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Leeds Numeric: Hansard

Reference examples

Hansard Name of House abbreviated (ie HC or HL) Deb. vol. number col. number(s), date.

Example:

Hansard HC Deb. vol.492 cols.25-6, 5 May 2009.

Online Hansard

If you are referencing Hansard you found online, this should be indicated in the reference.

Hansard Name of House abbreviated (ie HC or HL) Deb. vol. number col. number(s), date. [Online]. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL

Example:

Hansard HC Deb. vol.621 cols.218-9, 7 February 2017. [Online]. [Accessed 15 May 2018]. Available from: https://www.parliament.uk/

Citation examples

Standard citation

Every citation should be labelled within your text by using a number in brackets (1).
You should insert the citation number directly after a source is referred to in your text, even if this is in the middle of your sentence. It is acceptable to place a citation number at the end of a paragraph, if the entire paragraph is referring to the same source.

Examples:
Aitchison (1) suggests that language change is inevitable, but not a bad thing.
One leading expert suggests that language change is inevitable, but is not a bad thing (1).

The first item you cite is allocated number 1, the second item is allocated number 2, and so on throughout your piece of work.

Once a source has been allocated a number, this number is used again if you refer to the same source at a later point in your work.

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Numeric you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Numeric.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: