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Alternative reference types in EndNote

Can't find the source type you want in EndNote? Check our list of alternative reference types.
In each entry, we also offer tips on which fields to use for this information so that your references are formatted correctly in your documents.
If you're manually entering your references in the LeedsUniHarvard or LeedsUniNumeric styles, and the reference type you need is neither in EndNote's drop-down menu nor included in our list of alternatives, please use the "Generic" option and create a reference that includes the appropriate fields.

Reference type Instructions Formatting tips
Act of Parliament Use Legal rule or regulation. Enter the year of the act in the Year field, rather than in the Title field. Use the Section Number field for the chapter. If the Act is online, add [Online]. to the Section Number field, and the access date and URL to the Publisher field.
Blog Use Blog. Enter the date the entry was written in the Last Update Date field.
Book chapter (in an edited book) Use Book section.
CD-ROM Use Computer Program. Enter “CD-ROM” in the Type field.
Clinical guidelines Use Electronic Book. Use the Series Title field to enter the guideline number (in square brackets).
Cochrane Review Use Electronic Article. Enter the issue number and article number in the Document Number field. Write Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in the Periodical Title field.
Comic book Use Audiovisual Material. Enter the issue number into the Number field. Enter the story title into the Alternate Title field. You will need to convert your references into plain text (this is the last thing you should do as it is irreversible) and edit the author names to inclue (p), (w), (i) etc.
Command Paper or House of Lords/Commons Paper - Online Use Electronic Book. Enter the Command number or House name, series and session (as appropriate) in the Series Title field.
Command Paper or House of Lords/Commons Paper - Print Use Government document. Enter the Government department, committee, or organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field – eg Home Office, Enter the Command number or House name, series and session (as appropriate) in the Report Number field.
Conference paper/proceedings - Online Use Electronic Book Section. Write the conference name, date and location in the Book Title field.
Conference presentation (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Audiovisual Material. Enter [Powerpoint slides] in the Type field (if appropriate).
Conference presentation (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Audiovisual Material. Enter [Powerpoint slides] in the Type field (if appropriate). Write the full date in the Year field. Write the conference name and location in the Publisher field.
Congress hearing Use Government Document. Write both US House and the Committee in the Author field. Enter Hearing and the date in the Report Number field. For LeedsUniHarvard, in your Word document, set the citation to Show only in bibliography and manually type the citation to format it correctly.
Dance – live performance Use Generic. Enter the date seen and location in the Type of Work field.
Dance – recording Use Audiovisual Material. Enter any further details in the Publisher field (using square brackets). You will need to convert your references into plain text (this is the last thing you should do as it is irreversible) and edit the reference to include “dir.”
Dataset Enter the publisher in the Distributor field.
EU COM Document or EU Legislation Use Web page. Write everything in the Title field. For LeedsUniHarvard, in your Word document, set the citation to Show only in bibliography and manually type the citation to format it correctly.
EU Treaty (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document reference number. Enter the short version of the title, eg Treaty of Lisbon, into the Short Title field. In your Word document, select the citation and edit it to exclude the Year, then add the year signed to the suffix field.
EU Treaty (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document reference number. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should do as follows to ensure the formatting of the EU Treaty reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Change the full stop between the title and the date to a comma.
Exhibition catalogue Use Catalog. Enter venue in the "Institution" field, followed by a comma – eg Tate Modern,
Facebook (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter [Facebook] in the Secondary Title field.
Facebook (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter [Facebook] in the Secondary Title field. Enter the date posted in the Publisher field.
Film Use Film. Use the Country field for Place of production. Use the Distributor field for Production Company. Director's name should be entered first name then surname, with a comma at the end – eg Orson Welles,
Google Earth image Use Generic. Enter all image and data set details in the Title field.
Grant Use Generic.
Hansard Use Generic. Enter Hansard in Title field and all other information in Publisher field. For LeedsUniHarvard, set your citation to “Show only in bibliography” and manually type the citation in your text to format it correctly.
Hearing Use Generic.
Image – online Use Web page.
Image – original Use Artwork.
Individual piece of recorded music Use Music. Enter the medium (eg CD) in the Format of music field. For an individual track on an album, use the Producer field for the recording artist and the Composer field for the composer.
Informal or in-house publication Use Pamphlet.
Interview Use Interview. Enter location in Location of Work field. Enter name of interviewer in Interviewer Name field in format initials then family name – eg J. Smith,. The reference will automatically include the words “interview with”.
Law report Use Case. Enter the parties in the case in the Case Name field. Enter the year in the Year Decided field, adding square brackets or round brackets as appropriate. Enter the Volume number (if appropriate) in the Reporter Volume field. Enter abbreviation of law report in Reporter Abbreviation field. Enter the page number in the First Page field. You may need to edit the citation in your document to exclude the year or even exclude both the author and year, then re-type the citation manually so that it displays in the correct format.
Manuscript Use Manuscript. Enter the holding institution in the Library/Archive field. Enter the department name in the Collection Title field. Enter the identifier in the Manuscript Number field.
Map – online Use Web page.
Microform Use Audiovisual material. Enter the medium, ie microfilm or microfiche, in the Type field. Enter “Available:” followed by the title of the microform collection and reel/fiche number in the Publisher field.
Mobile app Use Generic. Enter the version number in the Volume field. Enter “Mobile app” in the Type of Work field.
Module lecture or materials (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Add the format (if needed), module code, date and teaching organisation in the Volume field.
Module lecture or materials (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Add the format (if needed), module code, and teaching organisation in the Volume field. Enter the full date in the Year field.
Museum artefact Use Artwork. Use Type of Work for the Material type. Use Place Published field for place and Publisher field for holding institution and department. Use Description for the identifier.
Music – live performance (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter the date seen and location in the Type of Work field.
Music – live performance (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter the date seen and location in the Volume field.
Newspaper article – online (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Electronic Article. Enter the date of the article in the Document Number field.
Newspaper article – online (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. Enter the date of the article in the Document Number field. Enter the full date in the Year field.
Online comment (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Electronic Article. Enter “Comment on:” followed by the author and title of the article the comment was posted on in the Title field. Enter "Comment posted on" and the full date the comment was posted in the Document Number field.
Online comment (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. Use the Title field for the author and title of the article the comment was posted on. Enter "Comment posted on" and the full date the comment was posted in the Document Number field. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, go to the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Change the comma after the year to a full stop.
Online discussion list or forum Use Electronic Article. Enter the date added into the Title field after the title.
Parliamentary bill – Online Use Electronic Book. Use the Series Title field for the HC/HL Bill Number and Parliamentary session (in parentheses).
Parliamentary bill – Print Use Government Document. Use the Report Number field for the HC/HL Bill Number and Parliamentary session (in parentheses).
Podcast Use Podcast. Enter the title of the episode in the Title of Show field. If entering the name of an app, use the URL field.
Poem Use Edited Book.
Poster (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Audiovisual Material. Write “Poster” or “Online Poster” in the Type field.
Poster (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Audiovisual Material. Write “Poster” or “Online Poster” in the Type field. If it is a conference poster (ie not online), enter the full date in to the Year field.
Pre or post-prints Use Electronic Article. Write "[Pre-print]." or "[Post-print]." at the beginning of the Title field.
Press release Use Press release. Enter organisation in "Author" field.
Radio programme (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter the series title in the Short Title field as well as in the Title field, if you have also included an episode number and episode title.
Radio programme (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter the series title in the Short Title field as well as in the Title field, if you have also included an episode number and episode title. Enter the full date and time in the Year field.
Reference work Use Dictionary or Encyclopedia. Enter the title of the work in the Title field, rather than Dictionary Title or Encyclopedia Title. Enter the section heading in the Term field.
Religious text Use Ancient Text. For LeedsUniHarvard, set your citation to “Show only in bibliography” and manually type the citation in your text to format it correctly.
Senate report Use Government Document.
Sheet music / Musical score Use Music. Enter the title in the "Album title" field, rather than the "Title" field.
Software (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Use Volume for the Version number (you need to add parentheses). Enter "Software" in the Type of Work field.
Software (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter the year in parentheses in the Publisher field, followed by a full stop and "[Software]".
Sound recording (online) Use Audiovisual material. Enter title of individual recording in the Title field.
Sound recording (physical copy) Use Audiovisual material. Enter the title of an album in the Title field. Enter the title of an individual recording in the Alternate title field.
Speech - live Use Book. Add all the information after the title into the Publisher field.
Speech - transcript Use Book Section or Electronic Book Section.
Speech – broadcast on TV or radio (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Audiovisual Material. Enter the speech title, date and location in the Alternate Title field. Enter the programme title in the Title field. Enter the channel and date in the Publisher field.
Speech – broadcast on TV or radio (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Audiovisual Material. Enter the speech title, location and date in the Alternate Title field. Enter the programme title in the Title field. Enter the broadcasting channel in the Publisher field. Enter the full date of broadcast in the Year field.
Speech – recording viewed online Use Electronic Book. Add all the information after the title into the Publisher field.
Standard - Online Use Electronic Book. Write the year in the Title field. You may need to set your citation to “Show only in bibliography” and manually type the citation in your text to format it correctly.
Standard - Print Use standard. Use the Document number field for the Standard number. You may need to set your citation to “Show only in bibliography” and manually type the citation in your text to format it correctly.
Statutory Instrument Use Statute. Enter the year of the statute in the Year field, rather than in the Title field. Use the Country field for place of publication.
Television programme (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter the series title in the Short Title field as well as in the Title field, if you have also included an episode number and episode title.
Television programme (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter the series title in the Short Title field as well as in the Title field, if you have also included an episode number and episode title. Enter the full date and time in the Year field.
Theatre performance Use Generic. Enter the director’s name followed by “dir.” in the Secondary Title field. Enter the name and location of the theatre in the Place of Publication field. Enter the company and first performance date in the Publisher field.
Twitter (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter [Twitter] in the Secondary Title field.
Twitter(LeedsUniNumeric) Use Generic. Enter [Twitter] in the Secondary Title field. Enter the date posted in the Publisher field.
United Nations Resolution (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter UN organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field – eg United Nations General Assembly. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the document number.
United Nations Resolution (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. Enter UN organisation, followed by a comma, in the Author field, eg United Nations General Assembly. Use the Document Number field for the document number. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should ensure the formatting of the UN Resolution reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes/additions to your reference list. Italicise the resolution title and full date in the reference.
United Nations Treaty (LeedsUniHarvard) Use Generic. Enter "[Online]." then a space in the Volume field, followed by the volume number, abbreviated Treaty Series name, first page number, the date it was opened for signature/adopted in full, and the date it entered into force in full.
United Nations Treaty (LeedsUniNumeric) Use Electronic Article. In the Document Number field, enter the volume number and abbreviated Treaty Series name and first page number, the date it was opened for signature/adopted in full, and the date it entered into force in full. When you have finished writing your essay and inserted and checked all your references, you should do as follows to ensure the formatting of the UN Treaty reference matches our online guidance. In the EndNote tab in Word, click "Convert Citations and Bibiliography" and then "Convert to Plain Text". This will disconnect your document from your EndNote library and cannot be undone, so first ensure you will not need to make any further changes or additions to your reference list. Italicise the treaty title.
Video game Use Generic. Enter the platform and “[Game]” in the Secondary Title field.
Video – Online Use Web page.