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Leeds Harvard: Dance

Reference examples

Live performance

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of the choreographer). Year of première. Title. [Date seen and where].

Example:

Ashton, F. 1940. Dante sonata, The Royal Ballet. [Performance viewed 10 July 2004, Lincoln Centre, New York].

Recording

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of the director/producer). dir./prod. (depending on whether director or producer) Year published or first transmission. Title of video or programme. [Type of medium, eg video]. Production company or Publisher [further details to identify dance works].

Example:

Lockyer, B. dir. 1979. Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet. [Video for television transmission]. BBC TV in association with R.M. Productions Munich [Les Patineurs, Ashton; Pineapple Poll, Cranko].

Citation examples

Author and date

When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets.

Example:

It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).

If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.

Example:

Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.

Three or more authors

If a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase "et al."

Examples

It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2017).

Jones et al. (2017) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent.

Ibid.

Leeds Harvard does not use ibid to refer to previously cited items. If you are citing the same item twice in a row (i.e. you do not cite any other items in the text between the two citations) you must write the full citation again.

Example:

Jones et al. (2017) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent and argued that referencing is a key part of academic integrity. Furthermore, having a broad range of references in a text is an indicator of the breadth of a scholar's reading and research (Jones et al., 2017).

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: