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Leeds Harvard: Film

Reference examples

Title. Year of release. [Medium]. Full name of director. dir. Place of production: Production company.


Citizen Kane. 1941. [Film]. Orson Welles. dir. USA: RKO Radio Pictures.

Citation examples

Film, video or broadcast

If you refer to a film, video, video game or broadcast, you should cite the title and the date.

When the title is not mentioned in the text, the citation should consist of the title and the date in brackets:

The way the characters interact reveals... (The Godfather, 1972)

If you have already named the title in the text, only the year needs to be included in brackets.

The way the characters interact in The Godfather (1972) reveals...

If you are referring to a particular scene or quote, you should include in the citation the times (hours, minutes and seconds) between which it takes place in the film. 


The conversation between the characters Rhett Butler and Scarlett O'Hara reveals... (Gone with the Wind, 1939, 01:32:03-01:33:05).

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: