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Leeds Numeric: Theatre performance

Reference examples

Devised production

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of producer/production company). Title. Full name of director. dir. Name and location of theatre: Theatre company. First performance: date and year of first performance.


Burlinson, K and Crarer, C. Emily Wilding Davison: the one who threw herself under the horse. Kath Burlinson. dir. Smallhythe Barn Theatre, Kent: Cambridge Devised Theatre. First performance: 4 June 2013.

Production of an authored play

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of author). Title. Full name of director. dir. Name and location of theatre: Theatre company. First performance: date and year of first performance.


Shakespeare, W. Pericles, Prince of Tyre. David Thacker. dir. The Swan, Stratford-upon-Avon: Royal Shakespeare Company. First performance: 6 September 1989.

Citation examples

Standard citation

Every citation should be labelled within your text by using a number in brackets (1).
You should insert the citation number directly after a source is referred to in your text, even if this is in the middle of your sentence. It is acceptable to place a citation number at the end of a paragraph, if the entire paragraph is referring to the same source.

Aitchison (1) suggests that language change is inevitable, but not a bad thing.
One leading expert suggests that language change is inevitable, but is not a bad thing (1).

The first item you cite is allocated number 1, the second item is allocated number 2, and so on throughout your piece of work.

Once a source has been allocated a number, this number is used again if you refer to the same source at a later point in your work.

If you use the name of the author(s) of a souce within the text and there are three or more authors for the source, then the name of the first author shoule be given, followed by the phrase "et al.".


Southgate et al. (1) emphasised that references should be presented in a consistent manner.

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Numeric you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Numeric.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: