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2.4 Northern Netherlands medieval illuminated manuscripts

Brotherton Collection MS 18, fol. 7r
Explore digitised images of medieval manuscript illumination. Find out more about the significant provenances of the manuscripts, and how they came to the University of Leeds Library.
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[Evangelistarium]
Medieval manuscripts collected by the University Library in 1925, University of Leeds Special Collections
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Photograph of Lord Brotherton, 1926
Lord Brotherton's collecting of medieval manuscripts, held at the University fo Leeds Special Collections
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Jerome (fol. 2r)
Medieval illuminated manuscripts from the Ripon Cathedral collection, held at the University of Leeds Special Collections
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King David (fol. 21r)
French medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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St. Luke, the Evangelist (fol. 14v)
French medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Corpus Christi (fol. 25r)
Southern Netherlands medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Coronation of the Virgin (fol. 17v)
Northern Netherlands medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Crucifixion of Christ (fol. 103r)
Italian medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Pan and other mythical creatures (fol. 97r)
German medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Burial service (fol. 7v)
English medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Seven Sorrows of the Virgin (fol. 142v)
Illuminated medieval manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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BC MS 1: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 1: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 2: [Breviarium ad Usum Parisiensem]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 2: [Breviarium ad Usum Parisiensem], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 3: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 3: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 4: [Hours of Antoine de Crèvecœur]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 4: [Hours of Antoine de Crèvecœur], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 5: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 5: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 6: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 6: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 7: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 7: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 8: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 8: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 10: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 10: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 11: [Preces]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 11: [Preces], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 12: [Preces]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 12: [Preces], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 14: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 14: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 15: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 15: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 16: [Beverley prayer book]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 16: [Beverley prayer book], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 18: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 18: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 22: [In epistolas canonicas]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 22: [In epistolas canonicas], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 23: Legenda aurea sanctorum
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 23: Legenda aurea sanctorum, held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 24: [Psalterium]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 24: [Psalterium], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 100: [Biblical and genealogical chronicle from Adam and Eve to Louis XI of France]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 100: [Biblical and genealogical chronicle from Adam and Eve to Louis XI of France], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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MS 124: [Evangelistarium]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript MS 124: [Evangelistarium], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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MS 498: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript MS 498: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 1: [Biblia]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 1: [Biblia], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 3: [Apocalypsis et Epistolae catholicae, cum glossis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 3: [Apocalypsis et Epistolae catholicae, cum glossis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 4: [In Apocalypsim; Threni Ieremie cum glossis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 4: [In Apocalypsim; Threni Ieremie cum glossis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS Frag. 1: Three single leaves from medieval liturgical manuscripts
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS Frag. 1: Three single leaves from medieval liturgical manuscripts, held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 7 is a richly illuminated book of hours written in Dutch. The provenance of this book has not been published before. It was most probably made for a couple from the van Cuyck family, who are portrayed in the miniature of the Coronation of the Virgin shown here (fol. 17v)

The feast days in the Calendar indicate that the manuscript was prepared for use in the diocese of Utrecht, while the order of the texts suggests it was written in Delft.

During the 15th century the van Cuyck family owned significant amounts of land in Culemborg, where they pursued successful careers as mayors, alderman and land agents. The patron of the manuscript might have been Anthonis, whose marriage to a girl from Utrecht in 1497 enabled the van Cuyck family to join the city's elite.

The miniature may yet hold one other clue as to the identity of the patrons. The elf holding the identifying coat of arms is a "moss person", a sacred child-size being from Germanic folklore who is clad in moss and intimately connected to trees. In Dutch such a moss person was called "Trintje", also a pet name for Katherine. Could its inclusion and deliberate gaze toward the patroness be an allusion to her identity as a Katherine?

The manuscript was painted around 1500 by two different illuminators. The Coronation and seven further full-page miniatures - painted on singletons and inserted before the main text sections - are in the distinct style of one of the Masters of the Dark Eyes. This was the most prolific group of Dutch illuminators at the time, which also enjoyed the patronage of Margaret of Austria.

The more innovative and accomplished images in the manuscript are, however, the 48 small and very detailed historiated initials and column miniatures attributed to the so-called Master of the Adair Hours.

Dr Katja Monier