Skip to main content

Alternative reference types in EndNote

Can't find the source type you want in EndNote? Check our list of alternative reference types.
In each entry, we also offer tips on which fields to use for this information so that your references are formatted correctly in your documents.
If you're manually entering your references in the LeedsUniHarvard or LeedsUniNumeric styles, and the reference type you need is neither in EndNote's drop-down menu nor included in our list of alternatives, please use the "Generic" option and create a reference that includes the appropriate fields.


Reference type Instructions Formatting tips
Act of Parliament Use Legal rule or regulation. Enter the year of the act in the Year field, rather than in the Title field.
Bill Use Generic.
Blog Enter the date the entry was written in the Last Update Date field.
Book chapter (in an edited book) Use Book section.
Case Use Generic.
CD-ROM Use Computer Program.
Cochrane Review Use Electronic Article. Enter the issue number and article number in the Document Number field.
Command Paper or House of Lords/Commons Paper Use Government document. Enter the Government department, committee, or organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field – eg Home Office, Enter the Command number or House name, series and session (as appropriate) in the Section number field.
Dataset Enter the publisher in the Distributor field.
EU Treaty (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document reference number. Enter the short version of the title, eg Treaty of Lisbon, into the Short Title field. In your Word document, select the citation and edit it to exclude the Year, then add the year signed to the suffix field.
EU Treaty (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document reference number. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should do as follows to ensure the formatting of the EU Treaty reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Change the full stop between the title and the date to a comma.
Exhibition catalogue Use Catalog. Enter venue in the "Institution" field, followed by a comma – eg Tate Modern,
Film Use the Country field for Place of production. Use the Distributor field for Production Company. Director's name should be entered first name then surname, with a comma at the end – eg Orson Welles,
Google Earth image Use Generic. Enter all image and data set details in the Title field.
Grant Use Generic.
Hansard (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter Hansard in Title field and all other information in Publisher field.
Hansard (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter all information in the Title field.
Hearing Use Generic.
Individual piece of recorded music Use Music. Enter the medium (eg CD) in the Format of music field.
Informal or in-house publication
Interview Enter location in Location of Work field. Enter name of interviewer in Interviewer Name field in format initials then family name – eg J. Smith
Journal article (online) Use Electronic article.
Law report Use Case. Enter the parties in the case in the Case Name field. Enter the year in the Year Decided field, adding square brackets or round brackets as appropriate. Enter the Volume number (if appropriate) in the Reporter Volume field. Enter abbreviation of law report in Reporter Abbreviation field. Enter the page number in the First Page field. You may need to edit the citation in your document to exclude the year or even exclude both the author and year, then re-type the citation manually so that it displays in the correct format.
Museum artefact Use Artwork. Use Type of Work for the Material type. Use Place Published field for place and Publisher field for holding institution and department. Use Description for the identifier.
Online comment (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Electronic Article. Use the Title field for the author and title of the article the comment was posted on. Enter "Comment posted on" and the full date the comment was posted in the Document Number field.
Online comment (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. Use the Title field for the author and title of the article the comment was posted on. Enter "Comment posted on" and the full date the comment was posted in the Document Number field. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, go to the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Change the comma after the year to a full stop.
Podcast Enter the title of the episode in the Title of Show field. If entering the name of an app, use the URL field.
Pre or post-prints Use Electronic Article. Write "[Pre-print]." or "[Post-print]." at the beginning of the Title field.
Press release Enter organisation in "Author" field.
Reference work Use Dictionary or Encyclopedia. Enter the title of the work in the Title field, rather than Dictionary Title or Encyclopedia Title. Enter the section heading in the Term field.
Serial Use Generic.
Sheet music / Musical score Use Music. Enter the title in the "Album title" field, rather than the "Title" field.
Software (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Use Volume for the Version number (you need to add parentheses). Enter "Software" in the Type of Work field.
Software (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter the year in parentheses in the Publisher field, followed by a full stop and "[Software]".
Sound recording (online) Use Audiovisual material. Enter title of individual recording in the Title field.
Sound recording (physical copy) Use Audiovisual material. Enter the title of an album in the Title field. Enter the title of an individual recording in the Alternate title field.
Standard Use the Document number field for the Standard number.
Statutory Instrument Use Statute. Enter the year of the statute in the Year field, rather than in the Title field. Use the Country field for place of publication.
United Nations Resolution (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter UN organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field – eg United Nations General Assembly. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document number.
United Nations Resolution (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. Enter UN organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field, eg United Nations General Assembly. Use the Document Number field for the document number. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should ensure the formatting of the UN Resolution reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Italicise the resolution title and full date in the reference.
United Nations Treaty (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the volume number, abbreviated Treaty Series name, first page number, the date it was opened for signature/adopted in full, and the date it entered into force in full.
United Nations Treaty (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. In the Document Number field, enter the volume number and abbreviated Treaty Series name and first page number, the date it was opened for signature/adopted in full, and the date it entered into force in full. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should do as follows to ensure the formatting of the UN Treaty reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes or additions to your reference list. Italicise the treaty title.