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Leeds Harvard: Newspaper

Reference examples

Newspaper article

Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Newspaper title. Date, page number(s).


Webster, B. 2006. New speed camera puts more drivers in the frame. The Times. 24 May, p.1.

Newspaper article (online)

Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Newspaper title. [Online]. Date. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL


Adewunmi, B. 2014. Caring for the carers: helping children who care for parents with mental illness. The Guardian. [Online]. 12 December. [Accessed 24 May 2017]. Available from:

Newspaper cartoon

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of cartoonist). Year. Title of cartoon. Newspaper title. Date, page number.


Bell, S. 2006. The alleged al-Qaida threat to Los Angeles. The Guardian. 10 February, p.29.

Use p. to reference a single page, and pp. for a range of pages.

Citation examples

Author and date

When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets.


It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).

If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.


Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.

When to include page numbers

You should include page numbers in your citation if you quote directly from the text, paraphrase specific ideas or explanations, or use an image, diagram, table, etc. from a source.


"It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent" (Jones, 2017, p.24).

When referencing a single page, you should use p. For a range of pages, use pp.


p.7 or pp.20-29.

If the page numbers are in Roman numerals, do not include p. before them.


(Amis, 1958, iv)

Corporate author

If the item is produced by an organisation, treat the organisation as a "corporate author". This means you can use the name of the organisation instead of that of an individual author. This includes government departments, universities or companies. Cite the corporate author in the text the same way as you would an individual author.


According to a recent report, flu jabs are as important as travel vaccines (Department of Health, 2017).

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: