Open research encompasses the entire research process, to make all aspects of the research cycle accessible. This extends the established ways to share your research of making publications open access and making the underlying data available.
Open research could include results, software and code, methodology, protocols and documentation, as well as publications and data. Other open research initiatives are study preregistration, use of preprints and open peer review. In the arts and humanities, open research will take many forms and may include sharing digital humanities methods and tools, reflections on your research practice, notes, audio-visual materials and annotated bibliographies.
Funders including UKRI and Wellcome recognise the value of open research. Both have policies emphasising open research practices. The principles of open research are applicable to all disciplines. Open practices will vary depending on the nature of research.
Research should be “as open as possible, as closed as necessary”. Some research outputs cannot be openly available due to ethical, legal or commercial restrictions.
The basic principles of open research are to:
- make publications available open access
- make underlying data relating to publications openly available
- share protocols and methodologies
- share software and code
- share negative results to prevent unnecessary repetition of research
- establish rights for (archival) source material to be digitised and shared where possible
- apply appropriate licences to your open material eg Creative Commons
- use persistent identifiers consistently throughout your workflow eg DOI and ORCID
- exploit online tools to aid collaboration including blogging, social media, altmetrics, pre-print servers.
For some researchers, practicing open research is already second nature. Others may feel it adds another stage to the research process, but there are significant benefits for you and the research community.
Practicing open research:
- demonstrates your research is robust
- helps other researchers to reproduce your results
- helps other researchers to avoid repeating research
- ensures you retain access to your own work in the long term
- enables faster dissemination and impact, helping to raise your research profile
- extends the reach and impact of research outside academia
- increases opportunities for collaboration
- increases chances of citations.
Beyond Open Access: how, why and what’s next for open research at the University of Leeds
On 23rd October 2020 an online event presented three short talks from University of Leeds researchers about their own open practices. With an introduction from the Vice-Chancellor and an opening address from the chief executive of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), a recording of the event is available on YouTube. The full recording is over 2 hours long or you can link to specific talks below:
- Event introduction Vice Chancellor Simone Buitendijk
- Keynote Professor Sir Duncan Wingham
- UK Reproducibility Network Dr Eike Rinke
- Pre-registering your studies: What, Why and How? Kelly Lloyd
- Open Research: My Experiences and Musings Dr J. Bernadette Moore
- Opening social science research: why we should do it and how it can be done Dr Eike Mark Rinke