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2.7 English medieval illuminated manuscripts

Brotherton Collection MS 18, fol. 7r
Explore digitised images of medieval manuscript illumination. Find out more about the significant provenances of the manuscripts, and how they came to the University of Leeds Library.
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[Evangelistarium]
Medieval manuscripts collected by the University Library in 1925, University of Leeds Special Collections
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Photograph of Lord Brotherton, 1926
Lord Brotherton's collecting of medieval manuscripts, held at the University fo Leeds Special Collections
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Jerome (fol. 2r)
Medieval illuminated manuscripts from the Ripon Cathedral collection, held at the University of Leeds Special Collections
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King David (fol. 21r)
French medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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St. Luke, the Evangelist (fol. 14v)
French medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Corpus Christi (fol. 25r)
Southern Netherlands medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Coronation of the Virgin (fol. 17v)
Northern Netherlands medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Crucifixion of Christ (fol. 103r)
Italian medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Pan and other mythical creatures (fol. 97r)
German medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Burial service (fol. 7v)
English medieval illuminated manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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Seven Sorrows of the Virgin (fol. 142v)
Illuminated medieval manuscripts at the University of Leeds, Special Collections
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BC MS 1: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 1: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 2: [Breviarium ad Usum Parisiensem]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 2: [Breviarium ad Usum Parisiensem], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 3: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 3: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 4: [Hours of Antoine de Crèvecœur]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 4: [Hours of Antoine de Crèvecœur], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 5: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 5: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 6: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 6: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 7: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 7: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 8: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 8: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 10: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 10: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 11: [Preces]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 11: [Preces], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 12: [Preces]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 12: [Preces], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 14: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 14: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 15: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 15: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 16: [Beverley prayer book]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 16: [Beverley prayer book], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 18: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 18: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 22: [In epistolas canonicas]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 22: [In epistolas canonicas], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 23: Legenda aurea sanctorum
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 23: Legenda aurea sanctorum, held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 24: [Psalterium]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 24: [Psalterium], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS 100: [Biblical and genealogical chronicle from Adam and Eve to Louis XI of France]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS 100: [Biblical and genealogical chronicle from Adam and Eve to Louis XI of France], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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MS 124: [Evangelistarium]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript MS 124: [Evangelistarium], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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MS 498: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript MS 498: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 1: [Biblia]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 1: [Biblia], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 3: [Apocalypsis et Epistolae catholicae, cum glossis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 3: [Apocalypsis et Epistolae catholicae, cum glossis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 4: [In Apocalypsim; Threni Ieremie cum glossis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 4: [In Apocalypsim; Threni Ieremie cum glossis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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BC MS Frag. 1: Three single leaves from medieval liturgical manuscripts
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript BC MS Frag. 1: Three single leaves from medieval liturgical manuscripts, held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis]
View a high-resolution digitised version of the illuminated medieval manuscript Ripon Cathedral MS 9: [Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis], held in Special Collections at Leeds University Library.
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Ripon Cathedral MS 1 is a Bible painted around 1260. The biblical books and divisions of psalms are introduced with 82 historiated initials in colours on gold grounds (datable stylistically by the angular broad folds of the draperies, demonstrating French influence). Ornamental bars, on which birds and grotesques are perched, extend from the initials to the margins. The Psalm initials introduce both English and French schemes of iconography.

The book of hours known as the Braddyl Hours (BC MS 15) was named after its 16th century owners from Whalley Abbey in Lancashire. It was probably painted in London in the 1470s by an English illuminator. There is a book of hours by the same illuminator in Cambridge University Library (Kk.2.7).

A collaborator painted the borders, including a scene on the first page of the Hours of the Virgin in which a green parrot is used to symbolise the Virgin (fol. 24r). The parrot's cry was supposedly "AVE" and its impermeable feathers paralleled the purity of the Virgin.

All the main miniatures in this manuscript were excised,except one funeral scene, which is badly smudged (see image). References to various popes and Saint Thomas Becket, as well as rubrics and entire sections of texts, were scrubbed or struck out.

The deletions were carried out in accordance with royal injunctions of 1535-1538, seemingly by the Braddyl family. It cannot be assumed that these excisions were made in order to ensure the book could remain in devotional use; texts in books of hours were often deconsecrated in this manner, particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries in England and France. They were turned into secular heirlooms in which family history could be recorded. Births and deaths of several Braddyl family members were recorded in this copy, while the original purpose of the book may have been overlooked.

Dr Katja Monier