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Leeds Harvard: Twitter

Reference examples

Family name, INITIAL(S) (or organisation). Year. Full text of tweet. [Twitter]. Day and month tweet posted. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL

Examples:

Dougill, Andy. 2013. Energising development with Jatropha curcas? Biofuel reflections from Mali in @PracticalAction briefing paper. [Twitter]. 16 April. [Accessed 26 July 2013]. Available from: https://twitter.com/AndyDougill

Guardian. 2017. North Korea warns UK faces 'miserable end' if it joins US-led military drills. [Twitter]. 25  August. [Accessed 25 August 2017]. Available from: https://twitter.com/guardian

Citation examples

Author and date

When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets.

Example:

It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).

If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.

Example:

Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.

Corporate author

If the item is produced by an organisation, treat the organisation as a "corporate author". This means you can use the name of the organisation instead of that of an individual author. This includes government departments, universities or companies. Cite the corporate author in the text the same way as you would an individual author.

Example:

According to a recent report, flu jabs are as important as travel vaccines (Department of Health, 2017).
 

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: