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Leeds Numeric: Comment (online)

Reference examples

Family name, INITIAL(S) (or online identity name of the commenter). Comment on: original author's Family name, Initial. Title of article. Newspaper title. [Online]. Year. Comment posted on date. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL

Reference the person making the comment, but also state that it is a comment on the original author's name and article title.  You should give the blog or newspaper title, followed by the full date of the comment.


CaptainFlack. Comment on: Latcham, T. Now you have heard of Bournemouth, and we diehard fans really do care. Guardian. [Online]. 2015. Comment posted on 29 April 2015. [Accessed 30 April 2017]. Available from:

Citation examples

Standard citation

Every citation should be labelled within your text by using a number in brackets (1).
You should insert the citation number directly after a source is referred to in your text, even if this is in the middle of your sentence. It is acceptable to place a citation number at the end of a paragraph, if the entire paragraph is referring to the same source.

Aitchison (1) suggests that language change is inevitable, but not a bad thing.
One leading expert suggests that language change is inevitable, but is not a bad thing (1).

The first item you cite is allocated number 1, the second item is allocated number 2, and so on throughout your piece of work.

Once a source has been allocated a number, this number is used again if you refer to the same source at a later point in your work.

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Numeric you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Numeric.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: