Skip to main content



Learn how to write effectively for your academic work with this practical guide that covers every part of the process, including interpreting your assignment, planning, structure and paragraphs, language and style, editing and proofreading.

What is academic writing?

Academic writing is clear, focussed, structured and supported by relevant evidence and references. Whilst academic writing requires a formal tone and style, it does not require the use of complex, long sentences and complicated vocabulary. It should present an argument in a logical manner and should be easy to follow using clear and concise language.

Each subject discipline has certain writing conventions, vocabulary and types of discourse that you will become familiar with over the course of your degree. However, there are some general characteristics of academic writing that are relevant across all disciplines.

Develop your academic study skills by taking part in one of our interactive workshops covering topics such as academic writing, referencing and EndNote. Our workshops take place in-person and online. Book your place on a workshop.

How to approach your writing to make sure that you understand the task, can manage your time, and present a researched, structured and focused assignment.

More on Plan and focus

Explore and understand what makes a good introduction, how to use paragraphs to develop your ideas in the main body, and what to consider when writing your conclusion.

More on Structure your writing

The vocabulary, tone of voice, and style you choose to use in your writing can help you communicate your ideas more clearly to your reader.

More on Language and style

Writing is an iterative process, so you will produce several drafts of a piece of work before it is ready to submit. Editing and refining your work is a key part of academic writing.

More on Edit and proofread