formerly preserved in the Safe at the Friends’ Meeting House, Clifford Street, York.
The earliest surviving catalogues of the archives of Yorkshire Quarterly meeting and York Monthly Meeting date from the middle of last century (original references VIII 11.1 & VIII 12).These catalogues served until the early years of the twentieth century when a card catalogue of the contents of the Safe at Clifford Street Friends' Meeting House was prepared (original references VIII 11.6). The current catalogue has provided the opportunity to update the contents in various ways. Material continues to be added to the collection, and it is intended that the handlist should reflect new additions as quickly as possible.

Civil Engineering

City of Leeds Training College, Leeds College of Art and Leeds College of Music, papers on higher education, held by Leeds City Council Education Committee

Leeds Education Committee was formed as a result of A.J. Balfour's Education Act of 1902. The City of Leeds Training College for teachers was founded in 1907 and later in the twentieth century became part of the University of Leeds. The Leeds College of Art and Design was founded in 1846. The Leeds College of Music was founded in 1880 and is now one of the largest of such colleges in this country.

Consumer Council papers

The Consumer Council, based in London, was founded in 1963 to study consumer problems and to formulate proposals to deal with them.

Church Socialist League and League of the Kingdom of God, correspondence and pamphlets

The Church Socialist League was founded in 1906 by Conrad Noel, Percy Widdrington and others. The League of the Kingdom of God was founded in 1922-1923.

Civil War and Commonwealth Collection (Brotherton Collection)

Collection of political tracts published between the years 1639 and 1660. Places of publication include both London and the regions; several were printed in York and Hull. The tracts include petitions to Parliament and to the King, petitions by Parliament to the King, Parliamentary and Royal decrees, speeches by Cromwell, anonymous tracts by individuals in support or refutation of arguments or accusations, petitions on behalf of the army, and other topics.

Clement K Shorter Archive

Clement K. Shorter, the journalist and magazine editor. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Classics, general

Many are texts of ancient classical literature; there are also some medieval religious texts. Most of the books are in Latin, but some of the Latin texts are translated from the Greek. Publication dates range from 1606 to 1988, and there are a good number of earlier works printed before 1700. The collection includes some two dozen facsimiles of Latin and Greek manuscripts in the series Codices graeci et latini photographice depicti, and a 10-volume set of the works of the Greek Fathers in Latin translation, dated 1677. Subjects include works of reference in classical antiquities, texts of classical authors and early religious authors, and Greek and Latin facsimile mauscripts.

Clement Shorter (Brotherton Collection)

Crockatt family and business Archive

The Leeds based firm of Crockatt's dyers and dry cleaners was founded in 1875 by John Crockatt after his apprenticeship as a dyer. As well as being a businessman, he was a senior member of the Churches of Christ, and in his later years he and his wife travelled extensively. His son Douglas followed in his father's footsteps and saw the company through difficult times. Crockatt's became part of the Johnson Group in 1935 and Douglas became Chairman of the Group in 1952. He served in the First World War and was a Liveryman of the Dyers' Company. He was also involved with the Court and Council of Leeds University, in politics in the 1920s, and a magistrate for forty years. Like his father, he travelled a great deal. His son Douglas Allan later followed in his footsteps and was a director of Johnsons from 1961-1984 after a distinguished career in the Royal Navy. He was a well-known magistrate, Vice Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire and was awarded both the OBE and MBE. In 1975 to commemorate the firm's centenary, a history of the family firm was written by Colonel Ewart Clay, the family's archivist. Clay's book 'A Century of Crockatt Cleaning' is a useful introduction to both the family and firm. The Crockatt name finally disappeared from the high street in 1997, a year after D. Allan Crockatt's death, to be replaced by Johnson's Cleaners

Cyril Banks correspondence and papers

Colonel Cyril Banks (1901-1969) was Conservative MP for Pudsey (Yorkshire) from 1950 to 1959.

Christopher Waud and Company, Business Archive

Christopher Waud and Company, of Britannia Mills, Bradford, were worsted spinners, using mohair and alpaca, established in 1825.

Cyril Connolly manuscript notes and reviews

Cyril Leslie Oakley correspondence and papers

Cyril Leslie Oakley was born in 1907 and educated at Portsmouth and Westminster before graduating from the University of London in 1930 in both zoology and medicine. He worked at the Wellcome Research Laboratories from 1934 to 1953, latterly as head of the Department of Immunology and Experimental Pathology. He was appointed Brotherton Professor of Bacteriology at the University of Leeds in 1953, a post from which he retired in 1970. He was a founding fellow of the College of Pathologists and at various times edited the Journal of Pathology and the Journal of Medical Microbiology. He was awarded a D.Sc. by the University of London in 1953, elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1957 and made a CBE in 1970. He died in 1975. Apart from bacteriology, he was interested in certain marine parasites, in medieval churches and in science fiction literature. He presented his own extensive collection of science fiction literature to the Brotherton Library.

Czesław Lejewski Collection

Czesław Lejewski (1913-2001) was a Polish philosopher and logician. He was a member of the Lwów-Warsaw School of Logic founded by Kazimierz Twardowski in 1895. Born in Minsk in Lithuania, in 1920 Lejewski moved with his parents to Lubin. He studied classical philology at the University of Warsaw gaining a master's degree in 1936. From 1939-1942 Lejewski was in Russia, at first as a Russian prisoner of war and then as a soldier in the Polish army. In 1942 Lejewski arrived in Great Britain where he studied at the London School of Economics under Karl Popper and Jan Łukasiewicz. He was awarded a PhD in 1954. Lejewski took up a post of assistant lecturer in the Philosophy Department at the University of Manchester in 1956. He was appointed Professor of Philosophy in 1966. His main research interest was the field of formal logic. Lejewski was particularly instrumental in spreading knowledge of the work of the Polish logician Stanislaw Leśniewski.

Czech Torah Scroll, MST#68, Brno

Countries (Brotherton Collection)

A very miscellaneous collection of works of history, biography, travel, language and literature, mostly of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and organized by country.

Cottingley Fairies Collection

Elsie Wright (d. 1988) and Frances Griffiths (d. 1986), who were cousins living in Cottingley, West Yorkshire, took photographs of supposed fairies in 1917, when they were respectively 16 and 10 years old. Two photographs were published in the Strand Magazine in 1920, and two more in 1921. They were described in the magazine by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who believed them to be genuine. Finally in 1983 came a public admission that the photographs were fakes, and that the two girls had made them with paper cut-out fairies held with hat-pins. However, Frances maintained until her death that one of the photographs was genuine, and that they had seen fairies in Cottingley.

Cookery scrapbooks

Patricia Ann Sargent, known as Ann, was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on 7th April 1941, whilst her mother was evacuated from Birmingham during the Second World War.

Ann was brought up in Birmingham. Although her mother was a good cook and made lots of traditional regional Black Country dishes, Ann was not that interested in cooking in her early years. She attended King Edward’s High School for Girls and studied A level languages. Ann’s father would not allow her to apply for university, so she went straight to work moving to Cheltenham 1959 to work at GCHQ.

Ann married in 1962, which is when she became interested in cooking and started collecting recipes from magazines and newspapers. She would regularly cook 4 course evening meals from her recipe collection. After her daughter was born in 1965, she left work and became a housewife. The family moved to Hong Kong from 1967-9. Ann returned to the UK in 1969 after she divorced and due to a change in circumstances and finances was unable to cook the elaborate meals she did when she was married.

The remainder of her career she worked as a medical laboratory scientist in the haematology department of several hospitals in Birmingham. Over the following years she became interested in ethnic culture and cuisine, particularly Spanish and Ghanaian food. She spent several holidays in the Alpujarras region of Spain, Cuba and Chile.

In the 1970s on wards she hosted lots of dinner parties and catered for bigger events including Birmingham Friends of the Earth functions. Many of these events and recipes were documented in a guest book from 1984-2013.

Ann was fortunate to attend an event to see Claudia Roden at the Jewish Museum in London in a food panel discussion. When her friend won a competition with the prize being lunch cooked by Nigel Slater in his own home, she went as her guest. Both of these writers were among her favourite cooks.

Due to ill health Ann moved to London in 2017 to be closer to her daughter and finds it difficult to cook the ambitious meals she used to. The neatly cut out and orderly record is a reflection of Ann’s personality.

With thanks to Samantha Sargent, Ann's daughter, for this biography.

Cookery Printed Books

Principally made up from two separate collections. Blanche Legat Leigh, Lady Mayoress of Leeds, made a gift in 1939 of cookery books which included not only historical works published in Britain but also a large number of foreign, particularly Italian and French, works on cookery. John F Preston made another major gift in 1962. Among many other smaller gifts and bequests is that of over 100 Chinese cookery books, presented by Frank and Margaret Leeming. This collection contains works which date from the late 15th century until the present day on a variety of subjects, including gastronomy, home economics, medicine, confectionery, recipes, menus, and vegetarianism.

​Correspondence and drafts relating to The Group

The Group was an informal group of poets who met in London from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s. As a poetic movement in Great Britain it is often seen as being the successor to The Movement.

​Correspondence between David Wright and Jennifer Wilson and Ruari McNeill

Jennifer Wilson worked as Director, promoter and programmer for multi-arts agencies and venures in Lancashire (Century, MPAA) and Scotland (Crawford Centre for the Arts, University of St Andrews, Assembly Theatre, Dumfries and Galloway Arts Association).

Ruari McNeill started his career as a Stage Manager, worked as Organiser for Britiah Actors Equity (Scotland and London), as General Manager Century Theatre and University Theatre Manchester, Deputy Director MPAA, Drama Officer Northern Arts, and General Manager/CEO of Royal Lyceum Edinburgh, Scottish Theatre Company, Tron Theatre Glasgow, and Mercat Theatre Drumchapel.
Both held voluntary Directorships with other cultural organisations.

Cottingley Fairies (Brotherton Collection)

Correspondence from Tony Harrison to Harry Thomas

Cookery Manuscripts

This artificial collection reflects individual manuscript volumes accessioned in Special Collections. The material is managed as part of the Designated Cookery Collection.

Communications Studies

Case and lecture notes (including survey data, experiments and exercises)

This artificial collection reflects individual and small groups of manuscript case and lecture notes accessioned in Special Collections. It includes medical and scientific notes, notes on gardening, agriculture, textiles and literary history. Similar case and lecture notes can be found in larger named archival collections.

Case (Brotherton Collection)

Cecil Lay correspondence and papers

Cecil Howard Lay, the Suffolk poet, painter, and architect, was born in the village of Aldringham on 3 April 1885. His father, who came from an Essex sea-faring family, was the village schoolmaster for forty years. C.H. Lay was educated at the Queen Elizabeth School at Ipswich and the Architectural Association, London. He was elected an Associate of the R.I.B.A. in 1912 and a Fellow in 1925. After visits to Belgium and Holland to study paintings, he returned to live in Aldringham until his death on 6 February 1956. He married his wife Joan (née Chadburn) in 1932, but they had no children. Apart from his poetry, painting, and architecture, his chief interests were the local countryside and his friends there. He was also an antiquarian. His first collection of poems, 'Sparrows', was published in 1927, and was followed by several other collections, but his 'Collected poems' was not published until 1962, posthumously. He is buried in Aldringham village churchyard.

Cecil Roth (1899-1970) Collection


Covers aspects of Celtic language and culture. It includes books dating from the late 17th century, with an example of the Book of Common Prayer, in Welsh, dating from 1679, but the majority of books in this collection date from the late 18th century to the early 19th century. Welsh dictionaries, books on grammar and theology feature. Folklore and superstition in Scotland and Bretton language are included. Some of the later works also cover Irish language and grammar, examples of Welsh hymns, and Welsh laws.

Cecil Roth Collection

Cecil Roth (1899-1970) was a British Jewish historian. He was editor in chief of Encyclopedia Judaica from 1965 until his death.

Dr Cecil Roth (1899-1970), the Jewish historian, was born on 5 March 1899 in Dalston, London, the youngest of the four sons of Joseph and Etty Roth. Educated at the City of London School, he saw active service in France in 1918 and then read history at Merton College, Oxford, obtaining a first class degree in modern history in 1922, and a DPhil in 1924; his thesis was published in 1925 as The Last Florentine Republic. In 1928 he married Irene Rosalind Davis. They had no children. Roth soon turned to Jewish studies, his interest from childhood, when he had a traditional religious education and learned Hebrew from the Cairo Genizah scholar Jacob Mann. He supported himself by freelance writing until in 1939 he received a specially created readership in post-biblical Jewish studies at the University of Oxford, where he taught until his retirement in 1964. He then settled in Israel and divided his last years between New York, where he was visiting professor at Queens’ College in City University and Stern College, and Jerusalem. He died in Jerusalem on 21 June 1970. Roth’s literary output was immense, ranging from definitive histories of the Jews both globally and in several particular countries, to bibliographical works, studies of painting, scholarly research, notably on the Dead Sea scrolls, and biographical works. But his crowning achievement was the editorship of the Encyclopaedia Judaica, which appeared in the year of his death.


Editions of charters, mainly of monastic houses in Scotland and France.

Carlton Hill Collection

The Carlton Hill collection contains the records of meetings of the Society of Friends for the mid-part of the old West Riding of Yorkshire and a few records of the county Quarterly Meeting. The collection gets its name from the Carlton Hill Meeting House, where the records were originally held. A catalogue of the safe at Carlton Hill Meeting House was prepared in manuscript in 1910 under the supervision of Gervase Lawson Ford on the basis of earlier catalogues. Amendments and additions were made over the next half-century, and an inventory in abbreviated form was prepared and duplicated in 1972, and appeared as no. 26 in the Brotherton Library Special Collections Handlist series. That inventory was replaced by an expanded record (Handlist 55, 1983; and Addenda, Handlist 79, 1987), excluding from notice archives which had been removed (for one reason or another) from the Safe at Carlton Hill between 1910 and the transfer of documents to Leeds University Library (Special Collections) in 1979. The current catalogue has provided the opportunity to update the contents in various ways. Material continues to be added to the collection, and it is intended that the handlist should reflect new additions as quickly as possible.

'Cyprian' E. W. Benson

Christadelphian Theology Collection

C. E. and H. M. Brock Collection

Charles Edmund Brock (1870-1936) was an English artist and book illustrator. He provided illustrations for many Victorian novels including works by Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray. His younger brother, Henry Matthew Brock (1875-1960) also worked in book illustration. He contributed many drawings to Victorian and Edwardian novels including works by Louisa May Alcott and Hans Christian Andersen.

Cairncross, John Autograph letter to Collie Barclay

Calverley papers : petitions, letters and other documents from Sir Walter Calverley and others, concerning the Broadcloth Acts of 1725, 1733, 1741 and 1765

The papers mainly concern the renewal of the Broadcloth Acts in 1733 and 1741. Sir Walter Calverley (ca.1670-1749), who had been created a baronet in 1711, was involved in the presentation to Parliament of a petition advocating a better observance of the Cloth Acts. The petition, framed as a bill, was passed by the House of Commons, but rejected in the Lords.

Centre for Disability Studies Collection

The Centre for Disability Studies (CDS) is an interdisciplinary centre for research and education into disability studies at the University of Leeds. It corporates and continues the work of the former Disability Research Unit (DRU). The DRU was set up in 1990 in the School of Sociology and Social Policy as a research unit for the British Council of Disabled People's Council. The inital research activity of the DRU focused on institutional discrimination and building a case for anti-discriminatory legislation in Britain.

By 2000 disability studies had become an established interdisciplinary field in universities and research centres worldwide. It now attracts many students and researchers from different backgrounds. Recognising these developments, DRU launched a more broadly based interdisciplinary Centre for Disability Studies.

CDS approaches research and education from a social model approach, which recognises that disability is primarily a type of institutional discrimination and social exclusion, rather than being generated by physical difference between individuals. It promotes participatory methods and international collaboration.


Chaston Chapman notebooks

Alfred Chaston Chapman was educated at Leeds Grammar School and University College, London. Chapman developed an interest in the fermentation industries and set up as an analytical and consulting chemist, mainly in relation to brewing. On this topic he became the main authority in the United Kingdom. He was President of the Society of Public Analysts, 1914-1916; President of the Institute of Brewing, 1911-1913, and President of the Institute of Chemistry, 1921-1924.

Chaston Chapman Brewing

Mr Chaston Chapman collected works for two libraries; his working library, based at his laboratory in London, and a private, historical collection. Subjects include brewing and the brewing industry, wine and winemaking, beer, distillation and distilling industry, drinking customs, liquors, ciders and whiskey, and legal issues surrounding alcohol. The brewing section represents part of Mr Chaston Chapman's library, along with the Chaston Chapman Royal Society collection, which concerns books of a more scientific nature. The collection contains works on brewing and alcohol which date from 1578, with A Perfite platforme of a Hoppe Garden, to 1986.

Chaston Chapman Royal Society

Consists mainly of sets of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the improving of natural knowledge from the founding of the Society in the 1660s onwards, along with some later histories and memoirs of the Society. There are also early texts on alchemy such as Roger Bacon's The Mirror of Alchimy, 1597, and Dutch and German works on chemical lore, hermetic philosophy, astrology and religion.

Channel Islands Collection

Personal collection of works relating to the Channel Islands of John Le Patourel, Professor of Medieval History at Leeds University from 1945 to 1970. It includes works on many aspects of the history of the Channel Islands (Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou), including their topography, flora and fauna, as well as their political, economic and administrative history. There are numerous guidebooks and publications of the Islands' local historical societies. Professor Le Patourel's academic papers and correspondence are also held by the Library.


Books and periodicals including works which date from 1677 through to the present day. The collection covers many aspects of Chinese language and culture, and the works are principally in Chinese. The earlier books deal with such subjects as Chinese philosophy and ethics. There is also a 19th century work dealing with Chinese characters.

Cheryl Frances-Hoad scores and papers

Cheryl Frances-Hoad (b.1980) is a composer. She was the first DARE Cultural Fellow in the Opera Related Arts in association with Opera North and the University of Leeds (2010-2012). Her work has been premiered in some of the world's most important chamber music venues.

Charles Whitehead, The Solitary: a poem, in three parts

Charles Whitehead, the writer. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.


Books and periodicals dating from the 19th century. The entire range of subjects covered is wide ranging but includes biochemistry, chemical dictionaries, agricultural chemistry, analytical chemistry, organic chemistry and electricity. There are examples of educational works, such as chemistry for children, and textbooks detailing a variety of chemical experiments. Some specific aspects of chemistry are also covered, such as individual works dealing with nitrous oxide, and atomic theory. Finally there are some works which cover the application of chemistry, such as wine-making.

Charles Thomas Whitmell Archive

Charles Thomas Whitmell practised as a member of Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Schools in the Cardiff and Leeds areas.

Charles Benjamin Tayler, On the death of a youthful disciple, a poem

Charles Benjamin Tayler (1797-1875), the writer for the young. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Charles Dickens, correspondence with related material

Charles Dickens (1812-1870), the Victorian novelist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Charles Causley correspondence to Mick Gidley

Charles Stanley Causley, CBE, (1917-2003) was a Cornish Poet and writer. He contributed poems and articles to the Listener and London Magazine. In 1958 he was made Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.

Charles Edwyn Vaughan correspondence and papers

Charles Edwyn Vaughan (1854-1922) was Professor of English Literature at the University of Leeds from 1904 to 1913.

Charles Larcom Graves, They all hate Joe

Charles Larcom Graves (1856-1944) was an Oxford graduate, author, and political satirist, especially as a member of the editorial staff of 'The Spectator' and 'Punch'. For fuller details of his career see Who Was Who, vol.4, 1941-1950.


Dom Moraes, autograph manuscript notebook of poems

Dominic Francis (Dom) Moraes, the Indian poet and writer, was born in Bombay on 19 July 1938, the only child of the editor and author Frank Moraes and his Roman Catholic wife. As a child, Dom travelled with his father throughout South-East Asia and Australasia and began to write poetry at the age of twelve. He went to England in 1954 and became a student at Jesus College, Oxford. He published his first book of poems, 'A Beginning', while he was there, and with it became the first non-English and the youngest person to win the Hawthornden Prize for poetry in 1957. His second book of verse, 'Poems' (1960), became the Autumn Choice of the Poetry Book Society. Apart from these, he published eight other collections of poems, the last being his 'Collected Poems' (1987), and twenty-three prose books, including a biography of Mrs Gandhi and his memoirs, 'Never at Home' and 'My Son's Father'. He edited magazines in London, Hong Kong, and New York, was a correspondent in various wars, and served as an official of a United Nations agency. He also scripted and directed over twenty television documentaries for the BBC and ITV. He returned to India in 1979 and lived in Mumbai until his death on 2 June 2004.

Dickens, Charles to Staples, James Verry

Dom Moraes letter and manuscripts addressed to Naseem Khan

Naseem Khan (b.1939) is a writer and journalist, who has spent most of her working life in London, and has regularly campaigned on issues of diversity; she was Head of Diversity for Arts Council England, 1996–2003.

Khan lived with Dom Moraes for a time in 1969, whilst both were resident in Delhi. She maintained contact with Moraes long after their relationship broke up, and in 2000 he contributed to the anthology she edited with Ferdinand Dennis, 'Voices of the Crossing: the impact of Britain on writers
from Asia, the Caribbean and Africa'.

Donald Kenrick Collection (Papers of the National Gypsy Council)

Donald Kenrick (1929-2015) was a British linguist, educator, researcher and author who wrote about Gypsies, Travellers and Roma. Fluent in many languages including Romany (he was reputed to be able to translate over 60 languages) he became involved in the work of many Gypsy, Traveller and Roma related organisations in the UK during the 1960/70s (Gypsy Lore Society, Gypsy Council and later the Romani Institute of which he was director). His interpretation skills were invaluable in his work with these communities (gathering testimony of the Holocaust and Nazi period from European Roma; co-authoring a programme to learn Romany and interpreting at the 1st World Romani Congress). He published various works including a book he co-authored with Gratton Puxon (Secretary of the Gypsy Council) “The destiny of Europe’s Gypsies,” [later re-published as “Gypsies under the Swastka.”] 

Dictionaries, early

Publication dates range from the 1606 Thresor de la langue française, by Aimar de Ranconnet, to the 1901 Dictionnaire de l'Académie française. A dozen or so of the dictionaries were published before 1650, some 70 between 1700 and 1750, and nearly all the rest between 1750 and 1850. About 150 were published in France and another 100 in Great Britain, and there are also some Italian, German, Spanish and Dutch volumes. Some 30 are in Latin. There are single-language dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, and also specialist dictionaries covering terms in commerce, shipping, fishing, philosophy, mathematics, architecture, comedy and satire, etc. Among the more esoteric items are an Italian-Turkish dictionary published in Rome in 1641, and a Latin-Armenian dictionary of Scripture and Armenian Divine Office books published in 1695 by the Vatican.

Douglas (Brotherton Collection)

A collection of English and French poetry and other literary works, owned by the poet Keith Douglas (1920-1944).


Small collection of books on dyeing dating from 1789 to 1884. Includes subjects of bleaching, materials, chlorine and printing onto material.

Diaries of Joseph Bufton

Joseph Bufton was a weaver in Coggeshall, Essex.

Drinkwater (Brotherton Collection)

A collection of books written or edited by the poet and playwright John Drinkwater (1882-1937).

Dorothy Mary Leak correspondence and papers

Dorothy Mary Leak (1903-1989) was a sub-librarian in the Brotherton Library until her retirement in 1968.

Doris Goerner textile samples

Doris Goerner was a leading textile designer and Lecturer in the Department of Textile Industries at the University of Leeds.

Dora Sigerson Shorter, a play, a story and a volume of press notices about her.

Dora Sigerson Shorter (Mrs Clement Shorter), the poet and journalist. For fuller details of her life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

David Wright, autograph manuscript and typescript drafts of poems, with a letter to Paul Potts

David (John Murray) Wright, the poet and writer, was born on 23 February 1920 in Johannesburg, South Africa. He became deaf at the age of seven, was brought to England at the age of fourteen to attend the Northampton School for the Deaf, and graduated from Oriel College, Oxford, in 1942. Between 1965 and 1967 he was a Gregory Fellow in Poetry at the University of Leeds. His first poetry collection, 'Poems', was published by Poetry London in 1949. He subsequently published numerous other books of poetry and also edited several anthologies. In 1969 he wrote his autobiography, 'Deafness: a personal account'. He also wrote a few critical works and three books on Portugal. He lived for some years in the Lake District and died in 1994. See also, Leeds Poetry biography of David Wright:

David and Betty Beaty book collection

Copies of works by David and Betty Beaty.

Dennis Wheatley Archive

Dennis Yates Wheatley (1897-1977) was an English author, one of the world's best-selling writers of thriller and occult novels from the 1930s-1960s.


Books, pamphlets and periodicals chiefly relating to Danish language, literature, history and culture. They form part of the important Scandinavian collections, wholly housed within Special Collections. Publication dates within the Danish Collection range from 1762 to 2001. Over half of the collection was published between 1900 and 1950, and a further quarter between 1850 and 1900. Subject coverage is extensive, including literature translated into Danish, Danish bibliography, religion, philosophy and sociology, education, law and politics.

Dance Archive

David Edward Jenkins Archive

David Edward Jenkins (1925-2016) was Professor of Theology in the University of Leeds between 1978 and 1984 before becoming Bishop of Durham until 1994. Jenkins served as an honorary assistant bishop in the Diocese of Ripon and Leeds after retirement.

David and Betty Beaty Archive

(Arthur) David Beaty, the novelist and aviation writer, was born in Ceylon on 28 March 1919 and educated at Kingswood School, Bath, and Merton College, Oxford, where he took an M.A. in history in 1940. During the Second World War he served with distinction in the Royal Air Force, then afterwards became a Senior Captain with BOAC and later a Foreign Office principal. He had earlier resigned his post with BOAC in order to concentrate on his writing career, which began in 1948 with his novel 'The take-off' and continued with many other novels on aviation themes and a number of non-fiction works on aviation, such as 'The water jump: the story of transatlantic flight', and others which analyse the human factor in aircraft accidents, the classic work on the subject being his 'The naked pilot', first published in 1991. His wife Betty Smith, a Leeds University graduate, whom he married in 1948, and who is a novelist in her own right, assisted her husband in the writing of his autobiographical work 'Wings of the morning', 1982. Betty Beaty has often written under the pseudonyms 'Catherine Ross' and 'Karen Campbell', her husband sometimes under the pseudonym 'Paul Stanton'. In 1992 David Beaty was awarded the MBE for services to aviation, and he was a member of the Royal Aeronautical Society. He died on 4 December 1999.

David Forsyth Papers

David Forsyth (1844-1934), a pioneering educationist, was a successful headmaster of the Leeds Central High School (1889-1918), and received an honorary degree from the University of Leeds in 1915 for his extensive contribution to improving education in higher grade schools.

Denis ApIvor Archive

Denis ApIvor (1916-2004) is typically associated with the small circle of British composers that emerged in London during the mid-1930s, which also included names like Humphrey Searle and Elisabeth Lutyens (contemporaries of Walton, Tippett and Britten). He was one of the first British composers to explore modernist composition techniques (particularly serialism) in the early post-war period, preparing the ground for the more radical experiments of such groups as the Manchester School during the 1960s. A medical man (an anaesthetist) by profession, ApIvor retained a distance from the music establishment for much of his career, composing without recourse to the musical dictates of the time. His stylistic decisions were in and out of step with developments in British music, making his compositions difficult to categorize or contextualize, yet at the same time highly individual and often innovative.

ApIvor's public career reached its peak during the mid-1950s: he achieved his first major breakthrough with a highly original choral-orchestral setting of T. S. Eliot's The Hollow Men (1939), which was broadcast by the BBC in 1950. He then proceeded to make his reputation as a composer for the stage, receiving several commissions from the Royal Ballet, of which the most successful was his adaptation of Lorca's play Blood Wedding (1953). ApIvor continued to receive commissions and broadcasts of his music from/by the BBC during the 1960s and 1970s (benefitting from the pro-modernist William Glock climate in particular), but by the mid-1980s his work was beginning to fall into obscurity. In recent years there has been a revival of interest in ApIvor's music, marked in particular by an increased frequency of public performances of his smaller chamber and vocal works. Much of ApIvor's music is notable for its drawing on extra-musical sources, literature and art in particular. He is particularly known for his adaptations of Lorca plays for opera and ballet and his settings of T. S. Eliot and also composed a number of pieces that were inspired by the work of the painter Paul Klee.

Delires Press, Liverpool, Archive

Delires was a small press operated by Lynette Hunter and Geoff Ward in Liverpool in the 1980s. It was established to publish high quality modern poetry and prose, with strong emphasis on design and illustration by new artists. The press was launched with publications by two poets connected with Cambridge, John Wilkinson and Geoff Ward.

David Hare, typescript first draft of screenplay for the film 'Wetherby', with related materials.

David Hare, the English playwright and theatre and film director, was born in St Leonards, Sussex on 5 June 1947, and educated at Lancing College, Sussex, and Jesus College, Cambridge. He served as literary manager and resident dramatist at several theatres before beginning to write for the National Theatre in 1975. In 1982 he founded a film company, Greenpoint Films. As well as numerous stage plays he has written television plays and screenplays, of which 'Wetherby' (1985) is one.


Elizabeth North Archive

Elizabeth North read English and Philosophy as a mature student at Leeds University. She wrote a number of radio plays, produced by the BBC, and published eight novels.

Elizabeth Williams Collection

Elizabeth Williams (1938-2012) studied at Bedford College, London, and came to Leeds as an assistant lecturer in English Language and Medieval English Literature in 1965, after working for a year in the children’s books department of the Bodley Head publishing company. Miss Williams continued at Leeds until her retirement in 1991. Her edition of the Middle English poem Sir Orfeo and Sir Launfal (co-edited with Lesley Johnson) appeared in 1984; and she contributed to Christine Fell’s Women in Anglo-Saxon England, published in the same year. In addition to her work in the medieval field, she also developed and taught a massively popular course in Literature for Children.

Elizabeth Williams’s collection of children’s books contains some 500 works, mainly prose fiction by British writers from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. There are a number of the moralizing tales of Mrs Sherwood and Mrs Molesworth; lachrymose religious stories by Hesba Stretton and Mrs O.F. Walton; stirring adventure stories for boys by R.M. Ballantyne and G.A. Henty, and lively tomboy stories for girls by L.T. Meade. Hugh Lofting’s Dr Dolittle books are well represented, as are the uplifting works of Charlotte Mary Yonge, and Andrew Lang’s collections of fairy-tales. There are no less than thirty-five volumes of Mary Tourtel’s Rupert Bear story-books, clearly a particular favourite of Miss Williams.

Many of the books contain presentation inscriptions to children from family members, or were awarded by Sunday schools as prizes for regular attendance and good conduct.



Multilingual collection, mainly spanning the years 1750-1950. It consists of some two dozen titles, all but a few of which contain many volumes. The largest is the mighty Encyclopédie méthodique (the enlarged version of Diderot's Encyclopedia), published 1782-1832, which consists of 200 volumes. Over 250 volumes of the collection belong to half a dozen Russian titles, which include two editions of the large Bolshaia sovetskaia entsiklopediia. German is represented by the Allgemeine deutsche Real-Encyklopädie für die gebildeten Stände, 1843-45, Hungarian by the Révai nagy lexikona: az ismeretek enciklopédiája, 1911-35. The English-language encyclopaedias, of which there are some dozen, include a 1797 edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The books are also of interest for their many illustrations.

Elliott Collection

Egerton Leigh Autograph Collection

Electrical Engineering


The English Collection forms the largest subject section within Special Collections and contains many old and rare materials dating from the mid-17th century onwards. Its classification follows that of the English loan collection which it complements. Authors whose works are particularly strongly represented in the collection include: Shakespeare; Ben Jonson; Milton; Pope; Swift; Samuel Johnson; the Romantic poets such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Keats and Shelley; Scott; Dickens; Thackeray; Yeats; Stevenson; Shaw; and Wodehouse. 20th century poetry is also a strength of the collection, from Eliot, Auden and Belloc through to the present day. The collection also features many works written in, or about, Yorkshire dialect; a section of American literature; and a wide range of literary journals containing both creative work and criticism.

Eliot, George Autograph letter

Elizabeth Cook correspondence and papers

Elizabeth Cook (b. 1952) is a poet and writer. Editor of the Oxford Authors John Keats and author of Achilles. She has contributed poetry, short fiction and critical review to many journals, including Stand.

Elizabeth Gaskell (Brotherton Collection)

Elizabeth Gaskell manuscripts and correspondence

Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-1865), novelist and short-story writer. For fuller details of her life and achievements see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

Ernest John Tinsley papers

Ernest John Tinsley (1919-1992) was ordained priest in 1943, and taught at the University of Hull from 1946 to 1962. He was Professor of Theology at the University of Leeds from 1962 to 1976, and was subsequently Bishop of Bristol (1976-1985).

Esther Simpson correspondence and papers

Esther Simpson was born in Leeds, as Esther Sinovitch, in 1903. She was gifted musically and already had medals and certificates in violin playing from Leeds College of Music before she entered the University of Leeds in 1921. Her correspondence in later years with Max Rostal and his family witnesses to her continued interest in music. She graduated from Leeds with first class honours in French with German in 1924 and took a diploma in education in the following year.

As an undergraduate she had studied for a time at Caen, and soon after taking her diploma, she turned from teaching to superior secretarial work in Europe. She was living in Geneva in 1933 when she received and accepted an offer of employment in England as secretary to the newly-founded Academic Assistance Council (later, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning) whose purpose was to help resettle in the free world scholars who had fled from totalitarian regimes, initially Nazi Germany. In the same year she changed her name to the more English-sounding Simpson.

Her employment with the AAC developed into a vocation. Many refugee scholars became her personal friends and she followed their subsequent careers closely: many of her `family' came to occupy professorial chairs throughout the world, others were elected Fellows of the Royal Society and more acquired numerous other distinctions. She was awarded the OBE in 1956 and after her retirement in 1966 she received two honorary doctorates from London (1984) and Leeds (1989). Dr Simpson died on 19th November 1996.

Ethel Henderson Collection

Ethel Annie Henderson, (d.1989), known as Betty, was a nurse from Stockton-on-Tees. She trained at the Leeds General Infirmary between 1926 and 1930 and worked there as Sister Tutor. She then moved to Sarawak and became Sister at Kuching General Hospital from the mid-1930s.

During the Second World War, Henderson was interned as a prisoner of war by the Japanese army in Sarawak for three years and nine months. After her release in 1945 she was awarded the Star of Sarawak and an MBE. She then worked as a Matron in Singapore, before returning to the UK in 1954. She went on to work as Superintendent at the Edward Walker Home, Darlington.

Evelyn Waugh, autograph letters and manuscripts, including the manuscript of 'Vile Bodies', with related material.

Evelyn Arthur St John Waugh (1903-1966), the novelist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Edward Ripley and Son, Business Archive

Edward Ripley and Son, of Bowling Dye-Works, Bradford, were dyers and finishers, established c.1806, originally as George Ripley and Son. Edward Ripley's son Henry discovered a system of dyeing superior to that used by their competitors, a factor which made the firm and the family wealthy.

Henry Ripley had the model village Ripley Ville or Ripleyville in Broomfields, Bradford, built primarily for the company's workers. It was started in 1866 and finished in 1881. Edward Ripley eventually became a Conservative MP in 1874 and was created a baronet in 1880, shortly before his death in 1882.

Essays and Lectures

This artificial collection reflects individual and small groups of manuscript essays and lectures accessioned in Special Collections. Subjects include medicine, science, politics, retail, agriculture, industry and economics. Similar material can be found within larger named archival collections.

Eshton Hall Estate Archive

Eshton Hall estate was acquired by John Wilson of Threshfield (d. 1706). It descended regularly to his great-grandson, Mathew III (1730-1802). Mathew III married Frances Clive, sister of the first Lord Clive, in 1759. Their only child to survive to adulthood was a daughter, Margaret Clive (1764-1848), who married the Reverend Henry Richardson-Currer in 1783. He died in 1784 leaving a posthumous daughter, Frances Mary (1785-1861), who died unmarried.

Margaret married her cousin, Mathew Wilson IV (1772-1854) in 1800. He was a solicitor by training and became a J.P. and Deputy Lieutenant for the West Riding. They had several children, the eldest of whom was Mathew V (1802-1891), who had a colourful political career. He was elected M.P. for Clitheroe, where the family had landed interests, in 1841, 1847 and 1852. Twice Mathew V was unseated for electoral malpractice. He later sat for the North Division of the West Riding (1874-1885) and for the Skipton Division (1885-1886). In 1874 he was created a baronet. Mathew V married Sophia Louisa Emerson Amcotts in 1826 by whom he had a son, Mathew Wharton (1827-1902), who was later the second baronet. Sophia died in 1833 and many years later Mathew V married, secondly, Frances Pedler a widow, from whom he had no issue.

A pedigree of the family is printed in Joseph Foster, Pedigrees of the county families of Yorkshire, vol. 1 (1874), which may be supplemented from Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (1975). The irregular spelling of the family's favourite male Christian name has been silently standardised to the form used by Burke.

Enitharmon Press (Brotherton Collection)

Episodic journals of Frederick Spencer of Leeds

Frederick Spencer was a Leeds Land Agent. Together with his wife, Sybil, and son, Robin, he developed the garden at their family home, York Gate, Adel.

Ernest Bradbury correspondence and papers

Ernest Bradbury was born in Leeds on 3 March 1919. Having played the piano and organ since he was a boy, he studied composition privately under Sir Edward Bairstow, the organist and choirmaster at York Minster, and wrote a number of songs, some of which were broadcast on the BBC. During the Second World War, as a pacifist, he worked as a forester and with Jewish refugees. In his early twenties he started his long association with the Yorkshire Post, initially as a freelance contributor. In 1947 Bradbury joined the staff as the paper's music critic. During his long career Bradbury sometimes wrote for other newspapers or magazines, like "Music and Musicians", "Musical Times", and the "Radio Times". He was a champion of the composers Peter Warlock and Edmund Rubbra. Ernest Bradbury's work includes introductions to concert programmes and articles on subjects other than music, notably art and drama. He also wrote broadcasts for BBC music programmes, and, whilst working on the Yorkshire Post, covered music in London and numerous British and International music festivals. In 1966 Bradbury was awarded the Hannen Swaffer Award for his consistently high standards of music criticism. In 1984 he retired, but continued to write occasional articles on music. During his career and also after his retirement he lectured in the extra-mural departments of Leeds and Bradford Universities. In 1977 he became a deacon at Bradford Cathedral. Ernest Bradbury died on 18 November 1994.

Ernest Gordon Cox Archive

Ernest Gordon Cox was born on 24 April 1906 in Twerton, in Somerset, where his father was a market gardener. He was educated at the City of Bath Secondary School and the University of Bristol where he graduated with first class honours in physics in 1927. A.M. Tyndall, head of the Bristol Physics Department, recommended Cox to W.H. Bragg and he joined Bragg's team in the Davy- Faraday Laboratory at the Royal Institution in London in 1927. Here Cox's career as a practising crystallographer began. He was assigned the task of finding how the carbon atoms in benzene, known from chemical evidence to be in a ring, were disposed. After some difficulties in keeping the benzene (liquid at room temperatures) crystalline, Cox established that the carbon atoms were at the corners of a regular hexagon, a conclusion of considerable importance for theoretical chemists.

In 1929 Cox, although a physicist, was recruited by W.N. Haworth to the staff of the Chemistry Department at Birmingham University. Here he did pioneer work on the structures of sugars and coordination compounds of nickel, palladium, platinum and other metals. A highlight was the determination of the crystal structure of vitamin C, ascorbic acid, where his X-ray work was done in concert with the chemists. Cox became increasingly interested in the determination of accurate structures from three-dimensional data, for example pentaerythritol (1937) and Glucosamine hydrobromide (1939). In 1936 Cox was awarded his D.Sc. by the University of Bristol and in 1941 was promoted to Reader in Chemical Crystallography at Birmingham.

Cox joined the Territorial Army in 1936 and was an officer in the Birmingham University OTC. Although mobilised in September 1939 he was returned to his university post by November. Here he led an advisory group on explosives for the Ministry of Supply, Cox taking a particular interest in the hazards of static electrification. In February 1942 Cox was recruited by D.M. Newitt, Director of Scientific Research for the Inter-Services Research Bureau (ISRB), to be Senior Officer in charge of the laboratories of the ISBR research at The Frythe, Welwyn, Hertfordshire. ISRB was a cover for the Special Operations Executive (SOE), the secret service whose job it was to support and stimulate resistance in occupied countries. In July 1944 Cox went to France as a Technical Staff Officer (Lt- Col.) in the 21st Army Group HQ. He was employed in succession on liaison with the underground, on the investigation of V-2 rocket sites and on counter-sabotage activities. Cox was in Belgium by September, and had very close contacts with Belgian Resistance Group G through detailed interrogations about their highly successful sabotage work during the enemy occupation.

In 1945 Cox was appointed as one of the Professors of Chemistry at the University of Leeds. There he built a happy Department of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry and a strong all-round group in chemical crystallography. He was keenly aware of the importance for crystallography of developments in apparatus and computing. In his first years at Leeds he took a particular interest in the design and production of a Weissenburg camera and in the use of Hollerith punched-card equipment. He was quick to see the potential of electronic computers, sending one of his team to the first programming school at Cambridge in 1950 and from 1952 exploiting the Ferranti Mark I computer at Manchester. Successful new experimental work on benzene took place in a cold room in which crystal, apparatus and crystallographer could be contained.

Cox’s team at Leeds produced a succession of high quality structure determinations, often setting the standards for others to follow. Many analyses concerned relatively simple molecules, such as heterocyclic sulphur compounds, with the aim of establishing reliable values of standard bonds. The work on stereochemistry of coordination compounds was extended, for example to include the new organic compounds of platinum. Cox led the university bid for a Ferranti Pegasus computer. Installed in 1957 his crystallographers were its largest users. He contributed to the wider running of the university, and served on outside committees, for example International Union of Crystallography Commissions on Crystallographic Apparatus, 1948-1957 and Crystallographic Data, 1954-1960. Cox was chairman of the X-ray Analysis Group, 1956-1959.

In 1957 Cox was appointed a member of the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) and after negotiations in the summer of 1959 appointed Secretary (Chief Executive) of the Council from 1 July 1960. At that time the ARC was responsible to the Lord President as Minister for Science and Technology, Lord Hailsham. It enjoyed scientific independence, drawing up its own research programmes, commissioning work and funding special projects while dealing with the Treasury over budgets. However, Cox became less content when, as a result of the Science and Technology Act (1965), the research councils, previously funded by the Treasury, were transferred to the Department of Education and Science. He became concerned by threats to his independence from the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries which were given substance, for example, by the agreement of the Prime Minister in December 1969 to the setting up of a secret Whitehall committee chaired by Mr S.P. Osmond of the Treasury to consider the future of the ARC and whether it should be taken over by the MAFF. There was no quick decision by government in part due to the June 1970 General Election and throughout 1970 and 1971 Cox continued to promote the ARC's cause. After Cox’s retirement Victor Rothschild, as chairman of the Government’s Central Policy Review Staff proposed to apply his customer/contractor principle. Cox saw this as a major threat to the survival of the ARC and publicly expressed his strong opposition to the Rothschild proposals.

Amongst the achievements of Cox’s Secretaryship were the establishment of new Units, including the Unit of Nitrogen Fixation in 1963 under the direction of Joseph Chatt and the Unit of Structural Chemistry in 1966 under the direction of R.S. Nyholm. The ARC had assumed responsibility for food research in 1959 and two new research institutes were established in Cox’s time, the Meat Research Institute near the University of Bristol in 1963 and the Food Research Institute in association with the University of East Anglia in 1965. In retirement Cox gave valuable voluntary service to the British Association as a honorary general secretary, 1971-1976 and to the Royal Institution as honorary treasurer, 1971-1976.
In 1929 Cox married Lucie Baker with whom he had a daughter, Patricia Ann and a son, Keith. Both achieved distinction. Patricia became Under Secretary, Scottish Home and Health Department and Keith (FRS 1988), Reader in Geology at Oxford University. Lucie Cox died suddenly in 1962 and Cox subsequently married Mary Rosaleen Truter, his former Leeds colleague and then Deputy Director of the ARC Unit of Structural Chemistry, in 1968.

Cox was elected FRS in 1954 and knighted in 1964. He died on 23 June 1996.

For further information about Cox’s career see D.W.J. Cruickshank, ‘Sir Ernest Gordon Cox, K.B.E’, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol 46 (2000). The preceding biographical account draws on the memoir and other obituary writing by Cruickshank and F.S. Dainton.

Enitharmon Artists Books

E. Fox and Sons Limited, Business Archive

E. Fox and Sons Limited, of Calder Bank Mills, Dewsbury, were shoddy and mungo merchants, established in 1845.

Early French 5

Early French 6

Ebenezer Elliott (Brotherton Collection)

Ebenezer Elliott, correspondence and literary manuscripts with related material

Ebenezer Elliott (1781-1849), 'the corn-law rhymer'. For details of his life and work, see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Early French 4

Early French 3

Edward Longbottom and family, Dyers of Batley, Business Archive

The Longbottom family were dyers in Hunsworth from ca.1831, before moving to Birstall some time between 1841 and 1844. In 1850, Edward Longbottom prepared to lease land in Howley Park, Morley, from the Earl of Cardigan. The lease gave Longbottom the right to establish a dyeworks and to build necessary water-channels and reservoirs. It appears, however, that the lease was not signed until early in 1851. The firm was still in Howley in 1873, but the address had been changed by then to Howley Beck, Batley. Howley is on the border between Batley and Morley. The latest date mentioned in the firm's books is 1885, when the address is still Batley.

Members of the Longbottom family whose names appear in the books are Edward, Robert, John, and James. The name of Edward occurs in books dated 1837 and 1885, so it is possible that this name may refer to two people of different generations.

From at least 1888 up to 1922, a firm called John and Joseph Longbottom was operating in Bradford Road, Birstall, as "army and pattern dyers", but it is not known whether this firm had any connection with that of Edward Longbottom.

E.J. Arnold, Business Archive

The firm of E.J. Arnold Ltd began in 1863 when Edward James Arnold, a Dorset man, founded a small printing business at Barnstaple in Devon. In 1870 he transferred the business to Leeds, in order to broaden its scope, and shortly after this move, he decided to develop a trade with local schools, taking advantage of changes in the structure of education resulting from the 1870 Act. Within his lifetime, the company became the largest company in the field of educational publishing.

Early 20th Century Literary Press promotional material

Early French 2


Most of the titles date from the second half of the 18th century onwards. It contains numerous editions of Adam Smith's 'An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations', works on economic theory and economic history by 19th century authors such as Robert Owen, Karl Marx, and J R McCulloch, and 20th-century economists such as Beveridge, Keynes and the Webbs. The collection includes works on aspects of economics such as wages, prices, taxation, banking, commerce and trade, and on specific industries and sectors of the British economy, including the surveys of agriculture in (mainly) English counties produced in the late 18th/early 19th century for the Board of Agriculture & Internal Improvement.

Early French 1

Edward Charles Gurney Boyle correspondence and papers

Edward Charles Gurney Boyle, Baron Boyle of Handsworth, P.C., C.H., was born in 1923, the eldest child of Sir Edward Boyle, a lawyer and prominent member of the Balkan Committee, and of Beatrice (née Greig). He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. War service in intelligence at Bletchley Park intervened between his school-days and undergraduate career. He went up to Oxford in 1945 and became president of the Oxford Union Society in 1948. He was elected Conservative M.P. for the Handsworth (Birmingham) constituency in November 1950 and retained the seat until he left politics in 1970. He obtained his first government post in 1954 as Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Supply and later served as Economic Secretary to the Treasury. Despite resigning over the Suez affair he soon returned to government, rising to cabinet rank and privy counsellor as Minister of Education in 1962. After the Conservative Party's defeat in the October 1964 general election he became opposition spokesman on education and science. In October 1969 he resigned from the shadow cabinet having accepted the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University of Leeds in succession to Sir Roger Stevens who was due to retire in September 1970. In the dissolution honours list that year he was made a life peer. While at Leeds he served on the Top Salaries Review Body, and was chairman of the Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals from 1977-1979. He died in September 1981.

Edward Clodd (Brotherton Collection)

Works by Edward Clodd (1840-1930), including anthropology, mythology, evolution and religion. Clodd, a banker by profession, had a far-ranging influence through his wide circle of intellectual friends.

Edward Gardner correspondence and political papers

Sir Edward Lucas Gardner QC, the Conservative politician, was born in Preston, on 10 May 1912, the son of a businessman He was educated at Hutton Grammar School and worked as a journalist on the Lancashire Daily Post and the Daily Mail. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Navy, surviving the sinking of both HMS Fiji and HMS Coventry, reaching the rank of commander in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve as Chief of Naval Information in the East Indies. He qualified for the bar at Gray's Inn in 1947 and became a QC in 1960. He unsuccessfully contested Erith and Crayford in the 1955 general election, but sat as MP for Billericay from 1959 until 1966. He was appointed PPS to the Attorney General in 1962, but also established a successful legal practice and was a Crown Court recorder, 1972-1985. In 1970 he returned to parliament representing Fylde South until 1983, and then the revised constituency of Fylde, until he retired in 1987. He was knighted in 1983 and was Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, 1984-1987. He died on 2 August 2001.

Edgar Allison Peers correspondence and papers

Edgar Allison Peers was professor of Spanish at the University of Liverpool.

Education, early

Books and periodicals date from between the years 1625 and 1988. The bulk of the collection (around three-quarters) was published in the 19th- and late 18th-century. The collection consists mainly of school textbooks and works on teaching methods and the philosophy of education. Latin and English language grammars feature strongly. There are also many examples of readers (collections of prose and poetry); textbooks on mathematics, scripture, history, geography, natural history, science and other subjects; and works on the conduct of life, especially for young women (or ladies). Many of the later 19th-century and 20th-century books are examples of children's fiction.

Edward Clodd, manuscripts, diaries and correspondence, with a collection of his printed books.

Clodd, Edward (1840-1930), the banker and popular anthropologist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Edmund Clifton Stoner

Edmund Clifton Stoner (1899-1968) was born in East Molesey, Surrey. He was educated at Bolton Grammar School, 1910-1918, and Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1918-1921 where he read for the Natural Sciences Tripos specialising in Physics. In 1919 he developed diabetes which entailed a restricted diet and varying periods of hospitalisation before a regular insulin regime became possible in 1927. He worked with Rutherford as a graduate student at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge from 1921-1924 when he was appointed Lecturer in Physics at Leeds University. He remained at Leeds for the rest of his life, as Reader in Physics, 1927-1939 and Professor of Theoretical Physics, 1939-1951. In 1951 he succeeded Richard Whiddington as Cavendish Professor of Physics and remained in post until 1963. From 1928-1931 he also held a research fellowship at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. In 1937 Stoner was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1938 received an Sc. D. from Cambridge. Over his lifetime Stoner held many different positions of responsibility including being a Member of the Board of Visitors at the Royal Observatory from 1952-1956; a Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research (D.S.I.R.) Visitor for the Wool Industries Research Association, 1955-1958; Chairman of the Physics Sub-Committee of the D.S.I.R Postgraduate Training Awards Committee 1957-1962 and a member of the University Grants Commission Panel of Equipment Assessors for Physics, 1958-1964. Stoner married Heather Crawford in 1951. For most of his life Stoner was solely responsible for his mother and this, together with his diabetes, restricted much of his activity to Leeds. His research interests were in magnetism and low temperatures.


The dates of publication span the years 1650 to 1993, although the majority of the collection dates from the 19th and 20th centuries. Many of the works are concerned with educational philosophy and methods. The collection also contains the writings and biographies of prominent educationalists, histories of schools and other educational bodies, and a large number of annual reports and prospectuses published by a wide variety of educational organisations. Most of the 20th-century works in the collection are examples of children's literature.

Edmund Gosse Archive

The Gosse collection includes material from five generations of the Gosse family, but is largely the archive of Sir Edmund William Gosse, the writer and literary critic. Seven members of Sir Edmund Gosse's family are represented in the collection. His grandfather, Thomas Gosse (1765-1844), was an engraver and itinerant portrait painter. His father, Philip Henry Gosse (1810-1888), was a well-known natural historian and religious writer. In 1848 Philip Henry married Emily Gosse (1806-1857), who was also a popular devotional religious writer. Sir Edmund Gosse's wife, Ellen "Nellie" Gosse (1850-1929), was an artist and writer. All three of Edmund and Nellie Gosse's children are present in the collection; their only son, Philip Henry George Gosse (1879-1959), was a writer and physician, who gave many additional items to the Gosse collection in the 1950s. His sister, Emily Teresa "Tessa" Gosse is represented by some reminiscences about her father. Laura "Sylvia" Gosse (1881-1968) was an artist and painter, especially well-known for her etchings.

Edmund Blunden, autograph manuscript poems

Edmund Charles Blunden (1896-1974), the poet, teacher, critic, and biographer. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.


Frank Maudsley Parsons Archive

Frank Maudsley Parsons (1918-1989) was a nephrologist and pioneer of dialysis for acute renal failure. He was born on 17 September 1918, and was educated at Kingswood School. Parsons went on to study at the University of Leeds and graduated with a B.Sc. in Physiology in 1941. He went on to gain an M.B., Ch.B. (Hons.) in 1943 and an M.D. with Distinction in 1961.

As a surgical trainee he worked with Leslie Norman Pyrah (1899-1995) in the Medical Research Council Metabolic Disturbances in Surgery Unit at the Leeds General Infirmary (LGI). Parsons worked as a Research Fellow in Urological Surgery at the University between 1951/2-1956/7, and was appointed Assistant Director of the MRC Unit in 1956, where he remained until the session 1961/2.

A visit to the USA in 1955 was to become momentous for Parsons’ career. During the trip he spent three months at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, observing dialysis treatments there. On his return to Leeds, alongside Leslie Pyrah he persuaded the LGI Board of Governors to purchase a Kolff-Brigham dialysis machine – establishing the first artificial kidney unit in the UK. Parsons performed the first dialysis outside of London at the LGI on 30 September 1956.

From 1962/3-1970/1, Parsons was Hon. Demonstrator in Urological Surgery, then Hon. Senior Lecturer in Renal Medicine (1971/2-1973/4), before becoming Senior Clinical Lecturer in 1974/5. Parsons was appointed the Director of the Renal Research Unit based at the LGI when it was established in 1967 and from 1961 onwards he was Consultant in Clinical Renal Medicine. He was also editor of the quarterly magazine Outlook, which was distributed to patients with renal failure in Britain between January 1983 and 1984 (8 editions in total). Parsons retired in 1983.

He married Marjorie in 1949, they had three daughters. He died on 17 August 1989.

The Renal Association website, Obituary: Frank Maudsley Parsons: [accessed 07/04/2017];

University of Leeds, School of Medicine website, ‘People of Achievement: Frank Maudsley Parsons (1918-1989): [accessed 07/04/2017];

British Medical Journal, Obituary ‘F M Parsons’, Vol 299, (2 Dec 1989), p.1396.

Franklin Gollings correspondence and papers

Franklin Gollings was born in Llandudno. His association with the film industry began in the 1930s as a cinema manager. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Marines and also assisted in the production of a number of public information films. After resigning his commission in 1948, he worked in film, television and theatre.

Frederick Alan Wood's diaries

Frederick Alan Wood (d.2016) was an alumnus of the University of Leeds. At Burley Methodist Church in 1957 he married Beryl Kathleen Woffindin. Beryl was an alumnus of the University of Leeds and was working as a teacher. Frederick was taking his MSc in the Textile Department and later became a teacher. Both were Methodist lay preachers. The couple moved to Skegness in 1959 and Frederick taught at Skegness Grammar School. They had two children. By 1970 Frederick was teaching in King's Lynn. Frederick retired to Bridlington where he attended the Methodist Chapel.

Frank Beckwith correspondence and papers

Frank Beckwith (1904-1977) was born in Leeds and spent his entire working life there. After leaving Leeds Central High School he became an assistant in Leeds University Library in 1921 and later concurrently read for a degree. He graduated in 1928 and took his M.A., with distinction, in 1936. From 1937 until his retirement in 1969 he was Librarian of the Leeds Library. He helped to found the Association of Yorkshire Bookmen in 1945, and edited its 'Broadsheet' for many years. Apart from routine work at the Leeds Library, he pursued various antiquarian and historical interests especially Baptist church history and the history of 18th-century libraries.

Francis Berry Archive

Francis Berry, an academic, poet, critic and translator, was born on 23 March 1915. He held chairs in English at the University of Sheffield (1947-1970) and at Royal Holloway College, University of London (1970-1980), and formed a close friendship with Professor George Wilson Knight. He published numerous collections of poems, besides criticism, radio plays, and a novel. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who's who'. Berry died on 10 October 2006.

Frances Brody Archive

Frederick Keith Jackson, assembled pamphlets, offprints and correspondence about flax growing and processing

Frederick Keith Jackson was Director of the Flax Experiment Station (University of Leeds), Selby, from 1913 to 1917.

Frances Cornford, autograph manuscript drafts of two poems

Frances Crofts Cornford (1886-1960), the Cambridge poet, wife of the classical scholar, F.M. Cornford, and granddaughter of Charles Darwin. For fuller details of her life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Francis Leslie Watson Collection

Francis Leslie Watson, OBE, the biographer, critic, and radio feature writer, was born on 7 August 1907 to Major Frank Leslie Watson and his wife Charlotte Ethel (née Barber), a Yorkshire-based family, and educated at Giggleswick School and Downing College, Cambridge, where he read Modern Languages, mainly French and German. After work on the Yorkshire Post, he found his bent as an independent writer, mainly of biography. 'Lord Dawson of Penn' (1936) was followed by 'Wallenstein' (1938), before he went to India in 1938 and for the duration of the Second World War was assigned to intelligence with the General Staff at Delhi. He subsequently worked as Director of Counter-Propaganda to the Government of India, for which he was awarded his OBE, and it was in India that he met his wife, Claire, by whom he had a son, Giles Hugh Shirburn, in 1950. His time in India influenced much of his later career, publications, and broadcasting. In 1957 he was awarded the Italia Prize for a programme on Mahatma Gandhi, and he wrote a history of India and other related works, such as, 'Gandhi', 'The Trial of Mr Gandhi', and 'The Frontiers of China'. Whilst living back in London, he scripted for broadcasting many programmes with literary and historical themes, including some on his native county of Yorkshire. In 1974 he published his book 'The Year of the Wombat', which portrayed Victorian life in the England of 1857. He died in the autumn of 1988.

Friederich Wilhelm Eurich papers

Dr Friederich Eurich (1867-1945) was a German bacteriologist. He set up a general practice in Bradford, England in 1896. Eurich was appointed bacteriologist at the Pathological and Bacteriological Laboratory set up by Bradford Council to counter the problem of cutaneous anthrax (wool sorter's disease). He became Professor of Forensic Medicine at Leeds Medical School in 1908 and retired in 1932.

Friedrich Fischbach Collection

Friedrich Fischbach (1839-1908) was a German textile designer. He founded many societies for the advancement of industrial art and was a great influence on textile design in Germany.


Frances Arnold Manuscripts

Frances Egerton Arnold-Forster (1857-1921) was a granddaughter of Dr Thomas Arnold of Rugby School. Following the early death of her parents, she and her sister and brothers were adopted by her aunt Jane and the latter's husband, the statesman W.E. Forster, and they all subsequently took the surname Arnold-Forster. Frances Arnold-Forster is best known for her work 'Studies in Church Dedications' (1899). For an account of her life, see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

French, early

Works in French published between 1567 and 1899, the great majority falling between the dates 1650-1800. They were mainly purchased from special grants made to Paul Barbier, Professor of French at the University of Leeds 1903-1938, for his distinguished lexicographical work. The subjects are very wide-ranging and include travel and topography, French language and literature, European history, philosophy, politics, economics, education, natural history, horticulture and science. Most of the works in the collection are by French authors, but there are some translations, and also some foreign imprints.

French (Brotherton Collection Countries)

Small collection of books, in French and (chiefly) about France and French subjects, is part of a larger section, much still uncatalogued, of material in the Brotherton Collection relating to European countries. The earliest of the French books is dated 1611, the latest 1934, and the great majority are dated 1850 onwards. The subject-matter is mainly French literature, but there are also some books on travel and on history. Some of the books are of interest for their fine bindings and/or illustrations (eg Verlaine's 'Fêtes galantes', with illustrations by A. Gerardin). Of interest also are three substantial (uncatalogued) volumes lettered on the spines 'Napoleonana' and containing many cuttings and periodical articles (dating from the end of the 19th to the early 20th centuries) relating to the life and times of Napoleon.

Freemantle/Religion (Brotherton Collection)

Theological works collected by WT Freemantle. The majority of the works dates from the 17th century and many works have associations with Sheffield. Works by Robert Sanderson and Richard Baxter are strongly represented. Subjects include sermons, Christian life, conscience, biography, works on the Bible, Church history and Sheffield (England).


The earliest book in the collection is dated 1654, the latest 1957. The subject matter covers all literary periods from the Medieval onwards, but the collection is particularly rich in works relating to the period 1715-1789. Included in the collection, but not yet catalogued, are some 750 French grammars and readers, mostly published in the early 20th century, donated by Dr T V Benn.

Frederick William Rolfe, (Baron Corvo), collection

Frederick William Rolfe (1860-1913), the English novelist and eccentric, who was better known by his assumed name 'Baron Corvo'. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Fine Printing (Brotherton Collection)

Mainly the works of private presses, with particularly strong representation of the Ashendene, Doves, Golden Cockerel, Kelmscott and Vale Presses. The collection also includes productions of fine commercial printers, notably Baskerville and Foulis.

Firebird 1-4, the annual publication of short stories by the Penguin Books, correspondence and preparatory material

Firebird was a Penguin series of contemporary writing in four issues, 1-4, published between 1982 and 1984. The first two issues were edited by T.J. (Tim) Binding, and the last two by Robin Robertson.


A collection of music scores, mainly eighteenth-century British publications, formed by the musicologists Roger Fiske (1910-1987) and Richard Platt (born 1928); also includes a small number of books on music history.

Felix Mendelssohn Collection

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847), the German romantic composer.

Felicia Hemans, Music of yesterday: a poem

Felicia Hemans (1793-1835) commenced writing at an early age, and when fourteen published 'England and Spain, or Valour and patriotism, a poem'. In 1812 she married Captain Hemans, who left her in 1818. She paid two visits to Scotland where she met Sir Walter Scott and Lord Jeffrey. She died in 1835 and was buried in Dublin. Amongst her works are:- 'Forest sanctuary', 'Songs of the affections', 'Hymns for childhood' and several plays.

'Fairy Tales in Verse from Grimm' manuscript volume

Frederick Startridge Ellis (1830 - 1901) began his bookselling career with C.J. Stewart of London, and set up on his own at the age of 30.

As a bookseller, Ellis dealt mainly in older books and manuscripts, and for much of his career was the British Museum's official representative at London auctions. His importance in literary history stems from his friendship with the Pre-Raphaelite circle, in particular Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Morris, but also Swinburne, Burne Jones and Ruskin. Amongst other literary endeavours, Ellis edited the Kelmscott Chaucer in 1896.

Ellis is believed to have retired to Cornwall, where he apparently owned The Red House in Torquay.

Foreign and Commonwealth office papers

Father Thomas Dawson Correspondence

Father Thomas Dawson (fl. ca. 1900) was an Irish priest and friend of Henry George, the American social reformer.

Fleur Adcock book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Fleur Adcock


Books, mainly in Finnish and English, covering many different aspects of Finnish language and culture. The works date from the late 19th century to the late 20th century. The collection includes 19th century works on Finnish politics, particularly foreign relations with Russia; Finnish military history; and modern works on Finnish dialects.

Foreign (Brotherton Collection)

Fleur Adcock, papers relating to The Faber book of twentieth-century women's poetry,

Fleur Adcock, the poet, was born in 1934 in New Zealand, but has lived in England since 1963. Her 'Selected Poems' were published by Oxford University Press in 1983, and her edition of 'The Faber book of twentieth-century women's poetry' was published in 1987.

Foreign (Brotherton Collection)

The Foreign section of the Brotherton Collection, consisting of books in European languages other than English, is divided into three categories. The 16th century section, the earliest title (French) of which is dated 1501, has a preponderance of Latin texts: these cover religious subjects (Bibles, works of Augustine, Bede and others) and Classical literature. Italian is represented by 31 titles, and there are a few others in French and German. The 17th and 18th century section, of which the earliest title is dated 1620, contains many French (mainly literary) works. There are a good number of Latin titles in this section also, 77 Italian and 36 Spanish, and some 20 German and 6 Greek. The subjects range widely, with emphasis on literature but also covering history, topography, natural history and religion. The 55 books printed in Great Britain are mostly French literature, though there is some history also.

Food Standards Committee papers

Alan Gordon Ward was Professor of Food Science at the University of Leeds from 1959 to 1977.

Ford and Pease Family Manuscripts

The prominent Quaker families of Ford and Pease were related by marriage and had connections with the Leeds area in the nineteenth century.

Florence Bell notebook and thesis

Florence Ogilvy Bell (1913-2000) was a scientist who helped contribute to the discovery of the structure of DNA. Bell studied at Girton College, Cambridge before working in the Cavendish Laboratories and the University of Manchester. She arrived in Leeds in 1937 to work in the laboratory of William Astbury, physicist and Professor of Molecular Biology. Whilst completing the work for her PhD she took the first photographs of diffraction patterns from DNA fibres.

Foco Novo Theatre Collection

Foco Novo was a pioneering and innovative fringe theatre company in the 1970s and 1980s. Funded by the Arts Council, it was founded in 1972 by director Roland Rees, writer Bernard Pomerance and administrator David Aukin, who also co-founded the Joint Stock Theatre Company in 1974. Around this core, actors were cast at Equity rates, for each new production. Its objective was to encourage new writing and new work in the theatre, employing writers in residence such as Tunde Ikoli and accepting unsolicited manuscripts.

The name Foco Novo, literally meaning new focus, classed itself as an alternative British theatre company, who saw a way forward as being a form of theatre that achieved a more significant integration of aesthetics and political commitment. It worked in both London and the English Regions, in traditional theatres and as well as in community centres, art centres, schools and colleges.

Its first play was the eponymous 'Foco Novo', looking at American involvement in South America. The first performances were played in a garage and on a street in Chalk Field. This was followed by Bertolt Brecht’s 'Drums in the Night' at the 1973 Edinburgh Festival followed by Pomerance’s 'Someone Else is Still Someone', Fassbinder’s 'Cock Artist', 'Arthur Horner' by Phil Woods and 'Death of a Black Man' by Alfred Fagon. In 1976/77 they toured Brecht’s 'A Man’s A Man' as well as Jon Chadwick and John Hoyland’s 'The Nine Days' and 'Saltley Gates'. In the summer of 1976 they commissioned Adrian Mitchell to write 'A Seventh Man' from the book by John Berger, which toured throughout England, Wales and the Netherlands.

In Spring 1977, Chadwick and Hoyland were again commissioned to create 'Tighten Your Belts', followed in late 1977 by Pomerance’s 'The Elephant Man'. 'Withdrawal Symptoms' followed in early 1978, at the ICA, and then 'On the Out' by Tunde Ikoli at the Bush Theatre, London. From November 1978, 'The Free Fall' by Colin Mortimer was toured and played at the ICA. This was followed by Mustapha Matura’s 'Independence' in early 1979.

Foco Novo’s policy was to encourage and nurture new playwrights, for example C. P. Taylor, Howard Brenton and Tunde Ikole, to name a few. Foco Novo thrived during the early 1970s, seeing enormous success with Pomerance’s original version of 'The Elephant Man', commissioned and first performed in 1977, touring the UK before the play was produced with enormous success in New York.

However, following the general election of 1979, changes to Arts Council funding policy meant that theatre companies where obliged to find half their income from non-subsidy sources. This had a devastating effect on Foco Novo, which had received revenue funding from the Council for some time, since, as Roland Rees himself stated, it would not conform to the new priorities. As a consequence of these changes, the company was wound up in 1988.

For more information, see Margaret Eddershaw 'Performing Brecht', 1996, and D. Keith Peacock 'Thatchers Theatre: British theatre and drama in the eighties', 1999.

Florence Peacock, original holograph manuscripts of poems

Florence Mary Woodruffe Peacock had a book of poems published in Hull in 1893.


Gillinson Collection

Scientific and technical books from the 18th and 19th centuries, works on the history of science; and biographies of scientists.

Gisele Mardon Cookery Collection

The Gisele Mardon Cookery Collection consists of over 3500 cookery books collected by Gisele Mardon throughout her lifetime. Over 60 countries are represented, with a significant number of books on the cookery, chefs and restaurants of France, the United States of America and the United Kingdom. A small selection of books were published in the 17th and 18th century.

The collection contains a large number of books relating to French provincial cooking and French chefs and restaurants. It includes 19 bound issues of the French journal Pot au Feu (1898-1910).

Books on American cookery include a large number relating to state and regional cookery, as well as books regarding notable restaurants.

In addition to these books the collection includes approximately 300 menus, many from distinguished chefs and restaurants, collected in six large scrap books. It also includes 1 box of manuscript recipe notebooks, chiefly written by Gisele Mardon herself.

This collection is currently being processed and catalogued.

Glenesk-Bathurst correspondence and papers

The Glenesk-Bathurst papers revolve around the Morning Post, an influential Conservative newspaper which eventually merged with the Daily Telegraph, and relate mainly to the Edwardian period though the coverage extends back into the later years of Queen Victoria and forwards to the early 1920s. The Morning Post had been acquired in 1877 by Algernon Borthwick (Conservative MP for South Kensington, 1885-1895; knighted in 1880 and raised to the peerage as the first Baron Glenesk in 1895). In his later years much of the management of the paper devolved upon his son, Oliver (1873-1905). Upon the death of Lord Glenesk in 1908 control of the paper passed to his daughter, Lilias, who married Seymour Henry, 7th Earl Bathurst, in 1893. In 1924 Lord and Lady Bathurst sold the paper to a consortium headed by the Duke of Northumberland.

Gilbert Clive Binyon correspondence and papers

The Rev. Gilbert Binyon wrote a number of books on religion and social issues. He was active in the Christian Socialist movement in England.

George Hattersley and Sons Limited, Business Archive

George Hattersley and Sons Limited, of Mytholmes, Providence, and Springhead Mills, Haworth and Keighley, were worsted spinners and manufacturers, established in 1850.

George Nicholls, letters received

Captain George Nicholls (1781-1865) was Officer of the Guard on St Helena during part of Napoléon Bonaparte's detention on the island.

Glyn Hughes, literary papers with related material

Glyn Hughes, the West Yorkshire poet, novelist, and playwright, was born in Middlewich, Cheshire, in 1935 and educated at Altrincham Grammar School and the Regional College of Art, Manchester. He taught art and liberal studies at schools and colleges in Lancashire and Yorkshire until 1972, since when he has been a freelance writer. He has won several prizes for his novels, and has also written stage plays and verse plays for radio.

George Wilson Knight Archive

George Wilson Knight (1897-1985), the literary scholar, was Professor of English Literature at the University of Leeds between 1956 and 1962 and wrote many works of literary criticism, notably on Shakespeare. He formed a close friendship with Professor Francis Berry, who is the recipient of many of the letters held in this collection. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

George Wilson Knight book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, George Wilson Knight


Books and periodicals relating to German language and literature. Dates of publication range from 1602 (Jean de Cartigny, Dess irrenden Ritters Raiss der Welt Eitelkeit, Munich: Adam Berg) to 1988. The collection is particularly strong in 18th and early 19th century works.


Language, literature, philosophy and history of ancient Greece. The earliest book in the collection is one of a number of grammars and is dated 1602. The 17th, 18th and 19th centuries are all well represented. Subjects include Greek language, especially dictionaries and grammar, Greek literature, poetry (especially Homer), drama (especially Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophocles and Aristophanes), historians (especially Xenophon), Alexandrian and Roman historians and philosophers and Byzantine authors.

Graham Greene, drafts of two novels with literary contracts and film rights

Graham Greene (1904-1991), the author. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Great Britain C16/17 (Brotherton Collection)

Works printed in Great Britain in the 16th and 17th centuries, nearly all in English or Latin. The earliest is a law book, the Natura breuium, printed in 1518 - one of a number of law books in the collection. Law books, spiritual treatises of various kinds (including fulminations against Rome), and histories, make up the greater part of the subject matter. Among the rest, serveral works give a facinating insight into questions of the time, such as duelling, or witchcraft. The catalogue records are in themselves interesting, since many of them, include notes giving information about ownership inscriptions and marginalia.

Greville Press Archive

Anthony Astbury (1940- ) was a schoolmaster at Emscote Lawn School, Warwick, when in 1975 he founded a small English poetry press, the Greville Press, named after Sir Fulke Greville (1554-1628). The playwright Harold Pinter, amongst others, has assisted him in the administration of the company, which is non-profitmaking. In May 2000 the press celebrated its 25th anniversary. It is noted in literary circles for its fine productions of chiefly shorter twentieth-century English poems with small print-runs.

George Eliot, autograph letters to her by celebrities of her time, relating to literary and personal matters

George Eliot (1819-1880), the novelist, real name Mary Ann or Marian Evans, later Cross. For fuller details see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Grace Stuart correspondence and papers

Grace Stuart (1898-1971) was the author of four books on psychology and three children's books. She was born Agnes Grace Croll in Sheffield in 1898, and was the older of two daughters. Educated at state schools and the University of Sheffield, who awarded her a first class degree in English literature and French in 1919, Stuart hoped to become a teacher, but suffered debilitating rheumatoid arthritis which limited her opportunities. Grace Stuart was married to Gordon Stuart, a Unitarian minister; the couple had no children. Grace Stuart died in 1971. Her nephew, Professor Jon Glover, is her literary executor. Some of her papers and a manuscript of 'The Minister's Wife' are housed at the Smith College library in the United States.

Gottingen British Society and related material

The Göttingen British Society was formed in December 1886 when a number of 'gentlemen resolved to form a society to promote social intercourse among the English (speaking) people of Göttingen'. Many of the members were language students or lecturers at the University. The outbreak of the First World War put an end to the Society's activities.

Gosse (Brotherton Collection)

Gott Books

A collection of illustrated books of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, including works of literature, topography and natural history, formerly owned by the Gott family of Leeds.

Gott, wool merchants, Archive

The Gotts were a prominent Leeds family, and were partners in firms of woollen merchants and manufacturers from 1780 to 1867.

Godfrey Bingley Photographic Archive

This extensive collection (about 10,000 images) was donated to the University in 1913 by Bingley himself and is an archive of his life's work.

Spanning the years 1884-1913 (when he gave up photography due to failing eyesight) the images cover a wide range of subjects. There are many Yorkshire scenes, including places such as Kirkstall Abbey, Fountains Abbey, Headingley, Bolton Abbey and Scarborough. However, the collection also covers the rest of the UK and some of Europe, America and the West Indies.

Professor P.F. Kendall, in accepting the gift in 1913, described the archive as 'probably the most magnificent collection ever made of lantern slides, illustrating architecture, archaeology, geology and scenery in all parts of England, but especially Yorkshire...'

A particularly noteworthy feature of the collection is the inclusion of Bingley's notebooks in which he detailed the place and date of each shot.

Godfrey Bingley Chronology: 3 July 1842, Godfrey Bingley born in Skinner Lane, Leeds; 1849, living in 4 Cowper Street; April 1854, moved to Grove Mill, Headingley, the home of his maternal grandfather with whom his father went into business as a carpet yarn spinner; 14 April 1858, went to learn the business of an engineer with Uncle John Bingley at Harper Street Foundry, Leeds; May 1858, moved to Thorneville, Headingley Lane.

Gordon Bottomley Correspondence

Gordon Bottomley (1874-1948) was a poet who edited a first selection of Rosenberg's Poems in 1922, & the Collected Works (incl. prose, letters, & some drawings) in 1937.

Jacob [Jack] Isaacs (1896-1973), letter addressee: Professor of English at London University; critic & author (incl. works on Shakespeare, the drama, & modern literature); friend of Graves, Blunden, T.S. Eliot, &c.

Mabel Blundell Heynemann (1866 - 1952), letter addressee: was an archeologist and antiquarian. She was a founder-member of the Yorkshire Society of Numismatists, and a Life Member and Vice-President of the
Brontë Society.

General Manuscripts, Special Collections

This articifical collection reflects accessions of individual and groups of manuscripts on wide ranging subjects with a wide date range.

General Reference.

A small collection, principally encyclopaedias and biographical dictionaries: notably Encyclopedie des gens du monde (1833-1844); Biographie universelle (1811-1862); Nouvelle biographie generale (1852-1866). See also Special Collections Encyclopaedias.

Geoffrey Hill (Brotherton Collection)

Geoffrey Hill Archive

Geoffrey Hill, the poet, was born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire in 1932. After teaching for many years at the universities of Leeds and Cambridge, he moved to the United States in 1988 to fulfil the duties of Professor of Literature and Religion at Boston University. His volumes of poetry have received critical acclaim and was been awarded numerous honours and prizes, including the Hawthornden Prize in 1969 and the Whitbread Award in 1971. In 1996 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He retired in 2006. Hill died on 30th June 2016. See also:

General Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)

General (Brotherton Collection)

Works chiefly dating from the middle of the 18th century to the present day, with each century represented by a large number of works. It supplements other, more specialised sections of the Brotherton Collection which focus on the period 1600-1750. History is well represented, as is literature. Other works in the collection cover aspects of early science, travel, poetry, drama, British politics and government. Authors include Lord Byron, Walter Scott, William Blake and Shakespeare.

George Crowther and Company Limited, Business Archive

George Crowther and Company, of Lane Side Mills, Churwell, near Leeds, were woollen manufacturers, established in the late 1830s.

G.R. Rigby Architecture Slide Collection

The collector is assumed to be G.R. Rigby - see here for background.


Consists mostly of 18th, 19th and 20th century periodicals and multi-volume works, some of which are popular and topical (eg Punch) and others more learned and/or specialised (eg Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences). There are one or two curiosities - eg Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds' monthly magazine. Most are in English, but nearly a third are in French, and there are also one or two German, Italian and Spanish titles. Many are present in long runs, some in only one or two issues. There are many 19th-century titles.

Geoffrey K. Fry Collection

G. T. Clapton papers

George Thomas Clapton was Professor of French Language and Literature at the University of Leeds from 1949 to 1964.

Geoffrey Woledge Archive

Geoffrey Woledge was a graduate of the University of Leeds. He began his professional career in librarianship in 1919 as an assistant in the University Library, remaining in Leeds until 1931. After a number of appointments he became Librarian at Queen's, Belfast in 1938, and finally became Librarian of the British Library of Political and Economic Science in 1944 until his retirement in 1966.

George Byron, correspondence and manuscripts, together with related materials

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron (1788-1824), the poet. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

George Caunt, political papers

George Caunt was Harold Wilson's election campaign manager and later worked as a researcher for Lord Wigg

George Crabbe correspondence and papers

George Crabbe (1754-1832) was an English poet, surgeon and clergyman.

George Borrow, literary manuscripts with related material

George Henry Borrow (1803-1881), the author and traveller. For details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

George Borrow, literary manuscripts with related material

George Henry Borrow (1803-1881), the author and traveller. For details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

George Barker, miscellaneous literary papers and letters

George Granville Barker (1913-1991), the English poet, was born in Essex. He taught in Japan and the United States as well as in England. His highly dramatic poems, often concerned with themes of remorse and pain, led critics to place him, perhaps misleadingly, among the 'New Apocalypse' movement. Barker's published works include: '30 Preliminary Poems' (1933); 'Eros in Dogma' (1944); 'News of the World' (1950); 'The True Confession of George Barker' (1950); 'The View From a Blind I' (1962); 'Thurgarton Church' (1969); 'The Alphabetical Zoo' (1972); and 'Collected Poems' (1987).


Mainly nineteenth-century texts on geology, mineralogy and palaeontology, including works by Buckland, Cuvier, Darwin, Lyell and Owen.


Consists mainly of books on travel and topography. A wide range of countries is covered, notably the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Italy, Germany and the Middle East, though this list is by no means exhaustive. Also present are a number of gazetteers and atlases. The majority of the works were published in the 19th century, but there are also a good number of earlier ones. The earliest books in the collection are two Latin travel books dated 1619.

George Augustus Sala, correspondence

George Augustus Sala (1828-1895) was a journalist associated with Charles Dickens during much of his career and noted for his turgid style. He also published novels and other works, and much of his journalistic writing reappeared in book form. For a full account and assessment of his life see the Dictionary of National Biography.


Heywood Collection

John Heywood’s collection of books on wine, including reference books, historical works, guides to appreciation and tourist guidebooks. The main emphasis is on French wines.The collector, John Heywood (born 1930), is an emeritus professor of education at Trinity College, Dublin.

Hilda M. A. Squire and family, letters and papers

Hilda Martha Lilian Squire was born in Ealing, on 19 February 1898 the daughter of a London doctor, Edward Squire, who was interested in public health and hygiene. Her grandfather, Dr. William Squire, was physician to Lord Cardigan (of the Crimean campaign). Hilda Squire travelled to Sri Lanka and China in the 1920s. In the 1930s she was working as a hospital almoner in London. During the Second World War Hilda Squire was an Air Raid Warden. She died in Hove on 25 November 1991. Agnes Mary Christy (née Squire) was Hilda's paternal aunt.

Historical Biology Textbooks

A large collection of school and college biology textbooks relating to the history of scientific education, reflecting the approaches to teaching and aspects of the subject which were popular at the time of publication.

History of Science

Herbert Thompson Collection

Herbert Thompson was born at Hunslet, Leeds, on 11th August 1856, son of John Thompson, bank manager and amateur flautist, and Jane, daughter of William Thurnam. He was educated privately, partly at Wiesbaden in Germany, and at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1878 and later took the degree of LLM in 1881. He entered the Inner Temple in 1876, read for the Bar and was called on 25th June, 1879; he joined the North-eastern Circuit and practised for a few years, especially at Leeds Quarter Sessions. Whilst living in London between 1878 and 1885 he assisted Alfred Emden in the editing of 'The Complete annual digest of every reported case' and other legal literary works. The collaboration lasted until 1894. Meanwhile Thompson's deep interest in music was drawing him away from the law and having returned to Leeds, he soon had the good fortune to be offered a position on the Yorkshire Post as music and art critic, by Charles Pebody its editor, in October 1886. The work was congenial and the connection was cemented. Thompson married in 1897 Edith Mary, daughter of F R Sparks, JP, a Leeds printer, publisher and wholesale stationer, who was also honorary secretary of the Leeds Musical Festival. Two years later he seems to have given up regular work at the Bar. As well as working for the Yorkshire Post, Thompson also became the Yorkshire correspondent of the Musical Times and contributed copiously to the critical notes in the programmes of the Leeds Musical Festival and of other festivals. He wrote a study of Wagner, published in 1927, and edited several musical works besides contributing to Grove's Dictionary of music and musicians. He was awarded an honorary LittD by the University of Leeds in 1924 and retired from the Yorkshire Post in 1936. He died on 6th May 1945. Obituaries appeared in The Times (11th May, p7 column 5), the Yorkshire Post (8th May 1945, p3 columns 1-2) and the Musical Times (June 1945, p191 and July 1945, pp207-208). There is a notice of him in Grove's Dictionary, (5th edition, volume viii (1954), p429). During his life-time he gave many volumes and musical scores to Leeds University Library, and after his death his widow presented, in accordance with his wishes, most of the papers recorded below. This collection has not been listed hitherto though its existence was briefly mentioned at the end of the entry for Thompson in J A Venn's Alumni Cantabrigiensis, part II. 1752-1900 (volume vi (1954), p163).

History of Women in British Film and Television Project Interviews

Hermann C. Hillman papers

H.C. Hillmann left Germany in the 1930s and worked in the Foreign Office Research Department during World War II as an expert on German economic affairs. In 1948 he became a lecturer in the School of Economic Studies at the University of Leeds. He retired in 1976.

Hermione Lee Collection

Dame Hermione Lee (b. 1948) has written widely on women writers, American literature, life-writing, and modern fiction. She is Goldsmiths' Professor of English Literature.

Hervey (Brotherton Collection)

A collection of the works of the Rev. James Hervey (1714-1758), including numerous editions of his popular “Meditations and Contemplations”. Some of these editions were issued in places such as Coventry, Bungay and Blackburn, not normally thought of as publishing centres.

Hey Family Collection

The Hey family have been prominent in the history of the city of Leeds and in the development of surgery since the mid-18th century. Many of the family members have had significant links with the development and work of both the Leeds General Infirmary and the Leeds School of Medicine.

William Hey (1736-1819) FRS, surgeon and Mayor of Leeds:

William Hey was born in Pudsey, near Leeds in 1736. He was educated at the Heath Academy near Wakefield from 1743 and after this became an apprentice to William Dawson, a Leeds Surgeon Apothecary. Hey continued his surgical training in London at St George’s Hospital from 1757-1759, when he then returned to Leeds to set up his own practice.

Hey became an influential figure in the city. The Leeds General Infirmary (opened in 1767) became a major part of Hey’s life and work: he was at the forefront of the campaign for its creation and then became its senior surgeon from 1773 until his retirement in 1812. He became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1775. In addition to his work as a respected surgeon, Hey was also a prominent figure in Leeds civic life, becoming Mayor of Leeds in 1787-1788 and 1802-1803. He founded the Leeds Medical Society in 1768 and was president of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society in 1783.

Hey published a number of works, his most significant being 'Practical Observations in Surgery' (1803). A number of surgical tools, techniques and medical conditions were named after him, including Hey’s Saw, which was used for trephining the skull.

Hey married Alice Banks (c.1737-1820) in 1761, they had 13 children, though sadly a number of them died in infancy. Two of their sons, Richard Hey (d.1789) and William Hey (1772-1844) became surgeons and worked alongside their father. Their youngest child was Reverend Samuel Hey, (1781-1852), vicar of Ockbrook. William Hey died on 23 March 1819 and was buried in the St Paul’s Church crypt, Leeds.

William Hey (1772-1844) MRCS, surgeon and Mayor of Leeds:

William Hey was born in Leeds on 19 Feb 1772, the son of surgeon William Hey (1736-1819) and Alice Hey (née Banks, c1737-1820). Hey followed in his father’s footsteps as a surgeon, becoming his apprentice in 1787. He then continued his training at St Bartholomew's Hospital in London (1792-1794) and became a member of the Company of Surgeons. After training he returned to Leeds where he joined his father’s practice and later succeeded him as principal surgeon at the Leeds General Infirmary between 1812 and 1830.

Hey was one of the original 300 fellows elected to the Royal College of Surgeons in 1843. He was a member of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society and Mayor of Leeds twice. His most prominent work, 'A Treatise on Puerperal Fever', was published in 1815.

Hey married Isabel Hudson in 1796 and they had 5 children: William, Mary, John, Richard and Samuel. William, John and Richard all went into the medical profession, with William (1796-1875) becoming particularly prominent. William became principal surgeon at Leeds General Infirmary on his father’s retirement in 1830. He was a founder of the Leeds School of Medicine in 1831 and became a lecturer and president there. John Hey also became a surgeon and joined the Leeds School of Medicine, teaching botany and anatomy.

Hey died in March 1844 and was buried in the family crypt at St Paul’s Church in Leeds.

Richard Hey (d1789), surgeon of Leeds:

Richard Hey was the son of the surgeon William Hey (1736-1819) and Alice Hey (née Banks, c1737-1820). Richard also trained in the medical profession as a surgeon at St Thomas' Hospital, London. He died in 1789.

Samuel Hey (1815-1888) FRCS, surgeon of Leeds:

Samuel Hey was born in Ockbrook, Derbyshire in 1815. He was the son of Reverend Samuel Hey (1781-1852), vicar of Ockbrook, and Mary Hey (née Gray). His grandfather was the surgeon William Hey (1736-1819).

He began his medical training at the Leeds General Infirmary, where he was an apprentice to his uncle William Hey II. He was one of the first students of the Leeds School of Medicine in 1831, and he then went on to further training in London at St George’s Hospital and the North London Hospital (this became University College Hospital). Once he returned to Leeds he joined the Hey family practice.

His links with the Leeds School of Medicine continued, as he became a lecturer there between 1841 and 1870, then also president and treasurer. He was surgeon at the Leeds General Infirmary from 1850-1872.

Hey married twice: to Martha Jane Jowet in 1842, and after her death to Sarah Jane Pratt (1836-1874) with whom he had four children. He died in 1888 in Leeds.

Margaret DeLacy, ‘Hey, William (1736-1819)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 15 Dec 2015]

Josephine M. Lloyd, ‘Hey, William (1772-1844)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 15 Dec 2015]

Josephine M. Lloyd, ‘Samuel Hey (1815-1888)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 16 Dec 2015]; 'Hey, Samuel (1815-1888)', in Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online:

Holly Park Mill Company, Business Archive

Holly Park Mill Company, of Calverley, were dyers, scribblers, carders, slubbers, spinners, and fullers, established in the 1860s.

​Humphrey John Moore letters to Martin Wight

Humphrey Moore Archive, assembled by John Bridgen

Humphrey Moore (1913-1968) was a poet, schoolmaster and biologist. After studying biology at Corpus Christi Cambridge, he first became a public school teacher at Dauntsey's, then worked in Shrewsbury, and later moved to Clayesmore School in Dorset where he taught for the rest of his life, until his early death in 1968. His poetry was inspired by W.H. Auden, Rupert Brooke, A.E. Housman and Matthew Arnold. John Bridgen, who later studied at King's College Cambridge, was a pupil of Moore at Clayesmore School, and he was left Moore's literary archive (with instructions to publish his poetry if possible) and Moore's W.H. Auden and 1930s poetry collection.

Herbert Read Library (Brotherton Collection)

Personal library of Sir Herbert Read (1893-1968), reflecting his career as art critic, theorist, advocate and administrator, poet, novelist and publisher, and much else. The contents range from the rare and unique - such as a proof copy of 'Finnegans Wake', presentation copies of T S Eliot's works, scarce volumes by Marcel Duchamp - to relatively commonplace books annotated by Read himself. Read's own works are well represented and his collection of art exhibition catalogues is extensive. A large collection of Read's professional and personal papers is also held.

Hugh MacDiarmid, autograph manuscript of 'A drunk man looks at the thistle', together with other literary papers and some letters.

Christopher Murray Grieve (1892-1978), the Scots poet and prose writer, who used the pseudonym Hugh MacDiarmid. He wrote his poem 'A drunk man looks at the thistle' in 1926. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Howard de Walden (Brotherton Collection)

Comprises books acquired by Lord Brotherton from the library of Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden (1880-1946). All items in the collection were bound in Rivière bindings early in the 20th century, imitating much earlier binding styles. The works themselves were published between 1471 (including five incunabula) and 1889, although most date from the 16th and 17th centuries, including subjects of art, travel, British history, geography and poetry.

Holbrook Jackson, autograph manuscripts

Holbrook Jackson (1874-1948), the author, editor, and editorial director of National Trade Press Ltd and of Heywood and Co. Ltd. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.4.

Holden Library

Contains books from between 1546 and 1922, with the strength of the collection being in books from the earlier centuries. Books are still being acquired for the Holden Collection in the Brotherton Library, and it is anticipated that books will continue to be transferred into Special Collections from the Brotherton Library's Holden Library Collection as their age and condition requires. Subjects include Old and New Testaments, biographies, theological doctrine, devotional literature, pastoral theology, Church history, public worship, liturgy and sacraments, non-Christian religions and aspects of Yorkshire's religious history. The collection, originally formed by George Holden, is the property of the Anglican Diocese of Leeds.

Holden Library Manuscripts

The Holden Library was bequeathed to Ripon clergy by George Holden (1783-1865), a theological writer who graduated at Glasgow and became the incumbent at Maghull, Liverpool, 1811-1865.

Hobson, Clegg and Company, Business Archive

Hobson, Clegg and Company, of Kings Mill Lane and Priest Royd Mills, Firth Street, Huddersfield, were woollen manufacturers established ca. 1889.

History State Papers

Several multi-volume series recording British parliamentary proceedings and debates from the mid-16th century to the mid-19th century. The bulk of the volumes are a record of the work of the House of Commons from c1660 to c1850; proceedings and debates of the House of Lords are also covered, but less comprehensively. The collection also contains volumes of public general statutes enacted by the Parliament of Great Britain during the 19th century.

Harrogate and Londensboro' Working Men's Club Archive

Harrogate Londesboro' Working Men's Club was in operation from at least 1914, since the earliest extant members' subscription book begins in that year.

Harry John Scott, compiled papers on Yorkshire

Harry John Scott was the author of a number of books on Yorkshire, including 'The changeless dale', London, Blandford Press, 1946, and 'View of Yorkshire', London, Hale, 1975.

Harry Legge-Bourke MP political papers

Sir Harry Legge-Bourke (1914-1973) was educated at Eton and RMA Sandhurst. He was commissioned into the Royal Horse Guards in 1934 and served throughout the Second World War, rising to the rank of major. As the earliest of these papers show, he had already developed an interest in current affairs and in 1945 he was elected Conservative MP for the Isle of Ely, a seat which he retained until his death. He never took high office and remained a back-bencher but his experience and qualities gained him much respect: he became chairman of the 1922 Committee of Conservative back-benchers and in 1971 chairman of the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee. He was awarded the KBE in 1960.

Harvey family of Leeds papers

The Harveys were one of the prominent Quaker families in Leeds in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They were related, by marriage, to several other local Quaker families, including the Fryer, Firth and Jowitt families.

Hall (Brotherton Collection)

A small collection of works on conjuring, witchcraft and games, formed by Trevor Henry Hall (1910-1991), bibliographer and former president of the Leeds Library.

Haig Collection

Books from the library of Field Marshal Douglas Haig. Later material added by family members.

Herbert Read Archive

Herbert Read was a First World War poet who was awarded the Military Cross and the Distinguished Service Order. He remained a poet throughout his life, but he became better known for other areas of interest. He was a literary critic who co-founded the influential journal Art and Letters, a novelist and a respected publisher and editor. Read was also a passionate advocate for education through art and an internationally renowned art critic, largely responsible for the promotion of artists including Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.

H. C. Baxter and Sons Collection

H. C. Baxter and Sons was established in 1927 by Horace Baxter and his wife in the Fulham Road, Chelsea, London. Particularly known for supplying the London trade with antique furniture, the company specialised in 18th and early 19th century Georgian items. The family partnership is now based in Eastbourne, East Sussex and led by Gary Baxter.

H. M. Lee & Sons and R. A. Lee Collection

The Lee family antique dealing business began in Kingston upon Thames when Henry Morton Lee set up as H. M. Lee just after WW1. His brother Morton Henry Lee joined him in the venture. In 1927 when his sons joined the family company Henry changed its name to H. M. Lee and Sons. One son was Ronald who was later to open his own very successful business.

During the 1920s and 1930s Henry Lee sold a vast array of objects to many of the most important dealers of the day, including Joseph Duveen (1869-1939), the son of Joseph Joel Duveen of the world-renowned Duveen dynasty of dealers.

In 1949 Ronald set up on his own business as R. A. Lee. He, like his father Henry, was a highly successful dealer. An expert on clocks, Ronald was particularly knowledgeable about the clockmaker Joseph Knibb. In 1965 he wrote the biography of the Knibb family of clockmakers, which is still a key work on the subject.

Ronald sold an astonishingly wide range of objects, to collectors and museums all over the world. A key driver for him appears to have been the historical significance and beauty of objects.

Health Sciences Historical Collection - Dental

Mainly 19th century publications. An earlier work, however, is John Hunter's 'The natural history of the human teeth', published in 1771, and both this volume and the collection's three copies of Joseph Fox's 'The natural history and diseases of the human teeth' (1803) boast fine sets of plates.

Health Sciences Collection

Henry Illingworth, papers and correspondence on the worsted industry in northern France

Henry Illingworth was President of the Bradford Chamber of Commerce in 1882-1883 and died in September 1895.

Henry James Hodsman, miscellaneous papers in connection with his early studies in Leeds, Karlsruhe and Paris, 1903-1914

Born in York and educated there at Archbishop Holgate's School, Hodsman graduated in chemistry at the University of Leeds in 1906. He took his MSc a year later and then, supported by the award of an 1851 Exhibition, studied applied chemistry at the Technische Hochschule, Karlsruhe, under Professor Haber and at the Sorbonne in Paris. He returned to England and after a short period of employment in industry, rejoined the University of Leeds as a lecturer in 1912. He eventually became senior lecturer in the Department of Coal, Gas and Fuel Industries. He died on 31st January 1951 shortly before his planned retirement.

Henry Maxence Cavendish Drummond-Wolff correspondence and papers

Henry Drummond-Wolff was educated at Radley and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. During the First World War he served in the Royal Flying Corps, 1917-1919. He was elected as the Conservative MP for Basingstoke at a by-election in March 1934, but stood down at the 1935 General Election due to ill-health. Throughout his life he maintained an interest in world affairs and economic policy, with particular reference to free trade and the Commonwealth.

Henry Céard Archive

Henry Céard was born in Paris in 1851. He was a naturalistic writer and author of two novels: 'Une belle journée' (1881) and 'Terrains à vendre au bord de la mer' (1906). He was one of the original members of the Académie Goncourt.

Henry Green, interview about his novels and questionnaire responses

Henry Green (1905-1973) was an English novelist, whose real name was Henry Vincent Yorke. For a fuller account of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Health Sciences Historical Collection Science

Books printed between 1606 and c1950. A small number are dated before 1650, and a larger number between 1650 and 1700, but the majority are dated 1700-1800. Most are written in English, but a substantial number are in Latin and a few in French. The subject-matter ranges widely, covering anatomy and physiology, surgery, diseases, midwifery and health remedies. There is an early book of local interest, published in 1627 and written by Michael Stanhope: 'Newes out of York-shire, or, An account of a journey, in the true discovery of a soveraigne minerall, medicinall water.neere...Knaresborough'.

Henry Briggs, Son and Company Limited, Business Archive

The company was based at Whitwood and Methley Junction collieries, near Normanton, Yorkshire.

Helen Mort Archive

Helen Mort was born in Sheffield, and studied at Christ's College, Cambridge (Social and Political Sciences, 2007). She completed her Doctorate at Sheffield University in 2014.

Mort is five-time winner of the Foyle Young Poets award, received an Eric Gregory Award from The Society of Authors in 2007, and won the Manchester Poetry Prize Young Writer Prize in 2008. In 2010, she became the youngest ever poet-in-residence at The Wordsworth Trust, Grasmere. She was the Derbyshire Poet Laureate from 2013 to 2015.

Helen Mort was Douglas Caster Creative Writing Fellow in the School of English at the University of Leeds from 2014 – 2016. She has worked at Manchester Metropolitan University as Lecturer in Creative Writing since September 2016.

As of 2017, Mort had published four collections of poetry. These include ‘a shape for every box’ (2007) and ‘A Pint for the Ghost’ (2010), published by tall-lighthouse. She has also published 'Division Street' (2013, winner of the Fenton Aldeburgh Prize, shortlisted for the Costa Prize and T.S. Eliot Prize) and 'No Map Could Show Them' (2016) with Chatto & Windus.

Henry Booth and Sons Limited, Business Archive

Henry Booth and Sons Limited, of Moorhead Mill, Gildersome, near Leeds, were woollen cloth manufacturers, established in 1806.


Isabella Augusta Gregory, original autograph manuscript of 'The golden apple', with related correspondence with Lord Brotherton.

Isabella Augusta Gregory, Lady Gregory (1852-1932), the Irish playwright and poet. For a fuller account of her life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Isherwood, Christopher, Two autograph letters to Caroline Newton. Haverford, Pennsylvania; Brooklyn Heights, New York


Strong in works by literary authors dating from 1300-1800. The largest section covers the period 1600-1800. The collection is complemented by Italian works held in other Special Collections sections, for example the Brotherton Collection Foreign section, the Ripon Cathedral Library and the Strong Room Collection, which contain many early editions of major authors - Petrarch, Dante, Boccaccio and many others. The Brotherton Collection literature section also contains early English translations of many major Italian works. The Brotherton Collection Incunabula section contains over 100 books printed in Italy.

Isaac Holden and Sons Limited, Business Archive

Isaac Holden and Sons Limited, of Pitt Lane Mill, Bradford (1846-1849), St Denis, Croix, and Rheims, France, were woolcombers, established in 1846. Sir Isaac Holden (1807-1897) had a varied and interesting career. Born in humble circumstances, in his early life he invented, but failed to patent, the lucifer match. He was in partnership with S. C. Lister and later on his own in wool combing mills both in Bradford and in France. Holden was Liberal Member of Parliament for Knaresborough, 1865-1868, when he was described as one of the richest men in the House. Holden supported electoral reform, the disestablishment of the Church and Irish Home Rule. Throughout his life he was a staunch Wesleyan, and in later years he was an active philanthropist. The Holden family were closely associated with the City of Bradford, Sir Isaac Holden's eldest son, Angus, being Lord Mayor in 1878, 1879, 1880 and 1886.

Illustrated Books Collection

A collection of nineteenth- and twentieth-century literary and miscellaneous works, mainly British and French publications, notable for their illustrations. Artists featured include Edward Ardizzone, Michael Ayrton, Honore Daumier, Robin Jacques, Eric Ravilious, William Heath Robinson, Reynolds Stone, Graham Sutherland and many more.


At the heart of this excellent working library for students of both Modern and Old
Icelandic is Bogi Melsted's extensive collection. Melsted (1860-1929), a
distinguished Icelandic historian and author, built up an impressive library of
books on all aspects of Icelandic life, language, literature and culture, which was
acquired for the Brotherton Library shortly after his death, thus fulfilling his wish
that his books would remain in Europe and be kept together as a library. That it
came to Leeds was achieved at the instigation of Professor E.V. Gordon and
with the financial support of the then Lord Mayor of Leeds, Sir Edwin Airey.
Since its arrival in 1929 the collection has been substantially added to by gift
and through purchases, so that it has more than doubled in size and continues
to grow. This expansion would not have been possible without the generosity
and assistance of many individuals and a number of Iceland's learned societies
and institutions, as well as that of the Icelandic Embassy in London.
The Icelandic Collection supports study and research across a wide range of
subjects, encompassing not only the history of Iceland, its literature and its
language but also religion, politics, travel, geography, economics and the arts
through books, pamphlets, newspapers and other periodical publications. There
are over one hundred books published before 1800. The major nineteenth
century editions of the sagas are naturally represented as are the beautifully
reproduced modern facsimile manuscript series. Though this is essentially a
collection of printed books, among the long set of the proceedings of the
Icelandic parliament are some early issues in manuscript, and there is one other
significant manuscript, an eighteenth-century Icelandic grammar book in Latin.
The works of modern Icelandic writers are well-represented and this area
continues to be developed.
This is not just a collection of material on Iceland: its coverage extends to other
areas under major Scandinavian influence, such as Greenland and the Faroe,
Orkney and Shetland Islands. Comparable collections are few and in Britain
probably only that at University College, London can offer similar resources to
scholars. Icelandic studies in Leeds, although never large-scale, are longestablished
and are currently pursued at both teaching and research level,
enjoying a steady popularity. Recent reorganisation of the Brotherton Library
has brought about a division of the Icelandic Collection between the closed
access accommodation within Special Collections, by far the greater part, and
the open shelves of the main reading room, where books appropriate to the
everyday study needs of users are available and can be borrowed. Use of the
Collection is not confined to staff and students of Leeds University and enquiries
and consultation by researchers elsewhere are welcomed.

Indo Germanic

Mainly Sanscrit texts and grammars; also includes a 1684 edition of a Gothic version of the Gospels.

Ichabod Charles Wright correspondence

Ichabod Charles Wright (1795-1871) was a translator of Dante and of Homer's Iliad. For full details of his life and work see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Incunabula (Brotherton Collection)

Leeds University Library holds over 300 incunabula, that is, books printed in Europe before 1501. The incunabula contain a variety of subject matter. Classical writing, theology, philosophy and medieval literature are well represented. In addition there are dictionaries, encyclopaedias and instructional texts on astronomy and astrology, music, health and nutrition, geometry and arithmetic, as well as histories and world chronicles.
The collection includes several notable illustrated works such as Hartmann Schedel's Liber chronicarum (Nuremberg, 1493), the Schatzbehalter by Stephan Fridolin (Nuremberg, 1491), Bernhard von Breydenbach's Peregrinatio in terram sanctam (Mainz, 1486) and Euclid's Elementa geometriae (Venice, 1482).
The Brotherton Collection contains one unique incunabulum, the Epitome margaritae eloquentiae by Lorenzo Guglielmo Traversagni, printed in Westminster by William Caxton in 1480.


John Ruskin, miscellaneous correspondence

John Ruskin (1819-1900), the author, artist and social reformer, was born in London and brought up on strict puritanical principles. He entered Christ Church, Oxford, in 1836. In 1848 he married Euphemia Chalmers Gray, who divorced him in 1855. He defended the pre-Raphaelites in 1851 and became the first Slade Professor of Art at Oxford in 1870. In 1871 he moved to Brantwood, Coniston Lake, where he remained until his death from influenza on 20 January 1900. For a full account and assessment of his life and work see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

John Ruskin, letters to his father, John James Ruskin.

John Ruskin (1819-1900), the author, artist and social reformer. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

John Stanhope collection

John Stanhope was the eldest son of John Stanhope of Horsforth and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir William Lowther of Swillington, Yorkshire. He matriculated at University College, Oxford in 1720 and in the same year was called to the bar at Gray's Inn, and later served as Recorder of Doncaster from 1766 to 1769. He married Barbara, daughter of John Cockroft but died without issue in 1769.

John Stewart papers

Matthew John Stewart was Professor of Pathology, University of Leeds, 1918-1950.

John William Jacob papers

John William Jacob, who died in 1934 aged 72, was born in Leeds and began a teaching career at the Oak Road Board School. After receiving professional training at the Yorkshire College, he was appointed head of Castleton Junior Board School in 1895. Further teaching posts in Leeds followed, and he ended his career in 1925 as Head of Whingate Council School, at that time one of the largest schools in the city. He served as President of the Leeds Head Teachers' Association from 1902, and in 1912 he became Vice-President of the National Association of Head Teachers.

John Wilfred Harvey papers on philosophy

John Wilfred Harvey was Professor of Philosophy in the University of Leeds from 1932 to 1954, and also served as Pro-Vice Chancellor.

John Rizkalla Collection

John Rizkalla was born in Manchester. His mother was English and his father Egyptian. He grew up in Egypt, but returned to Britain as a student at the University of Manchester. Rizkalla has published many short stories and a novel. He lives in Surrey.

John Stanley Purvis Collection

John Stanley Purvis, 1890-1968, was born in Bridlington. He was educated at St Catherine's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1912, M.A. 1918, B.D. 1943, D.D. 1948) and was ordained in 1933. After serving in a number of Yorkshire parishes, he became canon and prebendary at York Minster in 1956, and from 1956 to 1963 was the first director of the Borthwick Institute of Historical Research in York. He wrote or edited a number of historical works, mainly with Yorkshire connections, including a modern English version of the York Cycle of mystery plays, first produced at York in 1951, and an edition of the complete text in 1957.

John R. G. Turner Collection

John Le Patourel Archive

John Herbert Le Patourel was born in Guernsey on 29 July 1909. His father was a lawyer and became Attorney-General for Guernsey, whilst his mother was the daughter of a Devon farmer. He was educated in Guernsey at Elizabeth College, and went to Jesus College Oxford in 1928 as King Charles Scholar. After gaining first class honours in Modern History in 1931, he continued at Jesus College as the Goldsmith's Company Senior Student until 1933, when he was appointed to an Assistant Lectureship at University College London. He became a Lecturer there in 1936. In 1937 he published the results of his doctoral research at Oxford, 'The Medieval administration of the Channel Islands, 1199-1309'. In 1938 he married Jean Bird. During the Second World War he lectured in history at University College, Leicester, at Bangor, and then back in London. In 1943 he was made Reader and in 1945 succeeded David Douglas as Professor of Medieval History in the University of Leeds. He remained there until his retirement in 1970. He continued to research and publish until his death on 22 July 1981. His magnum opus was 'The Norman Empire', published in 1976. Whilst at Leeds he took a great interest in the development of the Brotherton Library's Modern History collections and served on the Library Committee in various capacities from 1946 onwards. He was also involved in local history circles, and was President of the Thoresby Society 1949-55, of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society 1965-9, and of the Leeds Philosophical Society 1966-8. In 1966 he founded the journal 'Northern History', of which volume 10, published in 1975, was a festschrift in his honour.

John Hodgson Archive

John Hodgson was Head of the Faculty of Performing Arts at Bretton Hall, University of Leeds. Bretton Hall was a teacher training college set in the Yorkshire countryside just outside Wakefield. The grounds are now the Yorkshire Sculpture Park. Hodgson taught and studied the work of Rudolf Laban for more than 25 years. He died in 1997.

John Wilson correspondence

John Wilson (1785-1854) was a Scottish author, the 'Christopher North' of 'Blackwood's Magazine', and Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh University. For a full account of his life and work see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

John Mackendrick book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, John Mackendrick

John Mackendrick Collection

John Mackendrick, the playwright, was born in Heckmondwike in 1946, brought up in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and educated at Worksop College. He studied English at Nottingham University before taking a variety of jobs in England, India, the Far East and Australia. He studied drama at Leeds University in 1975, and in 1976 became Yorkshire Arts Fellow in Creative Writing attached to Bretton Hall College of Education and Sheffield University. In 1977 he was appointed a Resident Dramatist at the National Theatre. He wrote five major plays: 'Ludd!', 'Doctor Struensee', 'Lavender Blue', 'Canticle', and 'Rules'. In addition Mackendrick wrote some shorter plays, collections of poetry, short stories and criticism. He committed suicide at his home in Bristol on 16 January 1979.

John Raistrick and Sons, Business Archive

John Raistrick and Sons, of Brackendale Mills, Idle, near Leeds, were woollen manufacturers, established in 1861.

John Masefield, letters to Greta Stevens, 1952-1966, with associated material.

John Masefield (1878-1967) was Poet Laureate in succession to Robert Bridges from 1930. For a full account of his life and work see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography' (2004).

John Reddihough Limited and William Gawthorp & Company, Business Archive

John Reddihough Limited, of 21 Horton Lane, Bradford, were wool merchants, top makers, and wool combers. They formerly operated as Reddihough and Murgatroyd, woolstaplers. William Gawthorp and Company were commission wool combers, Bradford. John and Frank Reddihough were partners, and from the 1890s there were other partners in common with John Reddihough Ltd.

Julia Blackburn literary archive

Julia Blackburn is a British writer of fiction and non-fiction. She was born in London in 1948 and is the daughter of the poet Thomas Blackburn and the painter Rosalie de Meric. Blackburn has written sixteen books, including two novels, both shortlisted for the Orange Prize, and several mixes of biography and memoir. The Three of Us, about her upbringing with parents, won the PEN/Ackerley Prize for literary autobiography in 2009. Blackburn has also written for radio and has published poetry.

Joseph Wood Archive

Joseph Wood was a Quietist Quaker born in Newhouse, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire in 1750. His parents were Samuel and Susannah Wood who were members of a Quaker community. Wood belonged to the High Flatts Meeting at Birdsedge near Huddersfield. He was recognised as having the gift of ministry and served for 42 years as a Minister of the Gospel. During his ministry Joseph travelled widely preaching at numerous Quaker meetings. Joseph was also a farmer with land at Newhouses and a businessman who dealt in cloth. A prolific writer, he kept a quantity of notebooks in which he recorded his thoughts, itineraries, letters and poems. He died in 1821.

Joseph Lee, Business Archive

Joseph Lee, of Idle, near Leeds, was a woollen manufacturer, in Idle, near Bradford. The company was established ca. 1800 by Joseph with his brother, William Lee.

Joseph Conrad, correspondence of, or relating to, and materials concerning the production of a dramatised version of his 'The secret agent'

Joseph Conrad (1857-1924), the novelist. For a fuller account of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

JRR Tolkien letters to Brian Woledge

Judith Fitton Collection

Judith Fitton, Health Visitor, was born in Yorkshire in 1930. Initially training as a nurse at the Leeds General Infirmary, Fitton undertook the University of Leeds Health Visitor Course 1953-1954. Following this she worked in South East Asia for 14 years in Sabah, Malaysia and in Brunei.

While in Brunei, Fitton was the Guider of the 1st Brunei Town Girl Guide Company. She led them on a trip to the Girl Guides International Camp in the Yarra Valley, Melbourne, Australia in 1959.

For services to the state of Sabah she was awarded the medal of the Most Illustrious Order of Kinabalu in 1969. Fitton led the Health Visitor Course at the University of Leeds from 1975-1989. An important person in its development, she was the last tutor on the course. She died in 2008.

June Cashman costume design books and drawings

June Harris was born in Batley in the mid-1930s. She married Patrick J. Cashman in October 1955. June worked for Yorkshire Television as a costume designer and maker. The Royal Television Society presented June with an award for costume design for the YTV production of 'A Day in Summer' in 1988. Also a talented actress, June performed with the Dewsbury Art Group. She lived in Knaresborough. In February 2018 June died in her mid-eighties.

Juliette Drouet Letters to Victor Hugo

Juliette Drouet (1806-1883) was the long term mistress of Victor Hugo. Born as Julienne Gauvain, she took the surname of her uncle, and then chose Juliette as her stage name after she had started an acting career. She perhaps lived as a courtesan during the 1820s and became the mistress of James Pradier, with whom she had a daughter (who died in 1846).

She followed a lover to Brussels in 1827, where she started acting. Back in France, she met Victor Hugo in 1833 during the repetition of his play Lucrèce Borgia. However, her career rapidly faded thereafter and she completely stopped acting in 1838. She then moved to be near Hugo, living in several apartments not far from his home. She followed him into exile in Jersey, then Guernsey, after the coup of Napoleon III in 1851; they returned to France at his fall in 1870. Since Hugo's wife had died in 1868, she lived with Hugo from 1873 until her death ten years later.

Throughout their 50 year relationship, Drouet wrote several letters a day to Hugo, who even encouraged her to do so. The correspondence therefore counts a staggering number of 20,000 letters – one of the largest in the history of literature. She did not expect a reply for her letters; they were somewhat used as a diary, in which she told about her day to Hugo, who picked the letters at each visit. Juliette often used a peculiar tone, by coining new words or writing in slang. She also added humoristic drawings (four letters in the Leeds collection have one).

As the letters have been dispersed after her death and because of their specific words and other peculiarities, it has traditionally been difficult to use the letters for academic studies. A research project lead by Pr Florence Naugrette at the University of Rouen is currently (May 2016) transcribing the whole collection to allow this. Many details, notably about the names mentioned in the descriptions, can be found on the website of the project:

Joseph Boulmier, letters to Edmund Gosse

Jonathan Akroyd Business Archive

Jonathan Akroyd, a clothier, was in partnership until ca. 1782 with his younger brother James, the founder of James Akroyd & Sons, of Halifax, stuff manufacturers, worsted spinners and merchants.

Jon Glover, material relating to "Sixty One: a magazine of the arts" and the Leeds Student Arts Festival 1966, compiled by Glover

The poet and academic, Jon Glover, edited "61", a student magazine concerned with the arts, while a postgraduate student at the University of Leeds. He was also involved with "Ikon", an arts magazine published by Leeds University Union, and was secretary of the Leeds Student Arts Festival in 1966.

Jon Glover (Brotherton Collection)

Jon Silkin (Brotherton Collection)

A large collection of books and periodicals owned by Jon Silkin, including some inherited from his father Joseph Silkin. The main emphasis is on poetry.

Jon Silkin and Roger Garfitt Interview tapes, plus various Silkin drafts

John Hirst and Sons, Business Archive

John Hirst and Sons, of Bankfield Mill and Walk Mill, Dobcross, Saddleworth, were woollen manufacturers, established ca. 1850. John Hirst (1802-77) established the business. He entered into partnership with his sons John, William Lockwood, Ben, Joshua and Arthur.

Jon Silkin Archive

Jon Silkin was born in London on 2 December 1930. He was educated at Wycliffe College before being evacuated to Kent and then to Wales during the Second World War. He returned to London at the end of the war and attended Dulwich College, from which he was eventually expelled for truancy. Aged 17, he worked as a filing clerk and then a journalist; at 18 was called up for National Service, during which time he served in the Education Corps as a Sergeant Instructor. In 1950, shortly after being discharged, he published his first short collection of poems, The Portrait.

On leaving the Army, Silkin worked for several years as a manual labourer/unskilled worker, his jobs including a period working as a gravedigger. In 1952 he was fired from one of these jobs for attempting to form a Union; the 5 pounds redundancy money he received enable him to found and produce the first issues of the little magazine, Stand. Early contributors included poets who held or would go on to hold the Gregory Fellowship, including James Kirkup, Thomas Blackburn and William Price Turner; Turner had also started his own little magazine, The Poet, in 1952. Silkin was forced to cease production of Stand in 1957 due to lack of funds. In 1958, he was awarded the fourth Gregory Fellowship in Poetry at the University of Leeds.

John Wilson of Broomhead Archive

John Wilson was an antiquarian who lived at Broomhead Hall in the parish of Bradfield, near Sheffield. The Wilson family had lived in the same area for several centuries and extensive family archives formed the original basis for the collection, which was supplemented by acquiring or copying the papers belonging to other local families, such as the Kayes of Woodsome and the Bosvilles of Gunthwaite.

At the time of the dissolution of the monasteries Henry VIII granted the Manor of Rotherham to George, Earl of Shrewsbury. The Shrewsbury family lacked male heirs and the lordship passed to the Howards, the Dukes of Norfolk. It then descended to a junior branch of the family, the Earls of Effingham, in Surrey.

Jon Silkin letters to Connie Wieneke

James Elroy Flecker, The blue noon

James Elroy Flecker (1884-1915), the poet and dramatist, entered consular service in 1908 after graduating at Oxford. He died at Davos in Switzerland, and much of his literary work was published posthumously. For details see the Dictionary of National Biography.

James Eccles Williams, notes on economic history

James Williams received his MA from the University of Leeds in 1951. His book 'The Derbyshire miners: a study in industrial and social history' was published by Allen & Unwin in 1962.

James Digby Firth papers

James Digby Firth was Honorary Curator of the University of Leeds Stamp Collection. He was the local president of a number of learned societies and was presented with an honorary MA in 1956.

James France and Company Limited, Business Archive

James France and Company Limited, of Albert Mills, Savile Town, Dewsbury, were carpet and woollen manufacturers and yarn spinners. They were established ca. 1790 in Coxley Valley and moved several times before settling at Albert Mills.

According to White’s Directory, 12th Edition c. 1870, James France & Co. were carpet and woollen manufacturers and yarn spinners of Wellington Rd, Westgate, and Hebble Mills, Dewsbury.

James Kirkup, literary papers and correspondence with related material

James (Falconer) Kirkup, the travel writer, poet, novelist, playwright, translator, and broadcaster, was born in South Shields, Co. Durham, on 23 April 1918 and educated at South Shields High School and Durham University. He became the first Gregory Fellow in Poetry at Leeds University, 1950-1952, and subsequently filled numerous academic posts, mainly abroad and especially in Japan. He has won many awards for poetry and other branches of literature.

Japanese prints

James Walsh papers

Dr James (Jim) Walsh (1930-2008), Emeritus Registrar at the University of Leeds, was born in Lancashire in 1930. Walsh was a pupil at Nelson Grammar School before coming to Leeds in 1948 to read English. Graduating with first class honours in 1951, he was awarded a research scholarship and completed a thesis on Edmund Burke for his MA degree, which he received in 1953. Two years of National Service in the RAF followed, after which he entered university administration in 1955, at the University of Manchester. Successive promotions came his way, and in 1969 he was appointed Assistant Registrar. In 1971 Walsh took up appointment as Deputy Registrar at the University of Leeds. When Dr James MacGregor retired in 1979, Walsh succeeded him as the fifth Registrar in the history of the University. He was to remain in office for the next thirteen years. Walsh was a founder member, in 1961, of the Meeting of University Academic Administrative Staff (MUAAS), its first Secretary and later, with Geoff Lockwood, Joint Secretary. MUAAS later metamorphosed into the Conference, and subsequently the Association of University Administrators. He also served on the Administrative Training Committee of the Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals and, in conjunction with Ken Kitchen, was responsible, in 1969, for initiating and devising what became the Northern Universities' Administrative Training Programme. In 1975 Walsh was appointed to serve as an adviser to the Bangladesh Universities' Commission and in the following year was awarded a Commonwealth Travelling Fellowship to give seminars in India, Australia and the USA. He visited a number of other countries at the invitation of the British Council, often as part of a delegation of specialists in higher education. One of the outstanding University Registrars of his generation, Walsh retired from his post in September 1992. On his retirement, the title of Emeritus Registrar was conferred upon him and in the following year he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters by the University. Walsh died in 2008. Source: Obituary, Campusweb, University of Leeds, 5 February 2008.

James Dalton, correspondence

James Dalton (1764-1843), a Yorkshire clergyman, was a naturalist noted mainly for his expertise on mosses.

James Brown manuscripts and papers

Born on 18 August 1923 in Ipswich, Suffolk, James Clifford Brown became assistant organist at the Civic Church when aged 15 and organist and choirmaster at All Hallows, Ipswich, at 16. He was a choral student at St John's College, Cambridge in 1941. His war service between 1942-1945 was with the Royal Signals. He returned to Cambridge after the war and was appointed first organ student of St John's College. A member of the Footlights Club, he wrote the music for and took part in its first production after the war. At 24 he gained his F.R.C.O. with the Read Prize for the highest aggregate of marks for the year. In 1948 he came to Leeds as a member of the University Music Department staff, serving also as University organist until his retirement in 1983. During his early years in Leeds James Brown was official accompanist and organist of the Leeds Philharmonic Society, and was subsequently Staff President of both the University Music Society and the University Union Light Opera Society. In 1961-1962 the University granted him leave of absence to study contemporary compositional techniques in Rome. James Brown died in December 2004.

J. T. Clay and Sons Limited, Business Archive

J. T. Clay and Sons Limited were woollen and worsted manufacturers. Based at Crow Trees Mills which included Holme Mill, Raistrick Mill, Brighouse Mill, Raistrick, the company was established under the name J. T. Clay and Sons Ltd. in 1881. They had been manufacturing in the district much earlier under the name Clay and Earnshaw.

J. C. Waddington and Sons Limited

J. C. Waddington and Sons Limited, of Crown Point Dye-Works, East Street, Leeds, were woollen and worsted dyers, established in 1869. The firm was until April 1869 known as William Brayshaw and Sons. Most of the nineteenth-century records relate to the latter.

John Heath-Stubbs Archive

John Francis Alexander Heath-Stubbs, the poet, was born in London in 1918 and educated at Worcester College for the Blind and The Queen's College, Oxford. He published his first poems in the wartime volume, 'Eight Oxford Poets'. He was a Gregory Fellow in Poetry at Leeds University between 1952 and 1955, then taught at foreign universities for several years before becoming a lecturer in English Literature at the College of St Mark and St John, Chelsea, from 1963 to 1973, in which year he received the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry. He was awarded several other prizes, including the Commonwealth Poetry Prize in 1989, in which year he was also awarded the OBE. John Heath-Stubbs is also noted for his translations of Middle Eastern poets, and has written plays and literary essays as well as poetry. He died in December 2006.

J. W. Belton papers

Joseph Watkin (Joe) Belton was a graduate of the University of Liverpool and also obtained his doctorate there, before joining the staff of the Chemistry Department of the University of Leeds. He was appointed a senior lecturer in 1952 and remained with the department until his retirement. He died in 1989.

Jack Trevor Story Archive

Jack Trevor Story was born in Hertford in 1917 and was published prolifically from the 1940s to the 1970s. 'The Trouble with Harry' was his best-selling work and he was also known for the Albert Argyle trilogy and his Horace Spurgeon novels. Story wrote a weekly column for The Guardian in the 1970s, and appeared on TV in the series Jack on the Box as well as writing several screenplays before his death in 1991.

James A. Manson, correspondence

James Alexander Manson (1851-1921) was editor of Cassell's Encyclopaedia and of The Makers of British Art Series. For a fuller account of his life and achievements, see 'Who Was Who, 1916-1928'.

Jacob Kramer Archive

Jacob Kramer, the artist, was born on 26 December 1892 in Klincy, Ukraine, but was brought to England as a child when his parents immigrated in 1900 and settled in Leeds, with which city Kramer was always associated. After attending Manchester School of Art, the School of Art in Leeds in 1908-1911, and Slade School of Fine Arts in 1913-1914, he joined the London Group of artists. He became a highly successful portrait painter and had a small but impressive output of prints. His portrait of the sculptor Jacob Epstein is one of his best-known prints. He held many exhibitions in Yorkshire and London, and the Victoria and Albert Museum, the British Museum, and the Tate Gallery all hold his work. He died on 5 February 1962.

Jay George Blumler, televison archive

Jay George Blumler (1924-) is Emeritus Professor of Public Communications at the University of Leeds.


A very small collection consisting of items which were formerly a part of the Library's lending collections. The collection will grow as older, rarer materials are transferred to the collection over time from the main library.

John Evan Bedford Library of Furniture History

The John Evan Bedford Library of Furniture History was created by antique dealer, John (Victor) Bedford over a period of 45 years. It was named in memory of his father, Dr D. Evan Bedford, CBE, MA, FRCP, who developed his own library of cardiology, gifted to the Royal College of Physicians in 1971.

John Drinkwater, literary papers with related material

John Drinkwater (1882-1937), the poet, biographer, dramatist and theatre manager, was born in Leytonstone, London. He had a distinguished theatrical career, founding and becoming the manager of the Birmingham Repertory Theatre in 1913. His first verse-play was 'Copetua' (1913), which was followed in 1918 by his more successful 'Abraham Lincoln'. Drinkwater produced numerous popular biographies and autobiographies and wrote the poetry for many musical pieces and special events. His 'Collected poems' were published in 1923, and his 'Collected plays' in 1925.

Jeremiah Ambler and Sons Limited, Business Archive

Jeremiah Ambler and Sons Limited of Midland Mills, Bradford, were combers, spinners and weavers of all kinds of wool and hair, established ca. 1783-1789.

John Foster and Son, Business Archive

John Foster and Son, of Black Dyke Mills, Queensbury, near Bradford, were worsted, alpaca and mohair spinners and manufacturers, established in 1819.

John Gawsworth book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, John Gawsorth

John Harry Jones papers

John Harry Jones was Professor of Economics at Leeds 1919-1946. He was born in Wales and graduated from Cardiff in 1903. After further study at Leipzig and Berlin he lectured at Liverpool and Glasgow before coming to Leeds. During the First World War he served in the Ministries of Munitions and of Labour. Later he served on a number of Royal Commissions and Boards, notably the Nova Scotia Royal Commission of Economic Enquiry in 1934.

John Gawsworth, literary papers and correspondence with related material

John Gawsworth, pseudonym of Terence Ian Fytton Armstrong (1912-1970), the bohemian poet. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol. 6.

John Crabtree and Sons Limited, Business Archive

John Crabtree and Sons Limited, of Thornton Road, then Wigan Street and Sunbridge Road, Bradford, were established in 1840 as mohair merchants. By the twentieth century they had become wool, noils, laps and waste merchants.

See Industries of Yorkshire, Yorkshire, Part I (1888), p.212.

John David Ivor Hughes papers

John David Ivor Hughes was born in Nottingham in 1885. He attended Nottingham High School and in 1904 went to Aberystwyth to attend lectures in law with a view to qualifying as a barrister. He soon moved to London and was called to the bar at Middle Temple in 1910. In 1911 he went up to Balliol and took a first in law in 1914. He then read for a B.C.L., which he took in 1915, and was awarded the Vinerian Scholarship. During the First World War he served with a Friends' Ambulance Unit and in 1919 was appointed Professor of Law at Leeds, where he remained until his retirement in 1951. He died in 1969.

John Angus MacKinnon correspondence and papers

John A. MacKinnon, a Labour councillor for many years, was first elected to the former Normanton Urban District in 1947, then represented Normanton on Wakefield Metropolitan District Council. He was Founder President of Normanton Civic Society and Mayor of Normanton from 1978 to 1979. In 1977 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Scotland in recognition of his historical research. He died in 1981.

John Braine Archive

John Gerard Braine (1922-1986), the Yorkshire-born writer. For a fuller account of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography.

John Armstrong Davison correspondence and papers

John Armstrong Davison (1906-1966) was professor of Greek language and literature at the University of Leeds from 1951 until his death in December 1966. He was educated at Haileybury and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1929. He immediately became assistant lecturer in Greek and Latin at Manchester, where he was promoted to a senior lectureship in 1950. He also held several visiting professorships in Canada and Germany. His first interest was the Greek lyric poets, but later he turned to Homeric studies. He wrote numerous articles and reviews in learned journals, and contributed to 'A Companion to Homer' (1962), edited by A.J.B. Wace and F.H. Stubbings, namely chapters 6 and 7, respectively entitled 'The transmission of the text' and 'The Homeric question'. His posthumously-published volume of essays, 'From Archilochus to Pindar' (1968) completed his works.

Jethro Bithell correspondence and papers

Jethro Bithell was educated at Owens College, Manchester, in the Victoria University, where in 1900 he graduated with first-class honours in Modern Languages (proceeding to the MA in 1903). He continued his studies in Munich and Copenhagen, and in 1904 returned to Manchester as Lecturer in German, a post he vacated in 1910 when he became Head of the Department of German at Birkbeck College, London. He was appointed Reader in 1921 and remained at Birkbeck until his retirement in 1938. He acted as external examiner in the University of Leeds. He died at Paignton on February 26, 1962; an obituary appeared in The Times for March 6. A Festschrift issue of German Life & Letters (NS 11, July 1958) includes (pp 252 ff) a biographical note, a photograph and a list of his publications. A short account of the bequest was published in the University of Leeds Review 8 (December 1962), 146-53.

John Bancroft and Company Limited, Business Archive

John Bancroft and Company Limited, of Charles Mill, Oxenhope, Keighley, were worsted spinners, established in 1810. This firm became part of Bancroft & Sunderland Ltd. in 1959. It was based at Eagle Mill, Dalton Lane, Keighley.

John Bowling and Company Limited, Cyclops Foundry, Business Archive

John Bowling & Co. Ltd operated in south Leeds as a general ironfounders between 1878 and 1954.

John Betjeman, autograph manuscripts and poems, together with typed drafts of poems and typed letters

Sir John Betjeman (1906-1984), the poet laureate, writer on architecture, and broadcaster. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.


Kevin Crossley-Holland Archive

Kevin Crossley-Holland, the poet, translator, writer of children's stories, and broadcaster, was born in Mursley, North Buckinghamshire in 1941 and educated at Bryanston School and St Edmund Hall, Oxford. After graduating he was a Gregory Fellow in Poetry at Leeds University 1969-1971, and from 1967-1978 he lectured in Anglo-Saxon literature and culture for the Tufts University London Program. He also worked as a children's book editor for Macmillan and Victor Gollancz. He later taught for extended periods in America, first as Visiting Professor of English and Fulbright Scholar at St Olaf College, Minnesota, 1990, then as Professor and Endowed Chair in the Humanities and Fine Art at the University of St Thomas, Minnesota, 1991-1995. He has published numerous volumes of adult poetry and several libretti for opera, and is well known for his version of Beowulf. 'Storm', his novella, won the Carnegie Medal in 1985.

Keown poets (Brotherton Collection)

A collection of twentieth-century poetry in English.

Kimber Collection - Monarchy

Works which are concerned with the monarchy of Great Britain. They are mostly modern works, with titles dating from between 1930 and 1996. The works themselves are principally concerned with individual members of the Royal Family of the 20th century. However some of the works deal with other aspects of the Monarchy, including the royal residences such as Clarence House, and the rites and ceremonies associated with royalty. This collection also contains a large number of newspaper and magazine special editions, to commemorate notable events for the Royal Family.

Kurt Graupner Collection

Kurt Graupner was born on 1 May 1911 at Schonbrum near Lengenfeld in Saxony and was brought up in Falkenstein, Saxony. He worked at the local lace factory and for a short while was manager of the yarn department. In 1933 he moved to Nottingham where he had acquaintances through the lace industry, but soon moved to work in the textile industry in Bradford. For a while he taught German privately and at night school, and subsequently began to contribute to (and then to distribute) the periodical "Freies Deutschland" published by the anti-Nazi propagandist Max Sievers, who visited him in Bradford. Graupner was interned when France fell in 1940, first in the Isle of Man. He was sent to Canada but was soon released and brought back to Britain. For the rest of the war he worked in a tractor factor in Bradford. He married in 1943 and became a British subject after the war, continuing with his left-wing activities. Until his retirement he worked in the redundant yarn industry.

Keown (Brotherton Collection)

Containing two main elements, the personal library of the writer and physician Dr Philip Gosse (1879-1959) and a supplementary collection of works by 20th-century English poets. The former, reflecting Dr Gosse's interests in literature, pirates, cricket and many other topics, was presented to the library in memory of his wife, the novelist Anna Gordon Keown. A financial endowment from Dr Gosse has allowed development of the supplementary collection. Manuscripts and correspondence of Dr Gosse and his wife are also held.

Kirkup (Brotherton Collection)

Keown (Anna Gordon), literary papers with related material, including some correspondence

Anna Gordon Keown (1902-1957), the daughter of Robert Keown, a London wool merchant, was a poet, novelist and playwright. Her best known works include the sonnet 'Reported Missing' and the book 'The Cat who saw God'. She was married twice: firstly to William Herbert Seymour from whom Keown filed for divorce in 1927. Her second marriage on 2 February 1943 was to writer and physician Dr Philip Gosse (1879-1959), son of Edmund Gosse.

For fuller details of her life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.5.

Keith Douglas Collection

Keith Castellain Douglas (1920-1944), the war poet and prose writer, was born in Kent, brought up near Cranleigh, Surrey, and educated at Christ's Hospital and Merton College, Oxford, where he edited 'The Cherwell' and wrote stories and poems. At the outbreak of the Second World War he volunteered for the army, was trained at Sandhurst and Wickwar, and in 1941 was posted to Palestine. The history of his time in North Africa is told in his memoir 'Alamein to Zem Zem' (1946). He returned to England in 1943 and in 1944 was sent to France. There he was killed in action in Normandy four days after the D-day landings. His 'Complete poems' and a prose miscellany were edited in 1987 and 1985 respectively by Desmond Graham, who had also earlier written his biography, 'Keith Douglas 1920-1944' (1974).

Kathleen Raven Archive

Dame Kathleen Annie Raven was born on 9 November 1910 in Coniston, Lancashire, the daughter of Fredrick William Raven and Annie Williams Raven (née Mason). She had three brothers: Ronald William, John Mason and Fred Smith Raven; she was particularly close to Ronald Raven (1904-1991), who became a renowned surgeon. She was educated at Ulverston Grammar School, then trained as a nurse at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, and the City of London Maternity Hospital. She qualified as a State Registered Nurse (SRN) in 1936 and as a State Certified Midwife (SCM) in 1938.

Starting as Night Superintendent at St Bartholomew's in 1937, she then became Ward Sister, Administrative Sister, and Assistant Matron, before moving to the post of Matron at the General Infirmary, Leeds, in 1949. At Leeds she met and later married John Thornton Ingram in 1959 (Physician in charge, Dermatological Department, Leeds General Infirmary, and Lecturer in Dermatology, University of Leeds, 1927-1958). From 1950-57 she was an Internal Examiner for the Diploma of Nursing at the University of Leeds.

In 1957 she left the LGI to take up her appointment as Deputy Chief Nursing Officer at the Ministry of Health (later the Department of Health and Social Security). She became Chief Nursing Officer in 1959, taking over from her predecessor Dame Elizabeth Cockayne, a post she held until her retirement in 1972. She became DBE in 1968.

After her retirement she served as a Civil Service Commissioner (1972-1986), and acted as Chief Nursing Adviser to the Allied Medical Group from 1974-1986, making in the latter role many trips to Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and other countries. She was also involved with various committees and associations, notably the Council of the Distressed Gentlefolk's Aid Association (1974-1989), and, from 1992, as Vice President of the Epsom College Royal Medical Foundation. She became a Fellow of the Royal College Nursing in 1986, and received honorary degrees from the Universities of Keele (1992) and Leeds (1996).

In her later years she continued work to influence practices in nurse training, and also wished to set up a chair in clinical nursing at the University of Leeds. The first Dame Kathleen Raven Professor in Clinical Nursing post was appointed in 1997, and the chair continues to the present day. She died on 19 April 1999 in Oxford and was buried in the same grave as her husband at St Paul’s Church, Wingrave, Buckinghamshire.

Sheila Quinn, ‘Raven, Dame Kathleen Annie (1910-1999)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 25 April 2016];
Who's Who, 151st edition, January 1999.

Kellett, Brown and Company Limited, Business Archive

Kellett, Brown and Company Limited, of Clover Greaves Mill, Calverley, near Leeds, were spinners, commission scribblers and spinners, scourers, fullers, and tenterers, established in 1834.

Katharine Mary Briggs, correspondence and papers

Katharine Mary Briggs was born in 1898 in Hampstead, London, the eldest daughter of Ernest and Mary Briggs. The Briggs family had its origins in Yorkshire and had made a fortune from the coal mining industry there. Ernest Briggs was a watercolourist who specialised in Scottish scenery. He built Dalbeathie House in Perthshire and moved his family there in 1911, but died in 1913. In 1918 Katharine went up to Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, to read English. After obtaining her B.A. degree in 1922, she returned to Perthshire and spent the years between the Wars in writing, producing plays, running an amateur touring company (The Summer Players) and doing Guide and Brownie training. She studied folklore and the history of seventeenth-century England. When the Second World War broke out she taught for a short time in a Polish Refugee School and then joined the medical branch of the W.A.A.F. After the War she went back to Oxford to gain her D.Phil. by a thesis on Folklore in seventeenth-century literature. Having obtained this degree, she went on to publish a book called 'The Personnel of Fairyland' about British Fairies. After this she continued to write other and more scholarly books on folklore, including 'A dictionary of British folktales in the English language', 1971. She was awarded the D.Litt. in 1969 for her contribution to scholarship and lectured at various conferences and American universities. During this period of her life she lived at the Barn House in Burford. She died in 1980.

Kenneth Leighton Collection

Kenneth Leighton (2 October 1929-24 August 1988) was a British composer and pianist. He wrote church and choral music, symphonies, concertos and one opera. Leighton composed pieces for various instruments including organ, piano and oboe. Leighton held academic posts in the Universities of Oxford, Leeds and Edinburgh. Gerald Raphael Finzi (14 July 1901-27 September 1956) was a British composer. He was famed primarily for his work as a choral composer. Finzi wrote large-scale compositions for solo voice, clarinet and cello.

Kenneth Hopkins, typed poems with some correspondence with James Guthrie

Kenneth Hopkins (1914-1988), the poet, novelist, and creator of the Grasshopper Press, Derby. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English'.

Ken Smith Archive

Ken Smith (1938-2003) was a poet who attended the University of Leeds, studying with Geoffrey Hill, Tony Harrison and Jon Silkin. He co-edited Stand magazine from 1963-1972. He taught at the University of Leeds as a Yorkshire Arts Fellow from 1976-1978.


Letters from Selwyn Image to Herbert Horne

Letters between Galliene and F.J. Dearden

Letters of Alice Meynell

Letters from Malcolm Quin to Professor Arthur James Grant and Mr Robertson

Malcolm MacDuff Quin (1854-1945) was born in Coltishall, Norfolk. He spent much of his childhood in Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. Starting life as a brewer's clerk, Quin went on to become a journalist. In 1881 he married Frances Sarah Cookson and the couple moved to Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Quin became an indepent Catholic priest. He was the author of a number of books and pamphlets on positivism, religion and politics.

Letters to Seamus Scully

Sean O'Casey (1880-1964), the Irish dramatist and author. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.


This artificial collection reflects individual and groups of manuscript letters accessioned in Special Collections. Letters can be found within larger named archival collections and the Brotherton Collection. An extensive (but not exhaustive) letters database provides details of over 30,000 letters across the collections.

Letters: Miscellaneous (Brotherton Collection)

Letters to Merle Brown from Jon Silkin and Lorna Tracey

Letters of Arthur Symons

Letter from N. Fatio de Duillier to Sir Isaac Newton

Letter from Holmes, Charles John to Binyon, Laurence

Letter from Guiney, Louise Imogen to Greville-Nugent, Mrs

Letter from Gale, Norman to Colles, Morris

Letter from Johnson, Lionel Pigot to Wainwright [?]

Liddle Collection (First and Second World Wars)

The Liddle Collection is an archive of First and Second World War material, which its founder, Peter Liddle, began to collect from veterans and their descendants in the late 1960s.

Letter held inside "The Man Forbid, and Other Essays" and "Perfervid: The career of Ninian Jamieson"

Letter from Plarr, Victor to "Jo"

Letter regarding the General Association of Mill Owners in Lancashire

Lister and Company Limited, Business Archive

Lister and Company Limited, of Manningham Mills, Bradford, were woolcombers, silk spinners, and knitting wool manufacturers, established in 1838.

Louis Compton Miall Collection

Louis Compton Miall (1842-1921) was a scientist who initally specialised in geology and later in entomology. In 1867 he enrolled as a student in the Leeds School of Medicine. He became the curator of the museum of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society in 1871 and was also secretary of the society. At the Yorkshire College of Science, later the University of Leeds, he was a Professor of Biology from 1886-1907. He has the distinction of having been the president of the British Association sections in zoology (1897) and educational science (1908).

Lord Brotherton (Brotherton Collection)

Longman Annotated English Poets papers

The Longman Annotated English Poets series began publishing in 1965 under the editorship of Professor F.W. Bateson.

Louis Henry Hayter correspondence and papers

Louis Henry Hayter died on 16 February 1953, aged 87, at Bridgewater, Somerset. He was a native of Sussex and the son of a guardsman who had fought in the Crimea. Louis spent practically all his adult life in Conservative politics, and even at the age of 22 was speaking in Midlothian against Gladstone's Home Rule proposals. Hayter was briefly Conservative agent at Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, and then spent sixteen years as the party's agent in the constituency of Westminster. He was especially active in local government and having failed to be elected at Bow in 1895, represented Westminster on the London County Council from 1897 to 1904. He subsequently moved to Taunton where he acted as Conservative agent not only for the Taunton and Bridgewater constituencies but also for Falmouth in Cornwall. He is said to have conducted twenty-two Parliamentary elections in the Conservative interest. A brief obituary of him was published in 'The Times' on 19 February 1953.

Louis Le Prince Collection

Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince (28 August 1841-vanished 16 September 1890) is known for using a single lens camera to shoot the first moving pictures on paper film. He was born in Metz, France, and he grew up spending time in the studio of his father’s friend Louis Daguerre, the inventor of the popular daguerreotypes. Le Prince received lessons in photography and chemistry from Daguerre before going on to study painting in Paris and chemistry in Leipzig. At the invitation of John Whitley, whom he met in Leipzig, Le Prince moved to Leeds in 1866, where he joined Whitley Partners of Hunslet, a firm of brass founders. In 1869 he married John’s sister, Elizabeth, who was herself a talented artist. The couple started the Leeds Technical School of Art two years later, and achieved great fame for their innovative techniques of fixing colour photography on to metal and pottery, so much so that their portraits of Queen Victoria and the Prime Minister Gladstone were included in the time capsule (manufactured by Whitley partners) which was place in the foundation of Cleopatra’s Needle on the Thames Embankment. Between 1881 and 1887 Le Prince and his family lived in America where he worked as an agent for Whitley Partners and as the manager of a group of French artists. While in the USA, Le Prince continued with the experiments in moving pictures that he had begun while he was in Leeds, and on his return in May 1887 his work had advanced to such an extent that he was able to patent a single-lens camera. This was first used on 14 October 1888 when he filmed the moving pictures now known as 'Roundhay Garden Scene', soon followed by ‘Leeds Bridge'. In 1890 Le Prince was preparing to return to the USA to promote his invention, but decided first to visit his friends and family in France. He disappeared from a train travelling from Dijon to Paris in September 1890. The mystery surrounding his disappearance has never been resolved.

Lubricating Oils and Grease Traders' Association Archive

The inauguration meeting of the Yorkshire Lubricating Oil and Grease Trades' Association was held at the Hotel Metropole, Leeds, on 16 May 1923. The original objects of the Association were to negotiate with the railway companies over charges for the transport of oil; to safeguard the trade against trusts or combines who would sell directly to consumers; the mutual protection of members against selling at or below cost; representation of the Yorkshire trade in relation to issues of national interest through membership of the National Federation; and to establish bona fides for oil traders.

Louis Tiercelin manuscripts

Louis Tiercelin was a Breton writer and dramatist.

London Magazine Editions Archive

The twentieth-century incarnation of the London Magazine was launched in 1954, with John Lehmann as editor. Lehmann stated that the magazine was "for those who enjoy reading stories, poems and articles by the leading authors of today; for those who want to follow the development of new talent at home and abroad; [and] for those who look for first-class criticism by a first-class team of reviewers." Lehmann was succeeded by Alan Ross, who remained editor from 1961 until his death in 2001 and broadened the magazine's scope to include all the arts. The magazine was re-launched once more in 2002. London Magazine Editions were a series of individual books produced to complement the magazine itself, concentrating on works by contemporary authors and artists including novels, novellas and short stories, poetry, memoirs, biographies, criticism, and travel.

London Magazine Archive

The twentieth-century incarnation of the London Magazine was launched in 1954, with John Lehmann as editor. Lehmann stated that the magazine was "for those who enjoy reading stories, poems and articles by the leading authors of today; for those who want to follow the development of new talent at home and abroad; [and] for those who look for first-class criticism by a first-class team of reviewers." T.S. Eliot welcomed it as "the magazine which will boldly assume the existence of a public interested in serious literature". Lehmann was succeeded by Alan Ross, who remained editor from 1961 until his death in 2001 and broadened the magazine's scope to include all the arts. The magazine was re-launched in 2002 under the editorship of Sebastian Barker.

Leslie Pyrah Archive

Leslie Norman Pyrah, Emeritus Professor, had a distinguished career in renal medicine at Leeds University between 1930 and 1964.

Born in Leeds in 1899, he went on to read Medicine at the University, graduating M.B., Ch.B. in 1924, having also obtained Hons. B.Sc. and Masters in Physiology. After qualifying he undertook a number of training posts, including with Berkeley G.A. Moynihan (1856-1936) at the Leeds General Infirmary. He became Surgical Tutor at Leeds University in 1930, and continued to rise through a number of appointments until he was elected to a Personal Chair of Urological Surgery at Leeds University in 1956. This was the first Chair in Urological Surgery in the UK.

The Department of Urology at the Leeds General Infirmary and St James's Hospital had been founded in 1950, with Pyrah as Surgeon-in-Charge. He was later appointed as Honorary Director of the Medical Research Council Unit for the Study of Surgical Metabolism in 1956. He also set up the first renal haemodialysis unit in the UK at the Leeds General Infirmary in 1956, which was run by Dr Frank Maudsley Parsons (1918-1989).

In 1948 he was elected to the council of the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), and he went on to serve as President between 1961 and 1963. Pyrah was elected to the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1960 and served until 1968, and he was also a co-founder of the Urological Club of Great Britain, established in 1949. He was appointed CBE in 1963.

Pyrah retired from the clinical staff of the Leeds General Infirmary on 11th April 1964, and from his University Chair and directorship of the Medical Research Council Unit later the same year. He died on 30th April 1995, aged 96.

Further Sources:
The Royal College of Surgeons of England, Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online: [accessed 07/02/2018]
British Association of Urological Surgeons, Virtual Museum: [accessed 07/02/2018]
The Independent, Obituary: [accessed 07/02/2018]

Lipman-Miliband Trust Archive

In 1974, socialist businessman Michael Lipman established The Lipman Trust, whose mission was to help support the practice and dissemination of socialist education and research. The first director of the Trust (1974-1994) was Ralph Miliband who was appointed Professor of Politics at the University of Leeds in 1972.


Works dating from 1668 to 1848. Subjects include grammar, language and languages, elocution, ethnology and phonetics. Includes individual items on phonetics and spelling reform.

Literature (Brotherton Collection)

The core English literary section of the Brotherton Collection (based on the bequest of Lord Brotherton's personal library in 1936), with its emphasis on English poetry and drama from 1600 to 1750. The holdings of major works (such as the four 17th-century folios of Shakespeare), of major authors like Dryden, Pope and Swift, and of work by more obscure figures are all good. Literary criticism of the period and translations from European languages into English are also important interests.

Literature 17th and 18th century (Brotherton Collection)

London Magazine (Brotherton Collection)

Little Owl Society, Leeds Archive

The Little Owl society was formed in Leeds on 11 November 1879. Initially the twelve members met each week to read and discuss a work of prose or poetry; this evolved into a fortnightly programme of talks and events. Charitable activities were also undertaken, including the Flower Mission and evening entertainments or summer treats for various institutions.

Liddle Collection Printed Books

The Liddle Collection is an archive of First and Second World War material, which its founder, Peter Liddle, began to collect from veterans and their descendants in the early 1970s.

Literature, general

The chief feature of this collection is a body of some 580 texts of concrete poetry; purchasing and collecting in this area is a special priority. While the poetry is mainly in English, other languages are also included, especially German. Of the whole collection, about one-fifth of the texts are in languages other than English (mainly German, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian). The subject-matter of the collection is literature and literary movements and theories which do not belong exclusively to one language or culture.

Lancashire Cotton Districts Relief Fund, Leeds, Archive

In the autumn of 1862 the American Civil War began to affect the supply of raw cotton to the Lancashire cotton districts. As a result, mills closed down and several thousand workers became unemployed. The Lord Mayor of London started a relief fund, and another was begun in Manchester. In Leeds a fund was opened following a public meeting held on 3 November 1862. A committee of about 60 leading citizens was appointed to organise the fund. House-to-house canvassing was organised by local ward committees, while prominent citizens and large firms were approached by the main committee. By January 1863 the main crisis was over, and the committee, which had been meeting daily, began to meet first weekly and then irregularly. In 1866 the undisbursed surplus remaining in the fund was distributed to various charitable causes in Leeds.

Le mystère de Jean l'Oiseleur : monologues

Le Carre, John, Two autograph letters


A small collection of early nineteenth-century German-language textbooks on tanning and preparation of leather.

Leeds Academic Assistance Committee

Leeds Academic Assistance Committee was founded in 1933 by John Harry Jones, Professor of Economics, and others, to collect funds for the support of academic refugees from Nazi Germany. The Committee sponsored three scholars: Dr Robert Bloch, a Jewish botanist, who was enabled to emigrate to the United States; Dr Boris Kaufmann, a Jewish mathematician, who went to Cambridge; and Dr Lothar Richter, a Lutheran and civil servant, who went to Canada as an expert on unemployment.

Leeds Archive of Vernacular Culture, (Survey of English Dialects, and the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies)

The dialectologist Harold Orton (1898-1975) was born in Byers Green (County Durham). Following service in the Durham Light Infantry during the First World War, he studied dialectology at Merton College, Oxford University, before taking up teaching positions at Uppsala University, Armstrong College (Newcastle upon Tyne), and the University of Sheffield. Whilst based at Armstrong College, he was instrumental in a survey of Northumbrian dialects. During the Second World War Orton was seconded to the British Council. In 1946 he became Professor of English Language and Medieval Literature at the University of Leeds. In collaboration with Swiss colleague Eugen Dieth (1893-1956) he instituted the English Dialect Survey. The majority of fieldwork for the Survey was conducted between 1950 and 1961 in over 300 mostly rural localities. The Survey publication programme included an Introduction (1962), four volumes of Survey of English Dialects Basic Material (1962-1971), A Word Geography of England (1974), and the Linguistic Atlas of England (1978). Orton was instrumental in the establishment of the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies at the University of Leeds, having recognised the interdisciplinary nature of the study of dialects and folklore/folk life. The Institute opened in 1964 under the directorship of folklorist Stewart Sanderson (1924-2016), who was previously based at the School of Scottish Studies at the University of Edinburgh. The Institute's remit included the ongoing collection of research and other materials relating to dialect, folklore, and folk life, including a Folk Life Survey; and teaching and research in various aspects of these subject areas at undergraduate and postgraduate level. The Institute was closed in 1983 due to University budget cuts.

Harold Orton was born in the mining village of Byers Green, County Durham, on 23 October 1898. He attended King James I Grammar School, Bishop Auckland, before going on to study at Hatfield College, University of Durham in 1916. It was from here that he enlisted in the Durham Light Infantry, serving from 1917-1919. He was injured twice in 1918, leaving his right arm permanently damaged. Following demobilisation, Orton studied at Merton College, Oxford University, under Professor H. C. Wyld. He was awarded a B.A. in 1921, a B.Litt. in 1923 and an M.A. in 1924. From 1924-1928 he was Lektor in English at Uppsala University in Sweden.

On returning to England Orton took up a post as a Lecturer at Armstrong College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (then a college of the University of Durham). During this time the Armstrong College Survey of Northumbrian Dialects was inaugurated. Orton was very much involved in the Survey, and as part of his fieldwork used a portable disc-cutting machine to record informants. The discs and other items produced by Orton during the course of his Northumbrian survey work now form part of the Leeds Archive of Vernacular Culture.

In 1932 Harold Orton first met Eugen Dieth, with whom he would later work on the inception, development and eventual publication of their 'A Questionnaire for a Linguistic Atlas of England' (Leeds: Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, 1952). In 1933 he published 'The Phonology of a South Durham Dialect : Descriptive, Historical, and Comparative' , a study of the dialect of his native Byers Green. In September 1939 Orton was appointed Lecturer in charge of English Language at the University of Sheffield. Following the outbreak of World War Two, he was seconded from this post to the British Council, first as Deputy Education Director, and then Acting Education Director.

Harold Orton accepted the Chair of English Language and Medieval English Literature at the University of Leeds in 1946. It was around this time that he and Eugen Dieth began actively to discuss collaboration on an English Dialect Survey, with work on the development of a Questionnaire beginning in 1947. (Click here or see below for further information on the Survey, its history and development.) During his time at the University of Leeds Orton combined his teaching commitments and dialectal research with administrative roles and other activities. He held the post of Dean of the Faculty of Arts from 1947-1949, was Chairman of the Board of the Faculties of Arts, Economics and Commerce, and Law from 1954-1956, and was also involved in the University Senate and University Committees. He was responsible for the resurrection of 'Leeds Studies in English', and was its Editor from 1952-1964.

Harold Orton was also committed to the development of study and teaching in dialect and folklife studies at the University of Leeds. In 1959 his 'Proposals for the Inception and Development of Folklore Studies within the School of English in the University of Leeds', co-authored with Professor A. Norman Jeffares, were submitted to the University authorities. These proposals led in the following year to the employment of Stewart Sanderson as Lecturer in Folk Life Studies within the School of English, and the establishment of the Folk Life Survey (initially focussing on Yorkshire) under Sanderson's direction. In June 1963 Orton put forward a proposal for the establishment of a Research Centre for the Study of Dialectal English; and in October of that year submitted proposals for a Leeds University Institute of Dialect and Folklife Studies. The Institute opened in 1964. (Click here or see below for further information on the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies, its history and development).

In September 1964 Harold Orton officially retired, and was awarded the position of Professor Emeritus. As Editor in Chief of the Survey of English Dialects, he continued to be very much involved in the Survey and its publication programme. He also undertook a number of visits to universities in the United States to lecture and to promote dialect studies. He was Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan in 1965; at the University of Kansas in 1965, 1967 and 1968; at Iowa University in 1966 and 1969; and at the University of Tennessee in 1970. It was during his time at the University of Tennessee that he began to collaborate with Nathalia Wright on the production of 'A Word Geography of England', the first linguistic atlas based on the results of the Survey of English Dialects. He was awarded a Ph.D. in honoris causa from the University of Uppsala in 1969, and an Honorary D.Litt. from the University of Durham in 1970.

Harold Orton was also involved in activities relating to English language and dialectology beyond his academic commitments. From 1934-1940 he served as a Consultant Member on the BBC's Advisory Committee on Spoken English, and from 1940-1944 as a Member of the British Council's Advisory Committee on English Overseas. He was Editor of the 'Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society' from 1947-1961, and was awarded the positions of Honorary Vice President in 1963, and Honorary Life Member in 1968. He was also awarded Honorary Membership of the Linguistic Societies of America and Canada in 1964 and 1965 respectively.

Harold Orton died on 7 March 1975, aged 76. He did not live to see the publication of 'The Linguistic Atlas of England', the ultimate aim of the Survey of English Dialects.

The Survey of English Dialects.

When plans for a survey of the dialects of England were first put forward, and throughout its planning, creation, development and implementation, the Survey was known as the English Dialect Survey (EDS). The title, Survey of English Dialects (SED), historically refers to the publication programme that followed the Survey proper. It is this title that is used throughout the Leeds Archive of Vernacular Culture catalogue.

Harold Orton and Professor Eugen Dieth (the latter based at the University of Zürich) first discussed the idea of producing a survey-based Linguistic Atlas of England in the 1930s, but it was not until the period immediately after World War Two that the Survey began to take shape, following a letter from Dieth to Orton in July 1945. The changing social landscape in the War's aftermath, increasing social and geographical mobility and the growing influence of broadcast media, would inevitably alter Britain's linguistic landscape. A survey of English dialectal usage at this time was therefore felt to be of the utmost importance in linguistic terms. In Orton's own words, the time was ripe for one more, and possibly the last, coordinated large-scale investigation of the all-important English dialects.

In discussing plans for the Survey, Orton and Dieth were influenced by the methodology employed by Hans Kurath for his 'Linguistic Atlas of New England' (Providence: Brown University, 1939-1943). As a result, they recognised the need for a specially devised questionnaire with which to collect dialectal data, and the direct interviewing of linguistic informants by trained fieldworkers. In addition they hoped to glean additional data on familiar dialect forms through the recording of casual conversation, and aimed to make mechanical recordings of informants. Although the latter was not possible in the immediate post-war period, these four precepts were to form the basis of fieldwork for the Survey of English Dialects.

Work on the first version of the Survey Questionnaire began in 1947. Between 1947 and 1951, Orton, Dieth and research assistants Peter Wright and Fritz Röhrer developed and revised five versions of the Questionnaire. Each version underwent testing in the field, and by 1950 Orton and Peter Wright were able to make the first official recordings for the SED, using Questionnaire version 5 at Spofforth in West Yorkshire. Version 5 was also the first version of the Questionnaire to be published, and was issued by the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society as part of its 'Transactions' in 1952. The complete Questionnaire consisted of 1092 numbered questions, including over 1300 individual questions, aimed at eliciting responses which would demonstrate lexical, phonological, morphological and syntactical aspects of the dialect of each locality.

From 1950 to 1961 trained fieldworkers collected linguistic data for the SED using the Questionnaire in 313 individual localities. An initial network of 300 localities was drawn up by Peter Wright in 1949-1950, which was supplemented by eleven sites investigated by Howard Berntsen and David Parry in 1960-1961, and two sites added at the editorial stage from results collected by David Parry and Peter Wright. The majority of the localities selected were rural communities, with preference given to small communities with a historically stable population. Areas of known dialect contact were avoided, and consideration was given to physical features such as hills and rivers which might at one time have formed natural dialect boundaries. Fieldworkers were responsible for finding suitable informants at each location, with the selection criteria crucial in maintaining the goal of comparability between dialects. In most cases two or three informants were selected at each location. Preference was given to non-mobile, older, rural males with a long-established presence in the community and (preferably) born of native parents. Data was recorded manually in fieldwork response books using narrow phonetic notation approved by the International Phonetic Association in 1951. Fieldwork was facilitated through the acquisition of a dialect car, which enabled principal fieldworker Stanley Ellis to conduct fieldwork throughout the UK whilst living in a caravan with his family.

The experimental tape-recording of SED informants began in 1952, using a portable tape recorder. Harold Orton, Stanley Ellis and Peter Wright all recorded informants answering the SED Questionnaire. Ideally, Orton would have liked to mechanically record the answers of all informants to the entire questionnaire, but the recording quality at this stage was unsatisfactory, and costs made it prohibitive. In 1952 Peter Wright experimented with recording samples of informants' casual speech/conversation. Following the acquisition in 1953 of a mains-operated tape recorder, and the subsequent improvement in the sound quality of the recordings, the recording of the casual speech of a selected informant at each SED location became part of the Survey structure. Some localities were revisited in order to make mechanical recordings at localities where fieldwork had been undertaken prior to the regular use of the tape recorder. In some revisited localities it was necessary to find new informants to record as the original informants had died. Tape recordings had been made in all SED localities by 1967. Fieldworkers selected samples from the field recordings, which were first dubbed onto 78 rpm shellac gramophone discs, and later 33.3 rpm 12 inch double-sided discs, by Henry Ellis, technician at the University of Leeds' Phonetics Department.

Eugen Dieth died on 24 May 1956 and thus did not live to see the fruits of the Survey's fieldwork in its published form. The first publication to come from the Survey (following the publication of the Questionnaire by the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society) was the Introduction, published by E. J. Arnold and Son Limited in 1962. As well as giving information on the history and scope of the SED, this included a revised version (version 6) of the Questionnaire published in 1952, and outlined the SED publication programme envisaged by Orton. Such a programme was to include four volumes of Basic Material, in tabular form (The Six Northern Counties and Man; the West Midland Counties; the East Midland Counties and East Anglia; and the Southern Counties); four companion volumes of selected Incidental Material; a linguistic atlas of England; and phonetic transcriptions of the tape-recorded speech of selected informants. In addition, the programme was to have included an anthology of selected tape-recordings of informants. The Basic Material volumes, each in three parts, were published between 1962 and 1971. Although not strictly part of the SED publication programme, 'A Word Geography of England', a collaborative work based on lexical SED data compiled by Harold Orton and Nathalia Wright of the University of Tennessee, was published in 1974.

The culminating point of the SED publication programme was the production of the work that had always been the ultimate goal of Orton and Dieth's Survey, 'The Linguistic Atlas of England' (LAE). In 1968 Stewart Sanderson, Director of the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies, agreed to co-edit the Atlas with Orton, and to oversee its completion should Orton be unable to. John Widdowson joined the editorial team as a third co-editor in 1971, and a grant from the Leverhulme Trust enabled the employment of research assistants Sue Powell and Clive Upton, and a cartographic draughtsman to work on the production of the LAE maps. The completed atlas consisted of 473 maps representing 300 phonological, 80 lexical, 84 morphological and 9 syntactical notions. Published in 1978, Orton did not live to see its completion.

Harold Orton and the English Dialect Survey were initially based on the University campus at 1 Virginia Road. In 1959 the Survey headquarters moved to the Arts Building, University Road, and in 1968/69 moved again to the Biology multi-purpose Building.

The Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies.

Harold Orton was instrumental in the establishment of the Institute for Dialect and Folk Life Studies. Proposals for the inception and development of folklore studies within the School of English in the University of Leeds were first submitted to the University authorities by Orton and Professor A. Norman Jeffares in November 1959. In the proposal, the University of Leeds is cited as the obvious place for a department of Folklore Studies following the research undertakings of the Survey of English Dialects. Orton realised that the data collected, contacts made and equipment used in the survey, could be utilised in survey work and research in folklore; and his recognition of the interdisciplinary nature of dialect and folk life studies prompted him to assert that University departments including History, Sociology, Phonetics, Geography, Economics and Agriculture, as well as the wider community, would take an interest in the activities of a department specialising in the study of folklore. He championed the establishment of an academic centre for research, study and teaching in folklore which could compete and co-operate with existing institutions in Scandinavia, mainland Europe and beyond. As such, Orton and Jeffares proposed the establishment of a specialised lectureship in Folklore and Folk Tale Studies, and the inauguration of a Folk Life Survey which would focus initially on the Yorkshire region. A copy of this proposal is held at LAVC/STA/1/1/3/6.

Orton and Jeffares' proposal was successful and in 1960 Stewart Sanderson, a folklorist previously based at the School of Scottish Studies in Edinburgh, was appointed Lecturer in Folk Life Studies in the School of English at Leeds. The Folk Life Survey was also inaugurated in this year under Sanderson's Directorship. Following an unsuccessful proposal submitted in June 1963 for the establishment of a Research Centre for the Study of Dialectal English, in October 1963 Harold Orton submitted another proposal to the University of Leeds for the establishment of an Institute of English Dialect, Folklife and Folklore Studies (a copy of which is held at LAVC/STA/1/1/3/6). It is clear from this proposal that as well as continuing to press for a centre for the academic study and research of these subjects, including survey work and the collection and preservation of archival resources, Orton was keen to find a home for the continuation of the Survey of English Dialects and its publication programme. His proposal was successful, and the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies was formally opened in October 1964 under the Directorship of Stewart Sanderson.

The Institute was initially accommodated in numbers 2, 4, 6 and 8 Virginia Road, on the main University campus. In 1968/69, it was relocated to the University's Biology multi-purpose Building, and in March 1980 (as part of the School of English) moved to a building in Cavendish Road.

From the outset, the Folk Life Survey (FLS) was an integral part of the programme of Folk Life Studies at the University of Leeds. As with the dialects investigated in the SED, it was clear to both Orton and Sanderson that as society continued to change, many British oral, material and social traditions were gradually disappearing, as were the opportunities to record them. The FLS was seen as a continuation and extension of the work undertaken by the SED.

In the first instance, the FLS was to focus on the collection and analysis of oral, material and social traditions in Yorkshire. It was envisaged that the Survey would eventually extend to survey work in other counties, and in Wales and Scotland (conducted either as part of the Leeds FLS or survey work by other institutions). An archive would be created from the items collected, which would also serve as a holding repository for folk life material collected in other counties until such time as surveys of those counties were inaugurated. The objectives of the Survey were initially limited to research into whether versions of international folk tale types were still extant in oral tradition, the recording of traditional crafts and craft vocabularies, and the recording of local festivals. Fieldwork was to be undertaken by Survey (and later Institute) staff, undergraduate and postgraduate students, and voluntary collectors. There was also to be a publication programme based on the Survey's findings (see Stewart Sanderson's Memorandum on the Folk Life Survey, held at LAVC/STA/1/1/3/6). Many of the items in the archives of the Institute of Dialect and Folk Life Studies are testament to the ongoing nature of the Folk Life Survey, and the development of its archives throughout the Institute's lifetime. These include items in the LAVC photographic and audio collections, the Folk Life File and specific surveys undertaken by members of staff at the Institute.

Teaching activities at the Institute focussed on both stimulating the interest and imagination of students in aspects of folklore, folk life and dialect, and training students in fieldwork and research. A series of survey courses were offered at undergraduate level, including an introduction to the theory and principles of the study of oral, material and social traditions; oral literature; custom and belief; and ballad and folk song. Fieldwork techniques, the classification of items and other practical aspects of the study of folklore, folk life and dialect were also taught. An extended piece of research in the form of a dissertation was also expected at undergraduate level. Postgraduate teaching was initially offered at Diploma level, and aimed at the professional training of students in archive methods, fieldwork, photography and sound recording, the preservation of museum specimens, exhibition techniques, as well as involving survey courses. The postgraduate teaching programme was further developed to include an M.A. in Folk Life Studies; and also included provision for higher research degrees at M.Phil. and Ph.D. level. The production of student theses and dissertations at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, on aspects of folklore, folk life and dialects, including studies of traditional crafts, customs and oral traditions, ultimately contributed to the development of the Folk Life Survey's archives.

In addition to its general teaching activities, the Institute was involved in providing short courses for students undertaking professional training for museum work, in conjunction with the Museums Association. It was also involved in the hosting of conferences for organisations such as the Oral History Society and the British Association.

The Institute closed in September 1983 due to University budget cuts.

Leeds Archive of Vernacular Culture Printed Books

Leeds and West Riding Medico-Chirurical Society Archive

Leeds and West Riding Medico-Chirurgical Society was established in 1872 by the amalgamation of the Leeds Medical Club and the Leeds Medical Society. It attained a leading position in provincial medical societies and was instrumental in setting up a library for the Leeds Medical School.


The Law Collection dates from the middle of the 17th century onwards. Much of the collection consists of a large number of law reports, which date from the 17th century through to the 19th century. These law reports deal mostly with Great Britain, but Irish law reports are also represented. Other subjects include land tenure, Justices of the peace, Roman law, British conveyancing, equity, ecclesiastical law and bankruptcy. The collection also contains a small number of 19th century biographical works on lawyers and judges, and some works on other aspects of law, such as military law and maritime law.

Laurence Binyon, autograph manuscript poem 'The Orphans of Flanders'

(Robert) Laurence Binyon (1869-1943), the poet, art historian and critic. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Language (Brotherton Collection)

English language in the period 1600-1750. As well as many language dictionaries, it also contains some examples of law and medical dictionaries, dating from the 18th century, and an early example of a geographical dictionary. This collection also contains individual works which deal with other aspects of language, such as a work on wit, early works on fables, and an early work on aphorisms and apophthegms.

Language (Brotherton Collection)

Leigh Hunt, correspondence and related material

James Henry Leigh Hunt (1784-1859) was an essayist and poet. For full details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Language Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)

Languages, General

The dates of publication span the late 17th century to the late 19th century. The works are principally in English and German. Subjects include language and language classification, study and teaching, philosophy, and literature. It also contains works on the Turkish language and Anglo-Saxon literature.

Lascelles Abercrombie manuscripts

Lascelles Abercrombie M.A. was born in 1881, and was the sixth son of William Abercrombie of Cheshire. He was educated at Malvern College, and at the Victoria University, Manchester. His education was chiefly scientific. He soon became well-known as a poet and a man of letters. From 1919-22 he was Lecturer in Poetry at the University of Liverpool, leaving there to become Professor of English Literature at the University of Leeds, where he stayed until 1929 when he left to take up a Professorship at the University of London.

Lascelles Abercrombie book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Lascelles Abercrombie.

Leeds Chamber of Commerce

The Leeds Chamber of Commerce was formed in April 1851, although incomplete records exist of an earlier organisation covering the period 1785-1793.


Dating from the 17th century onwards, it focuses mainly on examples of reprinted Latin literature principally from authors Virgil, Horace, Cicero, Terence and Erasmus. It also contains some works of criticism and interpretation of classical authors. The works themselves cover a variety of topics including agriculture, astronomy, and early science. The works in this collection are predominantly in Latin.

Leeds White Cloth Hall

The first hall for the sale of white cloth in Leeds was financed by merchants and tradesmen and erected in Kirkgate, Leeds, opening in April 1711. Business flourished, and in 1755 a new hall was built, financed by subscriptions from clothiers, and occupying a site on a strip of land between Hunslet Lane and Meadow Lane. By the mid-1770s this hall also had become too small. Merchants seeking to keep the cloth market centralised in Leeds initiated the building of a third White Cloth Hall which opened in October 1775. A fourth hall was established in the 1860s.

Leeds United Collection

A collection of books and periodicals related to football, with particular reference to Leeds United AFC, including histories, biographies and match programme, formed by Sam Gibbard, a former member of Library staff.

Leeds School of Medicine Archive

The Leeds School of Medicine was an independent private institution founded in 1831, providing courses to qualify students for the diplomas of external examining bodies. It opened at a premises within the Leeds Public Dispensary on 25th October 1831. It became the Medical Department of the Yorkshire College in 1884 and part of the University of Leeds Faculty of Medicine in 1904. Courses were distinct from clinical instruction which was conducted independently in the Leeds General Infirmary and continued to be provided in this way until 1910, when clinical teaching was placed under the control of the University. The Faculty of Medicine continues to train medical students to the present day.

For further reading, see:
S.T. Anning and W.K.J. Walls, 'A History of the Leeds School of Medicine: One and a Half Centuries 1831-1981' (Leeds University Press: 1982)
S.T. Anning, 'The History of Medicine in Leeds' (Leeds: W.S. Maney & Son, 1980);
W.K.J. Walls, 'The Leeds Medical School in Thoresby Place', University of Leeds Review, Vol. 20, 1977, pp.192-212.

Left Book Club

The Left Book Club was founded by the publisher Victor Gollancz in 1936, and continued until 1948. The Club offered subscribers a monthly choice of new books at reduced prices, offering commentaries on current affairs, together with expositions of philosophy, economics, history and popular science, all with a socialist slant. This collection of selected LBC publications includes titles such as A short history of the unemployed, The postwar history of the British working class, Why capitalism means war. Nine days that shook the world (on the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381), and A textbook of Marxist philosophy, all reflecting the Club’s origin at a time of heightened political awareness and activity.

Legacies of War: Leeds University O.T.C. and roll of honour, 1908-1921

Legal documents

This artificial collection of individual and groups of manuscripts includes deeds, wills, petitions and other categories of legal document that do not form parts of larger archive collections. Similar types of manuscripts will be commonplace within larger named archive collections.

Leeds Clothing Trade Papers

Leeds Russian Archive Printed Books

Leeds University Library Handlist of 'Bronteana'

Leeds General Infirmary Nurse Training Collection

Nurses have been employed by the Leeds General Infirmary since it’s opening in 1767, though in its first hundred years there was no system of training them. Nurses at the Infirmary were originally managed by the Matron, and they would have lived onsite. This continued until 1945.

A system of training was launched in 1868 once Clara Jones, the first Superintendent of Nurses, joined in December of that year. The role of Superintendent was to replace that of Matron until 1940 when the latter title was reinstated.

Now nurse practitioners were in training for a year as probationers, and many of those trained stayed on to work at the Infirmary. From November 1876 nurses also received lectures from the honorary staff.

A ‘Nursing Institution’ was proposed in 1870, but a new building for this purpose was not opened until 1879. The one year training course was extended to three years by the 1880s, during which time Leeds had gained a reputation for its nurse training. An extension to a four-year training course was made in 1905, where nurses in their fourth year were given the title of ‘Staff Nurse’.

1919 was a turning point, as the year when the nurse registration process came into being. This was due to the passing of The Nurses Registration Act in that year, which led to the formation of the General Nursing Council and nurse examinations. With the new system, a Sister Tutor was appointed to provide the nurses lectures in anatomy, physiology and hygiene. State Registration was introduced in 1921.

The Infirmary established a Preliminary Training School in 1919. Two years later the University of Leeds became the first university in Europe to establish a Diploma in Nursing. The Infirmary was also one of the first teaching hospitals in England to train State Enrolled Nurses (SEN). Nurse training continues to be provided at the University of Leeds within the School of Healthcare.

S.T. Anning, The General Infirmary at Leeds Volume I: The First Hundred Years 1767-1869 (E&S Livingstone Ltd, Edinburgh & London, 1963) and, The General Infirmary at Leeds Volume II: The Second Hundred Years 1869-1965, (E&S Livingstone Ltd, Edinburgh & London, 1966)

Leeds Russian Archive

The Leeds Russian Archive (LRA) was established in 1982. It is a management group for over 500 individual collections of archives, manuscripts and photographs.

Leeds General Cemetery Company Ltd Archive

The Leeds General Cemetery Company was established in 1833, with the aim to provide and maintain a public burial ground in Leeds. Lack of adequate provision for burials was an issue for Leeds after the cholera outbreak in 1832.

A letter was published in the Leeds Mercury calling for the creation of a public cemetery for all religious denominations in the city; a number of the Leeds elite then formed a committee to pursue this aim. The first meeting of the committee was held on 24th June 1833, where a sub-committee was created to investigate options for a cemetery site. The land chosen was St George's Fields near Woodhouse Moor, close to the road to Headingley and Otley. Due to its location, the cemetery was also known as Woodhouse Cemetery.

The committee was able to raise the funds for the build and launched a public competition for the design of the cemetery. This was eventually won by the architect John Clark. The first stone of the boundary wall was laid in March 1834 and the whole build completed by 1835 for a sum of £11,000. The Cemetery opened the same year, with the first burial on 23rd July. The company was originally constituted by a trust deed on 1st July 1835, later registering as a joint stock company in December 1844.

The main operational work of the cemetery was overseen by the Registrar who was initially in charge of both the burial ceremonies, the burial registration and the daily management of the cemetery. This role was later split between a Registrar (or Manager) and a Chaplain, with variations on this title.

In the 1930s it was becoming clear that the cemetery site was running out of space and that the enterprise would cease to be viable. By the end of the Second World War, the cemetery had become rather overgrown and neglected. As early as 1922 the University of Leeds had considered acquisition of the cemetery; by that time its buildings surrounded the site. It wasn't until 1956 and after some controversy that the University eventually acquired the company by buying up all the shares, then converting it to a private limited company.

The University subsequently obtained powers under the provisions of the University of Leeds Act (1965) to landscape the site. This was private legislation which empowered the University to create a public open space by the removal of headstones and other memorials; and prevented further interments after October 1965. In accordance with the 1965 Act, the University contacted all known owners of burial plots prior to landscaping and supplied documents enabling them to request compensation for the loss of their burial rights and plot. Before the landscaping began, a complete photographic record of the gravestone inscriptions was made by the University Bursar, Edmund Williams, and copies of photographs could be sent to plot owners if requested.

The Company went into voluntary liquidation in October 1967. From March-November 1968, contractors removed headstones and memorials (some were collected by the City Museum, some retained and others covered over). The area was then grassed-over and landscaped. The existing Chapel was designated of special architectural and historical interest in 1963 and remained in place. The Leeds General Cemetery contains the graves of 105 casualties of both the First and Second World Wars; a memorial to these individuals is situated at Lawnswood Cemetery.

Burials eventually ceased in October 1969, but the site continued to be used for the scattering of cremations. Since the opening of the cemetery in 1835 a total of over 95,000 interments had taken place. In the autumn of 1969 the area was re-opened to the public under the name of St George's Fields, the original name of the site before it became a cemetery.

Robert F. Fletcher, ‘The History of the Leeds General Cemetery Company, 1833-1965’, thesis for Master of Philosophy, University of Leeds (1975)

Maurice W. Beresford, 'Red Brick and Portland Stone: A Building History', in Studies in the History of a University 1874-1974, by P.H.J.H. Gosden and A.J. Taylor (eds.), (E.J. Arnold & Son Ltd: Leeds, 1975), pp. 133-180.

Leeds Friends Old Library

One of two important collections assembled by Yorkshire Quakers and housed by the Brotherton Library, the other being the Birkbeck Library. The collection had formed the meeting library for about 150 years from the early 18th century, and consists of upwards of 500 volumes containing about 1,000 separate items, dated mostly between 1651 and 1850. It includes subjects of the Society of Friends' history, apologetic works, doctrinal and controversial works and Quaker biography.

Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society Archive

The Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society was founded in 1819 and played an important role in further education, in both the sciences and the humanities, in Leeds throughout most of the 19th century. The changing patterns of higher education (the Yorkshire college was founded in 1874 and became the University of Leeds in 1904) and other circumstances were causing the Society to reconsider the scope of its activities by the time of the First World War; after the War the Society transferred its museum to the City of Leeds and its library to the University, and concentrated its efforts on publishing the results of research, launching in 1925 two series of Proceedings (Literary and historical and Scientific).

These regular publications are now discontinued, but the Society still sponsors occasional publications, and maintains the traditions of publishing annual reports on its activities. There is a full set of these reports in the University’s Special Collections, where the Society’s archive is now deposited so that it is publicly accessible.

The Society organises a programme of public lectures each year, across the full range of its interests in the sciences, arts and humanities, and awards grants to groups, societies, and individuals, focusing on those whose projects have a particular connection with Leeds.

A history of the Society, based on a study of its minute books, was written by Edwin Kitson Clark and published in 1924 under the title The History of 100 years of life of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society.

Leeds Luncheon Club papers

Leeds Luncheon Club was founded on 12 February 1913 at the initiative of Sir Michael Sadler, then the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Leeds, and Mr Walter Parsons, a prominent citizen of Leeds. The aim of the Club was to provide for men engaged in the business life of the city, and in its literary, scientific, commercial, social, and religious activities, opportunities for personal intercourse and for the discussion of matters of common interest, in a way probably not then accomplished in any other English town. At the Foundation Meeting of the Club, held in the University, it was decided that opinions on theological and political questions should not affect eligibility for membership; and that, in the choice of subjects suggested to or proposed by invited guest speakers of the Club, topics on which strong differences of opinion might exist among the members should not be excluded. The Club, therefore, through its elected Committee, extended hospitality to the representatives of various convictions, without in any degree committing members of the Club to an endorsement of the views expressed by its guests. Membership of the Club was by election by the existing members and at one time reached about 450. In its early days the Club usually met weekly on Mondays throughout the greater part of the year for luncheon from 1pm to 2pm and always included a half-hour speech on a chosen subject by a guest speaker, who was usually a prominent public figure. Latterly, the frequency of meetings was reduced to approximately monthly. Speakers included prime ministers of the day, senior churchmen, university professors, and experts in various fields of learning or work. The Club was always regarded as a good forum for the uninhibited expression of various points of view. Latterly, the University's representation in the membership declined, and in 1987 the Club considered its own future, but has remained in existence since then.

Leeds Playhouse Archive

Following a campaign begun in 1964, the Leeds Playhouse opened in 1970 on a site loaned to the Leeds Theatre Trust by the University of Leeds for a ten year period. The conditions of the loan were that the Trust built a theatre in such a way that it could be removed at the end of the ten year period, and converted to a sports hall. Ultimately the theatre remained at the University site until 1990, when the Company moved to Quarry Hill. The Playhouse changed its name to West Yorkshire Playhouse. The Quarry Hill site had first been earmarked by Leeds City Council for the permanent theatre in 1984. The first sod was dug by Sir Donald Sinden in November 1987. The foundation stone was laid by Dame Judi Dench in March 1989 and the building topped by Albert Finney in September 1989. The West Yorkshire Playhouse was officially opened by Dame Diana Rigg on 8 March 1990. The organisation stages a varied programme of dramatic and dance productions and also designs creative engagement workshops and events. In June 2018 the organisation announced that it was reverting to its previous name of the Leeds Playhouse. The building at Quarry Hill was renovated over 18 months. Leeds Playhouse continued to stage productions in a pop-up venue at Quarry Hill and other venues in and around Leeds during the refurbishment.

Leeds Playhouse re-opened in its newly refurbished building in October 2019.

Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society Printed Books

The book collection ranges widely over all the disciplines, especially scientific subjects, and does not confine itself to British research: there are, for example, many American and Canadian publications. A handful of works date from the 17th century, and some hundred from the 18th, the rest being spread fairly evenly over the decades between 1800 and 2000. A feature of the collection is its many long runs of journals and series. It is a useful resource for students of the history of science. The Zoology section includes a remarkable number of handbooks and catalogues of species. This sizeable collection complements the Library's holdings of LPLS manuscripts (the Society's minute-books, etc which date from its origins in the early 19th century).


Military Science

Textbooks of strategy and tactics, and military history. Includes a number of training manuals for the Home Guard in World War II.

Michael Hamburger, correspondence with associated literary manuscripts and other material.

Michael Hamburger, the poet, translator and literary critic, was born in Berlin in 1924 into a German-Jewish family which emigrated to England in 1933. He read Modern Languages at Christ Church, Oxford, although his studies were interrupted by war service from 1943-1947. After the war he held posts at University College, London and the University of Reading. From 1964 onwards he was a guest lecturer and visiting professor at various American universities, but mostly devoted himself to freelance writing and translation. His translations have won many prizes and awards, notably the Schlegel-Tieck prize three times, and he has translated - among others - from Baudelaire, Celan, Hölderlin and Enzensberger. His literary critical study, 'The truth of poetry', was published in 1969 and his 'Collected poems' in 1984.

Michael Sadler Archive

The educationalist Sir Michael Sadler (1861-1943) was successively Secretary of the Oxford University Extension Delegacy, 1885-95; Director of the Office of Special Enquiries and Reports (Board of Education), 1895-1903; part-time professor of the history and administration of education at Manchester University, 1903-11; Vice-Chancellor of the University of Leeds, 1911-23; and Master of University College, Oxford, 1923-34. See the biographies by Michael Sadleir 'Michael Ernest Sadler (Sir Michael Sadler, K.C.S.I.),1861-1943: a memoir by his son', 1949, and by Lynda Grier 'Achievement in education: the work of Michael Ernest Sadler, 1885-1935' (1952).

Michael Bateman Archive

Michael Bateman is one of the most ground breaking and pioneering food writers of recent times. He was one of the first individuals to write about food as a topic of interest, beginning at a time, the 1950s, when food was not considered interesting. After reading English at Oxford and doing his National Service in Hong Kong, where he first became interested in cooking, Bateman began to write about food in regional newspapers, beginning with the Durham Advertiser. His first book, Cooking People, was a series of interviews with leading chefs and food writers of the 1960s, such as Elizabeth David. His flair for journalism soon took him to Fleet Street during the 1970s where he wrote food features for The Sunday Times and then progressed to Editor of the magazine’s ‘Lifespan’ section. It was here that Bateman’s food writing became influential. His work was highly investigative and educational, such as exposing how additives had infected the nation’s diet and health. Importantly though, his journalism was accessible and characterised by his dry tone which made him much-loved by his peers. Not only did Bateman want to inform his readership, he also wanted to reform the processes of food manufacture. His nutritional work for The Sunday Times culminated in ‘The Campaign for Real Bread’ in the 1980s, where Bateman fought for a return to the stone-ground wholemeal loaf as the national staple, and sullied the refined and chemicalized, commercial slice-white.
Bateman continued with this style of food writing and became Deputy Editor of The Sunday Express Magazine in 1983, where he nurtured young food writers such as Sophie Grigson. He then became the Food Editor of the Independent on Sunday magazine when it launched in 1989. Alongside nutritional journalism, Bateman was known for writing in-depth articles on particular ingredients of interest, such as chilli and Saffron, always doing heavy research in order to best inform his readership. In order to write authoritatively about life in a kitchen, Bateman did an unpaid apprenticeship with Gordon Ramsey, before Ramsey became famous. Such research and writing continued up until the early 2000s when Bateman was involved in a traffic accident outside him home in Norfolk. He died three years later, survived by his second wife Heather, six children and numerous books.

Michael Millgate correspondence

Michael Millgate is Professor Emeritus of English, University of Toronto. He is author of 'The Achievement of William Faulkner' and 'Thomas Hardy: A Biography'.

Melvyn Bragg Archive

Writer, broadcaster and parliamentarian, the Rt Hon Lord Melvyn Bragg was born in Wigton in Cumbria in 1939. After joining the BBC as a general trainee in 1962, Bragg went on to become a pre-eminent figure in arts broadcasting in Britain from the late 1960s on, editing, producing and presenting a wealth of pioneering, award-winning television and radio programmes across the cultural spectrum. Alongside his work in broadcasting, Melvyn Bragg has sustained a parallel career as a writer. He is the author of several screenplays, many works of non-fiction and more than a dozen novels. More detailed biographies can be found on the University of Leeds website at: and

Medieval Manuscripts (Special Collections)


Nineteenth-century works on colliery operation and management, the coal industry, and quarrying.

Melvyn Bragg

Copies of works by Melvyn Bragg.

Merlyn Rees correspondence and political papers

Merlyn Rees, cabinet minister and Labour Party politician, was born at Cilfynydd, near Pontypridd, on December 18 1920, the son of a miner. He was educated at Harrow Weald Grammar School and at Goldsmiths College, where he was president of the Students' Union, 1939-1941. After wartime service in the Royal Air Force, he studied at the London School of Economics. From 1949 to 1959 he was a master at his old school, teaching economics and history; and then a member of the Institute of Education at the University of London from 1959 to 1962. He stood unsuccessfully as the Labour Party candidate for Harrow East three times, before his election for Leeds South in 1963, at a by-election following the death of the Labour leader Hugh Gaitskell. He held this seat, which was renamed Leeds South and Morley in 1983, until he stood down at the 1992 general election. He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, James Callaghan, 1964-65. From Dec 1965 to Jun 1970 he was a junior minister at the Ministry of Defence and then at the Home Office. He became the shadow spokesman on Northern Ireland in 1972, and then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland when Labour returned to government in 1974. Following the resignation of Harold Wilson, Rees became Secretary of State for the Home Office in September 1976, and remained shadow spokeman for Home Affairs after May 1979. In 1981 he became shadow spokesman on Energy. In 1992 he was made a life peer as Baron Merlyn-Rees. He was president of the Video Standards Council from 1990 and Chancellor of the University of Glamorgan, 1994-2002. He was the author of 'The public sector in the mixed economy' (1973) and 'Northern Ireland: a Personal Perspective' (1985). He died on 5 January 2006.


Nineteenth-century works on the properties of metals, iron- and steelmaking, and strength of materials.


Most of the works date from the 19th century onwards. The vast majority of the works are musical scores, with only a relatively small part of the collection consisting of interpretative criticism of music or composers, such as Haydn, Mozart, Handel and Wagner. The works dating from earlier centuries focus more on theoretical aspects of the subject, with a 17th-century musical textbook, and two early works dedicated to the study of the violin. Subjects include opera scores, including vocal scores, songs, oratorio scores, folk music, choruses, cantatas and programmes. The collection also contains a number of periodicals, including a run of 'The Musical Times'.

Murray Mitchell papers

Dr Murray Mitchell worked for the British Geological Survey, specialising in the study of fossils found in Carboniferous limestone. Following his retirement he formed an honorary association with the Department of Earch Sciences at the University of Leeds.

Music (Brotherton Collection)

Contains many items from the library of W T Freemantle, from whom Lord Brotherton purchased numerous books. A special feature of the collection is the group of Mendelssohn manuscripts and letters which are described elsewhere. Among the printed works there are very many scores (mostly 19th century), representing a great many composers, and much song music. The composers are too numerous to list, but among those particularly well represented are Beethoven, Handel, Rossini, Mendelssohn and Dibdin. There are also biographies of composers, books on musical theory, and runs of a number of periodicals (eg 'Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung'; 'The Harmonicon'; 'Musical world'). The earliest book shelved with this collection is John Playford's three-volume 'An introduction to the skill of musick...', 1697, but the Incunabula section of the Brotherton Collection boasts a copy of F Gaffori, 'Practica musicae', 1497.

Music scores and parts

This artifical collection of individual and groups of manuscripts includes music scores, parts and music miscellanies. Similar manuscript material can be found in larger named archive collections.

Medieval Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)


This collection includes guide-books to mountain ranges, and autobiographical accounts of climbers’ exploits; it does not include instructional works.

Mortimer Collins, poems

Mortimer Collins (1827-1876) was a man of letters. For details of his life and work, see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Modern History

Contains works dating from 1596 to the present day. Its classification follows that of the Modern History loan collection which it complements. Works on the modern history of the British Isles (mainly England, with smaller sections on Scotland, Wales and Ireland) form the largest single element of the collection, and the coverage of this subject includes works on British antiquities, the local history of counties, cities and towns, and constitutional history and historical sources. A second major part of the collection consists of works on the history of France. There are also smaller sections within the collection dealing with the history of Spain and Portugal, Italy, Germany and Austria, and other European (and non-European) countries, as well as general European history. Finally, works on ecclesiastical history form a third substantial part of the collection.

Modern Language Association (Yorkshire Branch) Archive

The former Modern Language Association was founded in 1892 to promote the study and teaching of modern languages. It merged with other language associations in 1990 to form the new Association for Language Learning.

Modern Literature (Brotherton Collection)


Miscellaneous papers collected by W. T. Freemantle

William Thomas Freemantle (1849-1931), of Barbot Hall, Rotherham, was a bibliographer and book collector whose Yorkshire collections came into the possession of Lord Brotherton. He published, by subscription, the very detailed A Bibliography of Sheffield and Vicinity: Section 1, To the end of 1700 (Sheffield, 1911).

MIchael Etherton Collection

Michael Etherton worked in universities and colleges in Africa, including as a lecturer in English at the University of Ibadan in Zambia. He has held roles with international NGOs in Asia and Africa. Etherton has been a trainer in child rights and a consultant for international agencies working with the elderly. From 2004-2009 he was involved in emergency relief and reconstruction projects for the elderly in Sri Lanka, India and Kenya. He now lives in Ireland.

Manuscript Catalogues

This artificial collection reflects individual and groups of manuscript catalogues and bibilographies accessioned in Special Collections. Similar material can be found in larger named archival collections.


Manuscript Hebrew Roll of Book of Esther

Margaret L. More Collection

Margaret Louise More was born 15 May 1888 in Hackney, Middlesex. She was the daughter of William McMurdo and Margaret Gardiner McMurdo and had one brother, Norman Thomas. William McMurdo was a commercial traveller. Margaret was brought up partly in Dumfries, Scotland. Her childhood nickname was probably Daisy.

Margaret married John Eadie More (known as Jack) on 23 December 1918. Jack worked as a civil servant, in May 1907 he was assigned to the Board of Education. More gained a driving certificate from the RAC on 21 June 1915.

Margaret and Jack lived at 14A West Kensington Mansions, North End Road, London, and Buckshott Farm, Weycombe, Surrey. They moved to Laneside Richings Way, Iver, Buckinghamshire, in 1926. He is listed as a company director in the 1939 register.

The couple did not have children, but had many pet dogs over their years together. Her brother, Norman, visited regularly every year with his wife, Jess.
Margaret had an Aunt Nell, who lived in Dumfries. Margaret and Jack visited her regularly until the Second World War.

Towards the end of her life Margaret underwent ECT (electro convulsive therapy) and stayed in Holloway Sanitorium. She died on 1 March 1952.

Maria Farrow Collection

Maria Farrow, MBE, was an educator and trainer of psychiatric social workers and mental health officers. She studied at Vienna University and came to Britain as a refugee from Nazi Germany in 1939. She worked as a part-time lecturer at the University of Leeds.

Maltese Dialect Survey papers

The project was initiated in the early 1960s by research teams in Leeds and Malta universities, the principal investigators being Dr Benedikt Isserlin (Semitic Studies, Leeds) and Professor Joseph Aquilina (Malta), with the aim of recording spoken Maltese at various dialect levels and the objective of obtaining new information about spoken Maltese, its phonetics and lexis, and to acquire a better understanding of the islands and their history through the material culture. The method applied was to elicit data from local informants via questionnaires and interviews. The project remained uncompleted, though extensive fieldwork was carried out and research material collected.

Major Road Theatre Collection


The earliest work is a 1608 edition of Avicenna's Medicorum principis. Most of the books were published between 1750 and 1850, though a handful are earlier. Subjects include disease and disorders, health and health remedies.

M. Turpin Limited Photograph Collection

Maurice Turpin (1928-2005) was an antiques dealer and owner of M. Turpin Ltd. Known as Maurice 'Dick' Turpin he was born in Bow, East London. For a short time Turpin worked as an engineer at the BBC. In 1948 he became a runner for the antiques trade, searching for goods to sell to London dealers. His first shop was in Brompton Road in the early 1950s. By the late 1980s he was trading in Bruton Street, Mayfair. Turpin worked in partnership with Colin Hart for more than 30 years. He was one of the first English dealers to make regular journeys to buy in America. A larger than life character, he wore prominent glasses and a trilby and had a thick black moustache. Turpin's wife Dora died in 1988. Afterwards Jackie Mann ran his shop for him and became his constant companion. Christies's SK held a sale of his collection in March 2006.

Maarten Maartens (Brotherton Collection)

Maarten Maartens Manuscripts

Maarten Maartens (1858-1915) was a Dutch novelist who wrote in English. For details of his life and works see 'Who was who, 1897-1916'.

Marrick Priory, Swaledale, North Yorkshire, Estate Archive

The remote manor of Marrick in Swaledale, North Yorkshire, was most notable for centuries for the mining of lead in its vicinity. Although the evidence for lead mining there during the Roman occupation is slight, it was certainly being undertaken by the time of the Norman conquest. A century later, in about 1165, a priory for Benedictine nuns was established at Marrick, substantially supported by income deriving from the local lead mines. In 1540 the Priory's closure was brought about by Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries. A complex history of changing ownership of the valuable surrounding lands then began, continuing until the nineteenth century decline of lead production in the area.

Manuscript Verse

This artificial collection of individual and groups of manuscript verse reflects accessions to Special Collections. These items do not form part of the extensive 'Brotherton Collection Manuscript Verse' index, accessible in the collection guides.

Marshall and Company, Business Archive

The Leeds flax-spinning firm of Marshall and Co. was founded in 1788 by John Marshall, the son of a draper. He took complete control in 1802, and the firm remained under the control of the Marshall family until its closure in 1886.

Maurice Warwick Beresford papers

Maurice Beresford was Professor of Economic History at the University of Leeds, 1959-1985

May Sybil Leslie [Burr] Papers

May Sybil Leslie graduated BSc with first class honours in chemistry at Leeds in 1908. She was awarded a University postgraduate scholarship, was elected to an 1851 Exhibition Scholarship and took her master's degree in 1909. She then went to Paris to undertake research under Mme Curie where she stayed for several years and published some papers in French on radioactive thorium. During the First World War she spent some time in industry as a chemist with Messrs Brotherton at Liverpool. In 1918 she was awarded a DSc by the University of Leeds in recognition of her work on both radioactive substances and technical problems in relation to the large-scale manufacture of explosives. In the session 1918-9 she returned to Leeds as a demonstrator in the Department of Chemistry and became a full lecturer in physical chemistry in 1928. She was especially involved with the chemistry of synthetic dyestuffs. In that session she left the University, having married some years previously Alfred Hamilton Burr, a graduate in technology (applied chemistry) from Manchester. After his death she returned to the University of Leeds as sub-warden of Weetwood Hall (1935) and research assistant in her old department. She died on 3rd July 1937. Apart from various papers, she published a book on The Alkaline earth metals (1925). She bequeathed books and papers, and a sum of money, to the Brotherton Library.

Mechanical Engineering

A collection of nineteenth-century works, including steam engines, heating. shipbuilding, railways and cranes.

Medical Manuscripts Collection

Mattison Collection - political history

Formerly the library of Alf Mattison (1868-1944), a Leeds socialist and local historian. It is an extensive collection concentrating on early socialism, particularly the history of the Labour Party and the Independent Labour Party. Important features of the collection are its extensive range of pamphlets and its runs of scarce socialist newspapers. Subjects include economic conditions in Britain, communism, socialism, the working class, Trade Unions and the Labour Party.

Max Isserlin Collection

Max Isserlin (1879-1941) was a German neurologist.

Marshall Family, correspondence with various literary personalities

The Marshall Family of Leeds owned a flax-spinning firm from 1788 until its closure in 1886.

Marvell, Andrew Silver medal


Works dating from between 1737 and 1947. Subjects include astrology, geometry, calculus, algebra, fluid mechanics and probabilities. The collection also includes the periodical Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, dating from 1826 to 1902.

Mattison Collection

Alf Mattison was born in Hunslet, close to Leeds, in 1868. After spending some of his early years as an apprentice engineer, he worked for most of his life at Leeds City Tramways Department. It was in his late teens that he became interested in politics and the labour movement, befriending Tom Maguire and other local labour figures. At 17 he joined William Morris' Socialist League. He was influential in the early development of the Independent Labour Party, attending the inaugural conference of the party in Bradford, in 1893. He was friends with important figures in the labour and socialist movement, including Edward Carpenter, John Lister, Philip Snowden and Ramsay MacDonald. An enthusiastic local historian in later life, he gave many talks in Leeds on local and labour history.

By the time of his death in 1944 he had amassed a large collection of books, photographs and original documents that provide a unique insight into the history of socialism, both nationally and locally.


North Biddick Colliery, Co. Durham, 1722-1733, owned by Maj. Davison and partners

The North Biddick colliery was originally opened sometime before 1710.

Northern House Publishing Archive

The Northern House publishing venture was established by Andrew Gurr and Jon Silkin in the Department of English Literature at Leeds in 1963. At Gurr's suggestion, the Chair of English Literature, A. Norman Jeffares, had agreed to provide funding for the acquisition of a hand printing press for the use of bibliography students. Gurr acquired an old double demy Albion hand press, typefaces and other equipment for just over £250, and the press was set up in the basement of the University gym, at that time underneath the Students' Union.

Northern House book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Northern House

Novello-Cowden Clarke (Brotherton Collection)

Principally from the library of Mary Cowden Clarke (1809-1898), daughter of the music publisher Joseph Novello. They reflect her scholarly interest in Shakespeare and her friendship with Dickens, Leigh Hunt and many other contemporary English literary authors. The associated manuscript collections have strong musical as well as literary interest.

Norman Cameron, letters by or about with photocopies of drafts of four of his poems

(John) Norman Cameron, the poet and translator, was born in 1905 in India and educated at Fettes and Oriel College, Oxford, where he read Classics. He published poems in 'The Fettesian' and 'Oxford Poetry', as well as 'New Verse'. During the 1930s he worked for some years in the Colonial Service in Nigeria, then as an advertising copy-writer in London. His only original collection of poetry to be published during his lifetime, 'The Winter House', appeared in 1935. He was also a notable translator, of Rimbaud and Villon and much French prose, including 'Candide', 'Cousin Pons', and Stendhal's letters. During the Second World War he became a propagandist, notably in Italy. His 'Collected Poems', with an introduction by his close friend Robert Graves, did not appear until 1957, four years after his death in 1953, and his 'Complete Poems' did not appear until 1985.


A large proportion of the works date from the early 20th century, and the late 18th century. The works cover many aspects of numismatics, but the majority of them focus on the classical era. Coins of Great Britain, Egypt, France and Rome are included.


Works, mostly in the Norwegian language, cover a wide area of subjects connected with Norway, including history, laws, geography and topography, folklore, literature, art and archaeology, language and biography. The collection contains works that deal with Norwegian architecture, Norwegian numismatics and Norwegian politics. Authors include Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Knut Hamsun. While the works span the period from 1778 to the present day, the majority date from the late 19th century.

Novello-Cowden Clarke

Naomi Jacob Collection

Naomi Jacob Collection

A collection of books by Naomi Jacob (1884-1864), a prolific Yorkshire-born novelist, including translations.

Norah Smallwood, correspondence with some related material

Norah Evelyn Smallwood, the publisher, was born on 30 December 1909 in Little Kingshill, Buckinghamshire and died on 11 October 1984 in Westminster Hospital, London. She was associated with Chatto & Windus from 1936 until her retirement in 1982. In 1973 she was awarded the OBE, and in 1981 she received an honorary D.Litt. from Leeds University. For fuller details of her life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

New Statesman, associated correspondence and literary papers 1914-1919 and 1960-1983

'The New Statesman' is a British weekly periodical representing the political and social views of the left as a counterbalance to the long-established right-wing Spectator (1828-). It was founded in 1913 by members of the Fabian Society, notably Sidney and Beatrice Webb and George Bernard Shaw. Its first editor was Clifford Sharp, although during his absence on military service in 1917-1918 John Collings Squire became its acting editor. Its influence increased during the post-war years, and when Kingsley Martin became editor in 1931 it merged with two competitors, 'The Athenaeum' and 'The Nation', to become known until 1957 as 'The New Statesman and Nation'. By 1945 its weekly circulation reached 70,000, and in its heyday in the mid 1960s circulation exceeded 90,000, so that it was indisputably the leading voice in British political commentary. The periodical has always had a significant literary content and interest in addition to its social and political emphasis, so that many prominent literary figures have over the years become associated with it in its correspondence columns, book reviews, and published poetry.

National Union of Teachers Leeds Association Archive

The National Union of Teachers Leeds Association was formed in 1902.

Nineteenth Century Playbills


Newspapers and magazines from the 18th century to the present day. This collection is particularly strong on newspapers from the Yorkshire region, including Leeds Intelligencer, Leeds Mercury, Halifax Courier, Halifax Guardian, Yorkshire Post and Evening Post and the Yorkshire Factory Times. National and foreign newspapers include Les Temps Nouveaux, The Daily News, Private Eye, Illustrated London News, L'Illustration, the Gazette des Lettres, Gil Blas, Picture Post, Parliamentary Spy, and The Sketch

New Wortley Zion School Archive

Zion Old British School, also known as Zion Sunday School, was founded in 1832 as a non-denominational school, serving the Holbeck and New Wortley areas of Leeds. Samuel Smiles was a teacher in its early years.


Oswald Ashton Wentworth Dilke, compiled papers

Oswald Ashton Wentworth Dilke was Professor of Latin at the University of Leeds between 1967 and 1980.

Oxley (Brotherton Collection)

Oscar Wilde, autograph letters and manuscripts, including the manuscript of his play 'The Duchess of Padua', with some related material

Oscar O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900), the wit and dramatist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Owen Lattimore Collection

From the library of Owen Lattimore (1900-1989), first professor of Chinese Studies at Leeds from 1963-1970. Most of the items are in the Chinese language. The main body of Lattimore's collection is on the open shelves.

Opera North programmes and photographs, collected by Professor Rushton

Professor Rushton is Professor Emeritus in the School of Music at the University of Leeds.

Official Publications

Most of the titles date from the second half of the 18th century or first half of the 19th century. Of particular interest are the multi-volume reports of the Commissioners for Parliamentary Boundaries (1832) and Municipal Corporations (1837), with their large fold-out maps of towns and cities, and the Report of the Lords of the Committee of Council concerning the Trade in Slaves (1789), with accompanying minutes of evidence taken before the Committee, and further papers subsequently submitted to it.


Books, pamphlets and periodicals published between 1672 and 1992, with a large proportion of the works dating from the 19th and early 20th centuries. The majority of the books are in French. Most of this section consists of works collected by Adar Mitrecey, and presented to the Library through Sir James Baillie. Additions have been made to the collection through bequests and gifts. Subjects include witchcraft, prophecy, science, aesthetics, religions, philosophy, astronomy and astrology, hypnotism, numerology, graphology, freemasonry, spiritualism and demonology.

Opera North Collection

Opera North is England's national opera company in the North and one of Europe's leading arts organisations. Based at Leeds Grand Theatre and it regularly performs in Salford, Newcastle, Belfast and Nottingham. The company also tours around Europe to cities which include Prague and Barcelona. Its orchestra, the Orchestra of Opera North, frequently performs and records independently.

Opera North was founded in 1977 as English National Opera North (ENO North). The company was established in response to a demand for more opera productions in English provincial cities. An offshoot of English National Opera, it was set up in Leeds.

ENO North’s first performance was Saint-Saëns' 'Samson and Delilah' on 15 November 1978. David Lloyd-Jones was the founding Music Director from 1978-1991. From the beginning the company toured in England and Wales including seasons in London. In 1981 it adopted the name Opera North and cut its official links with English National Opera.

The company stages over 220 performances annually. Its performances over the years have encompassed world premieres, for example, 'Rebecca' by Wilfred Josephs (1983) and 'Baa, baa, black sheep' by Michael Berkeley (1993). It champions lesser known operas which are rarely seen in the United Kingdom including ‘King Priam’ by Michael Tippett (1991) and ‘La voix humaine’ by Poulenc (2006). Since 1989 the company has also performed musical theatre works such as 'Love Life' by Kurt Weill (1996) and 'Carousel' by Rodgers and Hammerstein (2012).


Phoenix Dance Theatre

Phoenix Dance Company was formed in 1981 by David Hamilton (Artistic Director), Donald Edwards and Vilmore James, three young men who had their enthusiasm for dance sparked by the tuition they received at Harehills Middle School, particularly from teachers John Auty at Intake High School and Nadine Senior who went on to found the Northern School of Contemporary Dance.

Initially, the three members of Phoenix performed work created within the company, mainly in educational settings, however their fresh approach to contemporary dance won them support amongst audiences and critics and they quickly built a following beyond their home city. In 1987, Neville Campbell joined Phoenix as Artistic Director. This appointment marked a major expansion of the company and its repertoire as under Campbell’s direction, the company employed female dancers for the first time and increased to a company of ten. In the same year Phoenix moved out of Chapeltown and established a permanent base at Yorkshire Dance in Leeds city centre.

Margaret Morris took over as Artistic Director in 1991 and under her the company began to expand its overseas touring. Following Margaret Morris, Thea Nerissa Barnes became Artistic Director in 1997 and under her leadership the company set about preserving its heritage by establishing the company’s first archive. Darshan Singh Bhuller took over as Artistic Director in 2002 and immediately began reshaping, beginning with rebranding the company Phoenix Dance Theatre. Under his direction the company moved into larger scale venues and refocused itself as a multi-cultural company. He commissioned eight new works from established and young choreographers, sourced two existing pieces for company revivals and personally choreographed three new pieces, as well as restaging two of his previous works, including the full-length Planted Seeds.

Sharon Watson was appointed as Artistic Director in May 2009. Under her Phoenix has re- introduced diverse mixed programmes of work by established and up and coming choreographers, including classic pieces from the company’s extensive repertoire, and the company has refocused its ambitions, aiming to be the leading middle scale dance company of the UK. In October 2010 Phoenix moved into purpose-built new premises in the Quarry Hill area of Leeds alongside Northern Ballet. With the company having celebrated over 35 years of outstanding dance, the world class facilities of this new home give Phoenix Dance Theatre the platform to continue producing work of the highest quality in the future.

Photographs of Irene Manton


The majority of books and periodicals were published between 1800 and 1850, though the earliest title is dated 1775, Joseph Priestley's 'The history and present state of electricity'. Ten periodicals are represented in the collection, some being present in long runs. Subjects include general treatises, heat, light and vision, electricity and mechanics.

Pierce Egan, The blind lover; or, The maid of Malines

Pierce Egan, the younger (1814-1880), novelist. For further details of his life, see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.


Works published between 1602 and 1953. Subjects include Aristotle, political science, ethics, aesthetics, logic, John Locke, philosophy, psychology and Immanuel Kant. The collection also contains works on women, love, emotions, contentment, Epicurus and earthquakes. The collection is strong in such subjects as politics and the philosophy of science.

Photographs of Leeds Playhouse / West Yorkshire Playhouse productions

Philip O'Connor, letters and papers with some of his writings

Philip Marie Constant Bancroft O'Connor, Irish memoirist and poet, was born on 8 September 1916 in Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire, but spent part of a disturbed childhood in France. He has described his unconventional upbringing and early bohemian life-style in his autobiography, 'Memoirs of a Public Baby' (London, 1958). As well as his collections of verse, 'Selected Poems 1936-1966' (London, 1968) and 'Arias of Water' (London, 1981), O'Connor's varied corpus of work includes sociology ('Vagrancy', Harmondsworth, 1963), personal reminiscence ('The Lower View', London, 1960), and an autobiographical novel, 'Steiner's Tour', (Paris, 1960). His work was first published in 'New Verse' during the 1930s. He was twice married, had at least nine children, and died on 29 May 1998.

Peter Rushforth Archive

Peter Scott Rushforth, novelist, was born on 15 February 1945 in Gateshead, County Durham but brought up in Leeds, where he went to Cockburn High School; he then took an English degree at Hull University. After a Dip Ed at Nottingham University, he taught for four years at Huddersfield New College before taking up a post at Friends' School in Great Ayton, North Yorkshire. His first novel was 'Kindergarten', published in 1979 (Winner of the 1980 Hawthornden Prize), followed twenty-six years later by 'Pinkerton's Sister'. He died at Blakey Ridge, North Yorkshire on 25 September 2005, and his final completed work, 'A Dead Language', was published posthumously in 2006. He had worked on drafts for further novels in a sequence provisionally entitled 'The Malady of Thought', which were in various stages of completion at the time of his death.

Peter Robinson Archive

Peter Robinson was born in Yorkshire.

He is an alumni of the University of Leeds having studied for a BA Honours Degree in English Literature, before moving to Canada to study for an MA in English and Creative Writing at the University of Windsor, followed by a PhD in English at York University.

He is best known for his book series on Inspector Banks. The first novel in this series ‘Gallows View’ was published in 1987 and the most recent novel ‘Sleeping in the Ground' the 24th novel in the series in 2017. These novels have won numerous awards and have been translated into a variety of languages including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Chinese and Japanese. DCI Banks has also been adapted for TV with Stephen Tompkinson playing the lead role of Inspector Banks. The first series aired in Autumn 2011 and the fifth and final series in October 2016.

Robinson has also published three non-series novels and many short stories. ‘Caedmon’s Song’ was published in 1990, ‘No Cure For Love’ in 1995, and ‘Before The Poison’ in 2011. His first collection of short stories, ‘Not Safe After Dark and Other Stories’, was published in 1998. An expanded version, including the Banks novella ‘Going Back’, was published in September, 2004. In 2007, Robinson edited the ‘The Penguin Book of Crime Stories’, and his most recent collection of short stories 'The Price of Love and other stories' was published in 2009.

Robinson now divides his time between Toronto and Richmond, North Yorkshire.

Peter Symes Archive

Peter Symes has had a long career in documentary films. He began as a film editor at the BBC, working on many well-known documentary series such as the award winning “Hospital” and “Strangeways”, before moving on to direct many series and single films for both BBC channels.

His documentary series, “Nurses” (1985) influenced “Casualty”, the well known primetime BBC1 series; “Byline”, a BBC1 platform for opinionated individuals ran for a very successful four years; and his many other series - “Loving Memory”, “Words on Film”, “Enterprise Culture”, “Men With Splendid Hearts” to name a few, have consistently won awards and achieved critical and public acclaim.

As a director, his credits include “The Blasphemers’ Banquet” (a defence of Salman Rushdie that was nominated for the 1989 Prix Italia and was screened on BBC1) and “Black Daisies for the Bride” (a film poem about Alzheimer’s disease for BBC2, awarded the 1994 Prix Italia) both made with the poet Tony Harrison. His work with Tony and many other poets in the documentary form has gained international recognition and awards. In addition to this television work, he has published commentaries on verse in film in “Tony Harrison, a critical anthology” (Bloodaxe 1991) and in “The Shadow of Hiroshima and other film/poems” by Tony Harrison (Faber and Faber, 1995). “Tony Harrison, Collected Film Poems”, a new complete edition of the film/poem scripts with an introduction from Peter outlining the techniques used, was published by Faber in 2007.

While at the BBC he was the commissioning editor for the BBC2 documentary series “Picture This” which was instrumental in introducing large numbers of new and talented directors into the documentary field. The series gained a Royal Television Society award for Network Newcomer in 1996 and was short-listed for the best UK documentary series in 1997. There were six series, with 55 films in total.

In 2001 he joined the Bristol company, Available Light, where he worked both as a director and executive producer, including a 3 part series with Ray Gosling, one of which won a Grierson award, and the much acclaimed 2009 BBC4 series “Mud, Sweat and Tractors”.

He has worked as a documentary tutor with various organisations, including StoryDoc (Athens), Ex Oriente (Prague), the Scottish Documentary Institute, Crossing Borders (Malaysia), DocWok (India) and in Tbilisi, Georgia. From 2005-2009 he was the Head of the Documentary Campus Masterschool based in Germany, concentrating on international co-production and mentoring long single documentaries.

In 1990 he was responsible for forming a committee to set up the hugely successful Sheffield International Documentary Festival, becoming its first Chairperson when it launched in 1994. From 2002 to 2010 he was a trustee of the Grierson Trust, the charity set up to commemorate John Grierson, the founder of documentary in the UK. In 2000 he received the RTS Cyril Bennett Award for services to television.

Philby, Kim British passport

Philip O'Connor book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Philip O'Connor

Phillips of Hitchin Collection

Phillips of Hitchin (PoH) was established by Frederick William Phillips in 1884 in the Manor House, Hitchin, Hertfordshire. The company traded under the name F. W. Phillips as 'antique dealer and complete furnisher'. After Frederick's death in 1910 his sons Hugh and Amyas took over the running of the business. Around 1920 they renamed it Phillips of Hitchin. In the 1920s and 1930s the firm carried out many architectural projects, both in conservation and the building of old style houses.

Hugh retired from the business in 1935, while Amyas continued trading. Amyas' wife Mary, was joint director with him. The firm was run by three generations of the family, the last being Jerome Phillips who retired in December 2014.

PoH were one of the most important and influential antique dealers in the UK and sold many thousands of objects to many major national museums, both in the UK and internationally. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the Manor House contained 80 rooms of antique furniture and other objects. From the 1880s PoH produced catalogues showing their stock.

The company was also involved in the building of 'ancient' houses. Bailiffscourt in West Sussex, the most famous of these, was constructed for Lord Moyne in 1927. It included many original medieval architectural features. The client lists of PoH include virtually every well-known collector and personality of the day, from members of the British royal family to influential American collectors.

Politics (Brotherton Collection)

Most of the items were published between the early-to-mid-17th century and the middle of the 18th century. As well as covering political philosophy and the political and constitutional issues and events of the period, the collection also contains many works on questions of trade, commercial policy and economic theory, and on political aspects of religious controversies.


The books are mainly in the Portuguese language, and the dates of publication span the period from 1645 to 1982. The collection contains many works of Portuguese literature, as well as literature translated into Portuguese.

Porton Collection

This is a collection of material of Jewish interest. The foundation of the collection is the library of Rabbi Moses Abrahams, which was given to the United Hebrew Congregation in Leeds after his death. In 1938 the community presented the collection to Leeds City Library, and it was housed in Sheepscar Branch Library. The furniture and fitting-out of the room at Sheepscar was paid for by Joseph Porton (187?-1958), a Leeds printer and stationer. In 1965 the collection was moved to Leeds Central Library, and at the same time part of Joseph Porton’s own library was given to the collection by his son Leslie. The City Library has continued to make further additions. The Porton Collection was deposited with the University Library in 2016.
The collection covers all aspects of the religion and culture of the Jewish people, including theology, history, biography, art, travel and society, and includes works in Hebrew, Yiddish and English.

Press cuttings, letters and typescript notes relating to the poet Charles Dalmon

Printing Collection

Works dating from the late 18th century to the present which are distinguished by their fine printing. They are classified according to their publisher. The subjects covered in this collection are incidental, but range from modern editions of the Book of Common Prayer, to literature and history. The vast majority of the collection dates from the 20th century. The collection contains publications from around one hundred presses, including Fanfrolico Press, Fleece Press, High House Press, Mandrake Press and Quince Tree Press.


The earliest book is dated 1845, Louis F Calmeil's 'De la folie...', and the latest 1960, R D Laing's The divided self'. Subjects include madness and human feelings.


Although published between 1775 and 1998, the bulk of the collection dates from the late 19th to the early 20th century. The older works focus on issues such as forms of government. Subjects include socialism, representative government, anarchism, poor laws (England) and works on contemporary political figures. The modern works also deal with, amongst other themes, the United Nations, the British Civil Service, and the European Community. This collection also contains a small selection of Labour Party Bulletins, dating from the middle of the 20th century.

Political Manuscripts (Brotherton)

Poetry , 21st century (Brotherton Collection)

Poem of the Month Club, poems issued

During the period 1970-77 the Poem of the Month Club issued an unpublished poem by one of its members each month. The first 1000 copies of each poem were signed personally by hand.

Poetry and Audience, typescript and manuscript drafts of poems by various authors originally published in 'Poetry and Audence'

The student literary magazine Poetry and Audience was founded by student Ralph Maud in 1953, and is one of the longest running poetry magazines in the United Kingdom. Despite its humble origins as a cyclostyled, one-penny, student journal produced approximately once a week during term time, it quickly developed an international reputation and has published some of the most distinguished poets of the late twentieth century. Many of the earlier contributors were Gregory Fellows in Poetry.

Poetry Room, University of Leeds School of English, correspondence and papers

The Poetry Room in the Department of English Literature (later the School of English) at the University of Leeds openned in December 1962. From its earliest days, the Poetry Room was engaged in a programme of recording poets reading from their own works as well as exchanging recordings of poets with the British Council's Recorded Sound Section and the Poetry Room at Harvard University. Geoffrey Hill was the first Director of the Poetry Room, holding the post from 1962 until 1968. The Poetry Room closed ca. 1990.

Poetry, 20th century (Brotherton Collection)

Minor poetry written around the time of the First World War. The great majority of the poems were published during the actual war years, though not all the poetry has a war theme. The earliest work is dated 1907, the latest 1935. The collection was compiled by Lord Brotherton and is no longer added to; it is complemented by other Special Collections poetry holdings.

Piers Paul Read Archive

Piers Paul Read, the third son of the poet and art critic Sir Herbert Read, was born in 1941, raised in North Yorkshire and educated by Benedictine monks at Ampleforth College. After reading history at St John’s, Cambridge, he spent two years in Germany and from 1963-64 was Artist in Residence at the Ford Foundation in West Berlin. On his return to London, Read took a job as a sub-editor on 'The Times Literary Supplement' and shared a flat in Pimlico with Tom Stoppard and Derek Marlowe, whom he had met in Berlin.

His first novel, 'Game in Heaven with Tussy Marx' (1966) was described by The Times as ‘one of the most arresting British novels to have appeared in recent years’. 'The Junkers' (1968) won the Geoffrey Faber Memorial Prize while Read's third novel, 'Monk Dawson' (1969), won the Hawthornden Prize and the Somerset Maugham Award. More recent novels include 'The Free Frenchman' (1986), set in France during the Second World War; 'A Season in the West' (1988, winner of the James Tait Black Award); 'On the Third Day' (1990) and 'A Patriot in Berlin' (1995), a political thriller. His latest novel is 'Alice in Exile' (2001), the story of a young Englishwoman caught up in the Russian Revolution.

In 1974 Read wrote his first work of reportage, 'Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors', which won the Thomas More medal for Catholic literature and has sold five million copies world-wide. A film of 'Alive' was made in 1992, directed by Frank Marshall and starring Ethan Hawke. Other works of non-fiction include 'Ablaze: The Story of Chernobyl' (1993), a history of the crusading military order, 'The Templars' (1999), 'Alec Guinness: The Authorised Biography', and a first volume of autobiography, 'In My Youth'. Piers Paul Read has also written a number of radio and television plays, and several of his novels have been adapted for cinema, television and radio.

Piers Paul Read is a Fellow and Member of the Council of the Royal Society of Literature and a member of the Council of the Society of Authors. He was Harkness Fellow, Commonwealth Fund, New York (1967-68), a member of the Council of the Institute of Contemporary Arts (1971-75), a member of the Literature Panel at the Arts Council (1975-77), and Adjunct Professor of Writing, Columbia University (1980). From 1992-97 he was Chairman of the Catholic Writers'’Guild.

The archive of Piers Paul Read comprises manuscripts and typescripts for his novels, plays and non-fiction; extensive correspondence; interview tapes, research notes, press-cuttings and other papers. The correspondence, in particular, gives an absorbing and wide-ranging view not only of the literary world, but also of British Catholic circles and the challenges Catholicism faces in modern times. There are tapes and files relating to Read's biography of Alec Guinness and to 'Alive', series of letters from Herbert and Margaret Read, and retained copies and originals of Piers Paul Read's own letters.

Piers Paul Read (Brotherton Collection)

Papers of Park Honan

Leonard Hobart Park Honan (1928-2014) was an American academic and author. Honan originally specialised in Victorian literature, but also became an expert on the Elizabethan era. He wrote on the lives of authors and poets and published biographies of writers including Robert Browning, Jane Austen and William Shakespeare. Honan was born in Utica, New York in 1928. In 1948 he went to the University of Chicago to read English. Honan worked briefly at the Friendship Press in New York. In 1952 he married Jeannette Colin in Manhattan. During the Korean War Honan was jailed as a conscientious objector for a short time. Later under the GI bill he was allowed a grant to complete his studies wherever he liked, and did his PhD on Browning at University College London. This was published as 'Browning's Characters' in 1961. Afterwards he returned to America but in 1968 took up a post as Lecturer at the University of Birmingham. In 1985 Honan was appointed Professor of English and American Literature at the University of Leeds. He retired with the title Emeritus Professor in 1993. It was as a biographer that he was known primarily. His most ambitious work 'Shakespeare: A Life' was completed while he held his Chair at Leeds. Many considered it to be the foremost biography of the playwright. Honan continued to write after retiring from the University. He was working on an extensive biography of T. S. Eliot at the time of his death on 27 September 2014.

Papers of Jenny Smith, (Gypsy and Traveller Rights Campaigner)

Jenny Smith actively campaigned for the rights of [Gypsies and]'Travellers' in the course of her work as a councillor in the Bristol/Avon area, (1985-2016) as an employee of Shelter (housing and homelessness charity) and her activities as a Quaker.

In a period where the UK's legal definitions of different nomadic communities was still evolving, Jenny championed the rights of all 'Travellers,' whether ethnic (Gypsies/Romany Travellers) or non-ethnic (Travellers).

Working in the Bristol area meant that much of her work was on behalf of New (Age) Travellers that lived and travelled within the region.

Jenny Smith served as Labour Councillor for 31 years (Henbury 1985-1993 and 1993-2016 Southmead) in the Bristol/Avon area. [In 1996 Avon County Council was abolished and replaced by four unitary authorities; 1)Bristol; 2)Bath and North East Somerset (BANES) including Bath and Wansdyke districts; 3)North Somerset (including Woodspring); 4) South Gloucestershire (including Kingswood and Northavon].

During this time she was on various committees, (including Social Services, Housing Environment, Rights of Way,) and served as the Labour Lead for the (Avon) Gypsy and Traveller committee.

Her work spanned a pivotal period in the history of the State's relationship with Gypsies and Travellers including the introduction of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act in 1994, (repealing the provisions of the 1968 Caravan Sites Act).

During this time, Jenny Smith also became active at a national level, becoming a leading member (chair/membership secretary) of the Labour (Party) Campaign for Travellers Rights (LCTR). LCTR was founded in 1986 in response to increasing concerns about the lack of legal site provision, infringements of the rights of Travellers and hostile attitudes towards them.

Jenny also worked for Shelter as a housing aid worker (1981-1997) and later worked on a dedicated Shelter project "Travelling Peoples Project" working with Gypsies and Travellers. She also researched and authored an EU funded guide book, "A right to Travel and never stop."

Jenny Smith retired as councillor in 2016.

Papers of SCYPT (Standing Conference of Young People's Theatre)

The Standing Conference on Young People's Theatre (SCYPT) was an organisation established in 1974 to give Young People’s Theatre (YPT) and Theatre in Education (TIE) companies a national identity to help with the development and expansion of their work. The organisation aimed to keep member companies in communication with each other and to promote their productions and educational output. Companies joined together under the SCYPT umbrella to improve artistic standards in YPT and TIE. This included the devising, writing, designing, directing and performing of work for children and young people. SCYPT represented the companies’ interests nationally and encouraged initiatives to increase their status and support in the United Kingdom. Liaison with central and local government and other organisations, especially those concerned with the growth of drama and theatre for young people was part of its remit. SCYPT also aimed to promote and increase children and young people's interest in, and involvement with, theatre and the dramatic arts. Full membership of the organisation was open to professional theatre and TIE companies whose work was for children and young people. Other membership categories were available. SCYPT organised two conferences for members annually and published a journal. The organisation was disbanded in 1997.

Papers of Sir Roy Shaw

Sir Roy Adolphus Warmington Shaw was born in Sheffield on the 8 July 1918. His childhood was one of modest means after losing his father at the age of four. He was brought up by his mother and partly by his grandparents who lived in a mining village near Mansfield. He was awarded a scholarship to Firth Park Grammer School in Sheffield and later attended the University of Manchester to study German and Philosophy. His entrance to University was delayed until he was 24 due to him developing severe Crohn’s disease; a condition he suffered with for the rest of his life.

After graduating Shaw became a Tutor-Organiser for the Workers’ Educational Association in the East Riding. In 1947 he became a Lecturer (later Senior Lecturer) in the Department of Extra Mural Studies at the University of Leeds. He later became Warden and Director of Adult Education at the University of Leeds Adult Education Centre in Bradford. He stayed in this position until 1962 before moving on to work as Professor and Director of Adult Education at the University of Keele. He had a keen interest and passion for adult education throughout his career. He was particularly interested in the ways in which adult education teaching could be embedded outside of the typical full-time, classroom education setting.

He became Director-General of the Arts Council in 1975. His background in adult education meant that throughout his tenure he stressed the importance of using education to open up the arts to a wider audience. He was knighted in 1979 a month into Margaret Thatcher’s premiership. He spent the next few years making the case for state funding for the arts as opposed to business sponsorship. He retired in 1983 and was later the drama critic of the Catholic Weekly (1990-2000). He also wrote ‘The and Arts and The People’ (1987) about the Arts Council. He died the 15 May 2012.

Papers relating to the Kolga Manor owned by the Stenbock family

Papers of Janina and Zygmunt Bauman

Zygmunt Bauman was born in 1925 to a Jewish family in Poznan, Poland. Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939, he and his family escaped to the Soviet Union, where he eventually fought with the Polish Army under Soviet command. For his war-time service, he was awarded various Soviet and Polish medals. After the war and completing his studies, he began his academic career at the University of Warsaw (1954-68). In the wake of the Six Day War, the Israel-Arab war of 1967, and the subsequent anti-Semitic purges in Poland, he was forced to leave his post under the charges of “revisionist” views and adverse influence on his students (1968). In June 1968 Bauman emigrated with his family to Israel, where he became a professor of sociology in the University of Tel Aviv (1968-1971). In 1971, he left Israel for England, a move possibly influenced by his views of Zionism as nationalism. Here, he became professor of sociology at the University of Leeds (1971-1990). After his retirement in 1990 he continued writing books and articles at an increasing rate. During his lifetime, Bauman published or contributed to over 70 books, with Polity Press as his main publisher. Subjects include, but are not limited to, contemporary C20th and C21st issues of modernity, postmodernism, socialism, globalisation, capitalism, communism, consumerism, racism, culture and immigration. Notable works such as ’Modernity and The Holocaust’ (1989) and ‘Liquid Modernity’ (2000) gained him international recognition. During this time, he was also sought-after speaker and gave numerous special lectures and conference keynotes in Europe and other places.
Bauman was awarded more than a dozen honorary degrees from universities across the world, as well as prestigious European prizes for his work. The most notable among the latter are The Amalfi Prize for Sociology (1989), the Theodor W Adorno Award (1998), The Dagmar and Václav Havel Foundation Vize [Vision] 97 Prize (2006) and the Prince of Asturias Award (2010). The Bauman Institute was founded within the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Leeds in 2010 in recognition of his work. His wife Janina Bauman died in 2009. In 2015 he married sociologist, Aleksandra Jasińska-Kania. Bauman died in Leeds on 9th January 2017.

Janina Bauman (1926-2009), born Janina Lewinson to a Jewish family in Poland, was a writer, known mainly for her autobiographical works. The most widely known among these are her books ‘Winter in the Morning: A young Girl’s Life in a Jewish ghetto’ (1986) and ‘A Dream of Belonging,’ (1988), telling the story of her life in post-war Poland. Educated at the Academy of Social and Political Sciences in Warsaw (1948- 50) she went on to study for MA Phil (Aesthetics) at the University of Warsaw (1959). During this time she met and married (1948) Zygmunt Bauman, an army officer at that time, to later become a renowned sociologist. For approximately 20 years, Janina Bauman worked in the Polish film industry as script editor, translator (from French and Russian to Polish) and researcher (writing a report on the impact of film on children in 1957). As a result of the political pressures in Poland she and her husband were forced to leave Poland. With their 3 daughters, they emigrated to Israel where she used her language skills while working in the library of a major daily newspaper. In 1971 they moved to Leeds. Here, Janina gained a post-graduate diploma in Librarianship and worked in one of the City’s high schools (John Smeaton Community High School; 1974-79). Both her autobiographical novels were published in the 1980’s by Virago Press. The books have author’s own or authorized translations to Polish. ‘Winter in the morning’ appeared also in German, Dutch, Swedish, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Bulgarian and Danish, among others. Janina was invited to speak about her war-time and post-war experiences to various audiences around Europe. During the 1990s she wrote short stories and began researching the experience of European Gypsies [Roma]. In the latter work she focused on Roma’s centuries-long persecution and on their fate in the Holocaust. Her article, ‘Demons of Other People's Fear: The Plight of the Gypsies’ was published in 1998. Following her death in 2009, the Janina Bauman Prize was established by the Bauman Institute in 2011.

Papers of George Devine


Peter Redgrove Archive

Peter Redgrove, poet, novelist, and dramatist, was born at Kingston upon Thames, Surrey on 2 January 1932. He attended Taunton School, and went on to read Natural Sciences at Queens College, Cambridge. During his time in Cambridge, he founded the student literary magazine Delta, which published early works by Ted Hughes and ran for some 20 years. He also became involved in 'The Group,' a cluster of poets brought together under the aegis of Philip Hobsbaum. From 1962 to 1965 was the sixth poet to become a Gregory Fellow at Leeds.

Papers of Charles Chevalier d' Eon de Beaumont

Charles Geneviève Louis Auguste André Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont (1728-1810) was a French diplomat and spy, who is now mostly remembered for gender transformation.

In 1775, after having lived as a man for 49 years, d’Eon was recognised as a woman by the French Government, which believed d’Eon’s claims to have been born female, but disguised as a boy by family in order to keep the in-laws' inheritance. D'Eon also claimed to have been forced to cross-dress by the 'secret du roi' (the French spying office) for intelligence missions in Russia and England; this bold claim could not be contradicted: d'Eon's former superiors having all opportunely died.

D'Eon was allowed to keep the title of Chevalière and decorations - thus becoming the first woman to receive such honours in French history. Nevertheless, d’Eon deeply resented the forced retirement that followed this transformation, having hoped to continue working as a diplomat, as a woman. After finally moving to London in 1785, where D’Eon had served as plenipotentiary ambassador in 1763 and spy until 1775; D’Eon lived in poverty after the French revolutionary government cut the pension awarded in 1777.
After death, doctors discovered that D’Eon would have been designated male at birth.

Papers of Dame Fanny Waterman

Dame Fanny was born on 22 March 1920 in Leeds. Her parents were Myer Waterman (formerly Wasserman) and Mary (née Behrmann). Dame Fanny was a piano teacher and the founder of the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition. For many years she was its Chairman and Artistic Director for many years. Dame Fanny won a scholarship to the Royal College of Music and was tutored by Cyril Smith. In 1944 she married a doctor, Geoffrey de Keyser. After the birth of her first son in 1950 Dame Fanny gave up her concert career and became a well-known piano teacher in the Leeds area.

With Marion, Countess of Harewood, and Roslyn Lyons she established the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition in 1961. It is recognised as one of the most prestigious piano competitions in the world, and previous winners have gone on to become world-famous concert pianists. Her services to Leeds were recognised when she was awarded the Freedom of the City of Leeds in 2006.

Dame Fanny has served on the juries of international piano competitions throughout the world. She has published several books about teaching, and learning to play, the piano. A passionate advocate of excellence in piano playing, Dame Fanny has contributed to articles in the press and given numerous speeches and interviews on the subject. In 2010 she appeared on 'Desert Island Discs'.

Dame Fanny has been awarded the OBE, CBE and DBE, and a ‘woman of the year’ award. She has received a doctorate in music from the University of Leeds and Honorary Membership of the Royal Philharmonic Society, amongst other awards and recognition. Dame Fanny died on 20 December 2020

Papers of Diana Allen, Gypsy and Traveller Rights Campaigner.

Diana (Wimberley) Allen (1916-2007) was a campaigner who later in life became a solicitor defending the rights of Gypsies and Travellers in the UK (specialising in planning applications and fighting evictions).
University educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, Diana initially became a civil servant (Ministry of Food). In 1957 she joined Berkhamsted Liberals where she stood as a candidate for the both Town and County Council and campaigned in the West Herts constituency (working with Ken Jones). During this time she had also joined the local (Berkhamsted) branch of the National Council for Women (NCW) and was later elected to the National Executive where she became a reporter on Parliamentary proceedings. It was in this role that she became involved with campaigning for the rights of Gypsies and Travellers when she worked with Eric Lubbock MP to add a clause to the Caravan Sites Bill that reflected an NCW resolution to oblige local authorities to provide sites for Gypsies and Travellers.
She later became involved in campaigning for the rights of Gypsies and Travellers to education and sites both at a local level (as a member of Berkhamsted Gypsy Support Group and as chair of Hertfordshire Federation of Gypsy Support Groups) and nationally as an executive member of the National Gypsy Education Council (and later as part of the Advisory Council Education of Romany other Travellers).
Having qualified as a solicitor in 1981 she became a partner with legal firm “Lance Kent & Co” (her fellow partner Jeremy Browne was chair of the Berkhamsted Gypsy Support Group). After first specialising in criminal law, she went onto defend the rights of Gypsies and Travellers, eventually challenging planning decisions and evictions as an infringement of their human rights to education, health and family/private life. In 2000 she took the case of Sally Chapman vs The UK to the European Court of Human Rights.

Parkwood Mills Company Business Archive

Parkwood Mills Company, of Longwood, near Huddersfield, were commission spinners, twisters, warpers, weavers and menders. In 1887, according to their Articles of Association, they were dyers, millers and finishers. They incorporated John Broadbent and Sons, who were woollen manufacturers, and Longwood Finishing Company, who were scourers, millers, dyers, finishers and London shrinkers.

Patricia Tyrrell Collection

Patricia Tyrrell is an English American author of novels and poetry. She was born and educated in Norfolk. For some years Tyrrell worked in London as a civil servant. Having emigrated to the United States of America she worked in various roles including as a companion, cook-housekeeper and nurse. She returned to England in 1983 and is now based in Cornwall. Her novel 'The Reckoning' (2004) was shortlisted for the Encore Award.

Pennine Poets' Collection

Founded in 1966, the Pennine Poets is a group of acclaimed and widely published writers who meet for creative workshops, stage readings and festivals, and produce a journal, 'Pennine Platform'. For many years the group was based in Heckmondwike, Yorkshire and are now based in Wakefield.

Pencheon Collection

James Michael Pencheon (1924-1982) was a consultant psychiatrist, based in Cornwall. He graduated MB, ChB at Leeds in 1949.

Pencheon’s collection is not concerned with psychiatry, but with the French Revolution, and contains histories and biographies relating to the Revolution, from contemporary sources through to about 1970.

Cataloguing of this collection is currently in progress.

Percy Fry Kendall, letters from various correspondents together with some other documents, all mainly on geological topics, 1886-1932

Percy Fry Kendall was born in Clerkenwell, London, in 1856. He studied at the Royal School of Mines in the early 1880s, and Huxley probably encouraged his interest in the biological aspects of geology. He moved to Manchester in 1885 where he enjoyed a Bishop Berkeley fellowship at Owen's College. After a few years as an assistant lecturer both there and at Stockport Technical College, he was appointed lecturer in geology at the Yorkshire College, Leeds, in 1892. Upon the College becoming the University of Leeds in 1904, he was promoted professor and held the chair until his retirement in 1922. He subsequently settled at Frinton-on-Sea, and died in 1936. His two main contributions to geology were his investigation of the glacial lakes of the Cleveland area of Yorkshire, and his postulation of the extent of the East Midlands concealed coalfield. He was awarded the Lyell Medal of the Geological Society in 1909 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1924.

Peter Dale, materials relating to the composition and publication of 'Da Capo: a sequence of poems [by] Dale, with Back for somehow on: an essay on Da Capo [by] Philip Hoy' (London, 1997).

Peter (John) Dale, the poet, translator, interviewer, and editor, was born on 21 August 1938 and educated at Strode's School, Egham, Surrey, and St Peter's College, Oxford. He was Head of English at Hinchley Wood Comprehensive School, Surrey, for twenty-one years, and for a similar period shared the editing of 'Agenda' with William Cookson. His published poetry includes 'The storms' (1968) and 'Da Capo' (1997), his translations 'The seasons of Cankam' (1974) and 'Dante: The divine comedy' (1996 onwards), and his literary-critical work, 'An introduction to rhyme' (1998). Philip Hoy was born in 1952 and educated at Glastonbury High School in Surrey, and the Universities of York and Leeds. He has taught philosophy for many years both in the United Kingdom and overseas.

Peter Lichtenfels Archive

Peter Lichtenfels was born in Germany in 1949, but from early childhood lived in English- or French-speaking countries. He was educated in Quebec and Ontario, where he obtained a degree in drama from Queen's University, Kingston. The major part of his professional theatrical career has taken place in Britain. From 1975 to 1979 he was a trainee and then associate director at the Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh, and was its Artistic Director from 1981 to 1985. From 1986 to 1990 he was Artistic Director of the Haymarket Theatre in Leicester.

Pearson family of Yorkshire and Mountcross Co. Cork Archive

The Pearson family has a distinguished record of service in the Royal Navy and in the medical profession, the two often being combined. There are records for the related Clarges and Hawkes families.

Paul Roubiczek correspondence and papers

Paul Roubiczek, the philosopher, publisher and journalist, was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in 1898. He served as a subaltern in the Austrian army during the First World War, but later became a pacifist. After the war he studied philosophy in Berlin, and then worked as a publisher and writer in Berlin, Paris, Vienna and Prague. He escaped from the Nazis at the outbreak of the Second World War, and moved with his wife to Cambridge. He gave German supervisions in various Cambridge colleges, and was employed by the German department of the University from 1961 to 1965. He lectured in philosophy for the University of Cambridge Board of Extra-Mural Studies, and in 1959 began a popular series of public lectures, entitled 'Philosophy, science and religion'. He was elected a Fellow of Clare College. In 1956 he had been granted the honorary degree of Master of Arts. Roubiczek died at Gmund in Bavaria in 1972.

Paul Barbier (French dictionary) collection

Paul Barbier was Professor of French Language and Literature at the University of Leeds, 1903-1938.

Patrick Meredith papers

George Patrick Meredith (1904-1978) was Professor of Psychology in the University of Leeds between 1949 and 1969.

Paul Dehn, autograph manuscript draft of the poem 'Poissons d'Or', together with a printed version

Paul (Edward) Dehn (1912-1976), the poet and author of screenplays and documentaries. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.7.

Paul Mills book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Paul Mills

Paul Muldoon, autograph manuscript notebook containing drafts of poems later published in 'Mules'

Paul Muldoon, the poet, was born in Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland in 1951. He graduated from Queen's University Belfast, where Seamus Heaney was his tutor, and worked as a radio and television producer for BBC Belfast before moving to the United States in 1986, where he became director of the Creative Writing Program at Princeton University in 1990. He has published many collections of poetry, and was the winner of the Irish Times 1997 Irish Literature Prize for Poetry. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who's who'.

Paul Mills literary archive

Paul Mills, the poet, playwright and critic, was born in Cheshire in 1948 and educated at Sir John Deane's Grammar School, Northwich, and Edinburgh University. For several years following 1974 he taught English in a Birmingham Comprehensive School; he then held Writer's Fellowships at Manchester University and Christ's Hospital, Horsham (1976-1978), before becaming the last Gregory Fellow in Poetry at Leeds University [1978-1980]. He and his family lived in California during the 1980s and toured around the Western United States. After his return to England he worked as a Lecturer in the School of Literature Studies at the College of Ripon and York St. John, York. His literary output has included several published collections of poetry, starting with 'North Carriageway' (1976), several plays, and critical works. Two of his plays have been performed, at the Royal National Theatre and at West Yorkshire Playhouse, and, in 1999, he was the winner of the Poetry Business Competition. Paul Mills's own website includes information on his work and a biography.



Queen Square (Park Square) Gallery Leeds Archive

The Queen Square Gallery was founded by Sarah Gilchrist in 1964. Gilchrist continued as the director of the gallery until her retirement in 1978, after which date the gallery continued under different management. The gallery moved to new premises in Park Square in 1968.

Quail (Brotherton Collection)

John Quail graduated from Leeds in Philosophy and English Literature in 1969. His book The Slow Burning Fuse, a history of anarchism in Britain, was published in 1978. After a working life in the field of housing, latterly as a consultant for housing associations in difficulties, he became a visiting fellow at the University of York, pursuing research into the history of large business corporations in Britain.

The Quail collection contains some 800 printed works, mainly from 1900 to 1980. The emphasis of the collection is on socialism, communism, anarchism, syndicalism, co-operatives, trade unionism and labour disputes. political theory, history, biography (particularly of working-class people), housing, education and disarmament, all with a world-wide scope.The collection includes a large number of scarce ephemeral pamphlets.

The Quail Collection includes many periodicals, mainly single issues, but in many cases obscure locally-produced journals, for which they may well be the only surviving copies.

Quartos: Miscellaneous (Brotherton Collection)


Roger Senhouse, notebooks and literary papers including some letters

Roger H.P. Senhouse, the publisher, translator and bibliophile, was born in 1899. In his early twenties he became known in London literary circles as a member of the Bloomsbury group. In 1936 he was the co-founder of the firm of Secker and Warburg, and applied his wide knowledge of literature mainly to the presentation of foreign authors. His translations were chiefly from French literature, notably the works of André Gide and of Colette. He owned a fine personal library at Rye. He died in 1970.

Roger Warner Antique Dealer's Collection

Roger Harold Metford Warner (1913-2008) was an antiques dealer in Burford, Oxfordshire. He founded Roger Warner Antique Dealers in 1936. Warner began by specialising in items which were of little interest to other dealers such as beds, the furnishings of servants’ quarters and obsolete agricultural implements. Particularly fascinated by the decorative, Warner bought pieces from the categories between ‘high style’ and ‘vernacular’. Warner became a leading figure in the antiques world. He dealt with many important museums and private buyers. Temple Newsam House and the Victoria and Albert are just two of the collections he contributed to. His taste influenced that of his customers and in turn the development of interior decoration in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Warner was a Quaker and closed his shop during the Second World War. During this time he helped to organise hostels for evacuees, resuming business in 1947. Warner married Ruth Hurcombe in 1949 who became an active participant in the business. In 2003 Warner published his reminiscences 'Memoirs of a Twentieth-century Antique Dealer'.

Romany Collection

Rodney Pybus Archive

Rodney Pybus was born in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1938. He was educated at Rossall School, Lancashire, before going on to study Classics and English at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (BA 1960; MA 1965).
During the 1960s and 1970s, Pybus worked in the north-east of England as a newspaper journalist, and television writer/producer for Tyne Tees Television, specialising in documentary films, and arts and education programmes. He was a lecturer in Mass Communication in the School of English at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia from 1976 to 1979. On returning to the UK, he became literature officer for the Northern Arts Association in Cumbria and the Lake District from 1979 to 1982. During this time he also became a freelance writer. He moved to Sudbury, Suffolk in 1983.

Rodney Pybus first started to publish his poetry in magazines in the late 1960s. His first full poetry collection, In Memoriam Milena, was published by Chatto and Windus in 1973, and won the Poetry Society’s Alice Hunt Bartlett Prize. He has subsequently published a number of other poetry collections, including the Northern House pamphlet At the Stone Junction (1978), and has appeared in numerous anthologies.

Pybus first became involved with Jon Silkin’s literary magazine, Stand, in the mid-1960s, following its move from Leeds to Newcastle. He has been a regular contributor of reviews of fiction and poetry, as well as his own poetry, since this time. He co-edited the magazine alongside Jon Silkin and Lorna Tracy from 1991 until Silkin’s death in 1997, and was also secretary to the Stand Magazine Support Trust. He continues to be associated with the magazine.

Rodney Pybus has held various fellowships and residencies during his career, including an Arts Council Creative Writing Fellowship at Great Connard Upper School (1982-1984), an Arts Council Residency at Parkside Community College and Homerton Teacher’s College, Cambridge (1985), Eastern Arts Council Residencies at Fulbourn Hospital, Cambridge (1989 and 1990), and a Scottish Arts Council Writer in Schools Residency in 1990. He has given public readings of his poetry widely in the UK and overseas.


The books, published between 1774 and 1847, are primarily in French, and are examples of Romance literature. Subjects include troubadours, Provence and Provencal poetry.

Robin Skelton papers

Robin Skelton (1925-1997) was a British born academic, writer, poet and anthologist. He was born in Yorkshire and studied at the University of Leeds. He was an authority on Irish literature.

Robert Southey (Brotherton Collection)

Robert Nichols, autograph manuscript of "Aurelia"

Robert Nichols (1893-1944), the poet and playwright. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

Robert Southey, correspondence, literary manuscripts and printed works

Robert Southey (1774-1843), poet and man of letters, was expelled from Westminster School for a protest against flogging, but proceeded in 1792 to Balliol College, Oxford, where he pursued his studies without interference and began 'Joan of Arc'. He was visited there by Coleridge and converted by him to unitarianism and pantisocracy. He was twice married, first to Edith Fricker, who died in 1837, then in 1839 to Caroline Bowles. After visiting Spain and Portugal he settled at Keswick, where he remained and wrote extensively. He became poet laureate in 1813 and was friendly with Wordsworth. For a full assessment of his life and work see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Robert Spence, 1905-1976, papers and correspondence

Robert Spence was born in South Shields and educated at local schools and Durham University where he began his research career on oxidation reactions. After three years as a Commonwealth Fund Fellow at Princeton University, 1928-1931, he was appointed Lecturer in Physical Chemistry at Leeds University. He served during the Second World War as Chemical Warfare Adviser to the RAF. In July 1945 he joined the atomic research team in Montreal to lay the foundations for plutonium and fission product separation processes, becoming team leader in January 1946, playing an important part in the design of a chemical separation plant for the UK atomic energy programme and preparing staff and buildings for the opening of the research division at Harwell. Spence was head of the Chemistry Division from 1946, and was appointed Chief Chemist in 1948, Deputy Director in 1960 and Director, 1964-1968. In 1968 Spence accepted an invitation from the University of Kent at Canterbury to go there as Professor of Applied Chemistry and Master of Keynes College, retiring in 1973. He was elected FRS in 1959.

Roberts Collection

A substantial collection of English poetry of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

Romany Collection (Brotherton Collection)

One of the outstanding resources in the United Kingdom for the study of Gypsies and Travellers. Originally assembled by Lord Brotherton's niece-in-law, Dorothy Una Ratcliffe (Mrs McGrigor Phillips), and presented to the Library in 1950, the Collection is still actively developed. Its major strength is in the classic British and other European works of Romany scholarship of the 19th and early 20th centuries, although more recent works in many languages are comprehensively collected. These are complemented by less specialised accounts of Gypsy life, biographies of Gypsies, travel works with Gypsy reference and literary works dealing with Gypsy subjects (such as the works of George Borrow) dating from the Renaissance to the 20th century. Rare items include texts in Russian and Moravian Romany. A varied collection of music, letters, manuscripts, play-bills, pictures, engravings and other objects relating to the Gypsy culture supports the printed material.

Ronald Firbank, autograph manuscript of 'The Wind & The Roses'

(Arthur Annesley) Ronald Firbank (1886-1926), the novelist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

Russell Mortimer Quaker research collection

Russell Mortimer (1914-2004), librarian, member of the Society of Friends, and Quaker historian, spent almost all of his professional life in the service of Leeds University Library, which he first joined in 1938 and from where he retired (as Senior Sub-Librarian) in 1979. He researched and published on the history of Quakers in Bristol (from where he graduated BA and MA), but his greatest energies went into preserving and studying the surviving archives of Friends in Yorkshire. What are now known as the Carlton Hill [Leeds] and Clifford Street [York] archives make up the bulk of the very extensive collection of Yorkshire Quaker archives now held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library. Russell Mortimer devoted his retirement to organising these archives and seeing to their indexing. He was for many years one of the editors of the 'Journal of the Friends' Historical Society'. Together with his wife Jean he published an edition of 'Leeds Friends' Minute Book, 1692-1712' (1980).

Rudyard Kipling, related items

For fuller details of the life and achievements of Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), the writer and poet, see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

Russell Stanley Mortimer correspondence and papers

Ruthven Todd correspondence and papers relating to William Blake

Ruthven Campbell Todd, Scottish poet, writer and expert on Blake, was born in 1914 and educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh. After a period of uncertainty, he decided to enter the literary world, supporting a young family with his earnings as an advertiser's copy-writer and writer of poetry and fiction. A conscientious objector, he continued thus in various localities during the war. Other novels and books of poems followed until he left England for good in 1947 for the United States and then, in 1958, Mallorca, where he died in 1978.

Robert M.Dawson Collection

Robert [Bob] M. Dawson was a non-Gypsy/Traveller who developed a keen interest in Gypsies and Travellers during his youth in Bingley, (Yorkshire). He became the youngest member of the Gypsy Lore Society when he joined and wrote articles for its journal. He went on to study at Bradford Technical College and later became a journalist reporting for local press (Craven Herald and the Telegraph & Argus - where he became a specialist crime reporter). He then went onto re-train to become a teacher and then head teacher before finally retiring.
Throughout his working life and retirement he has been and continues to be a writer and activist championning the heritage and campaigns of Gypsy and Traveller communities; through his involvement with the Derbyshire Gypsy Liaison Group, writing educational resources for children (he was awarded a lifetime achievement by the National Federation of Gypsy Liaison Groups) and as ongoing president of the Romany and Traveller Family History Society (2017).

Rudolf Laban Collection compiled by Dick McCaw

Royal Commisssion on the Distribution of Income and Wealth, related papers

The Royal Commisssion on the Distribution of Income and Wealth was set up by the Labour Government in 1974 under the chairmanship of Lord Diamond and its findings were published during the following years up to 1980.

Rosalie de Meric Archive

Rosalie de Meric was an artist and teacher. She was married to the poet Thomas Blackburn from 1945 - 1960, and was the mother of Julia Blackburn.

Rosamund Marriott Watson, autograph manuscript poem 'A ruined altar'

Rosamund Marriott Watson (1863-1911) was a poet who sometimes wrote under the pseudonym Graham R. Tomson.

Rossetti Family correspondence

For a full account and assessment of the lives and achievements of various members of the Rossetti Family see the 'Dictionary of National Biography' under their respective names.

Roy Fuller Archive

Roy (Broadbent) Fuller (1912-1991), the poet, was born in Failsworth, Lancashire, educated at Blackpool High School, and later qualified as a solicitor. He joined the Woolwich Equitable Building Society in 1938 and became one of its directors in 1969. He was legal adviser to and vice-president of the Building Societies Association, and at one time a governor of the BBC. His lectures as Oxford Professor of Poetry (1968-1973) were published under the titles 'Owls and artificers' (London, 1971) and 'Professors and gods' (London, 1974). He received the CBE and the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1970, and was chairman of both the Literature Panel of the Arts Council and the Poetry Book Society. Besides numerous volumes of poetry, Fuller also published eight novels, eight children's books, and three volumes of memoirs.

Ronald Blythe, pre-publication text of anthology 'Each returning day : the pleasure of diaries', with a related letter

Ronald Blythe (1922-), the British writer, lives in north-east Essex. His writings include works of fiction, such as 'A treasonable growth', 1960, social history, such as 'The age of illusion', 1963, edited anthologies, such as 'Aldeburgh anthology', 1972, and this present work 'Each returning day: the pleasure of diaries', 1989 (also published in the same year as 'The Penguin book of diaries', and in America as 'The pleasures of diaries').

Robert Jowitt and Sons Limited, Business Archive

Robert Jowitt and Sons Limited, of 153 Sunbridge Road, Bradford, were wool merchants, top makers, wool combers, wool scourers, carbonisers and fell mongers, established in 1776.

Reginald Francis Brown papers

Reginald Francis Brown was Professor of Spanish at the University of Leeds, 1953-1975.

Reg Carr Collection

Reg Carr (b. 1946) was Leeds University Librarian and Dean of Information Strategy, 1986-1996.

Rev George Hall Collection

The Reverend George Hall (1863-1918) was rector of the parish of Ruckland, Lincolnshire, England. As a member of the Gypsy Lore Society, he contributed articles to its Journal based on his own primary research, spoke a Romany language and wrote the autobiographical "The Gypsy's Parson: His Experiences and Adventures" (1915) . He travelled and used a network of correspondents to research and gather information to compile a number of pedigrees (family trees) on Gypsy and Traveller Families in the UK.

[He is often referred to by the Romany term 'Rye/Rai' or variations of this; which was often used as a greeting for (non- Gypsy Traveller) scholars of Gypsy and Traveller related studies at the time].

Review [The Review] magazine, correspondence and literary papers associated with the magazine including material relating to its symposium 'The State of Poetry'.

'The Review' was one of the most successful British literary 'little magazines' devoted to poetry and enjoyed a ten-year period of publication from 1962 to 1972, edited by the poet Ian Hamilton. Its focus was contemporary English and American poetry. It was succeeded in 1974 by 'The New Review'.

Richard III Collection

A collection of works on the life and times of Richard III, king of England (1452-1485), including history, biography and historical novels and plays, at all levels from scholarly academic works to sensational pulp fiction. The collection was formed by Reg Carr (born 1946), formerly University Librarian at Leeds.

Red Ladder Theatre Collection

Red Ladder is a highly regarded radical theatre company with 49 years of history. Founded in 1968, the company is acknowledged as one of Britain’s leading national touring companies producing new theatre, contributing to social change and global justice. It started as a collective of theatre makers making street theatre in 1968 – most notably joining the anti-Vietnam War protests in Grosvenor Square led by Vanessa Redgrave. Since that time the company has been an important influence on British political theatre and indeed the wider theatre industry. Notable artists who began their career with Red Ladder include Michael Attenborough, Rona Munro, Meera Syal, Chris Reason, Jenny Sealey, David Edgar. The current artistic director of The Bush, Madani Younis started his career at Director of Asian Theatre School, a Red Ladder project. The company moved to Leeds in 1973 where it sits beside the mainstream theatres in the city. Born into an era of riots, demonstrations and revolts, Red Ladder continues to fight, to entertain, and to agitate in as equal measures as possible. Its archive is therefore extremely important to the history of theatre nationally and especially to the city of Leeds where, as a radical theatre company, it is unique.

Rayner Heppenstall, literary manuscripts, journals, press cuttings, and correspondence

(John) Rayner Heppenstall (1911-1981), the novelist, poet, critic, BBC producer, and criminal historian, was born in Lockwood, Huddersfield, on 27 July 1911 and educated at Huddersfield College and Leeds University, where he graduated in Modern Languages in 1932, and obtained a Diploma in Education in 1933. After a brief period teaching in Dagenham, he moved to London to start a career as a freelance writer and critic. Here he met many other writers and wrote most of his published poetry before the outbreak of the Second World War. After war service in Yorkshire and Northern Ireland, he joined the BBC as a features writer and drama producer, mainly for the Third Programme. Most of his novels were written during this period. In 1967 he became a freelance writer again and moved with his wife, Margaret, to Deal, Kent in 1974. Here he translated from French, wrote further novels, and developed an interest in criminal history. He died on 23 May 1981. His journal, which he had kept for many years, was edited after his death by Jonathan Goodman and published as 'The Master Eccentric' in 1986.

Robert Louis Stevenson, correspondence and literary manuscripts

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), author and traveller, was the son of Thomas Stevenson of Edinburgh and entered Edinburgh University in 1867 as the pupil of Fleeming Jenkin. After abandoning the study of engineering and law he began to travel widely. Though very ill he wrote stories and essays, and in 1880 married Mrs Osbourne. He established his position as an author with 'The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' and 'Kidnapped' in 1886. After further travels in the Pacific he died suddenly from a brain haemorrhage and was buried on Mount Vaea. For a full assessment of his life and work see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

R. V. Marriner Limited, Business Archive

R.V. Marriner Limited, of Greengate Mills, Keighley, were worsted spinners and manufacturers. The company was originally established c.1784 as Watson, Blacky, Smith and Greenwood, cotton spinners. It later became William Marriner, 1784-1808, B. and W. Marriner, 1808-1888, Marriner Son and Naylor, 1888-1908, and finally R.V. Marriner Limited, 1908. The firm gave up loom weaving in 1837 and concentrated on worsted spinning.

Greengate Mill was built in 1874 at the height of the cotton spinning boom. By the late nineteenth century Marriner's concentrated primarily on the production of knitting wools for the home and foreign markets.

In 1922 Marriner's advertised the fact that they span 'all classes of hosiery and hand-knitting yarns in botany, crossbred, camel-hair etc.' Their speciality was the production of yarns for 'sports-coats, scarves, etc.'

See J. Hodgson, Textile Manufacture, and other Industries, in Keighley (1879), pp. 52-5.

Ralph Abercrombie correspondence

Lascelles Abercrombie M.A. was born in 1881, and was the sixth son of William Abercrombie of Cheshire. He was educated at Malvern College, and at the Victoria University, Manchester; his education was chiefly scientific. He soon became well-known as a poet and a man of letters. From 1919-22 he was Lecturer in Poetry at the University of Liverpool, leaving there to become the Professor of English Literature at the University of Leeds, where he stayed until 1929 when he left to take up a professorship at the University of London.

Ralph Miliband Archive

Ralph Miliband, a notable political theorist, Marxist and socialist, was born in Brussels of Polish Jewish parents in 1924. By the time he was 15, he was a member of the radical-socialist Jewish youth organisation, Hashomer Hatzair, and he had already read the Communist Manifesto. Yet, in retrospect he thought he had not been particularly politically conscious in his youth. In May 1940, when he was 16, Miliband fled Brussels with his father to England, as Hitler’s army was invading Belgium. In England he changed his name from Adolphe to Ralph. He continued his education in London, and was admitted to the London School of Economics in 1941. Between June 1943 and January 1946 Miliband did war service at the Royal Navy. Then in 1947 he graduated with first-class honours from the Department of Government at the LSE. In 1949 he was appointed Assistant Lecturer in Political Science at the LSE. He obtained a doctorate for a thesis entitled "Popular thought in the French Revolution, 1789-1794” from the University of London in 1956. Miliband subsequently became a Senior Lecturer at the LSE, and continued teaching there until 1972. During his teaching career he mainly taught modern political thought, social and political theory and a graduate course in political sociology. In 1972 he was appointed Professor of Politics and Head of the Department of Politics at the University of Leeds, a position which he kept until 1978, although for the academic session 1977-1978 he worked as a Visiting Professor at the Brandeis University in Massachusetts. After leaving the University of Leeds, he lectured at Brandeis University during autumn semesters, and continued to do research in London for the rest of the year. He also gave several guest lectures at universities in Europe and North America. During his own studies at the LSE, Miliband had been immensely influenced by Harold Laski, whom he regarded as "a great teacher of politics”. As a teacher Miliband expected serious work and debate from his students, was known to be "an absolutely brilliant orator” and his lectures were always exceptionally popular.

After 1956, following the publication of The Reasoner within the British Communist Party by Edward Thompson and John Saville, Miliband became directly involved in the British New Left movement. In Thompson and Saville he found true political allies with whom to advance the socialist project. In 1964 Miliband and Saville founded the Socialist Register, an annual collection of important scholarly articles in socialism (an offshoot of the New Left Review). He continued editing the Register with Saville, and for the final ten years with Leo Panitch, for 30 years until his death in 1994. The criterion for articles included in the Register, as he sets out in a letter to John Saville (SR/7), was "interest, excellence of argument, and the degree to which an essay pushes things forward”. His first book Parliamentary Socialism (1961), a strong critique of the Labour Party with a historical account since 1900, proved enormously influential. His other major works include The State in Capitalist Society (1969), Marxism and Politics (1977), Capitalist Democracy in Britain (1982), Class Power and State Power (1983), Divided Societies: Class Struggle in Contemporary Capitalism (1989) and Socialism for a Sceptical Age (1994). Miliband’s contributions to Marxist scholarship can be summed up as one of the tributes at his death described him as "the leading Marxist political scientist in the English-speaking world”. He incorporated other approaches to his Marxist theorisation to make it accessible to non-Marxist intellectual community. In 1961 Miliband married Marion Kozak, and they had two sons, David and Edward. See the biography by Michael Newman Ralph Miliband and the politics of the New Left and the entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Rayner Heppenstall book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Rayner Heppenstall

Richard Platt (musicologist) Archive

Reginald Dawson Preston correspondence and papers

Professor Reginald Dawson Preston, the biophysicist, was born in Leeds on 21 July 1908. He spent all of his academic career at Leeds University apart from a one-year Rockefeller Foundation fellowship at Cornell University. He graduated from Leeds with first class honours in Physics before taking a Ph.D. in the Department of Botany. He was then appointed Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in the latter department in 1935, was promoted to Lecturer in 1938, to Reader in Plant Biophysics in 1948, and to Professor of Plant Biophysics in 1962. In the early years of his career, he had collaborated with Professor W.T. Astbury and, following Astbury's death, the Plant Biophysics group of Preston was joined with the Biomolecular Structure group of Astbury to form the Astbury Department of Biophysics, with Preston as its first head. He was recognised as an international authority on the molecular structure of plant cell walls and other physical aspects of plant physiology and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1954. As a widely-respected elder statesman, Preston was always in demand to chair committees both within the University and elsewhere. He chaired the University Library committee and was president of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society. Preston retired from the university in 1973 and died on 3 May 2000 at the age of 91.

Robert Browning, holograph poems

Robert Browning (1782-1866), a clerk in the Bank of England, and the father of Robert Browning, the poet and dramatist.

RJC Dance

RJC Dance was founded in 1993 by three of the original members of Phoenix Dance Theatre, David (Leo) Hamilton, Donald Edwards, and Edward Lynch. RJC Dance's work comes from a Black British perspective, and is committed to developing and promoting a new Black British choreographic language, this can be seen in its title: 'R' which stands for Reggae, 'J' for Jazz and 'C' originally for 'Calypso' but then changed to become the contemporary dance influence. Each area was developed and nurtured by the personal dance styles of the artists involved with the company including Sigourney Robinson, Joe Williams, De Napoli Clarke and current director, Kathy Williams.

RJC Dance has a truly broad appeal to a diverse audience both culturally and socially. Reggae, Jazz and Contemporary dance styles influence the company's choreographic approach which fuses social dance forms with contemporary dance techniques. The result is a universal dance language that is familiar, entertaining and hugely accessible. Since 1993 the company has created dance works which have influenced a generation of young choreographers and dance practitioners. A professional dance company that toured nationally and internationally from its base at The Northern School of Contemporary Dance (NSCD) in Chapeltown in 2003.

RJC’s performances are about communication, with distinctive dance works created from a Black British perspective, expressing and celebrating the multicultural society in which we live. The Company’s work has a real aesthetic as it pivots on historical, cultural and social dance forms fused with contemporary dance techniques. RJC is distinguished by its combination of exciting, technically accomplished dancers who are rigorous and inspiring teachers.

From 2006 RJC Dance moved to the Mandela Centre in Chapeltown, Leeds and the company now is committed to developing its extensive programme of education and community outreach work, and a creative method that integrates performance by young people in productions. RJC’s youth dance company Shahck-Out Too! is highly acclaimed for producing work of great artistic quality and dynamic energy.

Robert Clough (Keighley) Limited, Business Archive

Robert Clough (Keighley) Limited, of Grove Mills, Keighley, were worsted spinners and manufacturers, established in 1800.

Richard Whiddington correspondence and papers

Richard Whiddington was born in London and educated at the William Ellis School, Highgate and St John's College, Cambridge where he read for the Natural Sciences Tripos specialising in physics. He began research at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge in 1908 and was appointed Demonstrator there the following year. He was elected to a Fellowship at St John's College in 1911. During the First World War he worked at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough on radio telegraphy and telephony research and design. After the war he moved to Leeds University as Cavendish Professor of Physics, 1919-1951. He was seconded to government service for the whole of the Second World War, working with the Admiralty Scientific Service on the development of radar equipment for the Navy and then for the Ministry of Supply as Deputy Director of Scientific Research. His successor as Cavendish Professor was E. C. Stoner. He was elected FRS in 1926.

Robert Kitson papers

Robert Kitson was the son of G.H. Kitson of Elmet Hall, Roundhay, Leeds. The Kitson family business was locomotive engineering, but Robert Kitson became an artist (mainly in the medium of watercolour), exhibiting regularly at the Leeds Fine Arts Club, the Royal Academy, and the Society of British Artists. He was a pupil and friend of Alfred East, R.A., and it was through East that he met Sir Frank Brangwyn and became his friend and patron, commissioning a number of works, most notably the mosaic cycle for the apse of St. Aidan's Church in Roundhay. For health reasons, Kitson settled in Sicily and designed his own villa, the Casa Cuseni in Taormina, which he was forced to abandon after the outbreak of the Second World War. He returned there shortly before his death in 1947. He bequeathed Casa Cuseni to his niece Daphne Phelps. The villa now house a museum of fine art dedicated to Kitson.

Ripon Cathedral Medieval Manuscripts

The present Ripon Cathedral is the fourth ecclesiastical building to occupy the site, the first having been founded by St. Wilfred in 672. The minster became a cathedral in 1836, when the the diocese of Ripon (which covered an area from Leeds to Teesside) was created.

Robert Aspin Freeman notebooks and papers

Robert Aspin Freeman, fl.1875-1940, was a linguist and writer on languages, with particular interests in Icelandic and Egyptian languages and scripts.

Ripon Cathedral Manuscript Fragments

Ricketts, Charles Autograph letter to A.J.A. Symons, Townshend House

Ripon Cathedral library

The library of Ripon Cathedral contains many rare and valuable early printed books including a number of incunabula. The books naturally focus on religious matters and include liturgies, Bibles, service books, doctrinal texts, discussions of the Old and New Testaments and religious philosophy.

Ripon Cathedral (Dean and Chapter) Archive

The present Ripon Cathedral is the fourth ecclesiastical building to occupy the site, the first having been founded by St. Wilfred in 672. The minster became a cathedral in 1836, when the the diocese of Ripon (which covered an area from Leeds to Teesside) was created.



Works of literature published from the 17th to the 19th centuries. 19th century works are particularly well represented, and include some minor novels not readily available elsewhere. Among the 17th and 18th century works are very early editions of works by Lope de Vega, Góngora, Quevedo, Calderón, Tirso de Molina and many others. There is an interesting selection of editions of 'Don Quijote', including a Dutch translation of 1657 and some 19th century English translations by Jarvis with fine coloured illustrations. The earliest work in the collection is the 1541, very rare, first edition of the 'Crónica de España' edited by Florián de Ocampo (other early editions of the Chronicle are in the Brotherton Collection). The collection is complemented by Spanish works in other sections of Special Collections: the Brotherton Collection Foreign section, 16th-18th centuries, includes some early editions of Spanish literary texts, and the literature section of the Brotherton Collection has a good number of early translations of well-known Spanish literary works (a dozen 17th and 18th century translations of Quevedo, for example).

South Bank Show Production Archive

The South Bank Show is a television arts magazine show, produced by ITV between 1978 and 2010 which brought both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. The South Bank Show was conceived, written and presented by former BBC arts broadcaster Lord Melvyn Bragg, Chancellor of the University of Leeds.

Special Collections Case

Special Collections Reading Room

Sophie Hannah Archive

Sophie Hannah (neé Geras), poet and novelist, was born in 1971 in Manchester. She was educated at the University of Manchester and published her first book of poems, 'The Hero and the Girl Next Door', at the age of 24 in 1995. Her first novel, Little Face, was published in 2006.

Hannah is best known for her crime fiction, which, as of 2017 had been published in 32 languages and 51 territories. Her books include Little Face (Hodder & Stoughton, 2006); Hurting Distance (Hodder, 2007);
The Point of Rescue (Hodder, 2008); The Other Half Lives (Hodder, 2009); A Room Swept White (Hodder, 2010); Lasting Damage (Hodder, 2011); Kind of Cruel (Hodder, 2012); The Carrier (Hodder, 2013); The Orphan Choir (Hammer, 2013); The Telling Error (Hodder, 2014); The Monogram Murders (2014); A Game for All the Family (Hodder & Stoughton, 2015); The Narrow Bed (Hodder, 2016) and Closed Casket (2016)

Hannah has also published five books of poetry, and several short story collections.


Books date from the middle of the 18th century up to 1972. The journals in this collection include several issues of 'The Sporting Calendar' and various editions of a journal listing horse races in England and Wales, both of these titles dating from the middle of the 18th century. Subjects include sport dictionaries, fishing, cricket and card games.

Smallwood (Brotherton Collection)

Social Policy

Works relating to British social policy from the late 19th to the early 20th century. The collection focuses particularly on the conditions of the British working class during the 19th century. Other works in the collection deal more generally with the British economic condition, including health surveys, cemeteries and sanitation.

Stair and Company Collection

Stair and Company Limited was originally set up in 1911 as Stair and Andrew Limited by Arthur Stair and Valentine Andrew. The two men had met at the furniture makers Waring and Gillow. Stair and Andrew opened a branch in New York in 1914. In the late 1930s the company traded as Pratt and Stair Incorporated in New York. Alistair, Arthur's son, joined the firm in 1935. After WW2 the company traded as Stair and Company and were 50% owned by the collector Jules C. Stein from 1952. During the 1970s The Incurable Collector was a subsidiary arm of Stair and Co specialising in oil paintings, lighting fixtures and decorative furniture in the USA. By this time the company had offices in London, New York and Palm Beach. Stair and Co acquired R. L. Harrington, formerly known as Christy's of Kent in 1968. David Murdock, the Los Angeles financier bought the firm in 1981. Stair and Co closed in September 2004.

Society for the Study of Theology Archive

The British Society for the Study of Theology was founded in 1952. A scholary organisation, it encourages the investigation and discussion of Christian theology to produce high quality research. The Society promotes the practical application of theological thought in the contemporary world. In 1998 it changed its name to the Society for the Study of Theology. An annual conference is the Society's principal activity. Each conference takes a theme of current interest to theologians.

Society of Friends Collection

Quaker history and biography. Includes long runs of the Annual Monitor (Quaker obituaries), the Journal of the Friends Historical Society, and the proceedings of London Yearly Meeting.

Society of Friends Peace Committee related papers and other peace movements collected by Joseph Sturge

Joseph Sturge was the son of Joseph Sturge, the prominent Quaker philanthropist, abolitionist and social reformer. He pursued many of the same causes as his father.


Works dating mainly from the early 19th century, though the overall span of dates ranges from 1753 through to modern times. Subjects include poverty, population, prisons, the working class, crime and vital statistics. In addition, some political and religious subjects are covered.

Sydney Matthewman, small press poetry by or associated with Matthewman or published by the Swan Press.

Sydney Matthewman (1902-?), poet and printer, established the Swan Press in Leeds in the 1920s. He later moved it to London. The Swan Press published poets from Yorkshire and the north of England.

Swainson Collection

English poetry, mostly of the late twentieth century, collected by Leeds graduate Bill Swainson, who has worked for various publishing companies as an editor.

Strong Room books

The Strong Room books collection takes its name from the secure room where these early, often rare and valuable, books were originally kept. The collection is divided into two parts, one for books printed in England, the other (about three-quarters of the total) for books printed abroad. The earliest book in the collection is dated 1474, the latest 1885. There are 18 incunabula, and well over half the books were printed before 1600. There is range both of subjects and languages. Theology and spirituality feature strongly, and there are 49 Bibles including several polyglot ones. History, literature, natural history, geography and travel, and dictionaries are also well represented. About half the books are in Latin, some 260 in English, some 130 in Italian and some 84 in French, while fewer are in Ancient Greek, Hebrew, Spanish and German.


The great majority of the books are in Swedish and were published after 1900. The earliest book in the collection dates from 1755, and some 36 were published between 1800 and 1850. Included are some 130 academic dissertations in Swedish, covering various subjects, especially Swedish language. The collection continues to be developed, including language, literature, history and bibliography.

Swinburne (Brotherton Collection)

Works by and about Algernon Charles Swinburne.

Small School, literary papers and correspondence concerning the publication of the poetry anthology 'Learning by Heart', edited by Satish Kumar, together with a copy of the published work

The Small School was founded in 1982 in Hartland, Devon, by Satish Kumar, an Indian peace campaigner and former Jain monk, admirer of Gandhi and Bertrand Russell. In 1973 Kumar had settled in England and, the following year, had been asked to become editor of the periodical 'Resurgence', which advocated the ideas of the economist E.F. Schumacher. After Schumacher's death, Kumar established the Movement for Education on a Human Scale and Schumacher College. These projects, as well as the Small School, represented Kumar's ideal for real autonomy and local control in education. Since then the 'small school' has been replicated in many parts of Britain. They are secondary schools for children aged 11-16 which bring into their curricula ecological and spiritual values. Kumar has also written numerous books on ecological and philosophical subjects, besides his autobiography, 'Path without Destination' (1999), and has been the subject of a biography by the editor of 'Green Review' (South Korea), Jong-Chul Kim, 'Satish Kumar and his Life of Reverence'. Kumar has been honoured for his work with Honorary Doctorates in Education from the University of Plymouth in 2000 and in Literature from the University of Lancaster in July 2001, and with the Jamnalal Bajaj International Award for Promoting Gandhian Values Abroad in November 2001.

Stephen Chaplin papers

Stephen Chaplin, artist and art historian, studied at the Slade School and the Courtauld Institute of Art. He taught at the Leeds College of Art from 1961 to 1966, and at the University of Leeds from 1966 to 1991. After moving to London, he became Archivist to the Slade in 1993 and published 'A Slade School of Fine Art archive reader' in 1998.

Stephen Chaplin Collection

Stephen Chaplin (born 1934) studied at the Slade Art School and the Courtauld Institute, then taught at the Leeds College of Art from 1961 to 1966, and at the University of Leeds from 1966 to 1991, In 1993 he returned to the Slade as its archivist.

His print collection covers art history (including exhibition catalogues), practical art techniques and art education.

Stan Barstow book collection

Copies of works by Stan Barstow, in various languages.

Stan Barstow Archive

Stan Barstow, the Yorkshire novelist and playwright, was born in 1928 in the West Riding of Yorkshire as the only son of a coal miner. He attended Ossett Grammar School and left at sixteen to join a local engineering firm. He started writing in the 1950s, and had some short stories broadcast by the BBC. His first published work was the short story 'The Search for Tommy Flynn' in 1957. An unpublished novel in 1956 was followed by 'A Kind of Loving' in 1960. This was a major success, and was made into a film. Since then he has been a full time writer, his output including eleven novels, three books of short stories, TV and radio scripts, and plays. His autobiography, 'In My Own Good Time', was published in October 2001. His books have been translated into several languages, and are widely read in schools. He is an honorary MA of the Open University.

Stancliffe family of North Yorkshire Archive

The Stancliffe Family owned property in Yorkshire (notably Sion House at Thirsk) and in Macclesfield.

Stand Magazine Archive

This collection represents the archives of Jon Silkin's Stand magazine, from early days in London from 1952 to 1957, through its relaunch from Leeds in 1960 and move to Newcastle in 1965, through to its return to Leeds in 1999. The largest sections of the archive comprise business records and other materials relating to the magazine as a whole; production files (typescripts, dummies, proofs, etc.) relating to individual issues of the magazine from 1952 to 1998; and correspondence between 'Stand' editors, contributors and readers. There are papers relating to the involvement of 'Stand' editors in the 1965 Edinburgh Fringe Festival; and the 'Stand' anthology, 'Poetry of the Committed Individual', published in 1973.

The collection also includes several smaller accruals.

Stanley Martin Archive

Stanley Martin took a science degree at the University of Leeds. Later he worked in the admissions department at Leeds General Hospital and at the Queens Hotel in Leeds. Martin became very interested in The Troubles in Northern Ireland. Over several decades he collected books and newspaper cuttings about the conflict and made his own notes about people and events on both sides. He died c.2009.

Stamps, including postage stamps and revenue-stamps, and stamp catalogues, collected by William Denison Roebuck

William Denison Roebuck (1851-1919) was a distinguished amateur naturalist, who was a founder member of the Leeds Shell Club in 1876. This society evolved into the Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland and the Yorkshire Conchological Society, which affiliated to the Yorkshire Naturalists Union. An obituary notice by J.W. Taylor appeared in the 'Journal of conchology', vol.16, 1919, pp.37-39

Spender, Stephen to Seaborne, E. A.

Science Fiction

Works of science fiction, published from 1899 onwards. The collection, which illustrates the history and development of the science fiction genre, is particularly notable for its science fiction magazines. Authors include Brian Aldiss, Isaac Asimov, James Blish, Ray Bradbury, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Arthur C Clarke, Robert Heinlein, Anne McCaffrey and Michael Moorcock.

Science (Brotherton Collection)

Works from the period 1600 to 1750, covering a wide variety of early scientific subjects, including zoology, astronomy, medicine, religion and science, physics, mathematics, chemistry and natural history. This collection also contains early works on magnetism, monsters, and melancholy. The collection contains works on notable scientific figures, such as Galen and Isaac Newton, and the philosopher René Descartes.

Science Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)

Science, early

Books and journals dating from the 16th century onwards, covering many different aspects of the sciences. The subjects covered range from general works on the major types of science, such as chemistry, physics and botany, to works which deal with much more specific subjects such as occultism, inventions, works on civilisations, beer, and horses. The periodicals held within this collection include copies of 'Memoirs of Science and the Arts', 'Scientific Memoirs', and 'Communications to the Board of Agriculture', all dating from the late 18th century.

Science, later (Brotherton Collection)

Later science books complement the Brotherton Collection's section of Early science books: it covers the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, though the majority of the books were published in the 19th century. A number of subjects are represented, but only natural history is covered in any substantial way. There are, in particular, editions of works by Darwin, Buffon and Waterton, and there is a particular emphasis on ornithology.

Science, general

19th-century volumes relating to various aspects of science, most notably natural history and philosophy. It features several multi-volume works - Humboldt's 'Cosmos', John Playfair's 'Works', Polehampton's 'Gallery of nature and art' and d'Orbigny's 'Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle'.


Includes musical scores of Franz Schubert and a wide range of works about him dating from the mid-19th century to the present. It has been generously assembled for the Library by the Schubert Institute (UK) and is founded on the personal library of the Schubert scholar Maurice Brown. Brown's Schubert-related correspondence and other manuscripts are also present.


Works which date from the early 18th century up to the present day, dealing with many different aspects of Scandinavian language, literature, and culture. Some of the countries represented in this collection include Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Iceland. This spread of countries is reflected in the variety of languages in the collection, most of the works being in either Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English or German. Subjects include Norse mythology, German language dictionaries, folklore, works on individual Scandinavian authors (particularly Hans Christian Andersen), runes and runic inscription, Scandinavian antiquities, Danish language dictionaries, Scandinavian history and philology. This collection also contains a small number of works on subjects such as Scandinavian agriculture, Danish law, and more modern works on aspects of Scandinavian history such as the Vikings. This collection contains periodicals, such as 'Scandinavian Review', and 'Aländsk Odling'.

S. Tempest and Company, Business Archive

S. Tempest and Co were established in 1906 at Laisteridge Lane and later moved to 57 Park Lane, Bradford. The company manufactured gym frocks, blouses, dresses and womens' overalls. It was a partnership between Squire Tempest and Arthur McIntyre. The partnership was dissolved in October 1925.

Small School book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Small School

Safe (Brotherton Collection)

The safe collection is an artifical gathering of rare printed books and individual manuscripts.

Samuel Cockroft and Company Limited, Business Archive

Samuel Cockcroft and Company Limited, of Barkerend Mills, Bradford, were worsted spinners, established in 1852.

Samuel Lodge Collection

Samuel Lodge Junior was a medical practitioner from Bradford, who was involved in work on anthrax, also known as 'woolsorter's disease'.

Source: James F Stark, The Making of Modern Anthrax, 1875-1920: Uniting Local, National and Global Histories of Disease (Routledge, London: 2016).

Scrapbooks and cuttings

This artificial collection reflect individual and small groups of scrapbooks, programmes, press cuttings and autograph books accessioned in Special Collections. Similar material will be commonplace within larger named archive collections.

School Natural Science Society Archive

The School Natural Science Society was originally founded as the School Nature Study Union in 1903 by Miss K.M. Hall and the Rev. Claude Hinscliff to encourage the study of biology and nature in schools. Its name and constitution were amended in 1963. Its executive committee met several times every year until it ceased to function in 1994. The Society published the journal 'Natural Science in Schools', which was originally entitled 'School Nature Study Journal'.

Sir Denis and Lady Patricia Barnes (née Abercrombie) Archive

Sir Denis Charles Barnes (1914–1992) was a civil servant and industrial relations expert. He was permanent secretary of the Department of Employment from 1966 – 1973. His book (written with Eileen Reid), Government and Trade Unions, was published in 1980. Barnes was made CB in 1964 and KCB in 1967. For more information see Dictionary of National Biography entry.

Lady Patricia Barnes (née Abercrombie) (1917 – 2003) was a novelist who wrote under the name P. B. Abercrombie. She published eight novels between 1955 and 1972. Her most critically and commercially successful novel was 'The Little Difference' (London : Victor Gollancz, 1959). She was a niece of Lascelles Abercrombie.

Denis Barnes and Patricia Abercrombie married in 1938.

Sir Andrew Agnew, two satirical poems and a hymn

Sir Andrew Agnew (1793-1849) was born at Kinsale, Ireland, as the seventh baronet of Lochnaw, and educated partly privately and partly at the University of Edinburgh. In 1830 he became M.P. for Wigtonshire and in 1832 took charge of the then growing Sabbath movement through the 'Lord's Day Society'. On several occasions he introduced a bill in parliament which would have prohibited all open labour on Sunday, excepting works of necessity and mercy, but it never passed through committee and was eventually dropped entirely when Sir Andrew failed to be re-elected to parliament in 1837. He continued to advocate his cause in a private capacity and engaged in many of the other religious and philanthropic movements of the time until his premature death in 1849 of scarlet fever.

Skelton and Wells Leeds wine merchant, Business Archive

The Leeds Directory for 1817 contains an entry for Skelton & Wells, wine merchants, at premises in Albion Street in Leeds. In 1860 Thomas Casson bought the business from Frank Richardson & Co, and Skelton & Wells are named as their predecessors. Later owners of the business included John Lupton & Son (in Gascoigne Street) and Cairns & Hickey (in Blenheim Terrace).


Works cover a variety of subjects connected with Russia. The printed works date from 1736 up until 1995, but the majority of the books date from the early 20th century. The earlier works mostly cover aspects of Russian language. The collection contains early examples of polyglot dictionaries, English to Russian dictionaries, and a Russian to German phrasebook. The later works, dating from the late 19th century and 20th century, focus more on Russia's political situation, and on Russian literature, particularly the writings of Tolstoy.

Seamus Heaney, typescript of an interview by John Haffenden, and an annotated copy of 'Station Island'.

Seamus Heaney, the Northern Irish Catholic poet, was born in Mossbawn, County Derry, in 1939 and educated at St Columb's College and Queen's University, Belfast, to which he returned after a few years schoolteaching as a lecturer in 1965. That same year he married Marie Devlin, and in 1966 published his first book of poems, 'Death of a Naturalist'. After two more collections and a year in California, he became a full-time writer in the Irish Republic. In 1984 he was appointed Boyleston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard, and in 1989 he became Professor of Poetry at Oxford. In 1995 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Simon Armitage Archive

Simon Armitage was born in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire on 26 May 1963. He was educated at Portsmouth Polytechnic (BA Hons, 1984) and the Victoria University of Manchester, where he took a certificate of qualification in social work. He went on to work as a probation officer in Oldham, and later as the poetry editor for Chatto & Windus in London. Armitage has held several academic posts, including as senior lecturer at the Writing School at Manchester Metropolitan University and Professor of Poetry at the University of Sheffield. In 2015, Armitage was appointed Professor of Poetry at Oxford University.

Armitage first taught at the University of Leeds in the early 1990s. He returned to the University in 2017, becoming Leeds first Professor of Poetry.

Armitage's first full-length collection of poetry, 'Zoom!', was published in 1989 by Bloodaxe Books. Since this time he has published numerous volumes of poetry; his twentieth collection ‘The Unaccompanied’ was published in 2017. Armitage has also written extensively for television, film and theatre and published several prose works. He has made literary, history and travel programmes for BBC Radios 3 and 4; and has written and presented a number of TV documentaries.

He is the recipient of numerous prizes and awards including the Sunday Times Young Author of the Year, one of the first Forward Prizes, a Lannan Award and the Keats- Shelley Poetry Prize. In 2012, at the 25th Hay Festival, he was presented with the Hay Medal for Poetry. Armitage won the 2017 PEN America Award for Poetry in Translation for his reworking of the medieval poem, Pearl. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the recipient of an Ivor Novello Award for song-writing, a BAFTA and a CBE for services to poetry. He is a vice president of the Poetry Society and a patron of the Arvon Foundation.

Sir Angus (McKay) Fraser Collection

Sir Angus McKay Fraser (1928-2001) was an honoured British Civil Servant who in his personal life also became a recognised authority and writer on both the life and works of George Borrow and what has become known as Romani Studies (interdisciplinary studies of Gypsies, Travellers and Roma). In 1992 he published his major work 'The Gypsies; The Peoples of Europe.'

Born in Maxwelltown, Dumfries (10 March 1928) Fraser was educated at Falkirk High School and studied Modern Languages at Glasgow University. During this time he developed an interest in the books of George Borrow (19th Century travel writer whose works often featured Gypsies, Travellers and Roma).

He was a longstanding member of the Gypsy Lore Society and became Assistant Editor for its Journal, (c.1956-1973 and again in 1991-1992 at a time when its leadership moved to the North American Chapter of the Society). He published numerous articles, a script and became a world recognised authority who was consulted by various organisations involved in projects with Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (e.g. National Geographic). In doing so, he bridged the gap between the more traditional sometimes romanticised 'Gypsylorist,' approaches of the Society's early members to more contemporary studies of the realities for many of these communities, particularly with reference to the fate of some of these communities in the Holocaust. He became part of network of world leading Romani scholars such as Thomas Acton (UK, Europe) and Ian Hancock,(USA) speaking at and attending International Conferences and contributing to Romani Studies courses/seminars and was in correspondence with a number of these contemporaries.

Throughout, Fraser also carved out a distinguished career as a civil servant (receiving a CBE in 1981 and a knighthood in 1985). Beginning in 1953 at Customs and Excise, he was later involved in the negotiations for British entry into the EEC (1960s-70s), appointed First Civil Service Commissioner, (1981) served as Chairman of Customs and Excise (1983 -1987) and lastly was Efficiency Adviser to the Prime Minister(1988-1992).
He retired in 1992 and on approaching /during his retirement he was able to devote more time to these outside interests. In 1991 he became instrumental in founding the George Borrow Society and in 1992 'The Gypsies' was published.

During his life Fraser collected a wealth of research material and original works/documents referencing Gypsies, Traveller and Roma. In doing so he appears to have consulted two key sources, George Fraser Black's "Gypsy Bibliography" and the "Leeds University Romany Catalogue," [Romany Collections of Dorothy Una Ratcliffe] with many items citing these cross references.

With an aptitude for languages he accumulated many European documents, (particularly legislation). A large number focused on Spain, possibly influenced by Borrow's "The Zincali" -("Account of the Gypsies of Spain") and Borrow's time working (for the Foreign Bible Society) and living in Spain (staying on in Seville to finalise “The Zincali.”)

Fraser was President of the Borrow Society at the time of his death in 2001.


This artificial collection reflects individual and small groups of manuscript sermons accessioned in Special Collections. Semons can also be found in larger named archival and printed book collections.


A large collection of works from the seventeenth century onwards, concerning the languages, literature, religions and culture of the Semitic peoples. Includes material in Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic, Syriac and other Semitic languages, in addition to Western-language material.

Sheppard Pamphlets

A collection of pamphlets on geology, natural history, archaeology, local history and dialect, mainly on Yorkshire. The collection was assembled by Thomas Sheppard (1876-1945), curator of Hull Museums from 1904 to 1941.

Shirley Brooks, diaries

Shirley Brooks was editor of 'Punch' from 1870 to 1874.

Siegfried Sassoon, typescript of broadcast 'A Tribute to Sir Max Beerbohm'

Siegfried Loraine Sassoon (1886-1967), the poet and prose-writer. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.


Works on shorthand and the practice of shorthand which date from between 1696 and 1957. The texts are principally in English, though there are also some examples of the practice of French shorthand.


Thompson, W. B. Collection

Educational works used in the teaching of classics in the 19th and 20th centuries. Although most of the works themselves are in either Latin or Ancient Greek, the collection also contains some translations and critical works in English. Subjects include classical literature, Greek drama, Latin poetry, ancient philosophy, Greek and Roman history. These books form the collection of W B Thompson, who worked in the University of Leeds Department of Education.

Times Literary Supplement, typescripts of poems submitted between 1962 and 1967.

The Times Literary Supplement was founded in 1902 as a supplement to the Times (London). It is a British scholarly weekly review, principally of newly published books, and is important for the completeness of its coverage. The poet Ian Hamilton was its Fiction and Poetry Editor from 1965 to 1973.


Thomas Vincent Benn correspondence and papers

Thomas Vincent Benn (20 April 1903-25 April 1997) graduated from Leeds University with an honours degree in French and English Language and Literature in 1923. He went on to be awarded a Ph.D. in 1925. In 1926 he was appointed Assistant Lecturer in the French Department and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1952. He served on several standing committees, including the Library, Masterships, Examinations, and Academic Planning, and was Sub-Dean of Arts (1950-55). He officially retired in 1968, but remained active in the affairs of the French Department afterwards, particularly in the administration of the French Students Subscription Library, which he had been involved in establishing in 1928/29.

Thomas Moult correspondence

Thomas Moult (1885-1974), the English poet, novelist, literary critic and President of the Poetry Society, 1952-1961. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.7.

Tolkien-Gordon Collection

J. R. R. Tolkien and Eric Valentine Gordon met when the latter joined the English department at the University of Leeds in 1922. Tolkien found a friend as well as a colleague in Gordon, as both shared a love of studying medieval philology. The two men worked together on an edition of 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight' (1925), which was the standard text for many years. They also collaborated on articles, book chapters and a broadcast for BBC radio. Tolkien and Gordon set up a Viking Club for Leeds undergraduates who could join them in medieval wordplay and versification. When Tolkien went to the University of Oxford, Gordon maintained the club and Tolkien continued to send drafts of songs for it. Their collaboration and friendship was maintained through the exchange of letters and academic proofs. Tolkien and Gordon and their respective families also saw each other socially. Gordon died prematurely in 1938 aged 42 which affected his friend deeply. Afterwards Tolkien continued to write to the Gordon family, particularly to Gordon's widow, Ida. She was an ex-student and philology student who had married Gordon in 1930. They had four children the eldest of whom is Bridget MacKenzie.

Thomas Kibble Hervey, The nun, a poem

Thomas Kibble Hervey (1799-1859), the poet and critic. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

Thomas Perronet Thompson correspondence and family papers

General Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783-1869) was a politician and reformer. His father was Thomas Thompson, a merchant and banker of Hull. His mother, Philothea Perronet Briggs, was related to Vincent Perronet, a Methodist and close friend of John Wesley.

Thomas Perronet Thompson served in the navy and the army and was appointed by the Crown in 1808 the first governor of Sierra Leone. On his return to England in 1822 he turned to politics. He was most active on behalf of the Anti-Corn Law League and wrote many articles and pamphlets in support of free trade.

His interests were extremely wide and included natural history, geometry, and music, as well as politics and economics. For seven years he owned the 'Westminster Review' and used it for the causes which were dear to him. At the Great Exhibition of 1851 he showed an enharmonic organ constructed according to his musical theories.

In June 1836 he entered Parliament as the member for Hull and only finally gave up his seat in 1859 after fighting for his policies whether in or out of Parliament.

Thomas Perronet Thompson married Anne Elizabeth [Nancy] Barker from York. They had three sons Thomas Perronet Edward, Charles William, and John Wycliffe all of whom had distinguished careers. The first was a lawyer, and became Recorder of Bradford. Charles William and John Wycliff were both soldiers, who served in India and elsewhere. T. P. E. Thompson's daughter was Edith Thompson who did much work in connection with the Oxford English Dictionary.

Thomas Scattergood Collection

Thomas Scattergood (1826-1900) was a surgeon, toxicologist and lecturer from Huddersfield. He began studying to become a surgeon apothecary in 1845 at the Leeds School of Medicine, which had opened in 1831. In 1846 he was appointed to the post of assistant apothecary at the Leeds General Infirmary. He continued in this post until 1850 when he obtained his MRCS and LSA qualifications.

The following year Scattergood went into general practice and also worked as an analytical chemist. The same year, he became Lecturer in Chemistry at the Leeds School of Medicine; he held various posts at the School for the next half a century. Between 1869 and 1888 he lectured in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, his expertise in this field was called on many times for forensic testing of evidence in legal cases – most notably he was involved in convicting Mary Ann Cotton for serial murder in 1873.

In addition to his work at the School, Scattergood was appointed as honorary surgeon to the Hospital for Women and Children, Leeds in 1863 until 1889. One of his key achievements was his work leading on the amalgamation of the Leeds School of Medicine with the Yorkshire College in 1884, upon which he became the first Dean of the new Faculty of Medicine.

Scattergood married Miss Haigh on 31 May 1854; they went on to have six children. Two of their sons, Arthur Kimberley and Oliver, also went on to practice medicine. Scattergood died in Leeds in February 1900.

Source: S.T. Anning & W.K.J. Walls, A History of the Leeds School of Medicine: One and a Half Centuries 1831-1981, (Leeds University Press: 1982);
British Medical Journal, ‘Obituary: Thomas Scattergood, M.R.C.S., L.S.A.’ 3 Mar 1900, 1 (2044), p. 547.

Travel Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)

Travel (Brotherton Collection)

Works on European and Mediterranean travel in the period 1600 to 1800. Many of the works are descriptions of individual countries (including Russia, Europe, Middle East, Turkey, Italy and Spain), by English travellers. Other works deal with aspects of the history of certain countries (there are, for example, a number of works on slavery) or with specific cities, such as Paris or Rome.

Travers Herford Collection

A small collection of works on Jewish history, collected by Robert Travers Herford (1860-1950), a Unitarian minister, rabbinical scholar, and librarian of Dr Williams’ Library,

Thomas Hield and Sons, Business Archive

Thomas Hield and Sons Limited, of 25 Wellington Road, Dewsbury, were exporters of carpet yarns, established in 1881. In 1914 the owners were Thomas Hield, William Donald Hield and Philip Hield.


Tony Lynes Collection

Tony Lynes (1929-2014) was a British writer and a campaigner on social security and pensions. He initially worked as a Chartered Accountant, before becoming the assistant to Professor Richard Titmuss at the London School of Economics from 1958-1965. There he worked primarily on Labour Party pension policy. From 1966-1968 Lynes was the secretary of the Child Poverty Action Group, before moving on to work for Oxfordshire social services department. He advised the Labour Secretaries of State on social security from 1974-1979. Lynes was a prolific writer on pension policy and wrote a history of the Unemployment Assistance Board entitled 'Reinventing the Dole'.

The Unemployment Assistance Board was set up in the United Kingdom in 1934. It was a government department with its own budget. The Board administered a set of means tested benefits. Eliglibility for benefits increased as a result.

Tony Harrison Archive

Detailed biographies of Tony Harrison are available on Special Collections webpages at:

Tony Harrison related tapes

Tom Paulin, literary papers with some related material, including correspondence

Tom (Thomas Neilson) Paulin, the poet, critic and playwright, was born in Leeds on 25 January 1949, brought up in Belfast, and educated at Hull University and Lincoln College, Oxford. He lectured in English at the University of Nottingham from 1972 until 1989, and was Reader in Poetry there from 1989 until 1994, when he moved to become G.M. Young Lecturer in English at Hertford College, Oxford. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who's who'.


A small collection of nineteenth-century works, mostly periodicals, notably a long run of the "Transactions" of the Royal Society of Arts. Also includes "Tallis's history and description of the Crystal Palace" (6 volumes, 1852).


19th century publications whose subject matter is chiefly the manufacture of cotton and wool.

The Disguise. A Comedy. In five acts.

The John and Nell Moody (née Burra) Collection

John Percivale Moody (1906-1993) was an opera and theatre producer, actor and translator. His parents were Percivale Moody and Marian Ley. Nell Moody, née Burra, (1909-1999) worked as a singing teacher, opera singer and translator of opera. John Moody was educated at Bromsgrove School. After working at a publishing company for two years, he left to become a painter. Painting did not bring in much income and in 1930 Moody won a scholarship to the Webber-Douglas School of Singing. It was here that he met the opera singer Helen 'Nella' Burra.

Moody was also an accomplished actor and made his debut at the Lyric, Hammersmith in 'Derby Day' in 1931. He played at the Old Vic for two seasons in 1934 and 1937. During much of the 1930s Nell Burra was in Germany training to be an opera singer. Alma Schadow tutored her in Berlin. Burra and Moody married in 1937 shortly after the death of her twin brother Peter Burra (1909-1937).

Early in 1940 Moody became Principal of the Old Vic Theatre School where he stayed until 1942, when he was appointed as producer to the Old Vic Company in Liverpool. The Carl Rosa Opera Company approached him to produce 'La Tosca' in 1945. This was the start of Moody's career in opera. In 1949 he became drama director of the Arts Council and was subsequently the director of Bristol Old Vic.

Bill Smith of Welsh National Opera approached Moody in 1959 about the post of Director of Productions. Moody was appointed. Subsequently he and Nell translated 'May Night' by Rimsky-Korsakov to create a new English libretto. In the following years the two collaborated to produced new English translations of libretti which included 'Prince Igor' and 'The Pearl Fishers'. Moody resigned from the WNO in 1969 to concentrate on his painting.

Phillada Sewell (1910-1998) was born in Bushey, Hertfordshire. She was a character actress and soprano who first broadcast on radio in 1937. She appeared in 'A Room with a View' (1985) and Maurice (1987). Her mother, Margaret Ley, was a younger sister of John Moody's mother, Louisa. Thus making John Moody and Phillada Sewell cousins.

T.W. Thompson Collection (Gypsy and Traveller related tales and research material)

T.W. [Thomas William] Thompson (1888-1968) was a leading collector of Gypsy and Traveller folklore particularly in the North of England and Midlands from 1915. He first became interested in Gypsy lore, language and genealogy during his undergraduate studies at the University of Cambridge. He began collecting tales when he became a schoolmaster at Repton. In the early twentieth century he carefully recorded stories in his notebooks noting consistencies and variations in similar tales from multiple sources. He later presented the notebooks to Katharine Briggs who published summaries of them in the 'Dictionary of British Folk-Tales'. Thompson collected over 140 tales in total, and it is acknowledged as the largest body of Gypsy Traveller folk-tales collected in England single-handed. He also researched and compiled genealogies of contributors and other Gypsy Traveller families with particular interest in those who featured in the works of George Borrow.

Thompson was also honorary secretary of the Gypsy Lore Society 1922-1932 and contributed many articles to the Journal and was a member of the editorial board.

T.J. Wise, proof copies of pamphlets

T. J. Wise, the book collector and forger. For details of his life and activities in the book trade, see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

T. Berry (Bradford Limited), Business Archive

T. Berry (Bradford) Limited, of 80 Grattan Road, Bradford, were wool, noils and waste dealers, established in 1905.

T.B. Duncan. J.P., Lord Mayor, City of Leeds vol.1

T.B. Duncan was Lord Mayor of Leeds, from 1919-1920.

Thomas De Quincey, autobiographical fragment concerning his diet and health

Thomas De Quincey (1785-1859), the son of a Manchester merchant, was educated at Oxford where it is believed that his life-long addiction to opium began. He was acquainted with key Romantic writers including Coleridge and Wordsworth. In 1817 he married Peggy Simpson, a farmer's daughter with whom he had 3 daughters and 5 sons. He wrote principally for periodicals, including The London Magazine, Blackwood's and The Quarterly. His best-known work, 'Confessions of an Opium Eater', was originally serialised in 'The London Magazine' in 1821.

The Selborne Mission Collection

The Reverend Samuel Leslie Purches was born in Singapore on 17 September 1898, where his father, Walter, an Quartermaster in the army was based at the time. Purches was known as Leslie. Trained at Knutsford College, he became the Rector of Mautby and the Vicar of Runham in Norfolk. The Gypsy, Roma and Traveller community gave Purches the name Tom Paht. Purches' sons have supplied some anecdotes about their father. (1) Our father had to sleep on a high hill called the Zig-Zag on the pathway that led to the top, because the Gypsies weren't at all sure of the flying lights that appeared in the late evenings. They were in fact fire-flies. The Zig-Zag is more commonly named The Hanger and is mentioned quite frequently in Gilbert White's Natural History. (2) I remember going into a chemist's shop when we lived in Norfolk where the counter was most unusually high. [Leslie] banged on the side and shouted 'Is everyone dead here, I can't see anyone?' The assistant, who knew him, replied 'So sorry, Vicar. I can't stop taking the growth tablets. I'm so tall, I can't see you either!'. Such was his nature with all he met. Purches married Winifred K Osborn in 1938. The couple had three children.

Thomas Benson Pease, plans and related materials from the Sheepscar estate

Thomas Benson Pease was born in Darlington in 1782. Benson came to Leeds in 1802. A stuff merchant, he became the principal of the Leeds firm Aldam, Pease & Co (later Pease, Heaton & Co). First elected to the town council in 1836, Benson became an alderman in 1841. He owned property north of the centre of Leeds, in the area known as Sheepscar off the main road to Harrogate. A member of the Society of Friends, he died on 23rd May 1846.

Thomas Blackburn (Brotherton Collection)

Thomas Blackburn Archive

Thomas Eliel Fenwick Blackburn (1916-1977), the English writer, was born in Cumbria. A graduate of Durham University in 1940 and a pacifist, after the war he taught at Marylebone Grammar School, then at two London colleges until his retirement at 60. He made his reputation as a poet during the 1950s, and was a Gregory Fellow at Leeds University in 1956 and 1957. He published 12 collections of poetry, 1 volume of verse translations (with others), 5 anthologies, 3 volumes of criticism, a novel, 'Feast for the Wolf', 1971, and an autobiography, 'A Clip of Steel', 1969. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.


Dating from between 1759 and 1996, with the majority of the works dating from the early 20th century. Subjects include actors, theatrical producers and directors, drama technique, French theatre and theatre management. While the collection principally deals with theatre, it also contains some works on film and motion pictures.

Thomas Askren farm Archive

Thomas Askren, of Hough-on-the-Hill, Lincolnshire, owned Crow Trees Farm and, later, Elder Tree Farm in the parish of Hatfield, near Doncaster, south Yorkshire

Theatre Company Blah Blah Blah Collection

The Theatre Company Blah Blah Blah is a Theatre in Education (TIE) company which was established in Harehills, East Leeds, in 1985 when it produced its first show, ‘Battlefield’. The reception of this play was such that the Blahs undertook a youth centre tour. The company continues to tour to this day.

The key aim of Blah Blah Blah is to provide young people with participatory theatre in the form of workshops and classroom sessions which explore the use of language and ideas to support learning and engagement. The company has adapted several Shakespeare classics, such as ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’, ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and ‘A Winter’s Tale’ for primary and high school children as well as commissioning numerous plays by playwrights including Mike Kenny and Mark Catley.

The theatre company celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2010 with Kenny’s play ‘Stuck’, which was shortlisted for the Writer’s Guild Best Children’s Play, returning to the stage for a national tour.

Since its foundation Theatre Company Blah Blah Blah has taken part in several collaborations with the West Yorkshire Playhouse including its Christmas play ‘Ho Ho Ho!’ and also with Connecting Youth Culture in North Yorkshire. From 1985-1993, the company functioned as a partnership, since then it has gained charitable status and has been an Arts Council of England National Portfolio Organisation. In 2015, the actor Bill Nighy became the company’s patron. The theatre continues to produce several plays and workshops a year for children and young people in West and North Yorkshire.


The earliest item in the collection was published in 1670, but the majority of the works date from the early 18th century onwards. Subjects include English sermons, Bible criticism and interpretation, apologetics, Catholicism and Unitarianism. There are also works on Buddhism, mysticism and gnosticism.

Thomas Boyd (Leeds) Limited, Business Archive

Thomas Boyd (Leeds) Limited, of Stonebridge Mills, Wortley, Leeds, and Victoria Mills, Holbeck, were millers, finishers, waterproofers and embossers, established in 1873.


University Academic Administrative Staffs meeting papers, compiled by P.W. Price

P.W. Price was Senior Assistant Secretary, Council and External Affairs, of the Open University.

University of Leeds publications

Contains printed material published by the University of Leeds and many of its constituent departments, services and other related bodies. It includes Annual Reports and Calendars of the University, and of its predecessor, the Yorkshire College; publications of staff and student societies; Court, Council and Senate minutes; departmental journals, bulletins and newsletters; prospectuses; examination question papers; publications and other material relating to Leeds University students' union; a large Personalia section, containing news cuttings about individual members of staff and books written by them; and much else besides. The Collection complements the archival material held in the Leeds University Archive.

University of Leeds Archive

The University Archive was set up in 1977 to preserve the records of the University of Leeds and its predecessor bodies the Yorkshire College of Science, Yorkshire College and Leeds Medical School.


A small collection, mostly concerned with the history of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge.

Unidentified manuscript


Viscount Alanbrooke, biography research papers

Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, was a senior commander in the British Army. He was the Chief of the Imperial General Staff during the Second World War, and was promoted to Field Marshal in 1944. As chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, Brooke was the foremost military adviser to Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and in the role of co-ordinator of the British military efforts was an important contributor to the Allies' victory in 1945. After retiring from the army he served as Lord High Constable of England during the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Sir Arthur Wynne Morgan Bryant was a widely popular British historian and columnist for the Illustrated London News. He was the author of 'The Turn of the Tide' (1957) and its sequel 'Triumph in the West' (1959), both of which drew on Brooke's war diaries and autobiographical notes. In 1951 the Royal Regiment of Artillery commissioned Bryant to write an official full-length biography of Brooke and appointed Mrs Marian C. Long to collect and prepare research material. In 1954 Bryant agreed with Brooke that, as well as writing the biography for the Royal Regiment after Brooke's death, he would also write a study of World War Two based on Brooke's diaries and memoirs for immediate publication. He originally envisaged writing just one volume, 'The Turn of the Tide', on the first half of the war, but soon decided that he would like to write a second volume, 'Triumph in the West', to cover the remaining years. The Royal Regiment of Artillery gave Bryant permission to use the material already collected by Mrs Long for the official biography, while she continued her research work, but concentrating on material relating to Brooke's service in World War Two. The family also lent him Brooke's diaries and Chief of the Imperial General Staff semi-official files.

Vernon Scannell, literary papers together with an autograph letter

Vernon Scannell was born John Vernon Bain on 23 January 1922 in Spilsbury, Lincolnshire. He left school aged 14 to work in an accounting firm; and enlisted in the Army in 1940, aged 18, following the outbreak of the Second World War. During the war he saw action in the Middle East and France, and was seriously wounded near Caen (Normandy) in 1944. He spent the remainder of the war recovering. Shortly after the announcement of VE-Day Scannell deserted, disillusioned and brutalised by army life; it was at this point that he changed his name to Vernon Scannell. He became a casual student at Leeds University in the late 1940s following a chance meeting with Bonamy Dobrée in a city centre pub. His time in Leeds was a great influence on the development of his poetry. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, and free-lance author, poet, and broadcaster. Scannell died in November 2007.

V. E. G. Kenna Collection

Victor Kenna was awarded the degree of D.Litt. by the University of Leeds in 1961. He published extensively on Cretan and Minoan culture.


William Hanson and Company Limited, Business Archive

William Hanson and Company Limited, of Haley Mills, Halifax, were cotton spinners, doublers and warp manufacturers.

William Gaskill, papers principally relating to his period at the Royal Court Theatre, 1965-1972

William Gaskill was born in Shipley in 1930. After experience in amateur and repertory productions and for Granada television, he began directing at the Royal Court Theatre in 1957. He worked with the Royal Shakespeare Company and was a founder-director of the National Theatre, before succeeding George Devine as Artistic Director of the English Stage Company in 1965. He was a founder of the Joint Stock Company, and from 1983 began working as a freelance director and theatre teacher. He is especially associated with productions of Restoration comedy and the work of Bertolt Brecht.

William Linton Andrews correspondence and papers

Sir (William) Linton Andrews was born in Hull in 1886 and was educated at Hull Grammar School and Christ's Hospital. From school he entered journalism and worked on a number of provincial newspapers, including the Sheffield Telegraph, before the First World War. He served on the Western Front with the Black Watch during the war. Afterwards he was a sub-editor on the Daily Mail and in 1923 was appointed editor of the Leeds Mercury. He remained with the Mercury until 1939 when it was decided, partly as an economy measure, to amalgamate with the Yorkshire Post. Arthur Mann, editor of the Post, retired and Sir Linton succeeded him as editor of the Yorkshire Post under whose title the two newspapers were combined. He served as editor until 1960 and during the later years of his editorship he took a leading part in the affairs of his profession's organisations. He was president of the Guild of British Newspaper Editors in 1952-1953 and was a founder member of the Press Council, and its chairman from 1955 to 1959. He was knighted in 1954. Sir Linton was a member of the court and council of the University of Leeds from 1943 to 1959, and the University awarded him an honorary LLD. in 1955. Although he retired from the editorship of The Yorkshire Post in 1960, he remained on its board of directors until 1968. He died on 27 September 1972; an obituary and photograph appeared in The Times on 29 September 1972 (p16).

William Makepeace Thackeray, correspondence and literary manuscripts with related material

William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863), the novelist, best-known for his 'Vanity Fair', 1847-1848. For full details of his life and work see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

William G. Shepherd, literary papers and correspondence

William Guy Shepherd, the poet and translator, was born in 1935 and read English at Jesus College, Cambridge. He has worked in the electronics industry and lives in north London. He specialises as a translator of classical Latin love poetry, and some of his own poems have been published in London by the Many Press, which was founded by John Welch in 1975.

William Lupton and Company Limited, Business Archive

William Lupton and Company Limited, of Whitehall Mills, Leeds, were woollen and worsted manufacturers and traders, was established as such in 1773. The company traded in various goods, particularly cloth, before this date. William Lupton (1700-1771) was a yeoman farmer and clothier. William's third son, Arthur Lupton (1748-1807), was a member of the committee which regulated the activities of the Leeds cloth halls. For the history of the family see: Lupton, C. A. - The Lupton family in Leeds.

William Bunting Crump, papers and notes

William Bunting Crump, antiquarian, published a number of books and articles on the history and topography of West Yorkshire, with particular reference to the Huddersfield and Halifax areas.

William Blake Collection

Books and periodicals relating to William Blake, the English Romantic poet, painter and engraver, including those collected by the poetical critic Ruthven Todd. The texts themselves date from between 1791 and 1995, and contain both editions of Blake's poetry and engravings, and critical works. Subjects include Henry Fuseli, painter, and Samuel Palmer, painter. In addition to this named collection concerned with William Blake, the Special Collections English Collection also contains many works by and about this author, and letters and papers of Ruthven Todd relating to his studies of William Blake,

William Boyne folios

William Boyne was a numismatist, traveller and collector born in 1814 in Leeds. Boyne attended Leeds Grammar School for 3 years, but was otherwise home schooled. Thomas Boyne, his father, was a tobacco importer, manufacturer and vendor. In 1830 Boyne entered his father's business, which he later inherited. Ill health impelled him to sell the business in 1853. After this Boyne moved to London where he spent his time enriching his coin and engraving collection. Today he is particularly known as a numismatist. His extensive collection comprised over 30,000 coins and tokens. A great traveller, Boyne also collected engravings and lithographs of places he visited. These he had bound with holograph lists of the contents. In 1870 Boyne went to live in Italy. He died in 1893 in Florence.

William Norman Illingworth, educationalist, letters and papers relating to his early career as a teacher in Leeds and Birkenhead, 1923-1929

William Norman Illingworth read history at the University of Leeds, graduating in 1922, followed by a postgraduate diploma in education. He took his MA in 1925 and subsequently taught in a number of schools before becoming headmaster of Durham City Senior School in 1932. In 1947 he resigned and founded his own school, the Sangreal School, Durham, which he ran until 1971. In this venture he was said to have been much influenced by the ideas of Rudolf Steiner and Dr K König. In an account of Sangreal it was suggested that it was a 'revelation' to work with him, an educator 'completely devoted to his boys', who stressed individual inner needs rather than mere academic success. 1 These papers which shed some light on the doubts and troubles he encountered when first beginning in the profession, were presented to the Library by Mr G W ledge in July 1984.

William Butler Yeats, letters to Elkin Mathews, together with some correspondence of other members of the Yeats family, typescripts of two short stories composed by Lily Yeats, and miscellaneous other material

William Butler Yeats, the Irish poet and playwright, was born on 13 June 1865 in Dublin and died on 28 January 1939 at Roquebrune, near Monaco. Jack Butler Yeats, the Irish painter and writer, his younger brother, was born on 29 August 1871 in London and died on 28 March 1957 in Dublin. For fuller details of their lives and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'. John Butler Yeats (1839-1922), the painter, was their father. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.2. Mary Cottenham Yeats was Jack's wife. Elizabeth Corbet Yeats and Lily Yeats, the sisters of W.B. and J.B. Yeats, were the founders of the Dun Emer (later known as the Cuala) Industries, at Dundrum, Co. Dublin. Here Elizabeth Corbet Yeats established a private press, where many of W.B. Yeats' books were published. Elkin Mathews and John Lane (1854-1925) were both publishers. For fuller details of John Lane's life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

William Clayfield of Bristol, autograph verses attributed to him with one by Thomas Beddoes

William Clayfied (1772-1837) was a businessman, wine merchant and amateur botanist based in Bristol. He travelled widely, had extensive literary and scientific interests, and was associated with the circle of Thomas Beddoes and Sir Humphry Davy. He was also a founder member of the Pneumatic Institution of Bristol, started by Beddoes in 1798.

William Robert Middlebrook papers

William Robert Middlebrook was born on 25 November 1915. He studied Chemistry at the University of Leeds then worked as a researcher at the Wool Industries Research Association. In 1951 he gained his PhD in Biochemistry (Protein Chemistry) and worked as a Nuffield Research Fellow in the Department of Biomolecular Structure, Leeds University. In 1953 he was employed by Gates & Cirelin Laboratories of Chemistry, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. By February 1954 he had moved to the Department of Chemistry, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. In November of that year he moved to the Institute of Muscle Research, Woods Hole, Massachusetts where he stayed for the next eight years. In April 1962 he was appointed as a Research Associate at the Department of Cytology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire, initially for two years under the sponsorship of Dr Andrew Szent-Gyorgyi.

In April 1964 his appointment was renewed for three years. In September 1964, his application for Chair of Biology at the University of York was turned down. By February 1966 he was in the process of looking for other positions as Dartmouth Medical School was 'in a process of disintegration'. In September of that year he was appointed as a Research Assoicate in Biology for the Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, for an eight month period, subject to renewal. His position was renewed for a further two years until 1968. He was an honorary lecturer at the University of Leeds in the academic year 1971-72. Middlebrook died in 1982.

Women of Westminster

Wole Soyinka, literary papers

Wole (Oluwole Akinwande) Soyinka, the Nigerian playwright and poet, was born in Ijebu Isara, Nigeria, on 13 July 1934 and educated at Abeokuta Grammar School and Government College, Ibadan; then at University College, Ibadan (1952-1954) and Leeds University (1954-1957), where he graduated in English. In 1986 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. For fuller details of his life and achievements see Who's who.

Workshop Theatre productions, photographs, programmes and an acting text of Etherege's The Man of Mode

The University of Leeds Workshop Theatre, which is closely linked with the School of English, started life in 1960 as the drama lecture room, and was transformed into the Workshop Theatre in 1967 by a new building programme. In 1981 it was given extra rented space in the Emmanuel Institute, allowing the creation of the Studio, extended technical facilities, and general teaching space, together with administrative offices. 1988 saw further developments with the creation of a permanent Chair in Drama and Theatre Studies, and the addition of a third playing area, 'The Other Space'. In 2000 the University purchased the Emmanuel Institute and redeveloped it for the Theatre, which reopened there in 2002. Since 1966 the Workshop Theatre has staged hundreds of productions of plays from all over the world, including many written locally.

Wormald and Walker Limited, Business Archive

Wormald and Walker Limited, of Dewsbury Mills, Dewsbury, were blanket manufacturers. The company was originally established in 1811 as Hague and Cook, by Thomas Hague and his nephew John Cook with John Greenwood. The Wormald family joined the company in the 1840s.

Writing desk of Shadrach Stephenson

William Wordsworth, correspondence between Thomas Hutchinson, William Hale White, and others concerning Wordsworth

Thomas Hutchinson, fl. 1910, of Dublin, was a literary critic who specialised in William Wordsworth's poetry.

William Willans and Company Limited, Business Archive

William Willans and Company Limited, of Dundas Street, Huddersfield, were wool merchants, established in 1825-26.

William Black, The Penance of John Logan

William Black, the novelist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

William Rhodes Limited, Business Archive

William Rhodes Limited, of Birkenshaw and Carlton Cross Mills, Leeds, were flock manufacturers, established ca. 1830.

William Trevor, three literary manuscripts with a postcard

William Trevor is the pseudonym of William Trevor Cox, the short story writer, novelist, and playwright, who was born on 24 May 1928 in Mitchelstown, County Cork, Ireland. For fuller details of his life and achievements see 'Who's who'.

William Walker Collection

William Watson, correspondence and literary manuscripts

Sir William Watson (1858-1935) was a Yorkshire poet. For a full account of his life and work see 'Who was who', Vol.3, 1929-1940.

William Price Turner, autograph manuscript drafts for the poem 'Train of thought' with a signed typescript of the final version and some correspondence

William Price Turner, the poet, editor, and critic, was born in York on 14 August 1927. He was a Gregory Fellow in Poetry at Leeds University 1960-1962 and won the Scottish Arts Council Publication Award in 1970.

William Boyd, literary manuscript notebook with a related letter

William Boyd (1952-), the British novelist, was born in Ghana, but now lives in London. His novels include 'A good man in Africa', 1981, 'An ice cream war', 1982, 'Stars and bars', 1984, 'School ties', 1985, 'Brazzaville beach', 1990, 'The blue afternoon', 1993, 'The dream lover', 1995, 'Armadillo', 1998, and 'A haunting', 2000.

William Barwell Turner Collection

William Barwell Turner was a botanist and expert on the Desmidieae. He became President of the Leeds Naturalists' Club in 1881.

War books

Printed books and pamphlets mostly published immediately before and during the Second World War, along with some works published during the First World War. Many of the works deal with specific military campaigns of the Second World War naval operations and propaganda.

Waywiser Press Archive

The Waywiser Press is a small independent company, with its main office in the UK, and a subsidiary in the USA. It was founded in late 2001, and started publishing in 2002.'Between the Lines' began publishin extended interviews with Poets in 1998, and would later become an imprint of The Waywiser Press.

Wentworth family of Woolley Hall Yorkshire, Archive

The Wentworths were a prominent land-owning family in Yorkshire. In the mid-fourteenth century, much of what became the Woolley estate was in the possession of Sir William de Notton, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. In 1365 Sir William Fyncheden owned the lands, which on his death passed to John Woodruffe or Woodrove. Woodruffe did not, however, own the lordship of the manor.

The Popeley family are the first known lords of the Manor of Woolley. The lordship passed to the Rilston family until 1490 when it was bought by Sir Richard Woodruffe (c.1447-c.1522), a descendant of John Woodruffe. Richard was the High Sheriff of York from 1510-1518.

Sir Thomas Wentworth (d.1548) of Wentworth Woodhouse married Richard's daughter, Beatrice (d.1529), c.1514. Subsequently a branch of, the Wentworth family was established at Woolley in 1559, when Michael Wentworth purchased a house and lands in Woolley and Notton from his cousin Francis Woodruffe.

Woolley Hall is a Jacobean building, dating from 1635, with many later alterations in the village of Woolley. The surrounding landscape park is largely unchanged since 1800, and includes wooded pleasure grounds.

Wentworth-Woolley Hall

Wang Fanxi Archive

Wang Fanxi (1907-2002) was a leading Chinese Trotskyist revolutionary. He moved to Leeds in 1975.

Walter Savage Landor, literary fragments and letters

Walter Savage Landor (1775-1864), the English poet and prose writer, was a classical enthusiast who had a turbulent career in several European countries and died in Florence. For fuller details see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'.

W. Hale-White correspondence

W. and E. Crowther Limited, Business Archive

W. and E. Crowther Limited, of Crimble and Brook Mills, Slaithwaite, near Huddersfield, were woollen manufacturers, established in 1872.

W.G. Curtis Morgan, literary papers and publications with some letters and personal and financial items

William Gordon Curtis Morgan, the Welsh writer, novelist, and playwright, was born on 18 May 1892 at Talybont, near Aberystwyth, and educated at Llandovery College (1903-1911) and Queen's College, Oxford (1911-1914). During the First World War he was commissioned in the South Wales Borderers in February 1915 and served in France. In 1918 he transferred to the Indian Army and spent four years in India, returning home afterwards on a three month's journey via China, Japan, and North America. In the 1920s he had two novels published, 'A Frontier Romance' (1926) and 'Not This Man but Barabbas' (1929). Throughout the 1930s he ran a 'Private Tutor's Boarding Establishment' specialising in teaching English to students from overseas. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Air Force, after which he had another novel published, namely, 'An Oxford Romance' (1947), and a play,'The Blind Spot', produced by a repertory company. He published his autobiography, 'My Life Through Six Reigns', in 1983, and took his Oxford M.A. Degree Certificate from Queen's College, Oxford, in March 1987. He also wrote journal articles on life in a public school and at Oxford, besides further unpublished plays and novels, and some political, social, and economic articles of a British patriotic nature. Morgan lived in Llandovery from 1946 until his death.

W.H. Hudson, autograph manuscript by Morley Roberts for his book on Hudson, together with a manuscript notebook

Morley Roberts (1857-1942), the novelist and journalist, published a biography of William Henry Hudson (1841-1922), the naturalist and writer, in 1924. For fuller details of Robert's life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol.4.

Walter Pater, poems

Walter Pater, the author and aesthete. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'.

West Riding of Yorkshire Education Authority, Alexander Bradshaw Clegg directorship documents

Alexander Bradshaw (Alec) Clegg, 1909-1986, was Chief Education Officer of the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1945 until his retirement in 1974. He was knighted in 1974 for his services to education.

Wayne Brown Archive

Wayne (Vincent) Brown, the poet and writer, was born on 18 July 1944 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, and educated at St Mary's College, Port of Spain, the University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, and the University of Toronto. He held a Gregory Fellowship in Poetry at the University of Leeds in 1975-1976. He won the Jamaican Independence Festival Poetry Prize in 1968, and his collection of poetry entitled 'On the coast' won the Commonwealth Prize for Poetry in 1972. He is equally well-known for his biography of Edna Manley (1975), his edition of Derek Walcott's poetry, and his collection of stories, 'The child of the sea' (1990). His other writings include 'Landscape with Heron', 'Voyages', and 'Bearing witness: the best of the Observer Arts Magazine 2000'. In 1968 he married Megan Hopkyn-Rees, a Yorkshire art student; she has become a renowned Caribbean interior decorator. Edna Manley (née Swithenbank) (1900-1987), the sculptor and founder of the Jamaica School of Arts whose biography he wrote, was married to Norman Washington Manley (1893-1969), an Oxford graduate in Law who was Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1959-1962, and a national hero as the founder of the moderately socialist People's National Party. Their son, Michael Norman Manley (1924-1997), was also Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1972-1980 and 1989-1992.

Will Foster book collection

Print material owned by or relating to, Will Foster

Will Foster Archive

William Dunn Foster (1864-1955), better known as 'Will Foster', was a Yorkshire poet and playwright.

William A. Wood (land agents) Archive

In 'Bulmer's Directory/Gazetteer' for 1890, William Abel Wood is described as a major landowner and listed as the owner of Green Farm in the township of Lillings Ambo. He is also included as the Councillor for the Sutton-in-the-Forest division of the North Riding.

West Yorkshire and Lindsey Regional Examining Board for the Certificate of Secondary Education (Airedale, Claro, Ripon and Wharfedale area), 1963-1982

The West Yorkshire and Lindsey Regional Examining Board was one of the twelve regionally operated boards set up in England to administer the Certificate of Secondary Education, introduced in 1965. This Board and the East Anglian Board favoured a school based syllabus, designed and examined locally, but with external moderation. From 1986 the Yorkshire and Humberside Examinations Board assumed responsibility for the newly-introduced General Certificate of Secondary Education.

William and Jonn Clarkson Limited, Business Archive

William and Jonn Clarkson Limited, of Smale Well Mill, Pudsey, were woollen cloth manufacturers, established ca. 1850. Jonn Clarkson was in business on his own in the 1840s.

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson book collection

Copies of works by Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, often containing bookplate of Dorothy Una Ratcliffe.

William Ackroyd, Otley Mills, Business Archive

William Ackroyd Limited, were worsted spinners of Otley Mills, Otley, West Yorkshire, established in 1815. William Ackroyd was an entrepreneur who set up a worsted spinning business in a mill in Otley in 1815. Worsted is a woollen yarn woven into a fabric typically used to make tailored clothing such as suits.

Up until the late 18th century the wool textile industry had been mainly home based. Ackroyd took advantage of advances in technology to produce yarn in bulk using machinery. He helped to make worsted spinning the major industry that it became during the 19th and early 20th centuries in Yorkshire. By the 1830s William Ackroyd had acquired a partner, Thomas Duncan, who took over the business after Ackroyd's death in 1865.

West Yorkshire Coal Owners' Association

The West Yorkshire Coal Owners' Association was formed in February 1890, in the expectation that collective negotiation would strengthen the colliery owners' position in relation to the rapid growth of the Yorkshire Miners' Association.

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson Archive

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson (1878-1962), the English poet. For a fuller account of his life and achievements see the 'Dictionary of National Biography'. His sister, Elizabeth Gibson (later Mrs T.K. Cheyne) (1869-1931), wrote eighteen books, mainly of poetry, which were published between 1899 and 1914. For a fuller account of her life and achievements see 'Who was who', Vol. 3.

Whitaker Collection

A collection of English county atlases and maps published between 1579 and 1901, formed by Dr Harold Whitaker, who presented it to the Library in 1939. Road books are a strong feature of the collection, which also includes a number of European and world atlases and maps.

Whistler, James Autograph letter

Wilfred Childe Archive

Wilfred Rowland Childe (1890-1952), the English Catholic poet and lecturer in English literature at the University of Leeds from 1922 until his death. For fuller details of his life and achievements, see 'Who was who', Vol.5.

Whitfield family bakery, of Idle, near Bradford, notebooks and related material

Martha Ann Whitfield (1865-1924), known as Marthann, and Anne Whitfield, afterwards Hook (1886-1981), were the daughters of Emma and Joseph Bateson Whitfield of Brackendale, Thackley. There were two brothers, Alfred and Joshua, and another sister, Ada, who married Fred Barker. Marthann and Annie bought the bakery in Town Lane in about 1920 and eventually sold the business to their nephew, Frank Whitfield, son of Joshua. Marthann died of influenza in 1924, while Annie, who in 1928, at the age of 42, had married William Hardaker Hook, remained in Idle until her death in 1981, aged 95.


Yorkshire Naturalists' Union Archive

The Yorkshire Naturalists Union was formed in the mid-nineteenth century as a federation of natural history societies and individual naturalists, from across the county. Its first president was Henry Clifton Sorby.

Yorkshire Manuscripts (Brotherton Collection)

Yorkshire Schools' Exploring Society Archive

Yorkshire Land and Warping Company, Business Archive

The Yorkshire Land and Warping Company had a registered office at Thorne near York between about 1875 and 1947. Warp is silty, earthy matter carried by tides and rivers which enhances the fertility of the land. Warping is a method of flooding land on purpose to deposit layers of warp.


One of two large Special Collections sections covering many aspects of Yorkshire history, topography, scientific and natural history, and society. The classification scheme of the collection is as follows: Section A covers Yorkshire as a whole, and sections B, C and D cover the North, East and West Ridings as a whole, with a few sub-divisions for the different districts. Section H covers particular towns, among which Leeds and York feature most prominently (nearly a third of the whole Collection is devoted to Leeds), though by no means exclusively. Among the handful of pre-17th century works is 'Scarborough-spaw' by Robert Wittie, dated 1667; the later works span the years 1750 to the present decade. The collection includes a good number of periodicals and series, among which are publications of the Thoresby Society.


Consists of assorted calendars, court and city registers, almanacs, atlases, diaries, and army lists, mostly published between the mid-18th and mid-19th centuries, with a few earlier and later works. It also includes various Post Office county directories, mostly published in the 1870s-1880s, but in the case of the London directories extending into the early 20th century.

Yorkshire Geological Society

The Yorkshire Geological Society, was founded in 1837, and its first President, from 1837-1858, was the Earl of Fitzwilliam. It is an internationally recognised scientific organisation with an interest in all aspects of geology, with particular reference ro the North of England and surrounding areas.

Yorkshire (Brotherton Collection)

Yorkshire Contemporary Art Group and St Paul's Gallery Leeds Archive

St Paul's Gallery was opened in 1979 as a continuation of Park Street Gallery, using the same premises on St Paul's Street, Leeds. From 1984 the Gallery shared Stowe House, Bishopgate Street, with studio space provided by Leeds Art Space Society. St Paul's Gallery closed in 1987. Yorkshire Contemporary Art Group was formed in 1984 to devise and administer art projects in Yorkshire and Humberside, and to develop opportunities for artists. YCAG was a co-operation between St Paul's Gallery, Yorkshire Printmakers Ltd. and Leeds Art Space Society.



Works dating from the 19th century to the early 20th century. Subjects include insects, moths and butterflies, shells and shellfish, birds, anatomy and physiology. A periodical also contained within this collection is the 'Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society' (1808-1837). The collection also contains 40 volumes of Sir William Jardine's 19th century 'The Naturalist's Library', which is divided into four main sections: Ornithology, Mammalia, Entomology and Ichthyology.