Solomon ibn Verga (1460–1554), a refugee scholar from Portugal, wrote the Sceptre of Judah (Roth Collection 357), an account of Jewish persecutions culminating in those of the Iberian Peninsula that he himself had seen. Verga was an eyewitness of the Lisbon massacre of 1506.
The title alludes to the Book of Genesis, 49:10: “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah…” The work was a bestseller. A Yiddish translation was published in Amsterdam in 1648, and a Latin one in 1680. The title page features a different gate design by Benvenisti, with the familiar castle and lion coat of arms drawn in by hand.