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Leeds Harvard: House of Commons / Lords paper

Reference examples

Government department/committee/organisation. Year. Title. (House name abbreviated (ie HC or HL) series number, parliamentary session). Place of publication: Publisher.


National Audit Office. 2005. Returning failed asylum applicants. (HC 76, 2005-06). London: The Stationery Office.

Citation examples

Command paper or House of Commons/Lords paper

In the citation, always use the name of the Government organisation/department/comittee in place of that of an individual author. When the organisation name is not mentioned in the text, the ciation consists of the organisation's name and the year of publication in brackets.


According to a recent report, flu jabs are as important as travel vaccines (Department of Health, 2017).

If you have already named the organisation in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.


A recent report by the Department of Health (2017) emphasised that flu jabs are as importnat as travel vaccines.


Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: