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Leeds Harvard: Poster

Reference examples

Conference poster

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of the author). Year. Title. [Poster]. Event name (if applicable), date, location (for where the poster was exhibited).

Example:

Brooks, I. 2013. Paper chains and octopuses: an activities based information skills session. [Poster]. Librarians' Information Literacy Annual Conference, 25-27 March, The University of Manchester Library.

Poster viewed online

Family name, INITIAL(S) (of the author). Year. Title. [Online poster]. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL

Example:

Smith, R. 2013. Did you know? Marketing information literacy training. [Online poster]. [Accessed 5 May 2017]. Available from: http://www.slideshare.net/

If no author is identifiable, start the reference with the title of the poster, followed by the year.

Citation examples

Author and date

When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets.

Example:

It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).

If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.

Example:

Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.

Three or more authors

If a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase "et al."

Examples

It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2017).

Jones et al. (2017) empahsised that citations in a text should be consistent.

Ibid.

Leeds Harvard does not use ibid to refer to previously cited items. If you are citing the same item twice in a row (i.e. you do not cite any other items in the text between the two citations) you must write the full citation again.

Example:

Jones et al. (2017) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent and argued that referencing is a key part of academic integrity. Furthermore, having a broad range of references in a text is an indicator of the breadth of a scholar's reading and research (Jones et al., 2017).

Corporate author

If the item is produced by an organisation, treat the organisation as a "corporate author". This means you can use the name of the organisation instead of that of an individual author. This includes government departments, universities or companies. Cite the corporate author in the text the same way as you would an individual author.

Example:

According to a recent report, flu jabs are as important as travel vaccines (Department of Health, 2017).
 

Common issues

When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.

Skip straight to the issue that affects you: